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Newborn thermography

Carina Pereira, Xinchi Yu, Tom Goos, Irwin Reiss, Thorsten Orlikowsky, Konrad Heimann, Boudewijn Venema, Vladimir Blazek, Steffen Leonhardt, Daniel Teichmann
Monitoring of respiratory rate (RR) is very important for patient assessment. In fact, it is considered one of the relevant vital parameters in critical care medicine. Nowadays, standard monitoring relies on obtrusive and invasive techniques which require adhesive electrodes or sensors to be attached to the patient's body. Unfortunately, these procedures cause stress, pain and frequently damage the vulnerable skin of preterm infants. The current paper presents a "black-box" algorithm for remote monitoring of RR in thermal videos...
August 23, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Patricia A Kelly, Kellie A Classen, Craig G Crandall, Jeannette T Crenshaw, Stephanie A Schaefer, Darlene A Wade, Matthew N Cramer, Subhash Aryal, Kelly R Fossee
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a healthy newborn's age in hours (3, 6, or 9 hours after birth) affects thermoregulatory status after the first bath as indicated by axillary and skin temperatures. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental, mixed-model (between subjects and within subjects) design with hours of age as the nonrepeated variable and prebath and postbath temperatures as the repeated variables. SETTING: Family-centered care unit at an urban hospital in the southwestern United States...
September 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
C L Shecaira, C H Seino, J A Bombardelli, G A Reis, E J Fusada, M R Azedo, F J Benesi
The objective was to verify if thermography is able to detect inflammatory signs on the skin surface by comparing the umbilical region of healthy calves and calves presenting omphalitis. Twenty healthy calves (control group) had their lateral umbilical region and abdominal region examined with a thermal imaging camera in order to obtain a regional thermograph. The thermographic examination was then performed on 27 calves (Omphalitis group) presenting omphalitis diagnosed by physical examination. The maximum temperature of the lateral umbilical region in calves (aged < 30 days) was 35...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
L Labeur, G Villiers, A H Small, G N Hinch, S Schmoelzl
Thermal imaging technology has been identified as a potential method for non-invasive study of thermogenesis in the neonatal lamb. In comparison to measurement of the core body temperature, infrared thermography may observe thermal loss and thermogenesis linked to subcutaneous brown fat depots. This study aimed to identify a suitable method to measure heat loss in the neonatal lamb under a cold challenge. During late pregnancy (day 125), ewes were subjected to either shearing (n=15) or mock handling (sham-shorn for 2min mimicking the shearing movements) (n=15)...
December 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
Lucile Barcat, Pauline Decima, Emilie Bodin, Stephane Delanaud, Erwan Stephan-Blanchard, Andre Leke, Jean-Pierre Libert, Pierre Tourneux, Veronique Bach
Although sleep is of paramount importance for preterm neonates, care of the latter in a neonatal intensive care unit does not favour sleep. Given that several studies in adults have described a 'vegetative preparedness to sleep' (in which distal skin vasodilation before lights-out promotes rapid sleep onset), we looked at whether or not this process operates in preterm neonates. Sleep propensity was assessed in terms of the duration of a spontaneous episode of wakefulness (W). Skin temperatures at six body sites (the abdomen, pectoral region, eye, hand, thigh and foot) were measured (using infrared thermography) during nocturnal polysomnography in 29 9-day-old preterm neonates (postmenstrual age: 209 ± 9 days)...
October 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
Jessica L Bates, Locke A Karriker, Matthew L Stock, Kelly M Pertzborn, Luke G Baldwin, Larry W Wulf, C J Lee, Chong Wang, Johann F Coetzee
To investigate a novel route for providing analgesia to processed piglets via transmammary drug delivery, meloxicam was administered orally to sows after farrowing. The objectives of the study were to demonstrate meloxicam transfer from sows to piglets via milk and to describe the analgesic effects in piglets after processing through assessment of pain biomarkers and infrared thermography (IRT). Ten sows received either meloxicam (30 mg/kg) (n = 5) or whey protein (placebo) (n = 5) in their daily feedings, starting four days after farrowing and continuing for three consecutive days...
2014: PloS One
Thomas Kaercher, Jasna Dietz, Christina Jacobi, Reinhold Berz, Holm Schneider
PURPOSE: X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (XLHED) is the most common form of ectodermal dysplasia. Clinical characteristics include meibomian gland disorder and the resulting hyperevaporative dry eye. In this study, we evaluated meibography and ocular infrared thermography as novel methods to diagnose XLHED. METHODS: Eight infants, 12 boys and 14 male adults with XLHED and 12 healthy control subjects were subjected to a panel of tests including the ocular surface disease index (OSDI), meibography and infrared thermography, non-invasive measurement of tear film break-up time (NIBUT) and osmolarity, Schirmer's test, lissamine green staining and fluorescein staining...
September 2015: Current Eye Research
Javed Ayoub Mohammed, Alexandra Balma-Mena, Ajith Chakkittakandiyil, Florentina Matea, Elena Pope
IMPORTANCE: Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are common benign tumors of infancy that have the potential to interfere with vital organ function and cause permanent disfigurement. Currently, few objective and validated measures exist to assess IHs. OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of infrared thermography in assessing and monitoring the growth of IHs. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In a prospective cohort study conducted at an outpatient dermatology clinic of a tertiary care hospital between February 2011 and December 2012, a convenience sample of 42 infants aged 0 to 6 months with an IH were enrolled...
September 2014: JAMA Dermatology
Mathieu Nadeau, Philippe Micheau, Raymond Robert, Olivier Avoine, Renaud Tissier, Pamela Samanta Germim, Jonathan Vandamme, Jean-Paul Praud, Herve Walti
In total liquid ventilation (TLV), the lungs are filled with a breathable liquid perfluorocarbon (PFC) while a liquid ventilator ensures proper gas exchange by renewal of a tidal volume of oxygenated and temperature-controlled PFC. Given the rapid changes in core body temperature generated by TLV using the lung has a heat exchanger, it is crucial to have accurate and reliable core body temperature monitoring and control. This study presents the design of a virtual lung temperature sensor to control core temperature...
December 2014: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Zhiwei Xu, Yang Liu, Zongwei Ma, Ghasem Sam Toloo, Wenbiao Hu, Shilu Tong
A quasi-Poisson generalized linear model combined with a distributed lag non-linear model was used to quantify the main effect of temperature on emergency department visits (EDVs) for childhood diarrhea in Brisbane from 2001 to 2010. Residual of the model was checked to examine whether there was an added effect due to heat waves. The change over time in temperature-diarrhea relation was also assessed. Both low and high temperatures had significant impact on childhood diarrhea. Heat waves had an added effect on childhood diarrhea, and this effect increased with intensity and duration of heat waves...
2014: Scientific Reports
Abbas K Abbas, Steffen Leonhardt
BACKGROUND: Temperature measurement is a vital part of daily neonatal care. Accurate measurements are important for detecting deviations from normal values for both optimal incubator and radiant warmer functioning. The purpose of monitoring the temperature is to maintain the infant in a thermoneutral environmental zone. This physiological zone is defined as the narrow range of environmental temperatures in which the infant maintains a normal body temperature without increasing his or her metabolic rate and thus oxygen consumption...
March 2, 2014: BMC Medical Imaging
Nikolai Blanik, Abbas K Abbas, Boudewijn Venema, Vladimir Blazek, Steffen Leonhardt
Photoplethysmography imaging (PPGI) and infrared thermography imaging (IRTI) are contactless camera-based measurement methods for monitoring a wide range of basic vital parameters. In particular, PPGI enhances the classical contact-based photoplethysmography. Approved evaluation algorithms of the well-established PPG method can easily be adapted for detection of heart rate, heart rate variability, respiration rate (RR), respiratory variability (RV), and vasomotional activity with PPGI. The IRTI method primarily records temperature distribution of the observed object, but information on RR and RV can also be derived from IRTI by analyzing the development of temperature distribution in the nasal region...
January 2014: Journal of Biomedical Optics
K Heimann, A M Ebert, A K Abbas, N Heussen, S Leonhardt, T Orlikowsky
OBJECTIVE: Providing normothermia is an important issue in daily routine care of premature neonates. We recently found with infrared thermography (IRT) a drop in skin temperature of premature babies after they were positioned from skin-to-skin care (SSC) back into the incubator. Since this did not disappear within 10 min, we wanted to find out how long it takes until the baby has fully warmed up after SSC and if the IRT measurements correlate with conventional rectal temperature? STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational study was undertaken with 5 premature infants [3 male, median gestational age 28 weeks (25-29), median age at study 34 d (28-52), median birth weight 898 g (400-1095), median weight at study 1263 g (790-1465)], temperature was determined with IRT (leg, back, arm, head, upper abdomen; diameter 1 cm, scale 0...
December 2013: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
T S Kammersgaard, J Malmkvist, L J Pedersen
Hypothermia is a major cause of mortality in neonatal pigs. Infrared (IR) thermography is a promising non-invasive method to assess thermal status, but has not been evaluated for use on neonatal pigs from birth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of IR thermography as a non-invasive tool to estimate body temperature and assess the thermal status in newborn pigs by (1) estimating the relationship between surface temperature and rectal temperature (RT) in neonatal pigs; and (2) estimating the influence of air temperature (AT), birth weight and the time from birth on the relationship between surface temperature and RT...
December 2013: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Ankur Sethi, Dipen Patel, Archana Nimbalkar, Ajay Phatak, Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Fluctuations in core body temperature beyond a narrow range are of concern as they indicate changed homeostasis. Thermoregulation remains a key aspect of neonatal care. New non touch method of measuring temperature may reduce infection rate and discomfort of neonates. Body temperature of neonates admitted in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit was measured using axillary digital thermometer and a handheld infrared non touch thermometer. The two methods did not agree well (mean difference = -0.5, 95% limits of agreement: [-2...
December 2013: Indian Pediatrics
Konrad Heimann, Katrin Jergus, Abbas Khudair Abbas, Nicole Heussen, Steffen Leonhardt, Thorsten Orlikowsky
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate skin temperature by using different positions with non-contact infrared thermography (IRT) in multiple body areas of preterm infants for detailed information about temperature regulation and distribution. METHODS: The temperature of ten premature infants (median: 27 weeks; age 36 days; weight 1322 g) was determined via IRT (leg, back, arm, head, upper abdomen; diameter 1 cm, scale 0.00°C), and comparison was made with two conventional sensors...
September 1, 2013: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Chika O Duru, Felix O Akinbami, Adebola E Orimadegun
BACKGROUND: Tympanic thermometry has come as a suitable alternative to traditional thermometry because of its safety and ease of use. However, it is still yet to gain wide acceptance in African settings due to conflicting results on its accuracy, thus rectal thermometry remains the gold standard in the newborn. The aim of this study was to compare tympanic and rectal temperatures in term Nigerian neonates. METHODS: Rectal and tympanic temperatures were measured simultaneously in 300 consecutive term neonates between the ages of 37 and 42 weeks gestation using mercury-in-glass and the Infrared tympanic thermometers respectively...
June 25, 2012: BMC Pediatrics
Christopher Harshaw, Jeffrey R Alberts
The traditional approach to the study of thermoregulation in young animals focuses on the regulatory capacities of individuals, which, for multiparous species, risks ignoring critical aspects of the early developmental niche. Here, we examined the ontogeny of regulatory behavior in C57BL/6 mice, employing simultaneous behavioral, thermographic, and acoustic measures of groups and individual pups. Litters of mice were placed in a chamber on Postnatal Day (PND) 2, 4, or 8, in which the ambient temperature (T(a)) gradually cycled (over 50 min) from warm (36...
July 16, 2012: Physiology & Behavior
Caroline Gilbert, Dominic J McCafferty, Sylvain Giroud, André Ancel, Stéphane Blanc
BACKGROUND: Within their litter, young altricial mammals compete for energy (constraining growth and survival) but cooperate for warmth. The aim of this study was to examine the mechanisms by which huddling in altricial infants influences individual heat production and loss, while providing public warmth. Although considered as a textbook example, it is surprising to note that physiological mechanisms underlying huddling are still not fully characterised. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The brown adipose tissue (BAT) contribution to energy output was assessed as a function of the ability of rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) pups to huddle (placed in groups of 6 and 2, or isolated) and of their thermoregulatory capacities (non-insulated before 5 days old and insulated at ca...
2012: PloS One
Cicero T Silva, Nausheen Naveed, Syed Bokhari, Kenneth E Baker, Lawrence H Staib, Saad M Ibrahim, Karl Muchantef, Thomas R Goodman
Young children or those with intellectual disability with trauma to an extremity often undergo radiographs of the whole limb. The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy of digital infrared thermal images (DITI) in pediatric extremity trauma. We hypothesized fractures to be associated with local hyperthermia, detectable with DITI, which could direct focused radiographs. In this exploratory study, patients seen over a 2-month period in a pediatric emergency department for limb trauma were included if an extremity radiograph was taken on the same day...
June 2012: Emergency Radiology
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