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Diet and mood

Kostas Iakovou, Kleopatra Schulpis
Introduction Classical Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a metabolic disease characterized by high phenylalanine (phe) levels in blood and brain. PKU patients are commonly treated with low phe diet supplemented with amino acid free formula. High Phe levels minimize brain tryptophan concentration, the pressure of serotonin, which is responsible for the appearance of depression symptoms. Both amino acids share the same pathway for entering CNS via BBB. Aimed to determine the effect of psychological support on different education status depressed PKU patients via adherence to their diet...
March 19, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Amir Mehdizadeh, Mohammad Barzegar, Sohrab Negargar, Azita Yahyavi, Sina Raeisi
Epilepsy is a neurologic disorder consisting of recurrent spontaneous seizures. Antiepileptic drugs administration is the most commonly used therapeutic strategy in the management of epilepsy. However, 20-30% of epilepsy patients have seizure episodes that are not controlled by these medicines (drug-resistant epilepsy). The management of drug-resistant epilepsy, especially in the children, is challenging and can cause economic and social problems, and lower the patients' quality of life, cognition, and mood...
March 13, 2019: Acta Neurologica Belgica
Wei-Yang Chen, Huaibo Zhang, Eleonora Gatta, Elizabeth J Glover, Subhash C Pandey, Amy W Lasek
Withdrawal from chronic alcohol drinking can cause depression, leading to an inability to function in daily life and an increased risk for relapse to harmful drinking. Understanding the causes of alcohol withdrawal-related depression may lead to new therapeutic targets for treatment. Epigenetic factors have recently emerged as important contributors to both depression and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Specifically, acetylation of the N-terminal tails of histone proteins that package DNA into nucleosomes is altered in stress-induced models of depression and during alcohol withdrawal...
March 6, 2019: Alcohol
Sara Mandelli, Emma Riva, Mauro Tettamanti, Paolo Detoma, Adriano Giacomin, Ugo Lucca
AIM: In this study the relationship between kidney function, cognitive performance, functional abilities and mood was investigated in a community-dwelling Italian oldest-old population. METHODS: Serum creatinine was used to calculate estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula (MDRD), for 415 oldest-old without dementia participating in the "Health and Anemia" study, a prospective, observational cohort study...
February 28, 2019: Nephrology
Muhammed Khairujjaman Mazumder, Rajib Paul, Pallab Bhattacharya, Anupom Borah
With increasing prevalence, chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a global health problem. Due to the retention of uremic toxins, electrolytes and water, and the resultant metabolic disturbances, CKD affects several organs, including the nervous system. Thus, CKD patients suffer from several neurological complications, including dementia, cognitive impairment, motor abnormalities, depression, and mood and sleep disturbances. However, the mechanisms underlying the neurological complications are least elucidated...
February 28, 2019: Scientific Reports
Georgina Heath, Jillian Dorrian, Alison Coates
Objectives Unhealthy dietary profiles contribute to the elevated risk of chronic diseases for shift workers. There has been limited investigation into factors associated both with shift work and diet, such as sleep and mood, that may further influence food intake among shift workers. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between shift work, sleep, mood, and diet. Methods Shift working nurses [N=52; 46 female; age: mean 39.8 (SD 12.4) years] participated in a 14-day, repeated measures, within- and between-subjects design study...
February 26, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Lotte van Dammen, Vincent Wekker, Susanne R de Rooij, Ben Willem J Mol, Henk Groen, Annemieke Hoek, Tessa J Roseboom
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an increasing problem worldwide and is associated with serious health risks. Obesity not only reduces physical health, but can also negatively affect levels of perceived stress, mood symptoms, sleep quality and quality of life (QoL), which may lead to further weight gain. We have previously shown that a pre-conception lifestyle intervention reduced weight and improved physical QoL in the short term. In the current study, we assessed the effects of this intervention in women with obesity and infertility on perceived stress, mood symptoms, sleep quality and QoL five years after randomization...
2019: PloS One
Andrew M Taylor, Sharon V Thompson, Caitlyn G Edwards, Salma M A Musaad, Naiman A Khan, Hannah D Holscher
OBJECTIVE: Habitual diet impacts mood and the human gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota. Yet, studies infrequently control for diet when evaluating associations between mood and GI microbiota. Accordingly, we aimed to investigate relationships among diet, GI microbiota, and mood in adults without mood disorders by conducting a cross-sectional examination of dietary intake, subjective emotional state, and fecal microbial taxa abundances. METHODS: Adults (N = 133; 25-45 years of age) without physician-diagnosed mood disorders were studied...
February 22, 2019: Nutritional Neuroscience
Tomoko Okayama, Hiroko Watanabe
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Taste perception is influenced by both nutritional factors and psychological factors. This study was undertaken to measure the 4 basic taste perceptions, nutrient intake, and mental health, and to examine the factors that affect insensitive taste perception in young Japanese women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Young women in their late teens and twenties were enrolled as subjects. Taste perception was measured by applying the filter-paper disc method over areas of the chorda tympani nerve...
February 2019: Nutrition Research and Practice
Kenichi Azuma, Iwao Uchiyama, Naoki Kunugita
OBJECTIVE: Chemical intolerance (CI) has become a strong public health concern in industrialized countries. The Japanese Chemical Intolerance (JCI) study was conducted in January 2012 with a cohort of 7245 adults from population-based sampling as the baseline. The aim of the present study was to investigate the factors involved in the improvement and development of CI from the five-year follow-up study. METHODS: From the 7245 cohort, 735 persons with CI (case) were identified, and 1750 controls without CI were randomly selected to match gender and age for case and control groups...
March 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
D Łojko, M Stelmach-Mardas, A Suwalska
OBJECTIVE: As mood disorders and obesity are interrelated, and both are linked to increased morbidity and mortality, risk factors for obesity should be identified and closely monitored in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). The aim of this study was to determine the diet quality of BD patients and to investigate its putative associations with comorbid obesity and disorders of carbohydrate metabolism, as well as the relationship between diet and clinical features of BD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eating patterns in 113 euthymic BD patients and 160 healthy control subjects were assessed using data obtained from a food frequency questionnaire...
February 2019: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Joseph Firth, Wolfgang Marx, Sarah Dash, Rebekah Carney, Scott B Teasdale, Marco Solmi, Brendon Stubbs, Felipe B Schuch, André F Carvalho, Felice Jacka, Jerome Sarris
OBJECTIVE: Poor diet can be detrimental to mental health. However, the overall evidence for the effects of dietary interventions on mood and mental well-being has yet to be assessed. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis examining effects of dietary interventions on symptoms of depression and anxiety. METHOD: Major electronic databases were searched through March 2018 for all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of dietary interventions reporting changes in symptoms of depression and/or anxiety in clinical and non-clinical populations...
February 5, 2019: Psychosomatic Medicine
Dipeeka K Mandaliya, Sriram Seshadri
The microbiota living in gut influence the immune response, metabolism, mood and behavior. The diet plays a pivotal role in maintaining healthy gut microbiota composition and its fermentation leads to production of Short Chain Fatty Acids (SCFAs) mainly acetate, propionate and butyrate. During pancreatic dysfunction, insulin mediated suppression of glucagon is impaired leading to uncontrolled glucose production by liver and state of hyperglycemia. Insulin and glucagon balance is as important as insulin sensitivity which is reduced during Type 2 Diabetes (T2D)...
January 28, 2019: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
Courtney Clyburn, Kirsteen N Browning
Obesity, characterized by increased adiposity that develops when energy intake outweighs expenditure, is rapidly becoming a serious health crisis that affects millions of people worldwide and is associated with severe comorbid disorders including hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and type II diabetes. Obesity is also associated with the dysregulation of central neurocircuits involved in the control of autonomic, metabolic, and cognitive functions. Systemic inflammation associated with diet-induced obesity (DIO) has been proposed to be responsible for the development of these comorbidities as well as the dysregulation of central neurocircuits...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Neurophysiology
Erin Hoare, Felice Jacka, Michael Berk
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mood disorders are highly prevalent and represent a leading cause of global disability. Urbanization holds great public health implications spanning various environmental, lifestyle behavioural, economic and social domains. Underlying risk factors for mood disorders are heterogeneous but the psychiatric literature has extended beyond individual-level risk, to account for population-level environment and social-related precursors to mental ill health. This review summarizes recent studies published since 2017 examining the impact of urbanization and associated environmental, social and lifestyle risks for mood disorders, specifically depression...
January 22, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Caroline M Apovian, Susan L McElroy, Eduardo Dunayevich, Lisette M Acevedo, Frank L Greenway
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Prolonged-release (PR) naltrexone 32 mg/bupropion 360 mg (NB) is approved for chronic weight management as an adjunct to reduced-calorie diet and increased physical activity. Central nervous system-active medications have the potential to affect mood; therefore, post hoc analysis of clinical trial data was conducted to evaluate psychiatric adverse events (PAEs) and effects on mood of NB therapy versus placebo. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data were pooled from 5 prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials (duration range, 24-56 weeks) of NB in subjects with overweight or obesity...
January 21, 2019: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Hiwa Omer Ahmed, Rajan Fuad Ezzat
Background: Health-related quality of life of obese patients, before and after weight loss by insertion of BioEnterics Intra-gastric Balloon is studied widely. But the quality of life not related to comorbidity of the obese patients like mood, satisfaction with relationships, achieved goals, self-concepts, and self-perceived ability to cope with one's daily life is not studied on a wide scale. Aim: To evaluates the effect of the obesity on different aspects of life, and to evaluate the influence of weight loss after BIB insertion or Atkins diet on the quality of life regarding mood, satisfaction with relationships, achieved goals, self-concepts, and self-perceived ability to cope with one's daily life...
January 2019: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Anu Ruusunen, Tetyana Rocks, Felice Jacka, Amy Loughman
Rapidly accumulating evidence supports the important role of gut microbiome in the regulation of mood, behaviour, appetite, gastrointestinal symptomology, and nutrient metabolism. These are all core features frequently altered in individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN). Current treatment recommendations for AN support the use of high-calorie diets as an essential part of nutritional rehabilitation, commonly achieved by elevating the fat content of the diet. However, in contrast to this approach, there is accumulating evidence suggesting the importance of balanced, high-fibre diets on the gut microbiome...
January 5, 2019: Psychopharmacology
Alma Vázquez-Luna, Fabio García-García, Diana I Caudillo Contreras, Eduardo Rivadeneyra-Domínguez, Rafael Díaz-Sobac
Recent reports have shown that commercial orange juice is rich in biogenic amines. Consumption of foods containing large amounts of biogenic amines increase hypertensive crisis and high levels of histamine and tyramine, which have been implicated as causative agents in a number of food poisoning episodes. In addition, accumulation of tryptamine in plasma may be associated with mood disorders. The aim of this study was to determine whether chronic administration of orange juice extract and tryptamine affects the behavior and c-fos expression in the rat...
January 2, 2019: Metabolic Brain Disease
Eva Apweiler, David Wallace, Sarah Stansfield, Dean M Allerton, Meghan A Brown, Emma J Stevenson, Tom Clifford
This study examined whether consuming casein protein (CP) pre-sleep could accelerate acute recovery following muscle-damaging exercise. Thirty-nine active males and females performed 100 drop jumps in the morning, consumed their habitual diet during the day, and then within 30 min pre-bed consumed either ~40 g of CP ( n = 19) or ~40 g of a carbohydrate-only control (CON) ( n = 20). Maximal isometric voluntary contractions (MIVC), countermovement jumps (CMJ), pressure-pain threshold (PPT), subjective muscle soreness and the brief assessment of mood adapted (BAM+) were measured pre, 24 and 48 h following the drop jumps...
December 28, 2018: Sports
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