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Diet and depression

Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Qi Jin, David Rainey, Maria Coyle, Stefanos N Kales
The primary health concerns among US firefighters are cardiovascular disease, cancer, and depression and occur in an occupational setting where dietary habits are suboptimal. To understand if a diet or lifestyle modification works in a fire academy training setting, it is important to evaluate the cultural barriers and challenges that might be faced. A semi-structured telephone interview method followed by a focus group was used to gather common themes among fire service leaders. Twelve leaders participated in the telephonic interviews and a subset of five in the subsequent group session...
February 15, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Calum D Moulton, Polychronis Pavlidis, Christine Norton, Sam Norton, Carmine Pariante, Bu Hayee, Nick Powell
Depressive symptoms are reported by more than 20% of people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), whilst sleep difficulties and fatigue are even more common. Comorbid depressive symptoms predict a poor IBD course, including increased risk of relapse and surgery, which is inconsistently improved by psychological treatments. Rather than being distinct systems, there is compelling evidence for bidirectional communication between gut and brain, driven by neural, metabolic, endocrine and inflammatory mediators...
February 14, 2019: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
M Rochoy, V Rivas, E Chazard, E Decarpentry, G Saudemont, P-A Hazard, F Puisieux, S Gautier, R Bordet
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a frequent pathology, with a poor prognosis, for which no curative treatment is available in 2018. AD prevention is an important issue, and is an important research topic. In this manuscript, we have synthesized the literature reviews and meta-analyses relating to modifiable risk factors associated with AD. Smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, physical inactivity, depression, head trauma, heart failure, bleeding and ischemic strokes, sleep apnea syndrome appeared to be associated with an increased risk of AD...
2019: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
Francesca L Guest
Alzheimer's disease affects approximately 6% of people over the age of 65 years. It is characterized as chronic degeneration of cortical neurons, with loss of memory, cognition and executive functions. As the disease progresses, it is accompanied by accumulation of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in key areas of the brain, leading to a loss of neurogenesis and synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus, along with changes in the levels of essential neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine and glutamate...
2019: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
A Sánchez-Villegas, B Cabrera-Suárez, P Molero, A González-Pinto, C Chiclana-Actis, C Cabrera, F Lahortiga-Ramos, M Florido-Rodríguez, P Vega-Pérez, R Vega-Pérez, J Pla, M J Calviño-Cabada, F Ortuño, S Navarro, Y Almeida, J L Hernández-Fleta
BACKGROUND: The role of dietary patterns in the prevention of unipolar depression has been analyzed in several epidemiological studies. The primary aims of this study are to determine the effectiveness of an extra-olive oil-enriched Mediterranean diet in reducing the recurrence of depression and improving the symptoms of this condition. METHODS: Multicenter, two-arm, parallel-group clinical trial. Arm 1, extra-virgin olive oil Mediterranean diet; Arm 2, control group without nutritional intervention...
February 11, 2019: BMC Psychiatry
Jolly Mounir William Labib, Sawsan Aboul-Fotouh, Mohamed Z Habib, Mohamed Abd Elrahman Ahmed Mekawy, Kawthar A Farrag, Ahmed M Abdel-Tawab
Depression and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are two faces of one coin. A pro-inflammatory state was previously suggested in the pathology of both diseases. We investigated the effect of chronic administration (2 weeks) of imipramine (20 mg/kg/day) and pentoxifylline (50 mg/kg/day) on behavioral, aortic histological abnormalities, and level of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (CEPCs) in peripheral blood of male Wistar rats exposed to chronic mild stress (CMS) and high-fat diet. Exposure to CMS and high-fat diet induced a depressive-like behavior alongside aortic immunohistochemical changes associated with an increase in aortic TNF-α level...
February 9, 2019: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Melissa A Munn-Chernoff
The prevalence of psychiatric disorders, such as major depression and anxiety, is higher in sexual minority individuals (eg, those who identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual or are unsure of their orientation) than heterosexual individuals.1 Eating disorders and alcohol use also are more common in sexual minority groups, yet the extent to which they co-occur in these individuals is limited. The co-occurrence of eating and alcohol use disorders results in increased morbidity than either disorder alone2 and increased mortality for eating disorders...
February 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Ana Rita Silva, Alexandra Bernardo, João Costa, Alexandra Cardoso, Paula Santos, Maria Fernanda de Mesquita, José Vaz Patto, Pedro Moreira, Maria Leonor Silva, Patrícia Padrão
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic non-degenerative disease, whose nutritional therapy seems controversial. This systematic review aimed to synthesize the knowledge about the effect of dietary interventions on patient reported outcomes (PRO) and inflammation in patients with FM. Six electronic databases - PubMed, BioMed Central, Cochrane library, EMBASE, LILACS and ISI - were searched for clinical trials, in which a dietary intervention in patients with FM diagnosed was conducted. Quality of evidence assessment was measured in accordance to GRADE methodology...
February 8, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Leah Gilbert, Justine Gross, Stefano Lanzi, Dan Yedu Quansah, Jardena Puder, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is associated with future cardio-metabolic risks for the mother and her child. In addition, one-third of women with recent GDM develop postpartum depression. Given these adverse impacts of GDM on the health of the mother and her offspring, it is important to intervene on modifiable factors, such as diet, physical activity, and psychosocial well-being. This integrative review therefore explored evidence on how these modifiable factors interact in women with GDM and their offspring, and how effective combined interventions are on reducing adverse impacts of GDM...
February 7, 2019: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Joseph Firth, Wolfgang Marx, Sarah Dash, Rebekah Carney, Scott B Teasdale, Marco Solmi, Brendon Stubbs, Felipe B Schuch, André F Carvalho, Felice Jacka, Jerome Sarris
OBJECTIVE: Poor diet can be detrimental to mental health. However, the overall evidence for the effects of dietary interventions on mood and mental well-being has yet to be assessed. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis examining effects of dietary interventions on symptoms of depression and anxiety. METHOD: Major electronic databases were searched through March 2018 for all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of dietary interventions reporting changes in symptoms of depression and/or anxiety in clinical and non-clinical populations...
February 5, 2019: Psychosomatic Medicine
Kari Peersen, Jan Erik Otterstad, Elise Sverre, Joep Perk, Lars Gullestad, Torbjorn Moum, Toril Dammen, John Munkhaugen
PURPOSE: The reasons why many coronary patients are inactive or have a low level of physical activity (PA) are not completely understood. We identified medical and psychosocial factors associated with PA status and increasing exercise level after a coronary event. METHODS: A cross-sectional study investigated the factors associated with PA in 1101 patients hospitalized with myocardial infarction (MI) and/or a revascularization procedure. Data were collected from hospital records, a self-report questionnaire, and a clinical examination...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Paweł Liśkiewicz, Justyna Pełka-Wysiecka, Mariusz Kaczmarczyk, Igor Łoniewski, Michał Wroński, Agata Bąba-Kubiś, Karolina Skonieczna-Żydecka, Wojciech Marlicz, Błażej Misiak, Jerzy Samochowiec
RATIONALE: There is a worldwide prevalence of generalized anxiety and major depressive disorders (MDD). Gut⁻brain axis dysfunction, antibacterial activity, and modulatory effects of antidepressants toward intestinal bacteria have been shown both in vitro and in vivo. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of hospital stay, including escitalopram administration, on gut microbiota in patients with depressive episodes. METHODS: After admission to the hospital and 7-days washout from all medications the composition of fecal microbiota samples was evaluated at baseline (W0) and after 6 weeks (W6), using 16S rRNA sequencing...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Stephanie Potochnick, Krista M Perreira, Julia I Bravin, Sheila F Castañeda, Martha L Daviglus, Linda C Gallo, Carmen R Isasi
PURPOSE: We examined the correlates and health implications of household food insecurity among Hispanic/Latino youth (aged 8-16 years), a high food insecurity-risk population. METHODS: Using the Hispanic Community Children's Health/Study of Latino Youth (n = 1,362) and bivariate and multivariate analyses, we examined the correlates of household and child food insecurity and very low food security. We assessed the influence of four sets of risk/protective factors-child demographic, acculturation, socioeconomic, and family/social support...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Redzo Mujcic, Andrew J Oswald
This commentary provides evidence of a longitudinal connection between current diet and later mental health. We build upon a research study, Ocean, Howley, and Ensor (2019, forthcoming), which uses UK data to argue that consumption of fruit and vegetables may be able to improve people's self-assessed mental-health scores on the general health questionnaire (GHQ) and life-satisfaction scores. We show, in Australian data, that an equivalent result may be true for actual clinical diagnosis of depression and anxiety...
January 17, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Moufidath Adjibade, Karen E Assmann, Chantal Julia, Pilar Galan, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to examine whether adherence to the Mediterranean-DASH diet intervention for neurodegenerative delay (MIND) was associated with SMC (as measured by the cognitive difficulties scale; CDS) in the NutriNet-Santé cohort. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 6011 participants aged ≥ 60 years at baseline, without SMC at the beginning. SMC were defined by a CDS score ≥ 43 (corresponding to the 4th CDS quartile) and SMC cases were participants with SMC at least once during follow-up...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Neurology
Chao Xu, Xiang Fei Li, Hong Yan Tian, Hua Juan Shi, Ding Dong Zhang, Kenneth Prudence Abasubong, Wen Bin Liu
After a 12-week feeding trial, the glucose tolerance test was performed in Megalobrama amblycephala to evaluate the effects of metformin on the metabolic responses of glycolipids. Plasma insulin peaked at 2 h, then decreased to the basal value at 8-12 h post-injection. Plasma triglycerides levels and liver glycogen contents of the control group a decreased significantly during the first 2 and 1 h, respectively. Then, they returned to basal values at 12 h. During the whole sampling period, the high-carbohydrate groups had significantly higher levels of plasma metabolites and liver glycogen than those of the control group, and metformin supplementation enhanced these changes (except insulin levels)...
January 1, 2019: Endocrine Connections
Meghan E Byrne, Sarah LeMay-Russell, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes findings on pediatric loss-of-control (LOC) eating and obesity published since 2013 in relation to physiological, socioenvironmental, and psychological factors. RECENT FINDINGS: LOC eating and obesity are highly comorbid in youth. Genetic and physiological risk factors are associated with the development of LOC eating. Adverse physiological outcomes of LOC eating include increased risk for overweight and obesity and greater dysfunction in components of metabolic syndrome...
January 30, 2019: Current Obesity Reports
Marie Lindefeldt, Alexander Eng, Hamid Darban, Annelie Bjerkner, Cecilia K Zetterström, Tobias Allander, Björn Andersson, Elhanan Borenstein, Maria Dahlin, Stefanie Prast-Nielsen
The gut microbiota has been linked to various neurological disorders via the gut-brain axis. Diet influences the composition of the gut microbiota. The ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet established for treatment of therapy-resistant epilepsy in children. Its efficacy in reducing seizures has been confirmed, but the mechanisms remain elusive. The diet has also shown positive effects in a wide range of other diseases, including Alzheimer's, depression, autism, cancer, and type 2 diabetes...
2019: NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes
Anne Sofie Friberg, Ida Rask Moustsen, Signe Benzon Larsen, Tim Hartung, Elisabeth Wreford Andersen, Maja Halgren Olsen, Anne Tjønneland, Susanne K Kjaer, Christoffer Johansen, Klaus Brasso, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton
BACKGROUND: The risk of depression is inversely associated with socioeconomic position in the general population; however, studies on the association in cancer populations are limited. The aim was to investigate if shorter education was associated with a higher risk of depression following prostate cancer diagnosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a cohort study among participants in the Danish prospective Diet, Cancer and Health (DCH) study including 2337 men diagnosed with prostate cancer between 1997 and 2014...
January 30, 2019: Acta Oncologica
Rachel S Bergmans, Kristen M Kelly, Briana Mezuk
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that pro-inflammatory states may be independently associated with the risk of suicidality, above and beyond depression. This study assesses whether four indicators of inflammation, circulating levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), white blood cell (WBC) count and immunoglobulin E (IgE), and dietary inflammatory potential, measured using the Dietary Inflammatory Index® (DII), distinguish suicidal ideation (SI) from major depression (MD). METHODS: Data come from multiple cycles of the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NCRP&WBC   = 13,912; NDII   = 17,076; NIgE   = 4,060)...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
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