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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30684232/oncoplastic-breast-surgery-combining-partial-mastectomy-with-immediate-breast-reshaping-using-multiple-local-flaps-for-a-patient-with-slim-body
#1
Yuko Kijima, Munetsugu Hirata, Yoshiaki Shinden, Toshiaki Utsumi, Zenichi Morise, Shoji Natsugoe
Oncoplastic breast surgery (OBS), which combines the concepts of oncologic and plastic surgery, is becoming more common worldwide. We report the results of OBS in a Japanese patient with early breast cancer located on the outer lower quadrant area. We performed OBS combining partial mastectomy with immediate breast reshaping using multiple adipofascial cutaneous flaps and free dermal fat graft because she refused any other OBS. We selected three local flaps to repair the defect. Perioperative and postoperative complications were not seen...
January 25, 2019: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30680362/body-mass-index-trajectories-from-birth-to-midlife-and-vertebral-dimensions-in-midlife-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966-study
#2
Petteri Oura, Juho-Antti Junno, Juha Auvinen, Jaakko Niinimäki, Jaro Karppinen, Marja Ojaniemi, Markus Paananen
Vertebral fracture risk is higher among individuals with small vertebral dimensions. Obesity is a global health problem and may also contribute to bone size and fracture risk. In this work we report the association between life course body mass index (BMI) and vertebral cross-sectional area (CSA) in midlife. The Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 study with its 46-year follow-up provided the material for this study. A subsample of 780 individuals had attended lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at the age of 46 years, and had records of objectively measured BMI from the ages of 0, 7, 15, 31, and 46 years...
January 2019: JBMR Plus
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30641749/prevalence-of-overweight-obesity-and-abdominal-obesity-in-bangladeshi-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mohammad Zamsad, Sujan Banik, Lopa Ghosh
AIM: A sustained economic growth in Bangladesh leading to nutrition transition with negative impact on health followed to sedentary lifestyle, and obesity. Therefore, the study objective was to examine the prevalence of overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity among Bangladeshi university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study in Bangladeshi university students was conducted in December 2016 to April 2017. Randomly selected participants, aged 18-25 years were analyzed from three specific universities as per gender variation...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30625004/aberrant-thalamocortical-coherence-in-animal-model-of-tinnitus
#4
Paulo Vianney Vilela-Rodrigues, Benjamin Auerbach, Richard J Salvi
Electrophysiological studies from humans suggest that the phantom sound of tinnitus is associated with abnormal thalamocortical neural oscillations. However, tinnitus models have seldom been tested in animal models where it is possible to simultaneously assess the neural oscillatory activity between the thalamus and auditory cortex. To explore this issue, we used multichannel electrodes to examine the oscillatory behavior of local field potentials recorded in the rat medial geniculate body (MBG) and primary auditory cortex (A1) before and after administering a dose of sodium salicylate (SS) that reliably induces tinnitus...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559957/cut-of-clothes-maximizes-the-effect-of-amodal-completion-to-make-you-look-thinner
#5
Yoshie Kiritani, Akane Kawasaki, Ikjoon Chang
Amodal completion has various functional effects, including an apparent slimming effect achieved by clothes. Local and global completion factors have been examined in previous studies, which also apply to the apparent slimming effect. Exposed parts of the body constitute the local factor at the junction area, while the shape or cut of the clothes is concerned with the whole configuration. This study investigated which is more important, the local or whole factors, for amodal completion in relation to the apparent slimming effect using drawings as stimuli...
November 2018: I-Perception
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30558395/evaluation-of-the-safety-of-oral-intake-of-aqueous-extract-of-stigma-maydis-corn-silk-in-rats
#6
Victor O Ikpeazu, Eziuche A Ugbogu, Okezie Emmanuel, Chikezie Uche-Ikonne, Benedict Okoro, Jennifer Nnaemeka
BACKGROUND: Corn silk (Stigma madyis) is used in ethnomedicine for the management of diabetes, kidney stones, depression, fatigue, urinary infections and as a slimming tea. However, there is limited literature on its effect on body weight, lipid, hematological, hepatocellular, nephrological and histopathological indices which the present study evaluated. METHODS: In the acute toxicity test, aqueous extract of Stigma madyis was orally adminis- tered to rats using a gavage, in doses of up to 5 g/kg body weight...
October 2018: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30555355/adipokinetic-hormone-receptor-mediates-lipid-mobilization-to-regulate-starvation-resistance-in-the-brown-planthopper-nilaparvata-lugens
#7
Kai Lu, Xinyu Zhang, Xia Chen, Yue Li, Wenru Li, Yibei Cheng, Jinming Zhou, Keke You, Qiang Zhou
Lipid storage must be efficiently mobilized to sustain the energy demands during processes of exercise or starvation. In insects, adipokinetic hormone (AKH) and brummer lipase are well-known regulators of lipid mobilization. We recently demonstrated that brummer-dependent lipolysis regulates starvation resistance in the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens , one of the most destructive rice pests. The present work investigated the roles of the AKH signaling system in lipid mobilization during the starvation process in N...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30517567/-homo-caloricus-the-epistemological-construction-of-lipophobic-stigma-in-public-health-media-discourses
#8
María L Christiansen
The case of obesity in Mexico constitutes an emblematic example of how, in the messages emitted by public health television campaigns, strong beliefs regarding the issue of body weight prevail. The main objective is to reflect on certain epistemological effects that abound in biomedical media narratives related to obesity. To do so, aspects of the rhetoric employed in two initiatives of the Ministry of Public Health - Muévete y Métete en Cintura [Move Around and Slim Down] in 2008 and the 5 Steps Program in 2011 - are analyzed, as is the discourse surrounding the tax measure introduced by the Mexican tax service in 2017...
July 2018: Salud Colectiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30496890/ultrastructure-and-functional-morphology-of-dermal-glands-in-the-freshwater-mite-limnochares-aquatica-l-1758-acariformes-limnocharidae
#9
Andrey B Shatrov, Elena V Soldatenko, Vitaliy A Stolbov, Petr A Smirnov, Olga A Petukhova
This study is the first attempt to describe the ultrastructure and functional morphology of the dermal glands in Limnochares aquatica (L., 1758). The dermal glands were studied using light-optical, SEM and TEM microscopy methods during different stages of their activity. In contrast to the vast majority of other fresh water mites, dermal glands of the studied species are originally multiplied and scattered freely at the mite body surface. The opening of the glands is saddle-like, formed of several tight cuticular folds and oriented freely to the long axis of the mite body...
November 26, 2018: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30483875/prevalence-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-among-women-working-in-the-aged-care-services-in-japan
#10
Yuka Suzuki, Ai Ikeda, Hiroo Wada, Koutatsu Maruyama, Narihisa Miyachi, Ronald Filomeno, Yohei Suzuki, Satomi Ikeda, Yumi Hashimoto, Yasunari Koyama, Takeshi Tanigawa
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in women working in the field of aged care in Japan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted for female employees aged 18-60 years in aged care facilities in Japan. The analyzed set consisted of 712 participants with complete data. SDB was determined by respiratory disturbance index (RDI), measured using an ambulatory airflow monitor with a polyvinylidene fluoride film sensor to detect nasal and oral airflow overnight at home...
November 27, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30388401/causative-mutations-and-mechanism-of-androgenetic-hydatidiform-moles
#11
Ngoc Minh Phuong Nguyen, Zhao-Jia Ge, Ramesh Reddy, Somayyeh Fahiminiya, Philippe Sauthier, Rashmi Bagga, Feride Iffet Sahin, Sangeetha Mahadevan, Matthew Osmond, Magali Breguet, Kurosh Rahimi, Louise Lapensee, Karine Hovanes, Radhika Srinivasan, Ignatia B Van den Veyver, Trilochan Sahoo, Asangla Ao, Jacek Majewski, Teruko Taketo, Rima Slim
Androgenetic complete hydatidiform moles are human pregnancies with no embryos and affect 1 in every 1,400 pregnancies. They have mostly androgenetic monospermic genomes with all the chromosomes originating from a haploid sperm and no maternal chromosomes. Androgenetic complete hydatidiform moles were described in 1977, but how they occur has remained an open question. We identified bi-allelic deleterious mutations in MEI1, TOP6BL/C11orf80, and REC114, with roles in meiotic double-strand breaks formation in women with recurrent androgenetic complete hydatidiform moles...
November 1, 2018: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30348176/adjusting-a-mainstream-weight-management-intervention-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-user-centred-approach
#12
Liz Croot, Melanie Rimmer, Sarah Salway, Chris Hatton, Emma Dowse, Jacquie Lavin, Sarah E Bennett, Janet Harris, Alicia O'Cathain
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) may not be able to access and respond to uniformly delivered health interventions. Public bodies have a legal duty to make 'reasonable adjustments' to policies and practices to provide fair access and treatment for people with ID. This study aimed to identify adjustments to the Slimming World weight management programme to improve accessibility and assess acceptability and feasibility for this population. METHODS: This user-centred qualitative study was carried out with a steering group of people with ID (n = 4)...
October 22, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30343311/serum-preptin-and-amylin-levels-with-respect-to-body-mass-index-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-patients
#13
Şenol Şentürk, Safak Hatirnaz, Mine Kanat-Pektaş
BACKGROUND Preptin and amylin are pancreatic hormones which participate in glucose homeostasis. This study aimed to evaluate how serum preptin and amylin levels are altered in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients and healthy women based on BMI groups (<25 kg/m² and ≥25 kg/m²). MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a prospective randomized control study of 40 PCOS patients and 40 healthy women who were matched with respect to BMI (<25 kg/m² and ≥25 kg/m²). RESULTS When compared to the healthy women, PCOS patients had significantly higher ovarian volumes, Ferriman-Gallwey scores, and free and total testosterone levels, but significantly lower amylin concentrations (p=0...
October 21, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319821/resectional-one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-mini-gastric-bypass-as-a-novel-option-for-revision-of-restrictive-procedures-preliminary-results
#14
Roger Noun, Rita Slim, Ghassan Chakhtoura, Joseph Gharios, Elie Chouillard, Carla Tohmé-Noun
Background: Revisional surgery is becoming a common and challenging practice in bariatric centers. The aim of this study was to evaluate resectional one anastomosis gastric bypass/mini gastric bypass (R-OAGB/MGB) as a revisional procedure. Methods: From January 2016 to February 2017, data on 21 consecutive patients undergoing R-OAGB/MGB for weight loss failure after primary restrictive procedures were prospectively collected and analysed. Results: Mean age was 39 ± 12 years (18-65), and 11 (52...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30241777/keeping-slim-when-food-is-abundant-what-energy-mechanisms-could-be-at-play
#15
REVIEW
Lewis G Halsey
The obesity epidemic in humans is juxtaposed by observations of passerine birds exhibiting fine-scale body mass regulation. The ecology literature is replete with research into why these animals regulate body weight, citing tradeoffs between competing pressures such as emaciation and predation. Yet studies on the underlying mechanisms of mass regulation in these animals are scarce. Maintaining or decreasing weight could obviously be achieved by limiting food intake. However, there are numerous reasons why an animal may not control ingestion, at least precisely...
October 2018: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30129257/intergenerational-changes-in-limb-circumferences-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-3-18-from-krak%C3%A3-w-poland-from-1983-to-2010
#16
Łukasz Kryst, Agnieszka Woronkowicz, Małgorzata Kowal, Jan Sobiecki
OBJECTIVES: Measurements of body circumferences are often used in anthropology. The research on this topic, however, rarely concerns limb girths or secular trends. The main aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of secular trends in selected limb circumferences among children and adolescents. METHODS: The research was based on measurements from two cross-sectional studies carried out in 1983 and 2010 with children and adolescents aged 3-18 from Krakow, Poland...
September 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30102802/changing-profile-of-eating-disorders-between-1963-and-2004-in-a-japanese-sample
#17
Yoshikatsu Nakai, Kazuko Nin, Shun'ichi Noma, Satoshi Teramukai, Kei Fujikawa, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate possible changes in the demographic and clinical characteristics of Japanese patients with eating disorders using a consecutive series of patients who presented at Kyoto University Hospital between 1963 and 2004. We also studied cultural factors related to eating disorders over time. METHOD: We completed a retrospective review of a cohort of patients using a checklist based on the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30072955/slim-body-weight-is-highly-associated-with-enhanced-lipoprotein-functionality-higher-hdl-c-and-large-hdl-particle-size-in-young-women
#18
Ki-Hoon Park, Dhananjay Yadav, Suk-Jeong Kim, Jae-Ryong Kim, Kyung-Hyun Cho
There has been no information about the correlations between body weight distribution and lipoprotein metabolism in terms of high-density lipoproteins-cholesterol (HDL-C) and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). In this study, we analyzed the quantity and quality of HDL correlations in young women (21.5 ± 1.2-years-old) with a slim ( n = 21, 46.2 ± 3.8 kg) or plump ( n = 30, 54.6 ± 4.4 kg) body weight. Body weight was inversely correlated with the percentage of HDL-C in total cholesterol (TC). The plump group showed 40% higher body fat (26 ± 3 %) and 86% more visceral fat mass (VFM, 1...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30053284/a-low-energy-dense-diet-in-the-context-of-a-weight-management-program-affects-appetite-control-in-overweight-and-obese-women
#19
Nicola J Buckland, Diana Camidge, Fiona Croden, Jacquelynne H Lavin, R James Stubbs, Marion M Hetherington, John E Blundell, Graham Finlayson
Background: Low energy-dense (LED) foods reduce energy intake (EI); whether this effect is sustained over time and during weight loss is unknown. Objective: This trial examined the effects of LED compared with high energy-dense (HED) meals on appetite, EI, and control over eating in the laboratory and during a weight-management program that encourages unrestricted intake of LED foods [Slimming World, UK (SW)] compared with a self-led Standard Care program [NHS weight-loss plan (SC)]...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30034348/mania-associated-with-herbal-medicines-other-than-cannabis-a-systematic-review-and-quality-assessment-of-case-reports
#20
Emmanuelle Bostock, Kenneth Kirkby, Michael Garry, Bruce Taylor, Jason A Hawrelak
Background: DSM-5 introduced the diagnostic category of substance/medication-induced bipolar and related disorder. This systematic review examines published reports linking mania with the consumption of herbal medicines (HM), excluding cannabis. Putative pathophysiological mechanisms that may account for the reported HM being associated with mania are discussed. Methods: A systematic search of EMBASE, CINAHL, Health Source, PsychINFO, and PubMed. The quality of case reports meeting inclusion criteria was assessed using the modified Quality Assessment Scale by Agbabiaka...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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