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Manual diagnosis

Nigel S Cook, Konstantinos Kostikas, Jean-Bernard Gruenberger, Bhavik Shah, Purnima Pathak, Vinay Preet Kaur, Alaknanda Mudumby, Rajat Sharma, Florian S Gutzwiller
We utilised social media listening (SML) to obtain patients' perspectives on symptoms, diagnosis and comorbidities associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its impact on patients' quality of life (QoL). A comprehensive search on social media platforms was performed for English language content posted between July 2016 and January 2018 using COPD-related terms. Social Studio, a social media data aggregator tool, was used to capture relevant records. The content was manually curated to analyse and map psychological aspects with descriptive statistics applied on aggregated findings...
February 2019: ERJ Open Research
David Ogez, Claude-Julie Bourque, Katherine Péloquin, Rebeca Ribeiro, Laurence Bertout, Daniel Curnier, Simon Drouin, Caroline Laverdière, Valérie Marcil, Émélie Rondeau, Daniel Sinnett, Serge Sultan
Background: Studies have shown that supporting parents in pediatric oncology reduces family distress following a cancer diagnosis. Manualized programs for parents have therefore been developed to reduce family distress. However, these programs have limitations that need to be improved, such as better defining programs' procedures, developing interventions focusing on parents' conjugal relationship, conducting rigorous evaluations of implementation, and proposing adaptations to various cultural dimensions...
2019: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Marco Stella, Emmanuele Santolini, Francesca Sanguineti, Lamberto Felli, Giovanni Vicenti, Davide Bizzoca, Federico Santolini
BACKGROUND: Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is characterised by abnormal pressure inside a compartment, resulting in ischemia of muscles and nerves. Most orthopaedic surgeons, especially those who work in major trauma centres, have been or will be facing a case of ACS in their clinical activity. Fortunately, complications related to untreated compartment syndrome have become less frequent thanks to a better understanding of pathogenesis and to early recognition and prompt surgical treatment...
February 2, 2019: Injury
A Roch, J Prodéo, C Pierart, R N Muller, P Duez
The binding of malaria pigment, hemozoin, by a gradient magnetic field has been investigated in a manual trapping column system. Two types of magnetic filling have been tested to produce field gradients: nickel-plated steel wires, wrapped around a steel core, and superparamagnetic microbeads. The latter system allows an efficient trapping (> 80%) of β-hematin (a synthetic pigment with physical and paramagnetic properties analogous to those of hemozoin). Tests with a Plasmodium falciparum 3D7 culture indicate that hemozoin is similarly trapped...
May 15, 2019: Talanta
Yuantao Yang, Huailiang Zheng, Yongbo Li, Minqiang Xu, Yushu Chen
Fault diagnosis of rotating machinery is crucial to improve safety, enhance reliability and reduce maintenance cost. The manual feature extraction and selection of traditional fault diagnosis methods depend on signal processing skills and expert experience, which is labor-intensive and time-consuming. As a typical intelligent fault diagnosis method, the convolutional neural network automatically learns features from original data, but it is extremely difficult to design and train a deep network architecture...
January 24, 2019: ISA Transactions
Jung Yoon, Jung Ah Kwon, Soo Young Yoon, Woong Sik Jang, Dong June Yang, Jeonghun Nam, Chae Seung Lim
Microscopic examination of blood smears is the standard method for malaria diagnosis but is labor-intensive and requires expert staff. CellaVision DM96 (CellaVision, Lund, Sweden) is a digital hematology analyzer available for advanced morphological analysis of blood films including intracellular parasites. Here, we evaluated the CellaVision DM96 Advanced RBC Application for malaria detection in stained peripheral blood (PB) smears. Two hundred and twenty thin PB smear slides (84 P. vivax, 14 P. falciparum, 122 negative controls) were stained with Wright-Giemsa using automated slidemaker/strainers of Beckman Coulter hematology systems (LH780, Beckman Coulter Inc...
February 12, 2019: Acta Tropica
Nadia Micali, Eline Tombeur
Avoidant and restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a « new » diagnosis introduced in the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5) in 2013. ARFID is a heterogeneous disorder that seems to be common in clinical settings and is associated with high levels of physical and psychological comorbidity and impact on physical health and psychosocial functioning. We present an overview of the available literature on ARFID and describe the current understanding of its correlates...
February 13, 2019: Revue Médicale Suisse
Amy S Babiuch, Atsuro Uchida, Natalia Figueiredo, Ming Hu, Mehnaz Khan, Sunil K Srivastava, Rishi P Singh, Aleksandra Rachitskaya, Peter K Kaiser, Jamie L Reese, Justis P Ehlers
PURPOSE: To compare optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) review strategies for optimizing choroidal neovascularization (CNV) detection. METHODS: Eyes with CNV in the differential diagnosis were imaged with the Avanti RTVue XR HD (Optovue, Fremont, CA). Three modalities of review for CNV presence were used in each case: a single report generated using automated segmentation within Avanti software; a continuous slab descent video OCTA export; and a manual segmentation approach using cross-sectional OCT with decorrelation signal overlay...
February 11, 2019: Retina
Allison G Chisholm, Benjamin D Little, Romaine F Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of the Children's Hospital Association's Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) registry data in determining surgical drainage rates as compared to a chart review on the same cohort of children with diagnosis of peritonsillar abscess. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. METHODS: Our analysis included 200 children, ages 2 to 17 years, treated for a peritonsillar abscess from 2011 to 2016. The primary outcome was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, receiver operating characteristics (ROC), and likelihood ratios of surgical drainage rates comparing the PHIS database to manual chart review of the same patients...
February 13, 2019: Laryngoscope
Tal Mazor-Karsenty, Lilach Shalev, Shula Parush, Yoram Bonneh
This study examined whether sensory modulation disorder-sensory overresponsivity (SMD-SOR) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a significant effect on the perception of aversive auditory stimuli. Participants were 66 young adult women. The diagnosis of SOR was made using the Sensory Responsiveness Questionnaire, and ADHD was diagnosed by a qualified psychiatrist or neurologist using criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Participants were presented with the Battery of Aversiveness to Sounds, short presentations of daily life sounds, and rated each sound stimulus verbally according to its perceived unpleasantness...
November 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Simone Munsch, Andrea Wyssen, Pierre Vanhulst, Denis Lalanne, Sharon T Steinemann, Alexandre Tuch
BACKGROUND: Binge-eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent episodes of loss of control over eating and is related to a higher prevalence of other mental disorders and somatic consequences associated with overweight and obesity. In community-based samples, 2-4% of women and 1-3% men are diagnosed with BED. Psychotherapeutic interventions focusing on maintenance factors of disturbed eating behavior have proven to be effective. However, treatment access is limited for a considerable number of patients with BED...
February 13, 2019: Trials
Wasswa William, Andrew Ware, Annabella Habinka Basaza-Ejiri, Johnes Obungoloch
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is preventable if effective screening measures are in place. Pap-smear is the commonest technique used for early screening and diagnosis of cervical cancer. However, the manual analysis of the pap-smears is error prone due to human mistake, moreover, the process is tedious and time-consuming. Hence, it is beneficial to develop a computer-assisted diagnosis tool to make the pap-smear test more accurate and reliable. This paper describes the development of a tool for automated diagnosis and classification of cervical cancer from pap-smear images...
February 12, 2019: Biomedical Engineering Online
Pierre Castel, Florence Bretelle, Claude D'Ercole, Julie Blanc
Persistant occiput posterior (OP) positions are the commonest malpresentations of the fetal head during labor and their diagnosis remains challenging. They are associated to prolonged second stage of labor, prolonged expulsive efforts, labor augmentation, cesarean sections and instrumental deliveries. On the maternal side, severe perineal tears, post-partum hemorrhage or chorioamnionitis are more frequent. Currently, prevention of persistent OP positions is based on the maintain of precise maternal positions...
February 9, 2019: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Harel Gilutz, Sevatlana Shindel, Ilana Shoham-Vardi
BACKGROUND: Adherence to guidelines for the initial treatment of ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction has been thoroughly studied, whereas the study of emergency department (ED) adherence to guidelines for Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction-Acute Coronary Syndrome (NSTEMI-ACS) has been much scarcer. The recommended guidelines for the initial prompt workup and treatment of NSTEMI-ACS remains a challenge. AIM: We studied adherence to guidelines for NSTEMI in the ED...
March 2019: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
Yiping Li, Talar Tejirian, J Craig Collins
The finding of gallbladder polyps on imaging studies prompts further workup. Imaging results are often discordant with final pathology. The goal of this study is to compare polypoid lesions of the gallbladder found on preoperative ultrasound (US) with final pathologic diagnosis after cholecystectomy to help guide clinical decision-making. A retrospective study was conducted identifying adult patients who were diagnosed with polyps via US and who underwent cholecystectomy from 2008 through 2015. Imaging data, final pathology, and demographics were manually reviewed...
October 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Travis W Sawyer, Photini F S Rice, David M Sawyer, Jennifer W Koevary, Jennifer K Barton
Ovarian cancer has the lowest survival rate among all gynecologic cancers predominantly due to late diagnosis. Early detection of ovarian cancer can increase 5-year survival rates from 40% up to 92%, yet no reliable early detection techniques exist. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an emerging technique that provides depth-resolved, high-resolution images of biological tissue in real-time and demonstrates great potential for imaging of ovarian tissue. Mouse models are crucial to quantitatively assess the diagnostic potential of OCT for ovarian cancer imaging; however, due to small organ size, the ovaries must first be separated from the image background using the process of segmentation...
January 2019: Journal of Medical Imaging
Sara Baziar, Ali Aqamolaei, Ebrahim Khadem, Seyyed Hosein Mortazavi, Sina Naderi, Erfan Sahebolzamani, Amirhosein Mortezaei, Shakiba Jalilevand, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Mahsa Shahmirzadi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric disorders of childhood and adolescence. About 30% of patients do not respond to stimulants or cannot tolerate their side effects. Thus, alternative medication, like herbal medicine, should be considered. The aim of this trial is to compare the safety and efficacy of Crocus sativus (saffron) versus methylphenidate in improving symptoms of children with ADHD. METHODS: In a 6-week randomized double-blind study, 54 patients (children 6-17 years old) with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) diagnosis of ADHD were randomly assigned to receive either 20-30 mg/d (20 mg/d for <30 kg and 30 mg/d for >30 kg) methylphenidate (MPH) or 20-30 mg/d saffron capsules depending on weight (20 mg/d for <30 kg and 30 mg/d for >30 kg)...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Bronte Torres Pagan, Kayla Wyant, Joseph Chien, Kendell L Coker
Little is known about the relationship between acute stress disorder and criminal behavior among youth. This study examined data from the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A). Participants in this survey, which took place between February 2001 and January 2003, consisted of 10,148 youth between the ages of 13 and 18 years. Because the NCS-A was conducted prior to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder from the fourth edition of the DSM were mapped to DSM-5 criteria for ASD...
February 8, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Karen G Rentas, Laura Buckley, Dawn Wiest, Cortney A Bruno
BACKGROUND: A small percentage of patients relies extensively on hospital-based care and account for a disproportionately high share of health care spending in the United States. Evidence shows that behavioral health conditions are common among these individuals, but understanding of their behavioral health needs is limited. This study aimed to understand the behavioral health characteristics and needs of patients with high hospital utilization patterns in Camden, New Jersey. METHODS: The sample consisted of patients in a care management intervention for individuals with patterns of high hospital utilization who were referred for behavioral health assessments (N = 195)...
February 8, 2019: BMC Health Services Research
Christofer Lundqvist, Michael Gossop, Michael Bjørn Russell, Jørund Straand, Espen Saxhaug Kristoffersen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Medication-overuse headache (MOH) is a common chronic headache caused by overuse of headache analgesics. It has similarities with substance dependence disorders. The treatment of choice for MOH is withdrawal of the offending analgesics. Behavioral brief intervention treatment using methods adapted from substance misuse settings is effective. Here we investigate the severity of analgesics dependence in MOH using the Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS), validate the SDS score against formal substance dependence diagnosis based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) and examine whether the SDS predicts successful withdrawal...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Addiction Medicine
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