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In Noenates

M Bagou, E Rolland, C Gay, H Patural
Infantile pyknocytosis is a neonatal hemolytic disorder which causes anemia and icterus and is characterized by the presence of an increased number of distorted red blood cells called pyknocytes. Resolution spontaneously occurs in the first semester of life. It has been generally described as a rare entity, with an occasional family history. We report seven cases of infantile pyknocytosis observed in our hospital in 3 years. Most of the infants presented with hemolytic icterus and profound anemia that was reaching its peak by the 3rd week of life...
January 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Manal El Daouk, Oded Langer, Andrzej Lysikiewicz
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether first-trimester crown-rump length (CRL) is associated with birthweight extremes at term. METHODS: Included in this study were all term, small for gestational age (SGA), and large for gestational age (LGA) neonates with no other obstetric complications and no abnormal outcomes of pregnancy. CRL at 12.0 to 12.6 weeks of estimated gestational age obtained during nuchal translucency screening was selected as an estimate of early fetal growth...
February 2012: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Sunil Kumar, Saleema Ramadan, Vipul Gupta, Safwat Helmy, Imran Atta, Ashraf Alkholy
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Anorectal manometry is a noninvasive test used to evaluate conditions like slow-transit constipation, anorectal outlet obstruction, and Hirschsprung disease and to assess postoperative results after Hirschsprung and anorectal malformations. This cross section study was designed to have normal manometric values of anorectal function in healthy children of different ages in Kuwait so that control values are available for comparisons with various pathological states. METHOD: Anorectal manometry was conducted in 90 children aged 3 days to 12 years without any symptoms related to lower gastrointestinal tract...
September 2009: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
M A Okunade, E M Essien
A study of some coagulation factors were carried out in preterm and term infants on the first day of life. Screening coagulation tests--prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time with kaolin (PTTK) and the concentrations of Factors VIII: C and fibrinogen were determined in 100 normal newborn infants classified into three groups according to their gestational ages: 28 to 30 weeks, 31 to 36 weeks, 37 to 42 weeks. The respective values were compared with those of six-month-old infants as well as adults...
March 1998: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
A C Ojule, B O Osotimehin
The influence of inadequate iodine intake on maternal and neonatal thyroid status in Saki, a locality known to have environmental iodine deficiency and located within the goitre belt of Southwestern Nigeria was investigated. One hundred and five (105) subjects and ninety (90) controls from Ibadan were recruited into the study. All subjects were apparently healthy with at least thirty-seven (37) completed weeks of gestation. Each subject was assessed for goitre and blood sample obtained by venepuncture for thyroid function tests before onset of labour...
March 1998: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
G Leanza, O G Nilsson, G Nikkhah, R G Wiley, A Björklund
Selective removal of the basal forebrain cholinergic neurons by the immunotoxin 192 immunoglobulin G-saporin has offered a new powerful tool for the study of the relationships between cholinergic dysfunction and cognitive impairments. In the present study the morphological and functional consequences of selective lesions of the basal forebrain cholinergic system during early postnatal development have been investigated following bilateral intraventricular injections of 192 immunoglobulin G-saporin to immature (four-day-old) rats...
September 1996: Neuroscience
G L Coleman, M L Crandall, A J Guidry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1966: American Journal of Veterinary Research
R G Vernon, S W Eaton, D G Walker
1. Measurements of the net synthesis of glucose plus glycogen from various precursors in slices of glycogen-depleted livers from rats at various stages of development indicated an increase in the gluconeogenic capacity after birth with l-lactate, oxaloacetate, a casein hydrolysate, l-serine, l-threonine, l-alanine and glycerol as substrates. 2. The highest rates of incorporation of (14)C-labelled precursors into glucose plus glycogen in slices of normal livers of rats of various ages were observed in such tissue preparations from neonatal animals for an amino acid mixture, l-alanine, l-serine and l-threonine...
December 1968: Biochemical Journal
J Shime, D Gare, J Andrews, B Britt
Twenty malignant hyperthermia-susceptible pregnant patients were given dantrolene sodium orally for 5 days before delivery and 3 days after delivery. When cesarean section was necessary, triggering agents were avoided. No patient had a malignant hyperthermia reaction. No adverse effect of dantrolene sodium was detected by extensive testing of the fetus and neonate. The maternal predelivery dantrolene level was correlated with the noenatal cord blood dantrolene level (r = 0.837). The mean maternal predelivery dantrolene level was 0...
October 1988: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
P Belfrage, A Berlin, N Raabe, B Thalme
Lumbar epidural analgesia with bupivacaine was administered to 33 women for relief of pain during labor. At delivery blood samples were drawn from the umbilical cord vessels and from a maternal peripheral vein. Blood samples were also collected from the noenate and its mother, 1, 4, and 20 hours after delivery. Analyses of bupivaccaine concentrations were carried out in all samples with a gas-chromatographic technique. The drug concentration in the umbilical vein (UV) was usually higher than the corresponding umbilical artery value (UA), but with increasing time interval between the last bupivaccaine infection and delivery the UA/UV drug concentration ratio rose...
December 15, 1975: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
M P Martres, M Baudry, J C Schwartz
Subcellular fractionation techniques, radio-labeling by the 3H-precursor and pharmacological approach applied to the developing rat indicate the presence of at least two types of histamine-containing cells in brain. The presence of the histamine synthesizing enzyme in neurons is suggested by its developmental pattern: there is a 4- to 5-fold increase in enzyme activity from birth to adulthood, with a time-course paralleling the synaptogenesis in whole brain as well as in the 4 regions studied (medulla-pons, midbrain, hypothalamus and forebrain)...
January 10, 1975: Brain Research
M Berry, P Bradley
The heads of noenatal Wistar rats were irradiated with 200 rads daily from birth to the 10th day post-partum. Ten litters each containing 5 animals were killed at 30 days post-partum and their brains treated by the Golgi-Cox technique. The dendritic trees of 24 Purkinje cells were analysed using the quantitative technique of network analysis, and comparisons made between parameters obtained from 20 normal Purkinje cells. All dendritic trees in agranular irradiated cortex were markedly reduced in size (as indicated by total dendritic length and total number of segments) although mean path lengths were normal...
November 12, 1976: Brain Research
I Leetz
Multiple pregnancy represents a high risk to the survival of fetuses since insufficient nutrition frequently results in hypotrophic development and low birth weight. The frequency of the occurrence of low birth weight in children from a multiple birth is 10 times higher than in all newborn children and the early noenatal mortality of children froma multiple birth is 8 times higher than that of all newborn infants. The disproportion between the placenta and the fetuses which we usually find in multiple pregnancies may result in the occurrence of cerebral damage...
1976: Zentralblatt Für Gynäkologie
R Riverón Corteguera, F Valdés Lazo, E Ríos Massabot
Analysis is made of the results of the reduction program of infantile mortality which began in 1970. Said reduction dropped from 38.7 in 1970 to 22.8 per thousand live births in 1976, for a diminution of 41.5%. The early neonatal decreased from 18.2 to 12.3 per thousand live births for a drop of 32.7%. The late noenatal decreased from 5.3 to 2.30/100 live births with 57.2% reduction and the postneonatal dropped from 15.2 to 8.2 per thousand live births for a diminution of 46.5%. Infantile mortality is reported for the different departments and the order in which the main causes of death are grouped is stressed as follows; 1st, perinatal affections (B43-B44); 2nd, congenital anomalies (B42); 3rd, influenza and pneumonia (B31-B32); 4th, enteritis and other acute diarrheal diseases (B4) AND 5th, sepsis (A21)...
November 1978: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
D C Curle, I Y Adamson
Inadequate dietary intake during late pregnancy may have significant effects on the developing fetal lung which undergoes rapid cellular multiplication and differentiation shortly before birth. The morphology, glycogen distribution and acid phosphatase activity in normal and starved neonatal rats have been studied sequentially, by using histochemical and cytochemical methods. It has been shown that the normal pattern of lung growth and enzymatic development is retarded in neonates of malnourished mothers. A slowed rate of cellular division and differentiation in the critical prenatal period resulted in a more immature air-blood barrier at birth, with glycogen retention by some epithelial cells...
May 1978: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
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