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Tunnell boring

Markku Pellinen, Marko Mutanen, Pasi Sihvonen
The Noctuidae genus Mudaria Moore, 1893, as treated in this paper, comprises 20 species distributed in the Oriental region from India to Fiji, with its centre of diversity in the Sundaland. The biology of the genus is unusual, in that the larvae bore into the fruits or pods of plants in family Bombacaceae (Holloway 1989) and Sterculiaceae (Robinson et al. 2001). Larvae of M. cornifrons have been recorded in the pods of silk-cotton tree (Bombax), in pods of kapok (Ceiba pentandra), in durian fruits (Durio) (Roepke 1916, Holloway 1989, Tan Tan 1991 [1992], Kuroko Lewvanich 1993) and in Pterospermum fruit (Robinson et al...
October 16, 2018: Zootaxa
Bengusu Mirasoglu, Abdullah Arslan, Samil Aktas, Akin Savas Toklu
The Eurasian Tunnel is a 5.64-km crossroad tunnel that connects Europe and Asia. Located under the seabed for the first time, 3.34 km of the tunnel that crosses the Bosphorus was built by advanced tunneling techniques. An exclusively designed tunnel boring machine (TBM), which has an operating pressure of 11 bars and a diameter of 13.7 meters was used for boring the seabed tunnel. The deepest point was 106 meters below sea level. One bounce diving period and seven saturation diving periods were needed for the repair and maintenance of the TBM during the project...
September 2018: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
Charalampos Mouzakis, Konstantinos Vogiatzis, Vassiliki Zafiropoulou
During the operation of urban subway rail transit system, ground vibrations are generated that transmitted through the ground and cause vibrations in nearby buildings. The operation of these systems can be characterized as a linear source that generates vibrations transmitted through the ground. These ground borne vibrations are a consequence of local defects on the train wheels and/or onto the rail track. The transmission of vibrations from subway rail transit systems in a neighboring building is mostly described by the transfer function (TF) of vibration diffusion from the tunnel wall or invert towards the soil surface at the façade of the protected heritage or residential building...
February 10, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Ajit C Kulkarni, Krishnan Srinivasan
Introduction: Tunnel boring machine (TBM) is used for constructing a tunnel. Worn out cutting tools have to be changed under difficult working conditions. Temperature is high and the work is strenuous. Work is often carried out under increased atmospheric pressure to ward off water ingress. Workers are at a very high risk. Aim: To evaluate heat stress during hyperbaric intervention on TBM during Chennai Metro Rail construction. Methodology: One hundred and eighty-eight miners after a thorough medical examination worked under increased atmospheric pressure for more than 45,000 man hours...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Pan Xie, Kanfu Peng, Keqin Zhang, Hongwen Zhao, Yuxiu Sheng, Min Tao, Qian Yuan, Claudio Ronco
In most situations, central catheters are implanted in the right jugular vein as initial access for hemodialysis. However, after repeated punctures, the proximal vessels become stenosed and thrombosed and misplacement is likely to occur. Correct catheter position in the vein can be easily ascertained with X-ray or cross-sectional CT imaging. In this report, we describe the case of a 77-year-old patient on chronic hemodialysis via catheter due to arteriovenous fistula dysfunction. We placed a cuffed-tunneled hemodialysis catheter in the left internal jugular vein...
September 17, 2018: Blood Purification
Magnus Ivarsson, Henrik Skogby, Bongkot Phichaikamjornwut, Stefan Bengtson, Sandra Siljeström, Prayote Ounchanum, Apichet Boonsoong, Mingkhwan Kruachanta, Federica Marone, Veneta Belivanova, Sara Holmström
Garnets from disparate geographical environments and origins such as oxidized soils and river sediments in Thailand host intricate systems of microsized tunnels that significantly decrease the quality and value of the garnets as gems. The origin of such tunneling has previously been attributed to abiotic processes. Here we present physical and chemical remains of endolithic microorganisms within the tunnels and discuss a probable biological origin of the tunnels. Extensive investigations with synchrotron-radiation X-ray tomographic microscopy (SRXTM) reveal morphological indications of biogenicity that further support a euendolithic interpretation...
2018: PloS One
Konstantinos Vogiatzis, Vassiliki Zafiropoulou, Haralampos Mouzakis
The Line 3 Extension from Aghia Marina to Piraeus constitutes one of the most significant construction projects in full development in Athens Greater area. For the management and abatement of the air borne noise generated from surface, and/or underground construction activities, relevant machinery operation, and trucks movements at open worksites and the tunnel, a continuous monthly noise and vibration monitoring program is enforced in order to assess any potential intrusion of the acoustic environment. On basis of measured 24 hour Leq noise levels, both Lden and Lnight EU indices were assessed along with vibration velocity for every worksite and tunnel construction activity...
October 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Tania Huria, Suetonia Palmer, Lutz Beckert, Jonathan Williman, Suzanne Pitama
BACKGROUND: In Aotearoa/New Zealand, Māori, as the indigenous people, experience chronic kidney disease at three times the rate of non-Māori, non-Pacific New Zealanders. Māori commence dialysis treatment for end-stage kidney disease at three times the rate of New Zealand European adults. To examine for evidence of inequity in dialysis-related incidence, treatment practices, and survival according to indigeneity in Aotearoa/New Zealand, utilising a Kaupapa Māori approach. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving adults who commenced treatment for end-stage kidney disease in Aotearoa/New Zealand between 2002 and 2011...
February 20, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Walid Reda, Ahmed Khedr
In most anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, the tear is at the femoral side leaving a robust stump attached to the tibia. Stump-preserving ACL reconstruction carries the advantage of rapid reinnervation and revascularization of the graft. In this technique, the femoral tunnel is created after exposing the femoral footprint. The ACL tibial stump is split and the tip of the ACL tibial guide is introduced through this split to reach the center of the tibial footprint. The tibial tunnel is then created and the ACL stump is bored to allow the passage of the graft...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Jin-Oh Jung, Seokhwan Choi, Yeonghoon Lee, Jinwoo Kim, Donghyeon Son, Jhinhwan Lee
We have built a variable temperature scanning probe microscope (SPM) that covers 4.6 K-180 K and up to 7 T whose SPM head fits in a 52 mm bore magnet. It features a temperature-controlled sample stage thermally well isolated from the SPM body in good thermal contact with the liquid helium bath. It has a 7-sample-holder storage carousel at liquid helium temperature for systematic studies using multiple samples and field emission targets intended for spin-polarized spectroscopic-imaging scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) study on samples with various compositions and doping conditions...
October 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
Jiarui Lin, Kai Gao, Yang Gao, Zheng Wang
In order to detect the position of the cutting shield at the head of a double shield tunnel boring machine (TBM) during the excavation, this paper develops a combined measurement system which is mainly composed of several optical feature points, a monocular vision sensor, a laser target sensor, and a total station. The different elements of the combined system are mounted on the TBM in suitable sequence, and the position of the cutting shield in the reference total station frame is determined by coordinate transformations...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
Zhuo Feng, Jun Wang, Ronny Rößler, Adam Ślipiński, Conrad Labandeira
Beetles are the most diverse group of macroscopic organisms since the mid-Mesozoic. Much of beetle speciosity is attributable to myriad life habits, particularly diverse-feeding strategies involving interactions with plant substrates, such as wood. However, the life habits and early evolution of wood-boring beetles remain shrouded in mystery from a limited fossil record. Here we report new material from the upper Permian (Changhsingian Stage, ca. 254-252 million-years ago) of China documenting a microcosm of ecological associations involving a polyphagan wood-borer consuming cambial and wood tissues of the conifer Ningxiaites specialis...
September 15, 2017: Nature Communications
Stefan Büttner, Sammy Patyna, Sarah Rudolf, Despina Avaniadi, Moritz Kaup, Helmut Geiger, Christoph Betz
In selected cases, cuffed tunneled catheters via the iliac vein are implanted as a last resort access for hemodialysis. To monitor the correct position, sonography of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is sufficient in most cases. Position control using an X-ray of the abdomen is not routinely recommended when femoral catheters are implanted. In this report, we describe the case of a 59-year-old patient on chronic hemodialysis due to granulomatosis with polyangiitis and complex shunt history with multiple shunt occlusions and revisions...
2017: Blood Purification
Keith B Quencer, Raj R Ayyagari, Tamir Friedman
We present a case of an iatrogenic lymphocutaneous fistula secondary to placement of a tunneled, large bore (14.5 Fr) right-sided internal jugular vein for plasmapheresis to treat antibody-mediated kidney transplant rejection. While iatrogenic lymphatic leaks caused by neck and thoracic surgeries are well described in the literature, lymphatic leak or lymphocutaneous fistula resulting from image-guided placement of a central venous catheter through the right internal jugular vein has yet to be described. We also describe the successful percutaneous treatment of this lymphocutaneous fistula using a combination of n-butyl cyanoacrylate glue and embolization coils...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
Osaree Akaraborworn
Central venous catheterization is widely used in the emergency setting. This review aims to assess central venous catheterization from the perspectives of types of catheters, sites of insertion, and techniques. In emergency conditions, non-tunneled catheters are preferred because the technique for its insertion is not complicated and less time-consuming. The size of catheter depends on the purpose of catheterization. For example, a large bore catheter is needed for rapid infusion. The ideal catheterization site should bear fewer thromboses, lower infectious rate, and fewer mechanical complications...
June 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Thomas D Sleeter, Bruce C Coull
Untreated wood submerged for 4-6 months and infested with the marine wood boring isopod, Limnoria tripunctata Menzies, was analyzed for the associated invertebrate community. Associated with Limnoria were acoelous turbellarians, nematodes, the archiannelid Dinophilus sp., the tubicolous polychaete, Polydora sp., 4 harpacticoid copepods, 2 amphipods and the tanaid, Leptochelia savignyi. Limnoria ecto-commensals included ciliated and diatoms.Prior to dying Limnoria dug "tomb-like" side tunnels and then crawled inside to expire...
March 1973: Oecologia
Yasmany Mancilla, Alejandro E Araizaga, Alberto Mendoza
A six-day tunnel field study was conducted in the city of Monterrey, Mexico, during June 2009 to derive on-road emission factors (EFs) for trace gases and fine particulate matter from the local vehicle fleet. The Loma Larga Tunnel (LLT) is a 532-m-long structure that is mainly used by light-duty gasoline-powered vehicles. It is composed of two independent bores that have a semicircular cross section, 17 m in diameter with a 3.5% slope. During the study, a fleet of 108,569 vehicles with average speeds that ranged from 43 to 76 km/hr was sampled...
December 2012: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Xiao Chun Cong, Jing Hua Qu, Guo Shu Yang
To obtain physical properties of pollutant concentrations encountered by vehicle commuters during travelling Yangkou tunnel (7.76 km) of Qingdao City, particle concentration measurements are accompanied by the measurements of gaseous species (CO and CO2 ). The field campaigns are on-road conducted from April 26 to September 23, 2014. Results demonstrate that the mean particle number concentrations observed within the tunnel at the normal traffic volume are 1.15 × 105 and 1.24 × 105  particles cm-3 for the southbound and northbound trip, respectively...
October 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Gauri Bhutani, Mireille El Ters, Walter K Kremers, Joe L Klunder, Sandra J Taler, Amy W Williams, Andrew H Stockland, Marie C Hogan
INTRODUCTION: Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) may adversely impact future successful arteriovenous fistulae (AVF). As part of a quality improvement project, the performance of tunneled small bore tunneled central venous catheters (TSB-CVCs), as alternatives to PICCs, was evaluated. METHODS: A retrospective observational study, involving individuals ≥18 years of age who underwent TSB-CVC placement by Interventional Radiology at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN between 1/1/2010 and 8/30/2013...
April 2017: Hemodialysis International
Lauren E Wessel, Duretti T Fufa, R Bruce Canham, Adam La Bore, Martin I Boyer, Ryan P Calfee
BACKGROUND: Double crush syndrome, the association between proximal and distal nerve lesions, has been established. This investigation compares the outcomes of nerve surgery in patients with isolated peripheral compression versus those with double crush syndrome treated with peripheral nerve and cervical spine operations. METHODS: This case-controlled study enrolled 80 patients: 40 underwent carpal or cubital tunnel surgery and cervical spine surgery (double crush group); and 40 controls, matched by age and sex, underwent only peripheral nerve decompression (peripheral nerve group)...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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