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Breastfeeding in urinary tract infection

Masoumeh Gharaee, Hamid Reza Baradaran
INTRODUCTION: Unintended pregnancy is one of the most important public health problems. The complications of unintended pregnancy can lead to mortality and irreversible health damages in the whole world and may involve the mother, fetus, and neonate. This study aims to determine the most important complications of unintended pregnancy for mother, her fetus, and neonate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted to assess the effects of unintended pregnancy on pregnant women in Bojnourd County, North Khorasan Province, Iran...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Adriana Montealegre-Pomar, Alina P Sierra-Andrade, Nathalie Charpak
OBJECTIVE : In Colombia, the incidence of prematurity and low birth weight (LBW) is 12.8%. To describe a standardized follow-up until 12 months of 1138 premature and/or LBW included in the Yopal KMCP (2014 -2015). MATERIALS AND METHODS : Prospective cohort. RESULTS: the patients are from the subsidized health care system (Colombia government), 58.2% live in the city and 24.6% at more than two hours from the city; 80.6% of parents are stable couples and 78...
January 2018: Revista de Salud Pública
Cüneyt Ardiç, Erdinç Yavuz
INTRODUCTION: The studies conducted revealed that breastfeeding duration has a reducing effect on common infectious diseases in the children during breastfeeding period. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to address the association between breastfeeding duration and common infectious diseases in the children until 5 years of age to show long-term protective effects of the breast milk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 411 infants who were born in Rize (Turkey) between January 2011 and December 2011...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Fernando Bermejo, Mariam Aguas, María Chaparro, Eugeni Domènech, Ana Echarri, Esther García-Planella, Iván Guerra, Javier P Gisbert, Antonio López-Sanromán
Thiopurines (azathioprine and mercaptopurine) are widely used in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. In this paper, we review the main indications for their use, as well as practical aspects on efficacy, safety and method of administration. They are mainly used to maintain remission in steroid-dependent disease or with ciclosporin to control a severe ulcerative colitis flare-up, as well as to prevent postoperative Crohn's disease recurrence, and also in combination therapy with biologics. About 30-40% of patients will not respond to treatment and 10-20% will not tolerate it due to adverse effects...
March 2018: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
Patricia Palmeira, Magda Carneiro-Sampaio
In the critical phase of immunological immaturity of the newborn, particularly for the immune system of mucous membranes, infants receive large amounts of bioactive components through colostrum and breast milk. Colostrum is the most potent natural immune booster known to science. Breastfeeding protects infants against infections mainly via secretory IgA (SIgA) antibodies, but also via other various bioactive factors. It is striking that the defense factors of human milk function without causing inflammation; some components are even anti-inflammatory...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Serenat Eris Yalcin, Yakup Yalcin, And Yavuz, Mehmet Ozgur Akkurt, Mekin Sezik
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether maternal multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes by determining the clinical course of disease during pregnancy and postpartum throughout a 10-year-period in a single tertiary center. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study that included pregnancies with a definitive diagnosis of MS (n=43), matched with 100 healthy pregnant women with similar characteristics. Maternal and perinatal data were retrieved from hospital files...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Roger Ekeberg Henriksen, Frode Thuen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the degree to which couples' relationship dissatisfaction and stressful life events during pregnancy predict the risk of infectious disease in the offspring during their first year of life. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Pregnant women completed questionnaires in week 30 of pregnancy concerning the couples' relationship satisfaction and stressful life events...
2015: PloS One
Yusuf Cem Kaplan, Gideon Koren
QUESTION: My patient has a urinary tract infection and is currently breastfeeding her 9-week-old son. I would like to prescribe her ciprofloxacin. Should I be concerned about osteoarticular toxicity in the infant? ANSWER: Although there are concerns about the possible risk of osteoarticular toxicity with ciprofloxacin, the amounts excreted into breast milk are low and studies report no substantial increase in osteoarticular toxicity even with the systemic use of ciprofloxacin in neonates and children...
April 2015: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Omotomilola M Ajetunmobi, Bruce Whyte, James Chalmers, David M Tappin, Linda Wolfson, Michael Fleming, Alison MacDonald, Rachael Wood, Diane L Stockton
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of childhood hospitalization associated with infant feeding patterns at 6-8 weeks of age in Scotland. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective population level study based on the linkage of birth, death, maternity, infant health, child health surveillance, and admission records for children born as single births in Scotland between 1997 and 2009 (n = 502 948) followed up to March 2012. Descriptive analyses, Kaplan Meier tests, and Cox regression were used to quantify the association between the mode of infant feeding and risk of childhood hospitalization for respiratory, gastrointestinal, and urinary tract infections, and other common childhood ailments during the study period...
March 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
Vikesh Nandlal, Dhayendre Moodley, Anneke Grobler, Jayanthilall Bagratee, Niren R Maharaj, Paul Richardson
BACKGROUND: Anaemia is a common clinical finding in HIV infected women and has been associated with advanced disease. The use of antiretroviral drugs such as Zidovudine (ZDV) either for prevention of mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV or used in combination with other antiretrovirals have been implicated in the development or increased severity of anaemia. We report the prevalence, type, severity and incidence of anaemia in a cohort of HIV infected women who initiated antiretroviral prophylaxis or treatment during pregnancy...
2014: PloS One
Ruowei Li, Deborah Dee, Chuan-Ming Li, Howard J Hoffman, Laurence M Grummer-Strawn
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that breastfeeding is associated with reductions in the risk of common infections among infants; however, whether breastfeeding confers longer term protection is inconclusive. METHODS: We linked data from the 2005-2007 IFPS II (Infant Feeding Practices Study II) and follow-up data collected when the children were 6 years old. Multivariable logistic regression was used, controlling for sociodemographic variables, to examine associations of initiation, duration, exclusivity of breastfeeding, timing of supplementing breastfeeding with formula, and breast milk intensity (proportion of milk feedings that were breast milk from age 0-6 months) with maternal reports of infection (cold/upper respiratory tract, ear, throat, sinus, pneumonia/lung, and urinary) and sick visits in the past year among 6-year-olds (N = 1281)...
September 2014: Pediatrics
Jamie Zao, Gideon Koren, Pina Bozzo
QUESTION: My patient has a urinary tract infection and is currently breastfeeding. Her son is only 3 weeks old. Is nitrofurantoin a safe antibiotic for treatment? ANSWER: The use of nitrofurantoin in breastfeeding mothers is generally safe, as only small amounts transfer into the breast milk. Despite the lack of documented reports, there is a risk of hemolytic anemia in all newborns exposed to nitrofurantoin owing to their glutathione instability, especially in infants with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency...
June 2014: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Pilar Mediano, Leónides Fernández, Juan M Rodríguez, María Marín
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify potential predisposing factors associated with human infectious mastitis. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study among breastfeeding women, with 368 cases (women with mastitis) and 148 controls. Data were collected by a questionnaire designed to obtain retrospective information about several factors related to medical history of mother and infant, different aspects of pregnancy, delivery and postpartum, and breastfeeding practices that could be involved in mastitis...
2014: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Patricia Dietz, Jennifer Bombard, Candace Mulready-Ward, John Gauthier, Judith Sackoff, Peggy Brozicevic, Melissa Gambatese, Michael Nyland-Funke, Lucinda England, Leslie Harrison, Allan Taylor
To assess the validity of self-reported maternal and infant health indicators reported by mothers an average of 4 months after delivery. Three validity measures-sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value (PPV)-were calculated for pregnancy history, pregnancy complications, health care utilization, and infant health indicators self-reported on the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) questionnaire by a representative sample of mothers delivering live births in New York City (NYC) (n = 603) and Vermont (n = 664) in 2009...
December 2014: Maternal and Child Health Journal
A O Yeniel, E Petri
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Data on the effect of pregnancy and mode of delivery on postpartum sexual function are very heterogenic and inconclusive. The aim of this review is to examine the current literature for reliable data on the role of pregnancy and the route of delivery on sexual health and different dysfunctions. METHODS: A Medline search was performed for the terms "sexuality," "sexual function," "sexual dysfunction," and "pregnancy," "childbirth," "mode of delivery," "delivery," "cesarean section," "puerperium," and "postpartum...
January 2014: International Urogynecology Journal
Christina Morton, Joan T Le, Lena Shahbandar, Cassing Hammond, Eileen A Murphy, Kristi L Kirschner
OBJECTIVE: To document pregnancy outcomes of women with moderate-to-severe physical disabilities and to evaluate maternal and fetal outcomes compared with those of nondisabled 1:1 matched controls within the same hospital system. DESIGN: A retrospective matched cohort. SETTING: A multidisciplinary outpatient reproductive health care clinic for women with physical disabilities, situated in an urban rehabilitation hospital and affiliated with a large tertiary medical care center...
February 2013: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Peder Ahnfeldt-Mollerup, Line Kirkeby Petersen, Jakob Kragstrup, René Depont Christensen, Bente Sørensen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the following: (i) the occurrence of postpartum infections; (ii) the frequency of contact with either a general practitioner or a hospital due to postpartum infections; and (iii) the association of postpartum infections with continuation of breastfeeding. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics Horsens Hospital, Horsens, Denmark. POPULATION: A total of 1871 women who gave birth at a regional hospital in Denmark over a one-year period (2007-2008)...
December 2012: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
N Najati, M M Gharebaghi, F Mortazavi
The purpose of this study was to determine underlying causes of prolonged neonatal icterus. Icterus or jaundice is an important common problem in neonatology. When this condition persists beyond 14 days, it is called prolonged or protracted neonatal icterus. Determining underlying causes of this problem is a pivotal step for management, because a delay in treatment may lead to serious complications or even death. In a prospective study, newborns with diagnosis of prolonged icterus were evaluated during a six-month period in Tabriz Children Teaching Hospital...
July 15, 2010: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
Maria Giovanna Quaranta, Loredana Falzano, Olimpia Vincentini, Carla Fiorentini, Luciana Giordani, Marina Viora
HIV infections are mainly acquired by mucosal transmission, through oral, rectal, or genital mucosa. Epithelial cells (EC) are the first cells encountered by HIV during infection through sexual transmission and breastfeeding. EC express several receptors critical for both primary HIV infection and secondary transmission. The regulation of co-receptor expression correlates with changes in susceptibility to infection by HIV-1 strains with different tropism. Moreover, inflammatory responses at mucosal surfaces after HIV-1 transmission may influence disease outcome...
June 2011: Viral Immunology
Stephen Shei-Dei Yang, I-Ni Chiang, Chia-Da Lin, Shang-Jen Chang
OBJECTIVE: With growing antibiotics failure due to emerging resistance of bacteria, non-surgical management of pediatric UTI plays a more important role because of its non-invasive characteristics and little adverse effects. METHODS: We searched the Pubmed for management of UTI in children other than surgical correction and antibiotics using terms: risk factor, prepuce/phimosis, steroid cream/steroid, behavioral therapy, urotherapy, biofeedback/pelvic floor exercise, adrenergic antagonist, anticholinergics, diet/dietary, dysfunctional voiding/dysfunctional elimination syndrome, constipation, dietary, clean intermittent catheterization, probiotics/lactobacillus, cranberry, vitamin supplement, breastfeeding, breast milk, with infant/child/children/pediatrics/pediatrics and urinary tract infection...
February 2012: World Journal of Urology
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