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Xiao Wang, Kristina Sundquist, Peter J Svensson, Hamideh Rastkhani, Karolina Palmér, Ashfaque A Memon, Jan Sundquist, Bengt Zöller
BACKGROUND: Patients with unprovoked first venous thromboembolism (VTE) are at a high risk of recurrence. Although circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to be associated with VTE and are markers of hypercoagulability, this study is the first to examine whether circulating miRNAs are associated with the risk of VTE recurrence. RESULTS: A nested case-control study design was used where plasma samples were obtained from 78 patients with unprovoked VTE from the Malmö Thrombophilia Study (MATS)...
February 13, 2019: Clinical Epigenetics
Elvis Ndukong Ndzi, Céline Nguefeu Nkenfou, Linda Mouafo Mekue, Lorena Zentilin, Ousman Tamgue, Eric Walter Yone Pefura, Jules-Roger Kuiaté, Mauro Giacca, Alexis Ndjolo
The diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) continues to pose substantial public health problems. The quest for diagnostic biomarkers for TB is therefore primordial. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic and anti-TB treatment monitoring potentials of some selected miRNAs. Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction and Receiver operating characteristics were used to estimate the ability of miRNAs to discriminate between healthy controls (HEC), latent (LTB) and active TB (ATB). The study showed that: hsa-miR-29a-3p, hsa-miR-155-5p and hsa-miR-361-5p were significantly upregulated in ATB compared to HEC while hsa-miR-29a-3p, and hsa-miR-361-5p were also significantly up-regulated in ATB compared to LTB (all P ≤ 0...
January 2019: Tuberculosis
Jingchang Zhang, Yi Liang, Xuecheng Huang, Xiaoyan Guo, Yang Liu, Jiming Zhong, Jielin Yuan
Cardiac hypertrophy is closely correlated with diverse cardiovascular diseases, augmenting the risk of heart failure and sudden death. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been studied in cardiac hypertrophy for their regulatory function. LncRNA MEG3 has been reported in human cancers. Whereas, it is unknown whether MEG3 regulates the growth of cardiac hypertrophy. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the specific role of MEG3 in the progression of cardiac hypertrophy. Here, we found that MEG3 contributed to the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy...
January 24, 2019: Scientific Reports
Bin Shen, Ningfeng Zhou, Tao Hu, Weidong Zhao, Desheng Wu, Shanjin Wang
This study was aimed to figure out whether long noncoding RNA MEG3/miR-361-5p/FoxM1 signaling would contribute to improved proliferation and metastasis of osteosarcoma cells. We altogether collected 204 pairs of osteosarcoma tissues and adjacent normal tissues, and obtained four human osteosarcoma cell lines. Then pcDNA3.1-MEG3, si-MEG3, miR-361-5p mimic, miR-361-5p inhibitor, pcDNA3.1-FoxM1, si-FoxM1, and negative control (NC) were, respectively, transfected into the osteosarcoma cells. Furthermore, real time polymerase chain reaction was utilized to determine the mRNA expressions of maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) and miR-361-5p, and western blot analysis was applied for determining the FoxM1 expression...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Thainá Fernandez Gonçalves, Rafael Mina Piergiorge, Jussara Mendonça Dos Santos, Jaqueline Gusmão, Márcia Mattos Gonçalves Pimentel, Cíntia Barros Santos-Rebouças
MicroRNAs are endogenous non-protein-coding RNA molecules that regulate post-transcriptional gene expression. The majority of human miRNAs are brain-expressed and chromosome X is enriched in miRNA genes. We analyzed the genomic regions of 12 brain-expressed pre-miRNAs located on chromosome X coding for 18 mature miRNAs, aiming to investigate the involvement of miRNA sequence variants on X-linked intellectual disability (XLID). Genomic DNA samples from 135 unrelated Brazilian males with intellectual disability, suggestive of X-linked inheritance, were amplified through polymerase chain reaction and sequenced by Sanger sequencing...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Norahayu Othman, Noor Hasima Nagoor
The silencing of Bcl‑xL in the non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell line, A549, downregulates miR‑361‑5p expression. This study aimed to determine the biological effects of miR‑361‑5p on NSCLC, and to elucidate the molecular mechanisms through which apoptosis is regulated. MicroRNA (miRNA or miR) functional analyses were performed via transfection of miR‑361‑5p mimics and inhibitors, demonstrating that the inhibition of miR‑361‑5p induced the apoptosis of NSCLC cells. To elucidate the function of miR‑361‑5p in vivo, cells transfected with miR‑361‑5p inhibitors were microinjected into zebrafish embryos, and immunostained using antibodies to detect the active form of caspase‑3...
October 23, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Zhijian Zhang, Xing Liu, Huanbai Xu, Xiaoyun Feng, Yi Lin, Yunhong Huang, Yongde Peng, Mingyu Gu
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of many metabolic disorders, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Recent studies have demonstrated that MicroRNA-mediated gene silencing plays an important role in hepatic triglyceride (TG) metabolism. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the pathological function of miR-361-5p in the development of NAFLD. METHODS: Expression levels of miR-361-5p was determined by quantitative real-time PCR in livers of obese mice and NAFLD patients...
November 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Jing Liu, Jie Yang, Lin Yu, Chun Rao, Qian Wang, Cuiyun Sun, Cuijuan Shi, Dan Hua, Xuexia Zhou, Wenjun Luo, Run Wang, Weiping Li, Shizhu Yu
Background: Downregulation of miR-361-5p contributes to epithelial-mesenchymal transition of glioma cells. However, the relevance of miR-361-5p to migration and invasion of gliomas remains unknown. Materials and methods: The relationship between miR-361-5p and SND1 expression was analyzed in 120 human gliomas and 8 glioma cell lines by in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry, and Western blot. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to identify SND1 as a target of miR-361-5p...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Lei Tian, Zhifeng Zhao, Ling Xie, JinPeng Zhu
MiR-361-5p has been reported to be dysregulated in several types of cancers. However, the function of miR-361-5p in gastric cancer (GC) is still not clear. In our present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of miR-361-5p in the mobility of GC and its potential mechanism. We found that miR-361-5p was significantly decreased in GC cell lines and tumor tissues. Decreased miR-361-5p expression was correlated with larger tumor size and advanced TNM stage. Functional analysis revealed that overexpression of miR-361-5p inhibited cell proliferation and mobility through suppressing the expression of MMP-3, MMP-9 and VEGF...
October 30, 2018: Gene
Jianjun Han, Jingjing Yu, Yuna Dai, Jumei Li, Meiyan Guo, Jingzhen Song, Xuefeng Zhou
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death in women. Previous studies indicated that miR-361-5p was downregulated in breast cancer, however, the exact effect of miR-361-5p on TNBC requires further investigation. In the present study, we investigated whether miR-361-5p can act as a tumor suppressor by targeting required for cell differentiation 1 homolog (RQCD1) and inhibiting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathway in TNBC...
June 20, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Lucas L van den Hoogen, Marzia Rossato, Ana P Lopes, Aridaman Pandit, Cornelis P J Bekker, Ruth D E Fritsch-Stork, Joel A G van Roon, Timothy R D J Radstake
Objective: To investigate miRNA expression in relation to transcriptomic changes in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) in SLE and APS. pDCs are major producers of IFNα in SLE and APS, and miRNAs are emerging as regulators of pDC activation. Methods: miRNA and mRNA expression were measured by OpenArray and RNA-sequencing in pDCs of SLE, SLE + APS (APS secondary to SLE) and primary APS (PAPS) patients. The miRNA profile of patients was compared with the miRNA pattern of TLR7-activated pDCs...
September 1, 2018: Rheumatology
Rui Li, Bingfei Dong, Zhengmin Wang, Tao Jiang, Guang Chen
MicroRNAs function as key regulators in various human cancers, including papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). MiR-361-5p has been proved to be a tumor suppressor in multiple cancers. However, the function of miR-361-5p in PTC remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to determine the function of miR-361-5p in PTC progression, and elaborate the mechanism by which miR-361-5p acts in PTC. Here, we report that miR-361-5p expression levels were significantly downregulated in PTC tissues and cell lines, as detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis...
June 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Lei Tian, Zhifeng Zhao, Ling Xie, JinPeng Zhu
Gastric cancer is a prevalent cancer and chemotherapy is a main treatment for patients. Docetaxel is commonly used as a chemotherapeutic drug for gastric cancer patients. With the increasing emergence of docetaxel resistance, exploring the mechanism of chemoresistance may improve prognosis of patients. In this study, we found that overexpressed miR-361-5p suppressed chemoresistance to docetaxel of gastric cancer cells (SGC-7901, MKN-28) by decreasing IC50 values of docetaxel while increasing cell apoptosis rate, especially in docetaxel resistant SGC-7901 cells...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
Xiaoping Zhang, Runxia Shao, Weiwei Gao, Guanghao Sun, Ying Liu, Xian'en Fa
MicroRNAs play a crucial role in the progression of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of miR-361-5p on the proliferation, migration and apoptosis of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) that under the treatment of hypoxia and explore the underlying mechanisms. The results proved that hypoxia noticeably up-regulated the expression of miR-361-5p in PASMCs in comparison to the normoxia-treated cells, while TNF-α and IL-6 stimulation had no obvious effects on miR-361-5p level...
February 15, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Fei Ma, Lei Zhang, Li Ma, Yiyun Zhang, Jianguo Zhang, Baoliang Guo
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs function as key regulators in various human cancers, including breast cancer (BC). MiR-361-5p has been proved to be a tumor suppressor in colorectal cancer and gastric cancer in our previous study. In this study, we aim to find out the function of miR-361-5p in breast cancer progression and elaborate the mechanism that miR-361-5p acts its function in breast cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here we reported that miR-361-5p was down-regulated in breast cancer tissue compared with normal breast tissue and the expression of miR-361-5p was positively associated with prognosis in BC patients...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Zhixin Ling, Dachuang Liu, Guangyuan Zhang, Qing Liang, Ping Xiang, Yan Xu, Conghui Han, Tao Tao
Prostate cancer (PCa) is a leading cause of death among men. The dysregulation of metabolism and autophagy contributes to the progression of PCa. The transcription factor specificity protein 1 (Sp1) is implicated in the regulation of metabolism and autophagy. We confirmed that Sp1 is overexpressed in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) cells. However, the roles of Sp1 in PCa metabolism and autophagy remain unclear. Thus, in the present study, we retrieved the GSE35988 dataset from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database to reinvestigate Sp1 expression and its role in PCa...
September 2017: Oncology Reports
Elnaz Pashaei, Elham Pashaei, Maryam Ahmady, Mustafa Ozen, Nizamettin Aydin
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is a leading reason of death in men and the most diagnosed malignancies in the western countries at the present time. After radical prostatectomy (RP), nearly 30% of men develop clinical recurrence with high serum prostate-specific antigen levels. An important challenge in PCa research is to identify effective predictors of tumor recurrence. The molecular alterations in microRNAs are associated with PCa initiation and progression. Several miRNA microarray studies have been conducted in recurrence PCa, but the results vary among different studies...
2017: PloS One
X W Hou, X Sun, Y Yu, H M Zhao, Z J Yang, X Wang, X C Cao
Lung cancer is the most common type of cancer and the leading cause of death in worldwide. MicroRNAs are known to be key players in a variety of biological processes, including tumorigenesis. In present study, we investigated the effect of miR-361-5p on lung cancer progression. We found that miR-361-5p was down-regulated in lung cancer. Overexpression of miR-361-5p suppressed lung cancer proliferation and invasion. Mechanistically, FOXM1 was identified as a direct target of miR-361-5p. Furthermore, miR-361-5p inhibits EMT-like phenotype through down-regulation of FOXM1 expression in lung cancer cells...
May 9, 2017: Neoplasma
Han Qi, Zheng Liu, Bin Liu, Han Cao, Weiping Sun, Yuxiang Yan, Ling Zhang
Commonly used tests for diagnosis of salt-sensitive hypertension (SSH) are complex and time-consuming, so new methods are required. Many studies have demonstrated roles for miRNAs in hypertension; however, the diagnostic value of miRNAs has yet to be determined for human SSH. In this study, we examined miRNA expression profiles by initial high-throughput miRNA sequencing of samples from patients with salt-sensitive and salt-resistant hypertension (SSH and SRH, respectively; n = 6, both groups), followed by validation by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in a larger cohort (n = 91)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xin Zhang, Qiong Ye, Duo Gong, Yuan Lv, Haipeng Cheng, Chong Huang, Lingyan Chen, Zhenwang Zhao, Liang Li, Xie Wei, Min Zhang, Xiaodan Xia, Xiaohua Yu, Xilong Zheng, Shuzhi Wang, Zongbao Wang, Chaoke Tang
Atherosclerotic lesions are characterized by the accumulation of abundant lipids and chronic inflammation. Previous researches have indicated that macrophage-derived lipoprotein lipase (LPL) promotes atherosclerosis progression by accelerating lipid accumulation and pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion. Although apelin-13 has been regarded as an atheroprotective factor, it remains unclear whether it can regulate the expression of LPL. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of apelin-13 on the expression of LPL and the underlying mechanism in THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells...
June 1, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
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