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fibrinogen in lymphoma

Tian-Ze Ma, Zhe Piao, Sheng-Yu Jin, Yong-Geun Kwak
The exact cause instigating multiple myeloma (MM) has not been fully elucidated, and the disease has a median survival of 6 months without any treatment. To identify potential biomarkers of MM, serum proteins reflecting alteration in their proteomes were analyzed in 6 patients with MM compared with 6 healthy controls using two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of flight mass spectrometry. The most notable differentially expressed proteins were validated by immunoblotting and changes in mRNA expression were evaluated by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR)...
January 2019: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Ombretta Repetto, Lara Mussolin, Caterina Elia, Lia Martina, Maurizio Bianchi, Salvatore Buffardi, Alessandra Sala, Roberta Burnelli, Maurizio Mascarin, Valli De Re
The treatment of paediatric Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) has steadily improved over the years, so that 10- years survival exceed 80%. The purpose of this study was to identify prognostic markers for relapsed HL that might contribute to optimize therapeutic approaches. To this aim we retrospectively analysed differential protein expression profiles obtained from plasma of children/adolescents with HL (age ranging from 10 to 18 years) collected at diagnosis. We examined the protein profiles of 15 HL relapsed (R) patients compared with 14 HL not relapsed (NR) patients treated with the same LH-2004 protocol...
2018: Journal of Cancer
Wen Zheng, Yuhuan Gao, Xiaoyan Ke, Weijing Zhang, Liping Su, Hanyun Ren, Ningjing Lin, Yan Xie, Meifeng Tu, Weiping Liu, Lingyan Ping, Zhitao Ying, Chen Zhang, Lijuan Deng, Xiaopei Wang, Yuqin Song, Jun Zhu
BACKGROUND: The combination of chemotherapy and L-asparaginase (L-ASP) treatment significantly increased survival rate in an adult patient with extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL). However, hypersensitivity reactions of L-ASP in some patients limited its application. Polyethylene glycol-conjugated asparaginase (PEG-ASP) has a lower immunogenicity and longer circulating half-life than unconjugated L-ASP, and has been reported to be effective and well-tolerated in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia...
September 21, 2018: BMC Cancer
Amira Mohamed Foad Shehata, Amira I Aldesoky, Suzy F Gohar
OBJECTIVES: Although many studies have assessed numerous molecular and immunohistochemical prognostic markers for diffuse large Bcell lymphoma (DLBCL), there is always a need for simple widely available markers. This study was planned to illustrate the clinical significance of baseline plasma fibrinogen levels in DLBCL patients. METHODS: We prospectively investigated 76 DLBCL patients treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin and hostacortine between August 2015 and February 2018...
December 2019: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Kentaro Watanabe, Yuki Arakawa, Eiji Oguma, Taichi Uehara, Masato Yanagi, Chigusa Oyama, Yuhachi Ikeda, Koji Sasaki, Kiyotaka Isobe, Makiko Mori, Ryoji Hanada, Katsuyoshi Koh
Intrathecal administration of methotrexate (IT-MTX) can lead to neurotoxicity. MTX-induced neurotoxicity occasionally manifests with a stroke-like presentation that is difficult to distinguish from genuine stroke. We retrospectively reviewed records of nine patients with leukemia or lymphoma and episodes of stroke-like presentation at our institute between 2010 and 2015 for whom magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data were available. Coagulation test results were compared between the two diagnostic groups. Four patients were diagnosed with MTX-induced stroke-like neurotoxicity...
December 2018: International Journal of Hematology
Xue-Ya Zhang, Xi-Zhe Guo, Shi-Xin Wu, Jin-Fa Zhong, Ya-Fei Guo, Jing-Xin Pan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcome of parhents with EBV infection conbined with hemophagocytic syndrome and Hodgkin's lymphoma. METHODS: The morphotogy of bone marrow cells was observed by bone marrow smear and light microscopy, the pathologic changes of bone marrow ware analyzed by bone marrow biopsy and immunohistochemistry methord, the pathologic changes of lymphonudes ware detected by immunohistochemical methord, the paticnts were treated with ABVD (epirubicin, bleomycin, vincristine and dacarbazine) chemotherapeutic regimen...
August 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Keita Sadatani, Kenji Niiya, Hiroshi Sonobe, Kazunori Sasaki, Ichiyo Miyamoto, Mari Nakano, Toshiyuki Habara, Toru Kiguchi
We report a unique case of a B-cell lymphoma patient in whom IgM monoclonal gammopathy resulted in a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and false-positive results for fibrinogen and fibrin degradation products (FDPs). An 86-year-old man was referred to our hospital for further examination of abnormal cells in his peripheral blood. Laboratory data upon admission revealed an elevation of monoclonal IgM, presence of FDPs and marked prolongation of APTT (>180 s). Bone marrow examination revealed a predominant involvement of B lymphoma cells...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Constance C F M J Baaten, Floor C J I Moenen, Yvonne M C Henskens, Frauke Swieringa, Rick J H Wetzels, René van Oerle, Harry F G Heijnen, Hugo Ten Cate, Graham P Holloway, Erik A M Beckers, Johan W M Heemskerk, Paola E J van der Meijden
Severe thrombocytopenia (≤50×109 platelets/L) due to hematological malignancy and intensive chemotherapy is associated with an increased risk of clinically significant bleeding. Since the bleeding risk is not linked to the platelet count only, other hemostatic factors must be involved. We studied platelet function in 77 patients with acute leukemia, multiple myeloma or malignant lymphoma, who experienced chemotherapy-induced thrombocytopenia. Platelets from all patients - independent of disease or treatment type - were to a variable extent compromised in Ca2+ flux, integrin a β activation and P-selectin expression when stimulated with a panelIIb of3 agonists...
September 2018: Haematologica
B T Samuelson Bannow, B A Konkle
INTRODUCTION: Despite high rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE) among patients with hematologic malignancies, few tools exist to assist providers in identifying those patients at highest risk for this potentially fatal complication. Laboratory biomarkers, such as d-dimer, have demonstrated utility in some clinical settings to distinguish patients at increased risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature utilizing search terms including "biomarker", "venous thromboembolism", "hematologic malignancy", "lymphoma", "myeloma" and "leukemia" in the Medline database...
March 2018: Thrombosis Research
Ramji Rai, Brig Skbasu, M P Jaiprakash
Sixty four patients of cancer, comprising of 39 leukaemia, 8 lymphomas and 17 cases of solid tumours were included in this study. Quantitative estimation of FDP, fibrinogen and platelets were done in all. Elevated levels of FDP (≥ 10 µgm/mL) were found in 29 patients. These patients were further categorised as decompensated, overcompensated and compensated intravascular coagulation and fibrinolytic syndrome on the basis of platelet counts and fibrinogen levels.
January 1996: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Vivek Kumar, Parita Soni, Vishangi Dave, Jonathan Harris
A 67-year-old man presented with a 3-day history of abdominal pain, fever, and significant weight loss over 2 months. Physical examination revealed left upper quadrant tenderness, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and bilateral pitting edema but peripheral lymphadenopathy was absent. Laboratory tests showed anemia, thrombocytopenia, elevated prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time (PTT), and increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). PTT was corrected completely in mixing study. Further workup for the cause of coagulopathy revealed decreased levels of all clotting factors except factor VIII and increase fibrinogen levels, which ruled out disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
January 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Shivali Sehgal, Sunita Sharma, Jagdish Chandra, Anita Nangia
CONTEXT: Thromboembolism in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is most commonly reported after the initiation of antileukemic therapy, indicating a possible interaction of disease and therapy. AIMS: To study the effect of induction chemotherapy on coagulation parameters in pediatric ALL patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Thirty-seven newly diagnosed patients of ALL up to 18 years of age were evaluated along with 30 age- and sex-matched controls...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Benjamin Henkle, Patrick Arndt
A 66-year-old woman presented to an urgent care clinic for 2 to 3 weeks of general malaise, nausea/vomiting, night sweats, and dyspnea. On examination, she was tachycardic, and her laboratory evaluation was normal except for a lactate level of 4.4 mmol/L and platelet count of 118 × 109 /L. CT imaging was performed. Two days later in the follow-up clinic, the patient's international normalized ratio (INR) was elevated, and she was hospitalized with initial findings of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) (ie, INR > 10, platelets 97 × 109 /L, fibrinogen < 60 mg/dL, positive D-dimer result)...
February 2017: Chest
Małgorzata Czogała, Walentyna Balwierz, Krystyna Sztefko, Iwona Rogatko
L-asparaginase (ASP) is widely used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children. Monitoring its activity is necessary because of the risk of drug inactivation as the result of an immune reaction. Besides allergic reactions, another frequent side effect of ASP treatment is coagulopathy, especially deficiency of antithrombin III (ATIII). The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between ASP and ATIII activities and the possibility of ATIII activity use in an indirect ASP activity assessment...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Dinesh P Asati, Vaibhav Ingle, Deepti Joshi, Anurag Tiwari
Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL; α/β T-cell subtype) is a distinct variantof cutaneous T-cell lymphomas, which presents as inflammatory subcutaneous nodules. A 17-year-old male presented with recurrent fever with concomitant facial swelling, pedal edema, hepatosplenomegaly, and mildly tender subcutaneous plaques in generalized distribution along with patches of scarring alopecia on scalp. There were features of macrophage activation syndrome in the form of hemophagocytosis in the bone marrow, pancytopenia, high serum lactate dehydrogenase levels, low fibrinogen clotting activity, prolonged activated prothrombine time (aPTT), increased serum ferritin, hypoalbuminemia, and hypertriglyceridemia...
November 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Paola Giordano, Paola Muggeo, Maurizio Delvecchio, Santa Carbonara, Alberto Romano, Maria Altomare, Gabriella Ricci, Federica Valente, Annapaola Zito, Pietro Scicchitano, Luciano Cavallo, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Nicola Santoro, Maria Felicia Faienza
BACKGROUND: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors have increased risk of obesity, metabolic alterations and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Vascular endothelial function has been studied in adult cancers. Limited data exist regarding CVD risk factors among childhood ALL survivors. We aimed to assess endothelial function, metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors in young survivors of childhood ALL. METHODS: Auxological parameters, blood pressure, glucose, lipid profile, hemostatic markers (total adiponectin and high-molecular-weight subfraction, endothelin-1, von Willebrand factor antigen, thrombin-antithrombin complex, D-dimers, fibrinogen), high sensitive C-reactive protein and ultrasound parameters of endothelial function (flow-mediated dilation-FMD, common carotid intima-media thickness-C-IMT, and antero-posterior diameter of infra-renal abdominal aorta-APAO) were assessed in 52 ALL survivors and 34 sex and age-matched controls...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
Michael Desborough, Lise J Estcourt, Carolyn Doree, Marialena Trivella, Sally Hopewell, Simon J Stanworth, Michael F Murphy
BACKGROUND: Platelet transfusions are used in modern clinical practice to prevent and treat bleeding in people with thrombocytopenia. Although considerable advances have been made in platelet transfusion therapy since the mid-1970s, some areas continue to provoke debate especially concerning the use of prophylactic platelet transfusions for the prevention of thrombocytopenic bleeding. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether agents that can be used as alternatives, or adjuncts, to platelet transfusions for people with haematological malignancies undergoing intensive chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation are safe and effective at preventing bleeding...
August 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ping Yang, Wei Zhao, Hong-Mei Jing, Kai Hu, Wei Wan, Ji-Jun Wang, Xiao-Yan Ke
OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical feature and curative efficacy of patients with T cell lymphoblastic lymphoma(T-LBL). METHODS: The clinical data including clinical features, laboratorial results, survival and prognostic factors from 30 patients with T-LBL were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Median age of 30 cases was 24.5 years, 25 (83.3%) patients were at high-intermediate and high risk by IPI, extranodal disease was present in 73.3% of the patients, 17(56...
August 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Y Zheng, G Hu, Y Liu, Y Ma, Y Dang, F Li, H Xing, T Wang, L Huo
AIM: To investigate the ability of combined 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (18F-FDG) positron-emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) to determine potential causes of secondary haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH) and to predict prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-three patients (male/female 20/23, median age 48.5 years), who were diagnosed with sHLH and underwent FDG-PET/CT before treatment, were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical characteristics were compared to identify the predictors of high-yield FDG-PET/CT...
December 2016: Clinical Radiology
Dong-Jiao Wang, Ju-Juan Wang, Meng Song, Xin Gao, Li-Min Duan, Tian Tian, Hong-Xia Qiu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression levels and clinical significance of serum high mobility group box 1 (HMGB-1) in patients with secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH). METHODS: Serum HMGB-1 levels were determined by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) in 51 sHLH patients and 15 healthy contrlols. Other laboratory data, including soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sCD25), white blood cells (WBC), hemoglobin (Hb), platelet (Plt), fibrinogen (FIB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), triglyceride (TG), alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), serum ferritin (SF), C reactive protein (CRP), and blood sedimentation rate (ESR) were also collected...
June 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
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