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Shin splints prevention

Eric D Nussbaum, Jaynie Bjornaraa, Charles J Gatt
BACKGROUND: Bony stress injuries (BSIs) are common among adolescents involved in high school sports. A better understanding of factors that contribute to adolescent BSI is needed to target preventative measures. HYPOTHESIS: Individuals who suffer a BSI will demonstrate significant differences in training methods, sleep, diet, and history of injury compared with a healthy, noninjured control group. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiologic study...
January 15, 2019: Sports Health
JaeMyoung Park, Taegyu Kim
OBJECTIVES: Foot pronation is considered as a potential risk factor of lower leg overuse injury. This study aimed to identify plantar pressure characteristics of elite athletes with exercise-induced leg pain in throwing athletic disciplines, and to verify the acute effect of taping for restricting foot pronation by analyzing the plantar pressure characteristics. METHODS: This study was designed as a description and comparison of throwing athletic athletes. Participants were divided into exercise-induced leg pain (ELP group, n = 17) and control groups (CON group, n = 14)...
November 21, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Pamela B Lachniet, Jeffery A Taylor-Haas, Mark V Paterno, Christopher A DiCesare, Kevin R Ford
Background: Lower extremity overuse injuries, including bone stress injuries (BSI), are common in runners and may result in prolonged recovery and time off from running. Identifying risk factors for running-related overuse injuries may have a clinically relevant role in prevention of these injuries. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare an adolescent and young adult population of male runners known to have a history of BSI with an injury-free cohort and retrospectively assess for kinematic differences that may differentiate the two cohorts...
June 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Joong-Il Shin, Soo-Hee Park
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the degree of straightness of the wrist joint, depending on the use of a wrist splint while opening a bottle cap. Its results may provide data for later studies on preventing accidents at workplaces and improving efficiency. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty Male and Female in their twenties who did not have hand-related diseases, fractures, or history that included neurological impairments associated with the hand were selected as subjects of the study. Wrist splints were made to fit the hand and lower arm of each subject...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Zachary K Winkelmann, Dustin Anderson, Kenneth E Games, Lindsey E Eberman
Reference/Citation: Hamstra-Wright KL, Bliven KC, Bay C. Risk factors for medial tibial stress syndrome in physically active individuals such as runners and military personnel: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(6):362-369. CLINICAL QUESTION: What factors put physically active individuals at risk to develop medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS)? DATA SOURCES: The authors performed a literature search of CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, and MEDLINE from each database's inception to July 2013...
December 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
J J Marotta, J C Richmond
In brief: This case report presents an unusual complication in a distance runner who was treated for the shin splint syndrome. Following release of the deep posterior fascial compartment, he had mild erythema and swelling in the region of his incision. He could not bear full weight on his left leg because of pain. An arteriogram obtained approximately six months later showed an arteriovenous fistula, which was subsequently treated with resection and neurolysis of the saphenous nerve. The patient improved but did not reach his previous level of athletic performance...
December 1988: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Shin Ae Park, Vijay Krishna Raghunathan, Nihar M Shah, Leandro Teixeira, Monica J Motta, Jill Covert, Richard Dubielzig, Michael Schurr, Roslyn Rivkah Isseroff, Nicholas L Abbott, Jonathan McAnulty, Christopher J Murphy
Topical application of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) is considered to accelerate tissue repair of impaired chronic wounds. However, the vast literature is plagued with conflicting reports of its efficacy in animal models and this is often influenced by a wide array of experimental variables making it difficult to compare the results across the studies. To mitigate the confounding variables that influence the efficacy of topically applied PDGF-BB, we used a controlled full thickness splinted excisional wound model in db/db mice (type 2 diabetic mouse model) for our investigations...
2014: PloS One
Lorna B Fountain
With millions of children participating in high-intensity sports activities at a young age, overuse injuries are seen commonly by family physicians. Little Leaguer's shoulder, swimmer's shoulder, Little Leaguer's elbow, snapping hip, and shin splints are 5 overuse injuries frequently sustained by pediatric athletes. Physicians managing these injuries require a basic understanding of the underlying sport-related strain on the body. Diagnosis is clinical for most patients, and management typically is conservative...
February 2014: FP Essentials
Justin Alpert, Robert Flannery, Robert Epstein, Robert Monaco, Nancy Prendergast
Stress injury to the distal humerus has been reported as a cause of chronic arm pain among competitive tennis players. As the serve is technically similar to an overhead throwing motion, it is conceivable that this injury could occur in other overhead athletes. Overuse injuries, including rotator cuff tears, ulnar collateral ligament injuries, and joint sprains have routinely been reported in quarterbacks, but there are few reported cases of upper extremity bony stress injuries in these athletes. Magnetic resonance imaging aids in the diagnostic evaluation of an upper extremity injury as it can identify numerous structural injuries and early stress changes within bone...
September 2014: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Anthony L Komaroff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2012: Harvard Health Letter
Noam Reshef, David R Guelich
MTSS is a benign, though painful, condition, and a common problem in the running athlete. It is prevalent among military personnel, runners, and dancers, showing an incidence of 4% to 35%. Common names for this problem include shin splints, soleus syndrome, tibial stress syndrome, and periostitis. The exact cause of this condition is unknown. Previous theories included an inflammatory response of the periosteum or periosteal traction reaction. More recent evidence suggests a painful stress reaction of bone...
April 2012: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Deepak S Patel, Matt Roth, Neha Kapil
Stress fractures are common injuries in athletes and military recruits. These injuries occur more commonly in lower extremities than in upper extremities. Stress fractures should be considered in patients who present with tenderness or edema after a recent increase in activity or repeated activity with limited rest. The differential diagnosis varies based on location, but commonly includes tendinopathy, compartment syndrome, and nerve or artery entrapment syndrome. Medial tibial stress syndrome (shin splints) can be distinguished from tibial stress fractures by diffuse tenderness along the length of the posteromedial tibial shaft and a lack of edema...
January 1, 2011: American Family Physician
David Barlow, Keen S Foong, Shin J Rhee, William Sutcliffe, Stuart J Griffin
INTRODUCTION: Locked knee caused by inferior patellar dislocation is considered rare in elderly patients. It was originally thought that, in the osteoarthritic knee, osteophytes on the pole of the patella become entrapped in the inter-condylar notch, which is managed by performing closed reduction and immobilization in a knee splint for three to four weeks. We present an unusual case of a locked knee with an impaction fracture. To the best of our knowledge, there have been no previous reports of such impaction fractures managed with arthroscopy...
2011: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Simon S Yeung, Ella W Yeung, Lesley D Gillespie
BACKGROUND: Overuse soft-tissue injuries occur frequently in runners. Stretching exercises, modification of training schedules, and the use of protective devices such as braces and insoles are often advocated for prevention. This is an update of a review first published in 2001. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions for preventing lower limb soft-tissue running injuries. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register (March 2011); The Cochrane Library 2010, Issue 4; MEDLINE (1966 to January 2011); EMBASE (1980 to January 2011); and international trial registries (17 January 2011)...
July 6, 2011: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mark F Reinking
Exercise related leg pain (ERLP) is a regional pain syndrome described as pain between the knee and ankle which occurs with exercise. Indiscriminant use of terminology such as "shin splints" has resulted in ongoing confusion regarding the pathoanatomic entities associated with this pain syndrome. Each of the pathoanatomic entities - medial tibial stress syndrome, chronic exertional compartment syndrome, tibial and fibular stress fractures, tendinopathy, nerve entrapment, and vascular pathology - which manifest as ERLP are each described in terms of relevant anatomy, epidemiology, clinical presentation, associated pathomechanics, and intervention strategies...
August 2007: North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy: NAJSPT
Christopher J Couture, Kristine A Karlson
Tibial stress injuries, commonly called 'shin splints,' often result when bone remodeling processes adapt inadequately to repetitive stress. Physicians who care for athletic patients need a thorough understanding of this continuum of injuries, including medial tibial stress syndrome and tibial stress fractures, because there are implications for appropriate diagnosis, management, and prevention.
June 2002: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Kathleen Carr, Erika Sevetson, Doug Aukerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2008: Journal of Family Practice
Debbie I Craig
REFERENCE: Thacker SB, Gilchrist J, Stroup DF, Kimsey CD. The prevention of shin splints in sports: a systematic review of literature. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002;34(1):32-40. CLINICAL QUESTION: Among physically active individuals, which medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) prevention methods are most effective to decrease injury rates? DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified by searching MEDLINE (1966-2000), Current Contents (1996-2000), Biomedical Collection (1993-1999), and Dissertation Abstracts...
May 2008: Journal of Athletic Training
Lawrence Hart
OBJECTIVE: Effect of Stretching on Sport Injury Risk: a Review To assess the evidence for the effectiveness of stretching for the prevention of injuries in sports. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (1966 to September, 2002), Current Contents, Biomedical Collection, Dissertation Abstracts, the Cochrane Library, and SPORTDiscus were searched for articles in all languages using terms including stretching, flexibility, injury, epidemiology, and injury prevention. Reference lists were searched and experts contacted for further relevant studies...
March 2005: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Kristian Larsen, Flemming Weidich, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Shock-absorbing and biomechanic shoe orthoses are frequently used in the prevention and treatment of back and lower extremity problems. One review concludes that the former is clinically effective in relation to prevention, whereas the latter has been tested in only 1 randomized clinical trial, concluding that stress fractures could be prevented. OBJECTIVES: To investigate if biomechanic shoe orthoses can prevent problems in the back and lower extremities and if reducing the number of days off-duty because of back or lower extremity problems is possible...
June 2002: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
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