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Surface Modification

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771717/graphene-based-electrochemical-biosensors-for-monitoring-noncommunicable-disease-biomarkers
#1
REVIEW
S Taniselass, M K Md Arshad, Subash C B Gopinath
Graphene is a 2-dimensional nanomaterial with an atomic thickness has attracted a strong scientific interest owing to their remarkable optical, electronic, thermal, mechanical and electrochemical properties. Graphene-based materials particularly graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide are widely utilized in various applications ranging from food industry, environmental monitoring and biomedical fields as well as in the development of various types of biosensing devices. The richness in oxygen functional groups in the materials serves as a catalysis for the development of biosensors/electrochemical biosensors which promotes for an attachment of biological recognition elements, surface functionalization and compatible with micro- and nano- bio-environment...
January 29, 2019: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771661/electron-transfer-interpretation-of-the-biofilm-coated-anode-of-a-microbial-fuel-cell-and-the-cathode-modification-effects-on-its-power
#2
Yamin Yang, Chansoo Choi, Guorong Xie, Jong-Deok Park, Shao Ke, Jong-Sung Yu, Juanjuan Zhou, Bongsu Lim
Biofilm-coated electrodes and outer cell membrane-mimicked electrodes were examined to verify an extracellular electron transfer mechanism using Marcus theory for a donor-acceptor electron transfer. Redox couple-bound membrane electrodes were prepared by impregnating redox coenzymes into Nafion films on carbon cloth electrodes. The electron transfer was believed to occur sequentially from acetate to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), c-type cytochrome, flavin mononucleotide (FMN) (or riboflavin (RBF)) and the anode substrate...
February 8, 2019: Bioelectrochemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771414/two-dimensional-cancer-theranostic-nanomaterials-synthesis-surface-functionalization-and-applications-in-photothermal-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Chandran Murugan, Varsha Sharma, Rajesh Kumar Murugan, Gnanasekar Malaimegu, Anandhakumar Sundaramurthy
In recent years, novel two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials are of great interest for diverse potential applications such as device fabrication, energy storage, sensing and theranostics because of their superlative physical features namely, large surface area, minimal thickness, tunable composition and easier surface modification methods. Rapid exploration in design and fabrication of 2D nano-structures have opened new avenue for cancer theranostics as it can encapsulate group of cancer cells and inflict major damage with great specificity in a non-invasive manner...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771388/tuning-physicochemical-and-biological-properties-of-chitosan-through-complexation-with-transition-metal-ions
#4
Anamarija Rogina, Andrea Lončarević, Maja Antunović, Inga Marijanović, Marica Ivanković, Hrvoje Ivanković
The synthesis of biologically active scaffolds is focused on the design of cell-sensitive surface by applying cell-adhesive proteins or bioceramic micro (nano) particles. The emerging new strategy for manipulating the biological properties lies in the modification by trace metals found in the living organism. In this work, we have prepared biocompatible chitosan hydrogels modified by copper (II) and zinc (II) ions through complexation interactions. Due to the strong affinity of metal ions towards amino groups of chitosan, we obtained defined and ordered structures of metal ion-chitosan hydrogel without the formation of additional metal species...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771192/a-voltammetric-hybridization-assay-for-microrna-21-using-carboxylated-graphene-oxide-decorated-with-gold-platinum-bimetallic-nanoparticles
#5
Anu Bharti, Navneet Agnihotri, Nirmal Prabhakar
An electrochemical hybridization assay is described for the determination of microRNA-21. Fluorine tin oxide (FTO) sheets were coated with carboxylated graphene oxide followed by deposition of gold-platinum bimetallic nanoparticles by using chronoamperometry at a potential of -0.2 V for 350 s. The capture probe was immobilized on the surface of the modified FTO sheets by biotin-avidin interaction. On exposure to microRNA-21, hybridization occurs, and that can be detected at a relatively low working potential of 0...
February 15, 2019: Mikrochimica Acta
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30770635/recent-strategies-to-enhance-the-performance-of-polymer-monoliths-for-analytical-separations
#6
REVIEW
Fernando Maya, Brett Paull
This review summarizes recent development made in the incorporation of functional materials into organic polymer monoliths, together with new monolithic forms and formats, which enhance their application as supports and stationary phase materials for sample preparation and chromatographic separations. While polymer monoliths are well known supports for the separation of large molecules, recent development have been made to improve their features for the separation of small molecules. The selectivity and performance of organic polymer monoliths has been improved by the incorporation of different materials, such as metal-organic frameworks, covalent organic frameworks, or other types of nanostructured materials (carbon nanohorns, nanodiamonds, polyoxometalates, layered double hydroxides, or attapulgite)...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Separation Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30770548/the-actin-a-triad-s-role-in-contractile-regulation-in-health-and-disease
#7
William Schmidt, Anthony Cammarato
Striated muscle contraction is regulated by Ca2+ -dependent modulation of myosin cross-bridge binding to F-actin by the thin filament troponin (Tn)-tropomyosin (Tm) complex. In the absence of Ca2+ , Tn binds to actin and constrains Tm to an azimuthal location where it sterically occludes myosin binding sites along the thin filament surface. This limits force production and promotes muscle relaxation. In addition to Tn-actin interactions, inhibitory Tm positioning requires associations between other thin filament constituents...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Physiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30770469/polyglutamylation-of-tubulin-s-c-terminal-tail-controls-pausing-and-motility-of-kinesin-3-family-member-kif1a
#8
Dominique V Lessard, Oraya J Zinder, Takashi Hotta, Kristen J Verhey, Ryoma Ohi, Christopher L Berger
The kinesin-3 family member KIF1A plays a critical role in site-specific neuronal cargo delivery during axonal transport. KIF1A cargo is mislocalized in many neurodegenerative diseases, indicating that KIF1A's highly efficient, superprocessive motility along axonal microtubules needs to be tightly regulated. One potential regulatory mechanism may be through posttranslational modifications (PTMs) of axonal microtubules. These PTMs often occur on the C-terminal tails of the microtubule tracks, act as molecular "traffic signals" helping to direct kinesin motor cargo delivery, and include C-terminal tail polyglutamylation important for KIF1A cargo transport...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30769252/municipal-solid-waste-biochar-bentonite-composite-for-the-removal-of-antibiotic-ciprofloxacin-from-aqueous-media
#9
Ahmed Ashiq, Nadeesh M Adassooriya, Binoy Sarkar, Anushka Upamali Rajapaksha, Yong Sik Ok, Meththika Vithanage
This study investigates the adsorption of ciprofloxacin (CPX) onto a municipal solid waste derived biochar (MSW-BC) and a composite material developed by combining the biochar with bentonite clay. A bentonite-MSW slurry was first prepared at 1:5 ratio (w/w), and then pyrolyzed at 450 °C for 30 min. The composite was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy before and after CPX adsorption. Batch experiments were conducted to assess the effect of pH, reaction time and adsorbate dosage...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Environmental Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30768027/accumulation-layer-hybridized-surface-plasmon-polaritions-at-an-ito-linbo-3-interface
#10
Yingce Wang, Hua Zhao, Dewang Huo, Hang Su, Chao Wang, Jingwen Zhang
To circumvent the hindrance to broad practical applications associated with uses of highly lossy metals in plasmonics, electrostatic modification-based low-loss structures are conceived and demonstrated in supporting surface plasmon polaritions (SPPs). Pairing a highly polar LiNbO3 (LN) slab with a nonpolar indium-tin-oxide (ITO) thin film, a subnanometer ITO layer was modified into visible SPPs supportive owing to electrostatic screening; yet a theoretical treatment of a sandwiched structure with a sub-nanometer interlayer and an anisotropic substrate is still missing...
February 15, 2019: Optics Letters
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767921/biosorption-potential-of-two-brown-seaweeds-in-the-removal-of-chromium
#11
Sibel Yalçın, Mustafa Özyürek
The present work focused on the potential use of brown algae Cystoseira barbata and Cystoseira crinita from the Black Sea coast for removal and speciation analyses of Cr(III,VI) ions from aqueous and wastewater solutions. The biosorption process of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) was designed as a function of pH and contact time. Potentiometric titration and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis techniques revealed the potential binding sites present at the surface of the algae for both oxidation states of Cr...
December 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767885/fragrance-retention-in-virgin-and-bleached-caucasian-hair
#12
André Medice, Carolina Lourenço, Rebeca Gasparin, Adelino Nakano
Human hair, when bleached, undergoes oxidation of melamine granules and its structural proteins. This work aims to compare fragrance retention in both virgin and bleached hair, taking into consideration the interactions between fragrance compounds and hair before and after chemical modification. The bleaching process of straight dark brown Caucasian hair was carried out using a 4.5% wt. hydrogen peroxide solution at pH 9.5. Fragrance raw materials were incorporated in a shampoo formulation and applied on hair by washing, followed by rinsing...
September 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767418/nanogold-flower-inspired-nanoarchitectonics-enables-enhanced-light-to-heat-conversion-ability-for-rapid-and-targeted-chemo-photothermal-therapy-of-a-tumor
#13
Jing Liu, Fenfen Zhai, Hong Zhou, Wenrong Yang, Shusheng Zhang
Chemo-photothermal therapy has become a promising tool for clinical noninvasive tumor therapy, which is able to efficiently avoid drug resistance and other side effects from chemical anticarcinogenic drugs. The ability to selectively fast-heat tumor tissues over surrounding compartments is of fundamental importance and makes effective treatment of tumor margins and complex tumor geometries. Currently existing chemo-photothermal methods mainly show slow light-to-heat conversion with increased temperature up to around 45-57 °C for 5-20 min or a longer time in vitro under regular near-infrared laser irradiation, and during tumor therapy, worse performance in temperature changes are obtained due to the much longer penetration distance in vivo...
February 15, 2019: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765215/sonochemical-and-sonocatalytic-destruction-of-methylparaben-using-raw-modified-and-sds-intercalated-particles-of-a-natural-clay-mineral
#14
Başak Savun-Hekimoğlu, Nilsun H Ince
The first part of the study is about the degradation of a common PPCP-methylparaben by high-frequency ultrasound to highlight the operation parameters, the reaction sites, the oxidation byproducts and the role of OH radicals. The second part covers the catalytic effect of a highly abundant and cost-effective clay mineral-sepiolite, and investigates the role of surface modification and SDS-composites of the clay in improving the efficiency of the degradation reactions. It was found that the compound (C0  = 10 mg L-1 ) was readily and totally decomposed by 30-min sonication at neutral pH, producing phenolic and aliphatic intermediates, but with insignificant mineralization...
February 4, 2019: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765127/polystyrene-bound-silica-monolith-particles-of-reduced-size-as-stationary-phase-of-excellent-separation-efficiency-in-high-performance-liquid-chromatograhy
#15
Ashraf Ali, Genlin Sun, Jeong Soo Kim, Won Jo Cheong
Ground silica monolith particles of quite smaller average size (2 μm) have been prepared by sol-gel process followed by soft grinding and calcination. Next a highly efficient chromatographic stationary phase has been prepared by reaction of those particles with (3-chloropropyl) trimethoxysilane followed by initiator attachment and modification of polystyrene by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization. The resultant phase of ca 3 μm particle size was packed in micro-columns (1.0 mm × 300 mm & 1...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765000/uv-cured-hafnium-oxide-based-gate-dielectrics-for-low-voltage-organic-and-amorphous-oxide-thin-film-transistors
#16
Hye-Ran Byun, Young-Geun Ha
In this study, we have fabricated hafnium oxide dielectrics for low-voltage organic and amorphous oxide thin-film transistors (TFTs) via a facile low-temperature solution method and investigated the electrical properties of these dielectrics. Hafnium oxide dielectric films can be easily fabricated by a sol-gel solution method and ultraviolet (UV) curing at room temperature. In addition, the surface energy of hafnium oxide films can be easily modified by using phosphonic-acid-based self-assembled monolayers...
July 1, 2019: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30764973/effect-of-plastic-deformation-on-microstructure-and-properties-of-347-austenite-steel
#17
Kejian Li, Dengming Chen, Pengjun Cao, Xianlong Cao, Keesam Shin
A popular issue of recent scientific research is the surface modification induced by plastic deformation, such as ultrasonic shot peening (USP) on workpiece surface. USP is an efficient way to improve the mechanical behavior of specimens by inducing severe plastic deformation on their surface. Nevertheless, this surface treatment induced complex microstructural evolutions, such as grain refinement and phase transformation. In this work, the microstructure and properties of 347 austenite steel samples before and after USP for 5, 10, and 15 min treatments have been investigated...
July 1, 2019: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30764932/factors-influencing-aggregation-of-gold-nanoparticles-in-whole-blood
#18
Kai Yue, Xiucheng Jin, Jue Tang, Xiaokang Tian, Hongzheng Tan, Xinxin Zhang
Nanoparticles (NPs) have been widely studied and shown significant potential in biological and medical applications owing to their unique physicochemical properties. However, aggregation will severely restrict NP use by causing a change in biological effects of related NPs. This study experimentally investigated the aggregation behaviors of AuNPs in deionized (DI) water and whole blood by transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. The effects of NP size, NP concentration, temperature, and surface modification were analyzed and experimental results were rationalized by the extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek theory...
July 1, 2019: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30764495/evaluation-of-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-cationic-peptides-loaded-in-surface-modified-nanoliposomes-against-foodborne-bacteria
#19
Stefania Cantor, Lina Vargas, Oscar E Rojas A, Cristhian J Yarce, Constain H Salamanca, Jose Oñate-Garzón
Bacteria are a common group of foodborne pathogens presenting public health issues with a large economic burden for the food industry. Our work focused on a solution to this problem by evaluating antibiotic activity against two bacteria ( Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli ) of relevance in the field of foodstuffs. We used two approaches: (i) structural modification of the antimicrobial peptides and (ii) nano-vehiculisation of the modified peptides into polymer-coated liposomes. To achieve this, two antimicrobial peptides, herein named 'peptide +2' and 'peptide +5' were synthesised using the solid phase method...
February 5, 2019: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30764473/phosphonium-based-ionic-liquid-modified-activated-carbon-from-mixed-recyclable-waste-for-mercury-ii-uptake
#20
Mohamed A Habila, Zeid A AlOthman, Ayman A Ghfar, Maha I M Al-Zaben, Ahmed A S Alothman, Ahmed A Abdeltawab, Adel El-Marghany, Mohamed Sheikh
The contamination of water surfaces by mercury is a dangerous environmental problem due to its toxicity, which leads kidney damage. Activated carbon from mixed recyclable waste modified by phosphonium-based ionic liquid (IL-ACMRW) was therefore prepared and evaluated for Hg(II) remediation. The activated carbon used in this study was prepared from mixed waste, including cardboard, papers and palm wastes as cheap raw materials. The mixed Recyclable Waste Activated Carbon was combined with trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium Bis2,4,4-(trimethylpentyl)phosphinate (Cyphos® IL 104) ionic liquid to form an adsorbent with organic-inorganic content, in order to improve the Hg(II) uptake from aqueous solutions...
February 5, 2019: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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