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Joint mobilisations

Ishanka Weerasekara, Peter Grant Osmotherly, Suzanne Jordan Snodgrass, John Tessier, Darren Anthony Rivett
BACKGROUND: Up to 40% of individuals who sprain their ankle develop chronic ankle instability (CAI). One treatment option for this debilitating condition is joint mobilisation. There is preliminary evidence that Mulligan's Mobilisation With Movement (MWM) is effective for treating patients with CAI, but the mechanisms by which it works are unclear, with Mulligan suggesting a repositioning of the fibula. This randomised controlled trial aims to determine the effects of MWM on anatomical and clinical characteristics of CAI...
February 13, 2019: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
C Simonelli, M Vitacca, M Vignoni, N Ambrosino, M Paneroni
PURPOSE: Manual therapy (MT) has been proposed in pulmonary rehabilitation programmes for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but an updated systematic review of the evidence is lacking. We aimed to systematically review the effectiveness of MT interventions, alone or added to exercise, on lung function, exercise capacity and quality of life in COPD patients, compared to other therapies (e.g. exercise alone) or no treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases, using the terms: COPD, manual therapy, manipulation, joint mobilisation, osteopathic manipulation...
February 6, 2019: Pulmonology
Stephanie Clarke, Prue E Munro, Annemarie L Lee
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a respiratory condition associated with altered chest wall mechanics and musculoskeletal changes. In this narrative review, we describe the underlying musculoskeletal abnormalities in COPD, the reasons for applying manual therapy techniques, their method of application and clinical effects. A variety of manual therapy techniques have been applied in individuals with COPD, including soft tissue therapy, spinal and joint manipulation and mobilisation, and diaphragmatic release techniques...
February 1, 2019: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Walter Daghino, Alessandro Bistolfi, Alessandro Aprato, Alessandro Massè
BACKGROUND: Resorbable osteosynthesis has been used in orthopaedic surgery for many years. However, indications for the use of these implants in the surgery of traumatic lesions of the foot have not yet been clearly defined. The aim of this study is to analyse reported experiences with the bioabsorbable devices and to suggest guidelines for their use in foot trauma surgery METHODS: We conducted a literature review to identify known indications for the use of absorbable devices in traumatic lesions of the foot...
January 23, 2019: Injury
Fabrice Duparc, Marie-Caroline Merlet
The appropriate management of early treatment failures in patients with elbow injuries requires the identification of the cause of failure. In this work, six types of elbow injury are considered: (i) identification of early failed reduction of a dislocation or fracture-dislocation of the elbow should lead to a repeat reduction procedure, testing for elbow instability, and ligament repair, followed by the use of a hinged external fixator to allow early mobilisation. Differentiating an isolated dislocation from a dislocation combined with a fracture of the coracoid process is crucial...
December 24, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Kim Westad, Frode Tjoestolvsen, Clair Hebron
Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions are very common and represent a major concern for the society and global health. The manual therapy technique Mulligan's Mobilisation with Movement (MWM) has shown promising results in treating a variety of MSK conditions. The aim of this review was to systematically review the literature to establish whether MWM treatment is effective for improving pain and function in patients with MSK conditions related to peripheral joints. METHODS: Seven electronic databases (MEDLINE (through Ovid), EMBASE (through ovid), CINAHL (through EBSCO), Cochrane (CENTRAL), Web of Science, SPORTDiscus (through EBSCO) AND PEDro) were searched up to November 2017 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 11, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Yuki Fujihara, Hideyuki Ota, Kentaro Watanabe
INTRODUCTION: Flexor tendon injury often occurs with concomitant injuries such as fracture, vascular injury, and extensor tendon injury. These injuries are repaired independently, without a comprehensive strategy. We aimed to identify the effect of concomitant injuries and treatment choice on the outcome of flexor tendon repair. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated 118 fingers of 102 adult patients with zone 1-3 flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) tendon injuries who underwent primary surgery at our hospital between April 2009 and December 2017...
December 2018: Injury
J A Del Blanco Muñiz, A Zaballos Laso
INTRODUCTION: Headache is a very common phenomenon with a high economic and psychosocial impact. Tension-type headache (TTH) is the most prevalent (40%), especially amongst adult western women. The aim was to evaluate the existing evidence on the effectiveness of physiotherapy techniques in treating TTH. METHODS: Literature review of randomised clinical trials (RCT) and systematic reviews, published over the last five years, on the physiotherapy techniques most used in treating TTH: therapeutic exercise, suboccipital inhibition, cervical manip-ulation, massage, joint mobilisation and puncture...
November 14, 2018: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Cem Yalin Kilinc, Baris Kilinc, Ethem Acar, Rabia Mihriban Kilinc, Serkan Aykut, Ali Oznur
To perform an Akin osteotomy using suture anchors to achieve stability of the osteotomy line and avoid the need for a further operation to remove an implant. Akin osteotomy using suture anchors was performed on 35 feet of 30 patients (21 female, 9 male ; mean age 45 years, range 18-60 yrs) diagnosed with hallux valgus. In bilateral cases, surgery was firstly carried out on the foot in the more serious condition, followed by the second foot 2 months later. Preoperative and postoperative clinical evaluation of the patients was made using American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores...
December 2017: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Franziska Saxer, Patrick Studer, Marcel Jakob, Norbert Suhm, Rachel Rosenthal, Salome Dell-Kuster, Werner Vach, Nicolas Bless
BACKGROUND: The relevance of femoral neck fractures (FNFs) increases with the ageing of numerous societies, injury-related decline is observed in many patients. Treatment strategies have evolved towards primary joint replacement, but the impact of different approaches remains a matter of debate. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the benefit of an anterior minimally-invasive (AMIS) compared to a lateral Hardinge (LAT) approach for hemiarthroplasty in these oftentimes frail patients...
September 21, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Romi Haas, Lisa O'Brien, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Terry Haines
PURPOSE: To describe health professionals' perceptions of the role of allied health during the acute phase following elective lower limb joint replacement surgery to inform the development of efficient allied health service models. METHODS: This was a qualitative descriptive study conducted using semi-structured focus groups and thematic analysis. Participants were 25 medical, nursing, and allied health professionals working on two orthopaedic wards in a tertiary hospital in Victoria, Australia...
September 5, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Nicole Lay Tin Tan, Justin Lindley Hunt, Stella May Gwini
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery programs may improve recovery and reduce duration of hospital stay after joint replacement surgery. However, uptake is incomplete, and the relative importance of program components is unknown. This before-and-after quality improvement study was designed to determine whether adding 'non-surgical' components, to pre-existing 'surgical' components, in an Australian private healthcare setting, would improve patient recovery after total hip replacement...
June 13, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
Arun Prasad Balasundaram, Sreedevi Sreerama Rajan
BACKGROUND: Mobilisation with movement treatment techniques have been used to increase the range of motion following pathologies associated with shoulder, elbow and ankle joints. Lack of posterior tibial glide and reflex muscle inhibition are common physical impairments in individuals with post-traumatic stiffness of the knee joint. Current evidence is lacking for the benefits of mobilisation with movement treatment techniques for the knee joint disorders. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term effects of mobilisation with movement techniques following post-traumatic stiffness of the knee joint...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Shirley Jf Collocott, Edel Kelly, Richard F Ellis
Introduction: Early mobilisation protocols after repair of extensor tendons in zone V and VI provide better outcomes than immobilisation protocols. This systematic review investigated different early active mobilisation protocols used after extensor tendon repair in zone V and VI. The purpose was to determine whether any one early active mobilisation protocol provides superior results. Methods: An extensive literature search was conducted to identify articles investigating the outcomes of early active mobilisation protocols after extensor tendon repair in zone V and VI...
March 2018: Hand Therapy
Regina Wing Shan Sit, Keith Kwok Wai Chan, Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Daisy Dexing Zhang, Kenneth Dean Reeves, Ying Ho Chan, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
INTRODUCTION: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common, disabling and costly medical condition. The patellofemoral joint is a critical source of pain in individuals with KOA, and coexistence of patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) and tibiofemoral osteoarthritis (TFOA) is sometimes observed. The identification of subgroups with PFOA and customised interventions to correct underlying pathomechanics is beneficial for individuals with KOA. This study aims to evaluate whether a clinic-based patella mobilisation therapy (PMT) leads to significant improvement in pain, physical function and quality of life of individuals with KOA...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Darren A Smith, Jacob Saranga, Andrew Pritchard, Nikolaos A Kommatas, Shinu Kovelal Punnoose, Supriya Tukaram Kale
BACKGROUND: Mulligan's mobilisation-with-movement (MWM) techniques are proposed to achieve their clinical benefit via neurophysiological mechanisms. However, previous research has focussed on responses in the sympathetic nervous system only, and is not conclusive. An alternative measure of neurophysiological response to MWM is required to support or refute this mechanism of action. Recently, vibration threshold (VT) has been used to quantify changes in the sensory nervous system in patients experiencing musculoskeletal pain...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
M Komp, S Oezdemir, P Hahn, S Ruetten
OBJECTIVE: Surgery for cervical disc herniation with full-endoscopic posterior access. INDICATIONS: Cervical disc herniation and neuroforaminal pathology with radicular symptoms. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Neck pain alone, cervical myelopathy or pathologies with central nervous system symptoms, instabilities requiring correction/instabilities. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Introduction of a surgical tube to the facet joint at the level to be operated on...
February 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Fan-Zhe Low, Jeong Hoon Lim, Chen-Hua Yeow
Motor impairment is one of the common neurological conditions suffered by stroke patients, where this chronic immobility together with the absence of early limb mobilisation can lead to conditions such as joint contracture with spastic limbs. In this study, a soft robotic sock device was developed, which can provide compliant actuation to the ankle joint in the early stage of stroke recovery. The device is fitted with soft extension actuators and when the actuators are inflated, they extend and guide the foot into plantarflexion; upon deflation, the actuators will resume their initial conformations...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
Biljana Smiljanovic, Anna Radzikowska, Ewa Kuca-Warnawin, Weronika Kurowska, Joachim R Grün, Bruno Stuhlmüller, Marc Bonin, Ursula Schulte-Wrede, Till Sörensen, Chieko Kyogoku, Anne Bruns, Sandra Hermann, Sarah Ohrndorf, Karlfried Aupperle, Marina Backhaus, Gerd R Burmester, Andreas Radbruch, Andreas Grützkau, Wlodzimierz Maslinski, Thomas Häupl
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) accompanies infiltration and activation of monocytes in inflamed joints. We investigated dominant alterations of RA monocytes in bone marrow (BM), blood and inflamed joints. METHODS: CD14+ cells from BM and peripheral blood (PB) of patients with RA and osteoarthritis (OA) were profiled with GeneChip microarrays. Detailed functional analysis was performed with reference transcriptomes of BM precursors, monocyte blood subsets, monocyte activation and mobilisation...
February 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Alessio Baricich, A de Sire, E Antoniono, F Gozzerino, G Lamberti, C Cisari, M Invernizzi
Patients who have suffered severe traumatic or nontraumatic brain injuries can show a progressive recovery, transitioning through a range of clinical conditions. They may progress from coma to a vegetative state (VS) and/or a minimally conscious state (MCS). A longer duration of the VS is known to be related to a lower probability of emergence from it; furthermore, the literature seems to lack evidence of late improvements in these patients. This real-practice prospective cohort study was conducted in inpatients in a VS following a severe brain injury, consecutively admitted to a vegetative state unit (VSU)...
July 2017: Functional Neurology
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