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Communication science disorders

Ahmed Ben Abdelaziz, Sarra Melki, Asma Ben Abdelaziz, Kamel Ben Salem, Abdelkrim Soulimane, Zineb Serhier, Sid Ahmed Dahdi
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) is an objective method of measurement of disease disability, allowing the quantification of a population's health status, the identification of its health needs, and the determination of its public health priorities. OBJECTIVES: To document the epidemiological transition in Maghreb countries (Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria) over the past three decades and to identify their priority health problems, which are responsible for a considerable burden of disability...
October 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
Bruna Puty, Luana Ketlen Reis Leão, Maria Elena Crespo-Lopez, Anna Paula Costa Ponte Sousa Carvalho Almeida, Nathália Carolina Fernandes Fagundes, Lucianne Cople Maia, Rafael Rodrigues Lima
The mercury-related central nervous system disorders have been extensively studied on animal models and human beings. However, clinical evidences of which neurological changes are in fact associated with mercury exposure remains controversial. This systematic review (Prospero registration under the number CRD42016041760) aimed to elucidate the association of methylmercury (MeHg) exposure with neurological alteration in populations living in MeHg-endemic risk area. A systematic search was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis criteria using available databases PubMed, LILACS, Scopus, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, OpenGrey and Google Scholar...
March 2019: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Fadi Thabtah, David Peebles
Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disorder that describes certain challenges associated with communication (verbal and non-verbal), social skills, and repetitive behaviors. Typically, autism spectrum disorder is diagnosed in a clinical environment by licensed specialists using procedures which can be lengthy and cost-ineffective. Therefore, scholars in the medical, psychology, and applied behavioral science fields have in recent decades developed screening methods such as the Autism Spectrum Quotient and Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers for diagnosing autism and other pervasive developmental disorders...
January 29, 2019: Health Informatics Journal
Atia Sultana, Grant Lewison, Elena Pallari
Mental disorders are a major contributor to the disease burden in Europe. We studied how research on them was communicated to British and Irish newspaper readers through an analysis of stories in the Daily Mail (DML) and The Guardian (GDN) in the UK and the Irish Times (IET) in Ireland, in 2002-13, and whether the coverage reflected the relative burdens of mental disorders, or the amount of research, in the two countries. The cited papers were identified through the newspapers' archive or the Factiva database, and their details and those of the research they cited from the Web of Science, with 1,128 stories in total...
January 15, 2019: Health Policy
Nicole C Snippen, Haitze J de Vries, Sylvia J van der Burg-Vermeulen, Mariët Hagedoorn, Sandra Brouwer
OBJECTIVE: It is widely recognised that significant others (SOs), such as a partner, family member or friend, can influence health outcomes of individuals with a chronic disease. However, not much is known about which specific cognitions (ie, illness perceptions and expectation of work ability) and behaviours (eg, emotional and practical support) of SOs influence work participation. Therefore, we aimed to identify cognitions and behaviours of SOs that are related to work participation of individuals with a chronic disease...
January 21, 2019: BMJ Open
Sabana Aboobaker, Kavita V Jangam, K John Vijay Sagar, Anekal C Amaresha, Amrutha Jose
BACKGROUND: Emotional and behavioral problems place a heavy burden on the adolescents and their families. Many factors are known to influence adolescent mental health. The current study was designed to determine the predictors of emotional and behavioral problems among Indian adolescents. METHODS: The parents of adolescents in the age group of 10 to 18 (N = 81) were recruited from the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India...
December 12, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Bahram Bibak, Manouchehr Teymouri, Ameneh Mohammadi, Ali Haghbin, Yanshu Pan, Jamal Kasaian, Peiman Alesheikh
The pressing need to discover more effective drugs for various CNS disorders has resurrected the idea of investigating the effectiveness of traditional medicines in modern science. Tongluojiunao (TLJN) is an example of revived modern herbal preparation based on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with a long history of administration for various types of cerebrovascular injuries and neurodegenerative diseases. TLJN is prepared from the herbal roots of Panax notoginseng (Sanchi) and dried fruits of Gardenia jasminoides (Cape Jasmine), and so far, it has demonstrated promising results in patients with vascular dementia and cerebral ischemic stroke...
December 27, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
R Bianucci, A Perciaccante, D Lippi, P Charlier, O Appenzeller
Many world-renowned scientists and artists had autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We suggest that the French mathematician and physicist Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) also had ASD. As a boy, he demonstrated his mastery of language, mathematics and science. He showed single-mindedness and obsessive interests in the pursuit of science in his younger years and later he pursued with religion with the same determination. Pascal neglected social interactions; he was cold and aloof and had an obsessive revulsion to any expression of emotional attachment...
January 2019: Medical Hypotheses
Elizabeth Wastnedge, Donald Waters, Smruti Patel, Kathleen Morrison, Mei Yi Goh, Davies Adeloye, Igor Rudan
Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a common haematological disorder, affecting millions of people worldwide. It is most prevalent in malarial endemic areas in the tropics where outcomes are often poor due to resource constraints, resulting in most children dying before reaching adulthood. As increasing progress is made towards reducing under 5 mortality from infectious causes, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including SCD have risen to the forefront of the global health agenda...
December 2018: Journal of Global Health
Aryelly Dayane da Silva Nunes, Carla Rodrigues de Lima Silva, Sheila Andreoli Balen, Dyego Leandro Bezerra de Souza, Isabelle Ribeiro Barbosa
INTRODUCTION: Hearing impairment is one of the communication disorders of the 21st century, constituting a public health issue as it affects communication, academic success, and life quality of students. Most cases of hearing loss before 15 years of age are avoidable, and early detection can help prevent academic delays and minimize other consequences. OBJECTIVE: This study researched scientific literature for the prevalence of hearing impairment in school-aged children and adolescents, with its associated factors...
December 1, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Yan-Ruide Li, Puneet Gupta
A rapidly growing area of interest in biomedical science involves the reciprocal crosstalk between the sensory nervous and immune systems. Both of these systems are highly integrated, detecting potential environmental harms and restoring homeostasis. Many different cytokines, receptors, neuropeptides, and other proteins are involved in this bidirectional communication that are common to both systems. One such family of proteins includes the transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) proteins. Though much progress has been made in understanding TRPV proteins in the nervous system, their functions in the immune system are not well elucidated...
December 15, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Desirée Colombo, Azucena Garcia Palacios, Javier Fernandez Alvarez, Andrea Patané, Michelle Semonella, Pietro Cipresso, Marta Kwiatkowska, Giuseppe Riva, Cristina Botella
BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) and ecological momentary interventions (EMIs) represent a novel approach for the assessment and delivery of psychological support to depressed patients in daily life. Beyond the classical paper-and-pencil daily diaries, the more recent progresses in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) enabled researchers to bring all the needed processes together in only one device, i.e., response signaling, repeated symptom collection, information storage, secure data transfer, and psychological support delivery...
December 13, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Farzaneh Ghafarian, Mehran Pashirzad, Majid Khazaei, Majid Rezayi, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Gordon A Ferns, Amir Avan
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of death globally; therefore, there is a need for the identification of a valid biomarker that accurately predicts the risk of developing CVD, and novel therapeutic approaches for its treatment. Exosomes are very small extracellular vesicles containing protein, lipid, transcription factors, messenger RNAs, noncoding RNA, and nucleic acid contents that are important players in intercellular communication, and that act via long-range signals or cell-to-cell contact...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Kerstin Maehder, Bernd Löwe, Martin Härter, Daniela Heddaeus, Martin Scherer, Angelika Weigel
Background: Stepped care models comprise a graded treatment intensity and a systematic monitoring. For an effective implementation, stepped care models have to account for the high rates of mental and somatic comorbidity in primary care. Objectives: The aim of the systematic review was to take stock of whether present stepped care models take comorbidities into consideration. A further aim was to give an overview on treatment components and involved health care professionals...
December 7, 2018: Family Practice
Jennifer Yohanna Ferreira de Lima Antão, Acary Souza Bulle Oliveira, Renata Thaís de Almeida Barbosa, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Regiani Guarnieri, Claudia Arab, Thaís Massetti, Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Alan Patrício da Silva, Ĺtalla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
New technologies designed to improve the communication of autistic children can also help to promote interaction processes and cognitive and social development. The aim of this study was to analyze the instruments used to improve the communication skills of children with autism spectrum disorder. We searched the PubMed and Web of Science databases using the descriptors "autism", "Asperger", "education", "children" and "assistive technology" and selected articles that met the following inclusion criteria: (i) original research; (ii) written in English; (iii) based on participants with a primary diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder; and (iv) tested an instrument designed to promote communication in children with autism spectrum disorder...
November 29, 2018: Clinics
Verónica Martínez-Borba, Carlos Suso-Ribera, Jorge Osma
Perinatal mental illness refers to psychiatric disorders that exist during pregnancy and up to 1 year after childbirth. The aim of this systematic review was to discuss the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) on perinatal depression (PeD) screening in the past three decades. Published articles were searched between 1990 and 2018, both in English and Spanish. In the search, we used different keywords, such as "pregnancy," "depression," or "technology" in ScienceDirect, PubMed-NCBI, and Web of Science...
November 30, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Gaironeesa Hendricks, Susan Malcolm-Smith, Colleen Adnams, Dan Joseph Stein, Kirsten Ann Mary Donald
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to provide a systematic review and update on the available longitudinal studies on the impact of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) on language, speech and communication development, as well as associated potential environmental confounders during the preschool period. METHODS: A literature search was restricted to English, full-text, peer-reviewed, longitudinal studies in from 1970 until present: PUBMed, Scopus, Web of Science {C-e Collection, Biological Abstracts, KCI-Kean Journal Database, Russian Science Citation Index, SciELO Citation Index, Zoological Rec-d}, Academic Search Premier (Africa-Wide Information, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO...
November 19, 2018: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Hayley P Drozd, Sotirios F Karathanasis, Andrei I Molosh, Jodi L Lukkes, D Wade Clapp, Anantha Shekhar
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) represent a heterogeneous group of disorders defined by deficits in social interaction/communication and restricted interests, behaviors, or activities. Models of ASD, developed based on clinical data and observations, are used in basic science, the "bench," to better understand the pathophysiology of ASD and provide therapeutic options for patients in the clinic, the "bedside." Translational medicine creates a bridge between the bench and bedside that allows for clinical and basic science discoveries to challenge one another to improve the opportunities to bring novel therapies to patients...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Partner conflicts are the most common precipitating factors of decompensation of psychiatric disorders, including personality disorders. Personal characteristics play a fundamental role in both the prediction of marital satisfaction of the individual as well as the satisfaction of the couple as a whole. METHOD: Narrative Review of the articles, books and book chapters within the period 1956 - 2016 using PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases with keywords "personality disorder," "partnership," marital problems," "marital conflicts...
September 15, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Paul William Miller, Iain William McGowan, Uri Bergmann, Derek Farrell, Derek Francis McLaughlin
EMDR therapy is recommended in several guidelines in the International field of psychological trauma. The dual attention stimuli/alternating bilateral stimulation (DAS/ABS) element of EMDR therapy has no proposed mechanism of action agreed upon, which explains the rapid shifts in cognitions and dysfunctional traumatic memory networks that are central to its observable efficacy. This paper discusses an innate, biological mechanism found in biological systems, including the human nervous system that may explain the efficacy of DAS/ABS...
December 2018: Medical Hypotheses
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