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Sperm-zona pellucida interaction

Zhou Zhou, Caixia Ni, Ling Wu, Biaobang Chen, Yao Xu, Zhihua Zhang, Jian Mu, Bin Li, Zheng Yan, Jing Fu, Wenjing Wang, Lin Zhao, Jie Dong, Xiaoxi Sun, Yanping Kuang, Qing Sang, Lei Wang
The human zona pellucida (ZP) is an extracellular glycoprotein matrix composed of ZP1, ZP2, ZP3, and ZP4 surrounding the oocyte, and it plays an important role in sperm-egg interactions during fertilization. Structural and functional changes in the ZP can influence the process of fertilization and lead to female infertility. Previous studies have identified mutations in ZP1, ZP2, and ZP3 that lead to female infertility caused by oocyte degeneration, empty follicle syndrome, or in vitro fertilization failure...
February 27, 2019: Human Genetics
Jianjun Hu, Carl Lessard, Charles Longstaff, Marilyn O'Brien, Kristina Palmer, Laura Reinholdt, John Eppig, John Schimenti, Mary Ann Handel
Given attention to both contraception and treatment of infertility, there is a need to identify genes and sequence variants required for mammalian fertility. Recent unbiased mutagenesis strategies have expanded horizons of genetic control of reproduction. Here we show that male mice homozygous for the ethyl-nitroso-urea-induced ferf1 (fertilization failure 1) mutation are infertile, producing apparently normal sperm that does not fertilize oocytes in standard fertilization in vitro fertilization assays. The ferf1 mutation is a single-base change in the Dnah1 gene, encoding an axoneme-associated dynein heavy chain, and previously associated with male infertility in both mice and humans...
February 8, 2019: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Michal Zigo, Vera Jonakova, Pavla Manaskova-Postlerova, Karl Kerns, Peter Sutovsky
We studied the participation of the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) in spermadhesin release during in vitro capacitation (IVC) of domestic boar spermatozoa. At ejaculation, boar spermatozoa acquire low molecular weight (8-16 kDa) seminal plasma proteins, predominantly spermadhesins, aggregated on the sperm surface. Due to their arrangement, such aggregates are relatively inaccessible to antibody labeling. As a result of de-aggregation and release of the outer layers of spermadhesins from the sperm surface during IVC, antibody labeling becomes feasible in the capacitated spermatozoa...
January 1, 2019: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
A Swegen, N D Smith, Z Gibb, B J Curry, R J Aitken
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Serine proteases are emerging as important players in the spermatozoon's acquisition of functional competence. This study aimed to characterize the serine protease testisin (PRSS21) in stallion spermatozoa, examining its surface expression, possible origins in the testis and epididymis, and changes in response to capacitation and acrosome reaction, as well as its capacity to form high molecular weight complexes and interact with other proteins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The role of serine proteases in spontaneous capacitation and acrosome reaction of stallion spermatozoa was established using the serine protease inhibitor, AEBSF...
December 13, 2018: Andrology
Carla Moros-Nicolás, Sophie Fouchécourt, Ghylène Goudet, Philippe Monget
Oviductal proteins play an important role in mammalian fertilization, as proteins from seminal fluid. However, in contrast with the latter, their phylogenetic evolution has been poorly studied. Our objective was to study in 16 mammals the evolution of 16 genes that encode oviductal proteins involved in at least one of the following steps: (1) sperm-oviduct interaction, (2) acrosome reaction, and/or (3) sperm-zona pellucida interaction. Most genes were present in all studied mammals. However, some genes were lost along the evolution of mammals and found as pseudogenes: annexin A5 (ANXA5) and deleted in malignant brain tumor 1 (DMBT1) in tarsier; oviductin (OVGP1) in megabat; and probably progestagen-associated endometrial protein (PAEP) in tarsier, mouse, rat, rabbit, dolphin, and megabat; prostaglandin D2 synthase (PTGDS) in microbat; and plasminogen (PLG) in megabat...
December 2018: Journal of Molecular Evolution
Khaidatul Akmar Kamaruzaman, Wan Mohd Aizat, Mahanem Mat Noor
Gynura procumbens (GP) is a medicinal herb that has long been known as anti-inflammatory and antihyperglycaemic. Recently, this herbal extract has been associated with a profertility effect, suggesting its applicability in treating both diabetes and male infertility. In this study, the effects of GP aqueous extract (GPAE) on diabetic rats were investigated through evaluating testes histology and androgen hormone levels as well as the implantation sites of female rats on copulation with the treated male rats...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Brett Nixon, Geoffry N De Iuliis, Hanah M Hart, Wei Zhou, Andrea Mathe, Ilana Bernstein, Amanda L Anderson, Simone J Stanger, David A Skerrett-Byrne, M Fairuz B Jamaluddin, Juhura G Almazi, Elizabeth G Bromfield, Martin R Larsen, Matthew D Dun
The functional maturation of spermatozoa that is necessary to achieve fertilization occurs as they transit through the epididymis, a highly specialized region of the male reproductive tract. A defining feature of this maturation process is that it occurs in the complete absence of nuclear gene transcription or de novo protein translation in the spermatozoa. Rather, it is driven by sequential interactions between spermatozoa and the complex external milieu in which they are bathed within lumen of the epididymal tubule...
September 13, 2018: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Xin Liu, Gensheng Liu, Juan Liu, Peng Zhu, Jiahui Wang, Yanwei Wang, Wenting Wang, Ning Li, Xuebo Wang, Chenglin Zhang, Xiaofang Shen, Fujun Liu
Background: In the assisted reproduction, the infertile molecules of spermatozoa from normozoospermic men who underwent the unexplained failure of in vitro fertilization (IVF) due to the lack of sperm binding to the normal zona pellucida, and then achieved pregnancy with the rescue intracytoplasmic sperm injection (R-ICSI) remain unclear. More works are still necessary to explore this male infertile mechanism. Methods: Normozoospermicmen with the IVF pregnancy and normozoospermic men with the R-ICSI pregnancy after the conventional IVF failure were collected...
2018: Clinical Proteomics
Can Dai, Liang Hu, Fei Gong, Yueqiu Tan, Sufen Cai, Shuoping Zhang, Jing Dai, Changfu Lu, Jing Chen, Yongzhe Chen, Guangxiu Lu, Juan Du, Ge Lin
PURPOSE: The oocyte-borne genetic causes leading to fertilization failure are largely unknown. We aimed to identify novel human pathogenic variants (PV) and genes causing fertilization failure. METHODS: We performed exome sequencing for a consanguineous family with a recessive inheritance pattern of female infertility characterized by oocytes with a thin zona pellucida (ZP) and fertilization failure in routine in vitro fertilization. Subsequent PV screening of ZP2 was performed in additional eight unrelated infertile women whose oocytes exhibited abnormal ZP and similar fertilization failure...
June 12, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Teesta V Katte, Malempati Rajyalakshmi, Ravindranath H Aladakatti
BACKGROUND: The exploration of the biological assessment of technical azadirachtin, a tetranortritarpinoid from the neem seed kernel, was reviewed. The present study was, therefore, designed to evaluate the dose-dependent in vitro effects of azadirachtin-A, particularly on the functional studies and determination of molecular events, which are critical in the process of sperm capacitation. METHODS: To assess the effects of the azadirachtin-A on the functional studies, sperm capacitation, the total sperm adenosine triphosphate levels, acrosome reaction (AR), the sperm-egg interaction and the determination of molecular events like cyclic adenosine-3',5'-monophosphate and calcium levels, the appropriate volumes of the sperm suspension were added to the medium to a final concentration of 1×106 sperm/mL and incubated in a humidified atmosphere of 5% CO2 in air at 37°C...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
B Fernandez-Fuertes, A Blanco-Fernandez, C J Reid, K G Meade, S Fair, P Lonergan
This study tested the hypothesis that sperm sialic acid (Sia) is required to reach the site of fertilization, and that successful fertilization requires recognition of Sia from both the sperm and oocyte to occur. In addition, it has recently been reported that Siglecs (Sia-binding-immunoglobulin-like lectins) are present on the sperm surface. Thus, the possibility that the recognition of oocyte Sia was sperm-Siglec-mediated was also addressed. Sperm exposed to neuraminidase (NMase) exhibited lower overall and progressive motility, which translated to a decreased ability to swim through cervical mucus from cows in oestrus...
June 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Zoeisha S Chinoy, Frédéric Friscourt, Chantelle J Capicciotti, Philip Chiu, Geert-Jan Boons
Complex N-glycans of glycoproteins of the zona pellucida (ZP) of human oocytes have been implicated in the binding of spermatozoa. The termini of these unusual bi-, tri-, and tetra-antennary N-glycans consist of the tetrasaccharide sialyl-Lewisx (SLex ), which was previously identified as the minimal epitope for sperm binding. We describe here the chemoenzymatic synthesis of highly complex triantennary N-glycans derived from ZP carrying SLex moieties at the C-2 and C-2' arm and a sialyl-Lewisx -Lewisx (SLex -Lex ) residue at the C-6 antenna and two closely related analogues...
June 4, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Z Bravo, M Valdivia
The use of foetal bovine serum (FBS) in cell culture media is quite common. However, little is known about the effect of FBS on sperm. The severe difficulties in alpaca reproduction demand the search of new methods for in vitro reproductive management. In the present study, we use for the first time FBS as a supplement in the culture medium for sperm in alpaca, and the effect of FBS on motility, acrosome reaction and sperm binding to the zona pellucida in this species was evaluated. A concentration of 10% v/v FBS was used...
June 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals
P Sutovsky
Fertilization is an intricate cascade of events that irreversibly alter the participating male and female gamete and ultimately lead to the union of paternal and maternal genomes in the zygote. Fertilization starts with sperm capacitation within the oviductal sperm reservoir, followed by gamete recognition, sperm-zona pellucida interactions and sperm-oolemma adhesion and fusion, followed by sperm incorporation, oocyte activation, pronuclear development and embryo cleavage. At fertilization, bull spermatozoon loses its acrosome and plasma membrane components and contributes chromosomes, centriole, perinuclear theca proteins and regulatory RNAs to the zygote...
June 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Antonietta Salustri, Luisa Campagnolo, Francesca Gioia Klinger, Antonella Camaioni
Successful ovulation and oocyte fertilization are essential prerequisites for the beginning of life in sexually reproducing animals. In mammalian fertilization, the relevance of the protein coat surrounding the oocyte plasma membrane, known as zona pellucida, has been widely recognized, while, until not too long ago, the general belief was that the cumulus oophorus, consisting of follicle cells embedded in a hyaluronan rich extracellular matrix, was not essential. This opinion was based on in vitro fertilization procedures, in which a large number of sperms are normally utilized and the oocyte can be fertilized even if depleted of cumulus cells...
February 9, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Michal Zigo, Karl Kerns, Miriam Sutovsky, Peter Sutovsky
Protein ubiquitination is a stable, reversible post-translational modification, targeting proteins for degradation/recycling by the 26S proteasome in a well-characterized enzymatic cascade. Studies have revealed the role of UPS in the regulation of fertilization, including sperm-zona pellucida interactions and the early event of sperm capacitation. The present study investigates the changes in proteasome compartmentalization, subunit composition and post-translational modifications during in vitro capacitation of fresh boar spermatozoa...
June 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Jinghua Hu, D Jo Merriner, Anne E O'Connor, Brendan J Houston, Luc Furic, Mark P Hedger, Moira K O'Bryan
STUDY QUESTION: What is the role of epididymal cysteine-rich secretory proteins (CRISPs) in male fertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: While epididymal CRISPs are not absolutely required for male fertility, they are required for optimal sperm function. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: CRISPs are members of the CRISP, Antigen 5 and Pathogenesis related protein 1 (CAP) superfamily and are characterized by the presence of an N-terminal CAP domain and a C-terminal CRISP domain...
March 1, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
Michael W Hart, Daryn A Stover, Vanessa Guerra, Sahar V Mozaffari, Carole Ober, Carina F Mugal, Ingemar Kaj
Coevolution of genes that encode interacting proteins expressed on the surfaces of sperm and eggs can lead to variation in reproductive compatibility between mates and reproductive isolation between members of different species. Previous studies in mice and other mammals have focused in particular on evidence for positive or diversifying selection that shapes the evolution of genes that encode sperm-binding proteins expressed in the egg coat or zona pellucida (ZP). By fitting phylogenetic models of codon evolution to data from the 1000 Genomes Project, we identified candidate sites evolving under diversifying selection in the human genes ZP3 and ZP2 ...
2018: PeerJ
F Torabi, O A Bogle, J M Estanyol, R Oliva, D Miller
STUDY QUESTION: Are there novel hyaladherins in human sperm? SUMMARY ANSWER: Zona pellucida-binding protein 2 (ZPBP2), containing a Link-like hyaluronic acid (HA)-binding domain, and several other proteins containing BX7B motifs, such as ADAM32 and Midkine, may be novel hyaladherins with HA-binding properties. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: HA-binding proteins (hyaladherins), which can bind HA surrounding the cumulus-oophorus complex, are distinct from hyases such as PH 20 (SPAM1) and are expressed by mature spermatozoa...
December 1, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
Yu-Teh Li, Su-Chen Li, I-Li Chen
The GM2-activator protein (GM2-AP), revealed by Li et al. in 1973 in human liver, was initially identified as a protein cofactor that stimulated β-hexosaminidase A to hydrolyze N-acetylgalactosamine from GM2 ganglioside. This cofactor was found to be missing in human variant AB Tay-Sachs disease. Over the years, the GM2-AP has also been shown to be involved in kidney vesicular transport, lipid presentation by CD1 molecule to T-cells, and interaction of human sperm with zona pellucida. Since the expression of the GM2-AP via mRNA detection in mouse tissues was found to be the highest in testis, we became interested in the localization of the GM2-AP at cellular level in mouse testis during spermatogenesis...
December 2017: Reproductive Biology
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