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Hot Flashes: Diagnosis and treatment.

Gabriel Lopez, M Kay Garcia, Wenli Liu, Michael Spano, Susan Underwood, Seyedeh S Dibaj, Yisheng Li, Rocio Moguel, Janet Williams, Eduardo Bruera, Lorenzo Cohen
Background: Increased access to complementary therapies such as acupuncture at academic medical centers has created new opportunities for management of cancer and cancer treatment related symptoms. Methods: Patients presenting for acupuncture treatment during calendar year 2016 at an outpatient integrative medicine clinic in a comprehensive cancer center were asked to complete a modified Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS; 16 symptoms, score 0-10, 10 worst possible) before and after each visit. ESAS subscales analyzed included global (GDS; score 0-90), physical (PHS, 0-60) and psychological distress (PSS, 0-20)...
2018: Journal of Cancer
Donald I Abrams
OBJECTIVES: The mostly indolent natural history and long overall survival associated with a diagnosis of prostate cancer provides a unique opportunity for men to explore diet and lifestyle interventions to alter the trajectory of their disease. As many patients may be appropriate for postponing conventional therapy, the effects of various integrative interventions can be investigated. In addition, treatment of prostate cancer with surgery, radiation, or androgen deprivation therapy, all may produce physical or psychological side effects that could be amenable to complementary therapies...
September 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Chrisandra L Shufelt, Christine Pacheco, Marysia S Tweet, Virginia M Miller
Sex differences in cardiovascular diseases can be classified as those which are specific to one sex and those that differ in incidence, prevalence, etiology, symptomatology, response to treatment, morbidity, and mortality in one sex compared to the other. All sex differences in cardiovascular conditions have their basis in the combined expression of genetic and hormonal differences between women and men. This chapter addresses how understanding basic mechanisms of hormone responses, imaging diagnostics, and integration of genomics and proteomics has advanced diagnosis and improved outcomes for cardiovascular conditions, apart from those related to pregnancy that are more prevalent in women...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Martina E Schmidt, Joachim Wiskemann, Karen Steindorf
PURPOSE: After cancer treatment, it is desirable to maintain or regain a high quality of life (QoL) and the ability to accomplish everyday tasks well. Therefore, we substantiated the scarce knowledge regarding long-term QoL after breast cancer, burdensome problems, and unmet needs for more support. METHODS: Disease-free breast cancer survivors (n = 190) who had participated in two randomized controlled exercise trials during primary treatment were followed up to 5 years post-diagnosis...
May 8, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Yakup Bozkaya, Gökmen Umut Erdem, Nebi Serkan Demirci
Arthralgia, myalgia, paresthesia, reduced bone mineral density, vasomotor side effects including hot flashes and night sweats, genitourinary symptoms including decreased libido, vaginal dryness and dyspareunia are common side effects of aromatase inhibitors. Unlike the common side effects, the information on neurological side effects like hallucination of aromatase inhibitor was limited in literature cases. Herein, we reported a case of hallucination related to anastrozole in a patient with metastatic breast cancer...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Fiona C Baker, Massimiliano de Zambotti, Ian M Colrain, Bei Bei
A substantial number of women experience sleep difficulties in the approach to menopause and beyond, with 26% experiencing severe symptoms that impact daytime functioning, qualifying them for a diagnosis of insomnia. Here, we review both self-report and polysomnographic evidence for sleep difficulties in the context of the menopausal transition, considering severity of sleep complaints and links between hot flashes (HFs) and depression with poor sleep. Longitudinal population-based studies show that sleep difficulties are uniquely linked with menopausal stage and changes in follicle-stimulating hormone and estradiol, over and above the effects of age...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
Katherine E Cameron, Martha B Kole, Mary D Sammel, Jill P Ginsberg, Yasmin Gosiengfiao, Jennifer E Mersereau, H Irene Su, Clarisa R Gracia
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of menopausal symptoms in young cancer survivors immediately following the completion of chemotherapy. METHODS: This prospective cohort study followed 124 young females with a new diagnosis of cancer requiring chemotherapy to assess symptoms of menopause before treatment and immediately following chemotherapy. Symptoms were compared before and after treatment using the McNemar test and between cancer patients and 133 similar-aged healthy controls using Pearson χ2 and Fisher's exact tests...
2018: Oncology
Andrey V Dolinko, Elizabeth S Ginsburg
Hyperandrogenism is an uncommon diagnosis in postmenopausal women. In this case, we report on a 69-year-old postmenopausal woman who presented with several months of worsening hirsutism of the face, neck, and chin, which was confirmed on examination. Laboratory testing revealed markedly elevated testosterone levels and typical post-menopausal gonadotropin levels. Transvaginal ultrasonography and pelvic and abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) failed to reveal an ovarian or adrenal abnormality. The patient was a poor surgical candidate and was counseled to start on gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist therapy...
2015: Fertility Research and Practice
Ahmed Albadrani
BACKGROUND: While primary hyperhidrosis can be seen in men, accompanying hot flushes is rarely seen in men. Primary hyperhidrosis is thought to be related to overactivity of the sympathetic nervous system while hot flushes are believed to be related to altered peripheral vascular reactivity and a narrowed thermoregulatory zone. CASE PRESENTATION: I report the case of a 29-year-old man of Arab origin who presented to a dermatology clinic with a complaint of generalized sweating, with heavier involvement of his inguinal region, axilla, and lower back...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Hatem A Azim, Nancy E Davidson, Kathryn J Ruddy
For the hundreds of thousands of premenopausal women who are diagnosed annually with endocrine-sensitive breast cancer, treatment strategies are complex. For many, chemotherapy may not be necessary, and endocrine therapy decision making is paramount. Options for adjuvant endocrine regimens include tamoxifen for 5 years, tamoxifen for 10 years, ovarian function suppression (OFS) plus tamoxifen for 5 years, and OFS plus an aromatase inhibitor for 5 years. There are modest differences in efficacy between these regimens, with a benefit from OFS most obvious among patients with higher-risk disease; therefore, choosing which should be used for a given patient requires consideration of expected toxicities and patient preferences...
2016: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
Abha A Gupta, Amy Lee Chong, Catherine Deveault, Jeffrey Traubici, Anne Marie Maloney, Samantha Knight, Armando Lorenzo, Lisa Allen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Alkylating agents are implicated in premature ovarian insufficiency. To optimize counseling regarding future ovarian function in survivors of adolescent cancer, we describe anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels in female adolescents at diagnosis, during, and shortly after completion of chemotherapy. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS, AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: This was a prospective single-institution study. Participants were a mixed population of newly diagnosed postmenarchal female adolescents with malignancy...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Sarah Eisenhardt, Johannes Fleckenstein
Climacteric syndrome refers to recurring symptoms such as hot flashes, chills, headache, irritability and depression. This is usually experienced by menopausal women and can be related to a hormonal reorganization in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, originating 1000s of years ago, above-mentioned symptoms can be interpreted on the basis of the philosophic diagnostic concepts, such as the imbalance of Yin and Yang, the Zang-Fu and Basic substances (e.g. Qi, Blood and Essence)...
July 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Carolyn Ee, Charlie Xue, Patty Chondros, Stephen P Myers, Simon D French, Helena Teede, Marie Pirotta
BACKGROUND: Hot flashes (HFs) affect up to 75% of menopausal women and pose a considerable health and financial burden. Evidence of acupuncture efficacy as an HF treatment is conflicting. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of Chinese medicine acupuncture against sham acupuncture for menopausal HFs. DESIGN: Stratified, blind (participants, outcome assessors, and investigators, but not treating acupuncturists), parallel, randomized, sham-controlled trial with equal allocation...
February 2, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
Neal D Shore, Simon Chowdhury, Arnauld Villers, Laurence Klotz, D Robert Siemens, De Phung, Steve van Os, Nahla Hasabou, Fong Wang, Suman Bhattacharya, Axel Heidenreich
BACKGROUND: Enzalutamide is an oral androgen-receptor inhibitor that has been shown to improve survival in two placebo-controlled phase 3 trials, and is approved for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. The objective of the TERRAIN study was to compare the efficacy and safety of enzalutamide with bicalutamide in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. METHODS: TERRAIN was a double-blind, randomised phase 2 study, that recruited asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic men with prostate cancer progression on androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) from academic, community, and private health-care provision sites across North America and Europe...
February 2016: Lancet Oncology
John Eden
Managing the symptoms of menopause after a diagnosis of breast cancer offers some unique clinical challenges. For some women, vasomotor symptoms can be severe and debilitating, and hormone therapy is at least relatively contraindicated. Non-oestrogen therapies for hot flushes include SSRIs, clonidine, gabapentin and perhaps black cohosh extracts. Vulvovaginal atrophy can usually be alleviated by simple moisturizers, although some may need specialized physiotherapy such as vaginal dilators. In a small number, topical oestrogens may be the only treatment that works...
March 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Nanette Santoro, C Neill Epperson, Sarah B Mathews
The menopause transition is associated with various symptoms, which can interact to produce morbidity. Vasomotor symptoms are the most commonly reported, but vaginal dryness/dyspareunia, sleep difficulties and adverse mood changes have all been shown to worsen as women approach menopause. For postmenopausal women changes in cognition are more likely to be related to aging and not to hormones. This article reviews the symptoms of hot flashes (vasomotor symptoms), vaginal dryness/dyspareunia, adverse mood, poor sleep/insomnia, and cognitive complaints, describing their epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment...
September 2015: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
N Lang, L Favet, A Bodmer
The incidence of breast cancer is rising up, but the mortality rate is decreasing, leading to a growing number of survivors. Most of these women are postmenopausal at diagnosis or will reach menopause following anti-cancer treatments. Most of them have hormone-sensitive tumors and will receive an anti-hormonal treatment. Endocrine therapy is associated with many adverse effects, including a worsening of climacteric symptoms with a negative impact on quality of life and therefore a suboptimal therapeutic adherence...
May 20, 2015: Revue Médicale Suisse
Maged Guirguis, Joseph Abdelmalak, Eduardo Jusino, Matthew R Hansen, George E Girgis
BACKGROUND: Currently, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the only US Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment for hot flashes, resulting in clinical improvement in 80%-90% of symptomatic women. However, HRT is not recommended for patients with breast cancer. Current data regarding the use of stellate ganglion block (SGB) for the treatment of vasomotor symptoms in symptomatic women with a diagnosis of breast cancer are promising. METHODS: A PubMed search for recent articles on the effects of SGB for the treatment of hot flashes in patients with breast cancer identified 11 articles published between 2005-2014...
2015: Ochsner Journal
Debra L Barton, Patricia A Ganz
By 2022, the number of survivors is expected to grow to nearly 18 million. Therefore, addressing acute and chronic negative sequelae of a cancer diagnosis and its treatments becomes a health imperative. For women with a history of breast cancer, one of the common goals of treatment and prevention of recurrence is to reduce circulating concentrations of estradiol, especially in women with hormone receptor positive breast cancer. Hormone deprivation after a diagnosis of breast cancer impacts physiological targets other than in the breast tissue and can result in unwanted side effects, all of which can negatively impact quality of life and function and cause distress...
2015: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Peter J Schmidt, Rivka Ben Dor, Pedro E Martinez, Gioia M Guerrieri, Veronica L Harsh, Karla Thompson, Deloris E Koziol, Lynnette K Nieman, David R Rubinow
IMPORTANCE: Perimenopause is accompanied by an increased risk of new and recurrent depression. The coincidence of declining ovarian function with the onset of depression led to the inference that "withdrawal" from physiologic estradiol levels underpinned depression in perimenopause. To our knowledge, this is the first controlled systematic study to directly test the estrogen withdrawal theory of perimenopausal depression (PMD). OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of estradiol withdrawal in PMD...
July 2015: JAMA Psychiatry
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