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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763131/applying-mindfulness-training-to-enhance-the-mental-toughness-and-emotional-intelligence-of-amateur-basketball-players
#1
Bita Ajilchi, Hamid Reza Amini, Zahra Pouraghaei Ardakani, Majid Mozafari Zadeh, Steve Kisely
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness is a proven treatment in clinical settings. Our objective was to examine the feasibility and effect of a mindfulness-training program on the mental resilience and emotional intelligence of amateur basketball players. METHODS: This was a parallel-group, pre- and post- test, randomised controlled trial. Thirty male amateur male basketball players from Tehran, Iran, were assigned randomly into experimental and control groups ( n = 15 each)...
February 14, 2019: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761390/elimination-of-epidemic-meningitis-in-the-african-region-progress-and-challenges-2010-2016
#2
Amadou Fall, André Fouda Bita, Clement Lingani, Mamoudou Djingarey, Carole Tevi-Benissan, Marie-Pierre Preziosi, Olivier Ronveaux, R Mihigo, J Okeibunor, Bartholomew Dicky Akanmori
Background: Epidemics of meningococcal disease constitute a major public health challenge in Africa, affecting mostly the 24 countries of the meningitis belt. These epidemics led to a call for a call for a safe, effective and affordable conjugate vaccine against the major serogroup responsible for recent epidemics by leaders of the region. Objective: This paper documents experiences with efforts at eliminating epidemic meningitis in the African Region. Method: The meningoccocal serogroup A conjugate vaccine was developed, licensed and offered to more than 235 million people through mass vaccination campaigns in 16 countries since 2010...
July 2, 2018: Journal of immunological sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755740/publisher-correction-genomic-insights-into-the-2016-2017-cholera-epidemic-in-yemen
#3
François-Xavier Weill, Daryl Domman, Elisabeth Njamkepo, Abdullrahman A Almesbahi, Mona Naji, Samar Saeed Nasher, Ankur Rakesh, Abdullah M Assiri, Naresh Chand Sharma, Samuel Kariuki, Mohammad Reza Pourshafie, Jean Rauzier, Abdinasir Abubakar, Jane Y Carter, Joseph F Wamala, Caroline Seguin, Christiane Bouchier, Thérèse Malliavin, Bita Bakhshi, Hayder H N Abulmaali, Dhirendra Kumar, Samuel M Njoroge, Mamunur Rahman Malik, John Kiiru, Francisco J Luquero, Andrew S Azman, Thandavarayan Ramamurthy, Nicholas R Thomson, Marie-Laure Quilici
In the HTML version of this Letter, the affiliations for authors Andrew S. Azman, Dhirendra Kumar and Thandavarayan Ramamurthy were inverted (the PDF and print versions of the Letter were correct); the affiliations have been corrected online.
February 12, 2019: Nature
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755190/immunomodulatory-factors-gene-polymorphisms-in-chronic-periodontitis-an-overview
#4
Zahra Heidari, Bita Moudi, Hamidreza Mahmoudzadeh-Sagheb
BACKGROUND: Chronic periodontitis (CP), defines as destruction of the supporting tissues of the teeth and resorption of the alveolar bone. It is widespread in human populations and represent an important problem for public health. CP results from inflammatory mechanisms created by the interaction between environmental and host genetic factors that confer the individual susceptibility to the disease. AIM: The aim of the current study was to explore and summarize some functional biomarkers that are associated with CP susceptibility...
February 12, 2019: BMC Oral Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746157/in-vitro-cytotoxicity-of-zinc-fructoborate-a-novel-zinc-boron-active-natural-complex
#5
C N Oancea, A Cîmpean, R Ion, J Neamţu, A Biţă, I R Scorei, A S Neamţu, O C Rogoveanu, S I Zaharie, G Birkenmeier
In recent years, the role of zinc in biological systems has been a subject of intense research. Zinc is required for multiple metabolic processes as a structural, regulatory, or catalytic ion. The objective of this study, was to assess the toxicity profile of a newly synthesized zinc-boron molecule on cultured cells. Zinc fructoborate, at different levels of concentration, was tested for its impact on the Vero kidney cell line (ATCC® CCL-81™) using the MTT assay. The compound exhibited a low cytotoxic effect on the cell line...
April 2018: Current Health Sciences Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30742919/gold-nanorods-reinforced-silk-fibroin-nanocomposite-for-peripheral-nerve-tissue-engineering-applications
#6
Elham Afjeh-Dana, Parvneh Naserzadeh, Hojatollah Nazari, Fatemeh Motaghitalab, Ronak Shabani, Naser Aminii, Bita Mehravi, Fatemeh Tajik Rostami, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Kazem Mousavizadeh, Khadijeh Ashtari
Nowadays, regenerating peripheral nerves injuries (PNIs) remain a major clinical challenges, which has gained a great attention between scientists. Here, we represent a nanocomposite based on silk fibroin reinforced gold nanorods (SF/GNRs) to evaluate the proliferation and attachment of PC12 cells. The morphological characterization of nanocomposites with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that the fabricated scaffolds have porous structure with interconnected pores that is suitable for cell adhesion and growth...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30742126/proliferation-tracing-with-single-cell-mass-cytometry-optimizes-generation-of-stem-cell-memory-like-t-cells
#7
Zinaida Good, Luciene Borges, Nora Vivanco Gonzalez, Bita Sahaf, Nikolay Samusik, Robert Tibshirani, Garry P Nolan, Sean C Bendall
Selective differentiation of naive T cells into multipotent T cells is of great interest clinically for the generation of cell-based cancer immunotherapies. Cellular differentiation depends crucially on division state and time. Here we adapt a dye dilution assay for tracking cell proliferative history through mass cytometry and uncouple division, time and regulatory protein expression in single naive human T cells during their activation and expansion in a complex ex vivo milieu. Using 23 markers, we defined groups of proteins controlled predominantly by division state or time and found that undivided cells account for the majority of phenotypic diversity...
February 11, 2019: Nature Biotechnology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719262/giant-hamartoma-of-lung-presented-with-massive-hemoptysis-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Bita Geramizadeh, Maedeh Mottavvas, Bijan Zeyaian, Armin Amirian
Hamartoma of lung is a common tumor, majority of which are small and incidentally discovered during plain chest radiography. Our case is a 30-year-old gentleman with an extremely uncommon presentation of a common tumor, that is, a giant hamartoma of lung presenting as massive hemoptysis and intractable cough. To the best of our knowledge, such occurrence of giant pulmonary hamartoma is very uncommon and its presentation with massive hemoptysis is even more uncommon. Less than 20 cases of giant hamartoma of lung have been reported in the English literature so far...
2019: Rare Tumors
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715186/quality-indicators-to-measure-the-effect-of-opioid-stewardship-interventions-in-hospital-and-emergency-department-settings
#9
Elsie Rizk, Joshua T Swan, Ohbet Cheon, A Carmine Colavecchia, Lan N Bui, Bita A Kash, Sagar P Chokshi, Hua Chen, Michael L Johnson, Michael G Liebl, Ezekiel Fink
Purpose: The purpose of this project was to develop a set of valid and feasible quality indicators used to track opioid stewardship efforts in hospital and emergency department settings. Methods: Candidate quality indicators were extracted from published literature. Feasibility screening excluded quality indicators that cannot be reliably extracted from the electronic health record or that are irrelevant to pain management in the hospital and emergency department settings...
February 1, 2019: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714387/how-leading-hospitals-operationalize-evidence-based-readmission-reduction-strategies-a-mixed-methods-comparative-study-using-systematic-review-and-survey-design
#10
Bita A Kash, Juha Baek, Ohbet Cheon, Joanna-Grace Mayo Manzano, Stephen L Jones, Jaya Paranilam, Robert A Phillips
Although various interventions targeted at reducing hospital readmissions have been identified in the literature, little is known about actual operationalization of such evidence-based interventions. This study conducted a systematic review and a survey of key informants in 2 leading hospitals, Houston Methodist (HM) and MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC), to compare and contrast the most cited evidence-based interventions in the current literature with interventions reported by those hospitals. The authors found that both hospitals followed evidence-based practices reported as successful in the literature...
February 4, 2019: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30682357/left-sided-complete-revascularization-with-bilateral-internal-thoracic-arteries-in-diabetic-patients
#11
Yasunari Hayashi, Atsuo Maekawa, Sadanari Sawaki, Takahiro Ozeki, Mamoru Orii, Toshiyuki Saiga, Riku Kato, Akihiko Usui, Toshiaki Ito
BACKGROUND: There are few reports on the long-term patency of bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafts in diabetic patients. We evaluated the relationship between the long-term patency of BITAs and the clinical outcomes in diabetes. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 569 patients (321 diabetic, 248 nondiabetic) who underwent isolated BITA grafting for left-sided complete revascularization at our institution from 2000 to 2015. The primary endpoint was the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) comprising death, re-revascularization and myocardial infarction...
January 22, 2019: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670064/comparative-analysis-of-igg-and-igg-subclasses-against-plasmodium-falciparum-msp-1-19-in-children-from-five-contrasting-bioecological-zones-of-cameroon
#12
Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti, Tufon Anthony Kukwah, Tayong Dizzle Bita Kwenti, Babila Raymond Nyassa, Meriki Henry Dilonga, George Enow-Orock, Nicholas Tendongfor, Nota Damian Anong, Samuel Wanji, Longdoh Anna Njunda, Theresa Nkuo-Akenji
BACKGROUND: Studies reporting the natural immune responses against malaria in children from different geographical settings in endemic areas are not readily available. This study was aimed at comparing the immune responses against Plasmodium falciparum MSP-119 antigen in children from five contrasting bioecological zones in Cameroon. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, children between 2 and 15 years, were enrolled from five ecological strata including the south Cameroonian equatorial forest, sudano-sahelian, high inland plateau, high western plateau, and the coastal strata...
January 22, 2019: Malaria Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661562/durability-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-effects-for-youth-and-adolescents-with-anxiety-depression-or-traumatic-stress-a-meta-analysis-on-long-term-follow-ups
#13
Leslie R Rith-Najarian, Bita Mesri, Alayna L Park, Michael Sun, Denise A Chavira, Bruce F Chorpita
Cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) for youth with anxiety, traumatic stress, and depression have demonstrated strong effects in individual studies and meta-analyses. Relatively more attention has been given to posttreatment effects, though, and assessment of follow-up effects has been limited at the meta-analytic level. The current meta-analysis aimed to (a) examine the effects of youth CBT at posttreatment, 1-month, 3-month, 6-month, 1-year, and long-term (2+ years) follow-up as well as (b) identify research-related variables (e...
January 2019: Behavior Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30656682/strong-binding-active-constituents-of-phytochemical-to-bmpr1a-promote-bone-regeneration-in-vitro-in-silico-docking-and-in-vivo-studies
#14
Bita Rasoulian, Amin Almasi, Elham Hoveizi, Zohre Bagher, Parisa Hayat, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Seyed Mahdi Rezayat, Shima Tavakol
Two of the most problematic orthopedic and neurosurgeon visits are associated with spine and craniofacial fractures. Therefore, more attention needs to be paid to finding a medicine to repair these fractures. Amongst the most mysterious herbs, Aloe vera stands out. In the present study, the ameliorating function of A. vera on osteogenesis was studied in vitro and in vivo. Osteoblast-like cells were exposed to A. vera, followed by analysis of cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase release, and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production...
January 17, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30655371/a-confirmation-of-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-prediction-using-allogeneic-hy-antibodies-following-sex-mismatched-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#15
Jed Paul, Hideki Nakasone, Bita Sahaf, Fang Wu, Kathy Wang, Vincent Ho, Juan Wu, Haesook Kim, Bruce R Blazar, Jerome Ritz, Alan Howard, Corey Cutler, David Miklos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2019: Haematologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30654993/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-and-yoga-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
REVIEW
Tatjana Ewais, Jake Begun, Maura Kenny, Kirsty Rickett, Karen Hay, Bita Ajilchi, Steve Kisely
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness interventions are increasingly used as a part of integrated treatment in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) but there are limited data and a lack of consensus regarding effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: We explored the efficacy of mindfulness interventions compared to treatment as usual (TAU), or other psychotherapeutic interventions, in treating physical and psychosocial symptoms associated with IBD. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
January 2019: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30639290/mohs-micrographic-surgery-for-eyelid-sebaceous-carcinoma-a-multicenter-cohort-of-360-patients
#17
Chuandi Zhou, Fan Wu, Peiwei Chai, Yingyun Shi, Juan Ye, Xin Shi, Jia Tan, Yi Ding, Yingxiu Luo, Bita Esmaeli, Renbing Jia, Xianqun Fan
BACKGROUND: The decision to perform Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) or wide local excision (WLE) for eyelid sebaceous carcinoma (SC) is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To compare local recurrence, metastasis, and tumor-related mortality of patients with eyelid SC who were initially treated with MMS versus WLE. METHODS: A multicenter cohort study. Medical records were reviewed for factors associated with recurrence, metastasis and tumor-related mortality...
January 9, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30629890/implantation-of-vegf-functionalized-cell-free-vascular-grafts-regenerative-and-immunological-response
#18
Randall J Smith, Tai Yi, Bita Nasiri, Christopher K Breuer, Stelios T Andreadis
Recently, our group demonstrated that immobilized VEGF can capture flowing endothelial cells (ECs) from the blood in vitro and promote endothelialization and patency of acellular tissue-engineered vessels (A-TEVs) into the arterial system of an ovine animal model. Here, we demonstrate implantability of submillimeter diameter heparin and VEGF-decorated A-TEVs in a mouse model and discuss the cellular and immunologic response. At 1 mo postimplantation, the graft lumen was fully endothelialized, as shown by expression of EC markers such as CD144, eNOS, CD31, and VEGFR2...
January 10, 2019: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30616527/prevalence-of-mycobacterium-avium-subspecies-paratuberculosis-is-900-dna-in-biopsy-tissues-from-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-histopathological-and-molecular-comparison-with-johne-s-disease-in-fars-province-of-iran
#19
Forough Zarei-Kordshouli, Bita Geramizadeh, Azizollah Khodakaram-Tafti
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease is a chronic enteritis of humans that affects the gastrointestinal tract, especially the terminal ileum, cecum and colon. The etiology of this disease is still unknown but seems to be multifactorial. There are reports about the potential link between Crohn's disease in humans and the causative agent of Johne's disease in ruminants. Because of the prevalence of Johne's disease in the Fars Province of Iran, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of MAP in the biopsy tissues of patients affected by Crohn's disease in this area...
January 7, 2019: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30603079/meningococcal-serogroups-and-surveillance-a-systematic-review-and-survey
#20
Meagan E Peterson, You Li, André Bita, Annick Moureau, Harish Nair, Moe H Kyaw, Raquel Abad, Freddie Bailey, Isabel de la Fuente Garcia, Antoaneta Decheva, Pavla Krizova, Tanya Melillo, Anna Skoczynska, Nadezhda Vladimirova
Background: Meningococcal disease continues to be a global public health concern due to its epidemic potential, severity, and sequelae. The global epidemiological data on circulating meningococcal serogroups have never been reviewed concurrently with the laboratory capacity for meningococcal surveillance at the national level. We, therefore, aimed to conduct a country-level review of meningococcal surveillance, serogroup distribution, and vaccine use. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature review across six databases to identify studies (published January 1, 2010 to October 16, 2017) and grey literature reporting meningococcal serogroup data for the years 2010-2016...
June 2019: Journal of Global Health
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