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Fei Tieng Lim, Satoshi Ogawa, A Ian Smith, Ishwar S Parhar
The central nervous system (CNS) of the non-mammalian vertebrates has better neuroregenerative capability as compared with the mammalian CNS. Regeneration of habenula was observed 40 days after damage in zebrafish. During the early stage of regeneration, we found a significant increase of apoptotic cells on day-1 post-damage and of proliferative cells on day-3 post-damage. To identify the molecular factor(s) involved in the early stages of neuroregeneration, differentially expressed proteins during sham, 20- and 40-h post-habenula damage were investigated by proteomic approach by using two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) coupled with Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Time-of-Flight (MALDI-ToF) and tandem mass spectrometry...
February 2017: Zebrafish
Christian Mosimann, Daniela Panáková, Andreas A Werdich, Gabriel Musso, Alexa Burger, Katy L Lawson, Logan A Carr, Kathleen R Nevis, M Khaled Sabeh, Yi Zhou, Alan J Davidson, Anthony DiBiase, Caroline E Burns, C Geoffrey Burns, Calum A MacRae, Leonard I Zon
The vertebrate heart muscle (myocardium) develops from the first heart field (FHF) and expands by adding second heart field (SHF) cells. While both lineages exist already in teleosts, the primordial contributions of FHF and SHF to heart structure and function remain incompletely understood. Here we delineate the functional contribution of the FHF and SHF to the zebrafish heart using the cis-regulatory elements of the draculin (drl) gene. The drl reporters initially delineate the lateral plate mesoderm, including heart progenitors...
August 26, 2015: Nature Communications
Wittaya Pimtong, Madhusmita Datta, Allison M Ulrich, Jennifer Rhodes
The molecular program controlling hematopoietic differentiation is not fully understood. Here, we describe a family of zebrafish genes that includes a novel hematopoietic regulator, draculin-like 3 (drl.3). We found that drl.3 is expressed in mesoderm-derived hematopoietic cells and is retained during erythroid maturation. Moreover, drl.3 expression correlated with erythroid development in gata1a- and spi1b-depleted embryos. Loss-of-function analysis indicated that drl.3 plays an essential role in primitive erythropoiesis and, to a lesser extent, myelopoiesis that is independent of effects on vasculature, emergence of primitive and definitive progenitor cells and cell viability...
2014: Scientific Reports
Dolyce H W Low, Kartik Sunagar, Eivind A B Undheim, Syed A Ali, Alejandro C Alagon, Tim Ruder, Timothy N W Jackson, Sandy Pineda Gonzalez, Glenn F King, Alun Jones, Agostinho Antunes, Bryan G Fry
UNLABELLED: While vampire bat oral secretions have been the subject of intense research, efforts have concentrated only on two components: DSPA (Desmodus rotundus salivary plasminogen activator) and Draculin. The molecular evolutionary history of DSPA has been elucidated, while conversely draculin has long been known from only a very small fragment and thus even the basic protein class was not even established. Despite the fact that vampire bat venom has a multitude of effects unaccounted by the documented bioactivities of DSPA and draculin, efforts have not been made to establish what other bioactive proteins are secreted by their submaxillary gland...
August 26, 2013: Journal of Proteomics
A Z Fernandez, A Tablante, S Beguín, H C Hemker, R Apitz-Castro
The kinetic mechanism of action of Draculin on activated Factor X (FXa) is established. Draculin inhibits activated Factor X within seconds of incubation at near equimolar concentration (2-6 times on molar basis). Fitting the data to the equation for a tight-binding inhibitor gives a value for K(i)(K(d)) = 14.8+/-1.5 nM. The formation of the Draculin-FXa complex can be explained by a two-step mechanism, where for the first, reversible step, k(on) = 1.117 (+/- 0.169, S.E.M.) x 10(6) M(-1)s(-1) and k(off) = 15...
September 14, 1999: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
P Herbomel, B Thisse, C Thisse
In the zebrafish embryo, the only known site of hemopoieisis is an intra-embryonic blood island at the junction between trunk and tail that gives rise to erythroid cells. Using video-enhanced differential interference contrast microscopy, as well as in-situ hybridization for the expression of two new hemopoietic marker genes, draculin and leucocyte-specific plastin, we show that macrophages appear in the embryo at least as early as erythroid cells, but originate from ventro-lateral mesoderm situated at the other end of the embryo, just anterior to the cardiac field...
September 1999: Development
A Z Fernandez, A Tablante, F Bartoli, S Beguin, H C Hemker, R Apitz-Castro
Draculin, a glycoprotein isolated from vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus) saliva, is a natural anticoagulant which inhibits activated coagulation factors IX (IXa) and X (Xa). The observation that under captivity conditions, the anticoagulant activity present in vampire bat saliva is dependent upon the salivation protocol, led us to investigate the possible relationship between the expression of biological activity of native draculin and the post-translational glycosylation of the protein backbone. Daily salivation of vampire bats yields a saliva that progressively decreases in anticoagulant activity, without any significant change in overall protein content, or in the amount of protein specifically recognized by a polyclonal anti-draculin antibody...
October 23, 1998: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
R Apitz-Castro, S Béguin, A Tablante, F Bartoli, J C Holt, H C Hemker
From the saliva of the vampire bat Desmodus rotundus, we isolated an unknown anticoagulant protein which we have named draculin. Its molecular mass as determined by non-reduced SDS-PAGE is about 83 kDa. The reduced polypeptide shows a slower migration. HPLC in a molecular sieve matrix yields a single, symmetrical peak corresponding to 88.5 kDa. Isoelectric focusing shows an acidic protein with pI = 4.1-4.2. Aminoacid analysis is compatible with a single chain polypeptide of about 80 kDa. Cyanogen bromide cleavage yields a single 16-aminoacid peptide, corresponding to the amino-terminus of the native molecule...
January 1995: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
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