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Jejunal diverticulosis

A-S Ceuppens, S Dhont, B Sneyers, C Schepers, K Ramboer, P Van Hootegem
Jejunal diverticulosis is a rare entity with variable clinical and anatomical presentations. The majority of cases are discovered incidentally during radiological investigations. Based on a case of a 77 year old woman with jejunal diverticulitis, the current literature about small bowel diverticulosis is reviewed. A jejunoileal diverticulum is usually uncomplicated and can be treated conservatively. Serious complications that require surgery can occur. Abdominal CT is the preferred diagnostic tool.
October 2018: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
M Minafra, R Laforgia, U Riccelli, A Volpi, C Punzo, G Carbotta, S Pisicchio, V Papagni, A Panebianco, N Palasciano
BACKGROUND: Bleedings such as melaena are related to diseases in the upper gastrointestinal tract. In 0.06% - 5% of cases these incidents are due to the presence of diverticula of the small intestine, which are asymptomatic and unrecognized in most patients and are only fully diagnosed in cases when complications occur. CASE REPORT: An 88-year old male patient presented with severe anaemia, asthenia and melaena in the previous days. An esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGDS) was performed with evidence of stenosis in the second part of the duodenum and a blood clot in the posterior wall without signs of active bleeding...
November 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Pablo Rodríguez García, María Balsalobre Salmerón, Arancha García López, Álvaro Martínez Manzano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2018: Cirugía Española
Tetsuya Ohira, Atsushi Iraha, Tetsu Kinjo, Akira Hokama, Jiro Fujita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 13, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Juan J Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ana C Utrillas-Martínez, Joana San Antón-Beranoaguirre, Alberto A Moreno-Olivieri, José M Del Val-Gil
Antecedentes: La neumatosis quística intestinal es una condición infrecuente, caracterizada por la formación de quistes de contenido gaseoso debajo de la mucosa y la serosa intestinales. Caso clínico: Mujer de 84 años, con antecedente de artritis reumatoide en tratamiento inmunosupresor, intervenida hace 2 años por neumoperitoneo, con diagnóstico de diverticulosis yeyunal y enfisema mesentérico, acude con cuadro de dolor abdominal difuso de 2 días de evolución, sin otra sintomatología...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Bruno Augusto Alves Martins, Rosana Rodrigues Galletti, Júlio Marinho Dos Santos Neto, Caroline Neiva Mendes
BACKGROUND Jejunal diverticulosis is a rare clinical condition, and the majority of patients are asymptomatic. However, some patients can develop serious complications, including perforation. We report the case of a 74-year-old female patient with a perforated jejunal diverticulum who presented with an 'acute abdomen' and with pneumoperitoneum on X-ray radiography. CASE REPORT A 74-year-old female patient presented to the emergency department with a 24-hour history of acute onset of diffuse abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting...
May 10, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Dinesh Kumar, Meenakshi
Jejunal diverticulosis is usually an asymptomatic condition characterized by herniation of mucosa through sites of weakening on the mesenteric border of the jejunum, leading to variable number of discrete outpouchings from the bowel. They are usually discovered incidentally on imaging or surgery done for some other reason. Complications such as diverticulitis with perforation and bowel obstruction and life-threatening gastrointestinal bleeding are rare. Our review highlights the correlation between radiological and surgical findings in 2 different cases of complicated jejunal diverticulitis...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Benjamin S Robey, Anne F Peery, Evan S Dellon
Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder involving mutation in the FBN1 gene, which encodes fibrillin-1, a protein critical to maintain the integrity of connective tissue. A mutation in this gene can affect multiple organ systems, but it is not classically associated with gastrointestinal complications. We describe a man with Marfan syndrome with multiple small bowel diverticula leading to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and recurrent small bowel perforations.
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Michael Ardelt, Falk Rauchfuss, Rene Fahrner, Felix Dondorf, Gregor Hallof, Stefan Ludewig, Eric Lopatta, Utz Settmacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: American Surgeon
A Martín-Lagos Maldonado, J Guilarte López-Mañas, E Borrego García, M D Vinuesa Guerrero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Semergen
Houssem Harbi, Nizar Kardoun, Sami Fendri, Nouha Dammak, Nozha Toumi, Ahmed Guirat, Rafik Mzali
Diverticulitis is much less common in the jejunum than in colonic diverticula probably because of diverticulum larger size, better intra-luminal flow and relatively sterile jejunal content. Complications of jejunal diverticulitis are acute intestinal obstruction, diverticular bleeding and mainly perforation with mesenteric abscess, localized or generalized peritonitis. The Multi-detector row computed tomography is now the best diagnostic imaging for small bowel diverticulitis as well as its complications. Magnetic resonance enterography is also quite useful but it is still impractical to resort to such an imaging in an abdominal emergency...
December 2017: La Presse Médicale
Vishwa Nath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1938: Indian Medical Gazette
Lalita Malghan, Ashley Uttley, David Scullion
A 91-year-old woman presented with symptoms of acute bowel obstruction supported by clinical findings. A CT of the abdomen was performed which demonstrated jejunal diverticulosis with a single inflamed, wide necked diverticulum. A large enterolith was found to be impacted in the jejunum just distal to the area of inflammation resulting in small bowel obstruction. The patient underwent emergency laparotomy, which confirmed the CT findings. Small bowel resection was performed. The patient had an uneventful postoperative recovery...
October 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Shobhit Gupta, Naveen Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Multiple diverticulosis of the jejunum constitutes an uncommon pathology of the small bowel. The disease is often asymptomatic and must be taken into consideration in cases of unexplained malabsorption, anemia, chronic abdominal pain and discomfort. CASE PRESENTAION: We are thereby reporting a 50yr patient on chronic NSAID ingestion presenting to us with acute abdomen. On exploration, there were multiple (14) jejunal diverticuli on both mesenteric and antimesentric border from 10cm to 90cm distal to duedenojejunal junction with a perforation in one of the diverticulum, 80cm distal to the ligament of Treitz...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ayesha Khan, Faheem Khan, Kashif Rafique, Sarwar Khan, Anam Majid, Khalid Khan, Asad Ullah
Small gut volvulus with multiple Jejuno-ileal diverticulosis is an unusual pathology of the small intestine with a scarce number of cases reported so far. It usually goes unnoticed because it is often asymptomatic but complications like diverticulitis, perforation, bleeding or intestinal obstruction can occur in 10-30% of the cases. Mechanical obstruction, if it occurs, can be caused by adhesions or stenosis due to diverticulitis, intussusception at the site of the diverticulum and volvulus of the segment containing the diverticula...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Josef Finsterer, Marlies Frank
Mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) due to respiratory-chain defects or nonrespiratory chain defects are usually multisystem conditions [mitochondrial multiorgan disorder syndrome (MIMODS)] affecting the central nervous system (CNS), peripheral nervous system, eyes, ears, endocrine organs, heart, kidneys, bone marrow, lungs, arteries, and also the intestinal tract. Frequent gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of MIDs include poor appetite, gastroesophageal sphincter dysfunction, constipation, dysphagia, vomiting, gastroparesis, GI pseudo-obstruction, diarrhea, or pancreatitis and hepatopathy...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
Z Básti, P Brunčák
Jejunal diverticulosis is a rare disorder and the course of the disease is mostly asymptomatic. Surgical treatment is generally needed in case of complications in the acute phase of the disease, when the disease symptoms most commonly include bleeding and perforation. Jejunum is difficult to examine using the common visualization methods and endoscopic methods. The authors present case reports of a 92 years old female patient and a 66 years old male patient operated for perforated jejunal diverticles.Key words: acute abdomen jejunal diverticulitis perforation...
December 0: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Rommel Singh Mohi, Ashish Moudgil, Suresh Kumar Bhatia, Kaushal Seth, Tajinder Kaur
The incidence of the diverticulum of the small bowel varies from 0.2-1.3% in autopsy studies to 2.3% when assessed on enteroclysis. It occurs mostly in patients in the 6th decade of their life. Of all the small bowel diverticuli, jejunal diverticulum is the most common type. This rare entity is usually asymptomatic. However, they may cause chronic non-specific symptoms for a long period of time like dyspepsia, chronic postprandial pain, nausea, vomiting, borborgymi, alternating diarrhoea and constipation, weight loss, anaemia, steatorrhea or rarely lead to complications like haemorrhage, obstruction, perforation...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Alper Parlakgumus, Ali Ezer, Akin Tarim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Houssam Khodor Abtar, Mostapha Mneimneh, Mazen M Hammoud, Ahmed Zaaroura, Yasmina S Papas
Stone formation within the intestinal lumen is called enterolith. This stone can encroach into the lumen causing obstruction and surgical emergency. Jejunal obstruction by an enterolith is a very rare entity and often missed preoperatively. To our knowledge, most cases of jejunal obstruction, secondary to stone, were associated with biliary disease (cholecystoenteric fistula), bezoar, jejunal diverticulosis, or foreign body. Hereby we present a rare case report of small bowel obstruction in an elderly man who was diagnosed lately to have primary proximal jejunal obstruction by an enterolith without evidence of a cholecystoenteric fistula or jejunal diverticulosis...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
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