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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30776658/a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-of-memory-specificity-training-mest-in-the-treatment-of-emotional-disorders
#1
Tom J Barry, Wing Yan Sze, Filip Raes
The tendency to recall events from one's past in a non-specific and overgeneral way has been found to predict the onset and severity of a range of emotional disorders. Memory Specificity Training (MeST) was devised a decade ago in order to target and modify this tendency so as to reduce the symptoms of emotional disorder or to reduce the risk that such disorders might emerge over time. We present a meta-analytical review of research into the effects of MeST on autobiographical memory specificity in the context of emotional disorders (k = 13)...
February 2, 2019: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30768414/trajectories-of-symptom-change-in-the-treatment-for-adolescents-with-depression-study
#2
Kelli Scott, Cara C Lewis, C Nathan Marti
OBJECTIVE: Depression is the most prominent mental health disorder among youth with profound impacts with respect to morbidity and mortality if not addressed. The Treatment for Adolescent Depression Study (TADS) is one of the largest randomized controlled trials that compared the effectiveness of four treatments: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), fluoxetine (FLX), combined Cognitive Behavioral and fluoxetine treatment (COMB), and placebo (PBO). However, meaningful heterogeneous treatment courses are masked by these group mean comparisons of treatment impact...
January 8, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753102/modeling-the-distinct-negative-reinforcement-mechanisms-associated-with-alcohol-misuse-and-unhealthy-snacking
#3
Danielle L Reaves, Paul Christiansen, Emma J Boyland, Jason C G Halford, Clare H Llewellyn, Charlotte A Hardman
BACKGROUND: Negative personality characteristics have been implicated in promoting overconsumption of both alcohol and food. Furthermore, positive motivations (enhancement) and negative motivations (coping) may mediate the association between personality and alcohol or food (over)consumption. OBJECTIVES: This study hypothesized that i.) drinking to cope and ii.) eating to cope would mediate the association between hopelessness/anxiety sensitivity and hazardous drinking/unhealthy snacking, respectively, and iii...
February 12, 2019: Substance Use & Misuse
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30722985/the-socket-shield-technique-at-molar-sites-a-proof-of-principle-technique-report
#4
Charles W Schwimer, Howard Gluckman, Maurice Salama, Katalin Nagy, Jonathan Du Toit
The socket-shield technique for avoiding postextraction tissue alteration was first described in 2010. The technique was developed for hopeless teeth in anterior esthetic sites but has not yet been described for molar sites. Managing postextractive ridge changes in the posterior region by prevention or regeneration remains a challenge. The socket shield aims to offset these ridge changes wherever possible, preserving the patient's residual tissues at immediate implants. This technique report describes the molar socket-shield step by step...
February 2019: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30721334/-assessment-of-mental-symptoms-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-suggestion-for-a-german-version-of-the-intensive-care-psychological-assessment-tool
#5
T Deffner, J Schönle, F J Neyer, J Schulze
BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit (ICU) treatment may be associated with mental symptoms such as anxiety, depressed mood, hopelessness and nightmares in critically ill patients. While many physical symptoms can be detected via standardized measures, an instrument to assess mental symptoms is actually missing. OBJECTIVES: An existing validated screening tool to detect mental symptoms in critically ill patients, the Intensive Care Psychological Assessment Tool (IPAT), has been translated into German and tested in two surgical ICUs and an intermediate care unit...
February 5, 2019: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714749/randomized-cost-effectiveness-trial-of-group-interpersonal-psychotherapy-ipt-for-prisoners-with-major-depression
#6
Jennifer E Johnson, Robert L Stout, Ted R Miller, Caron Zlotnick, Louis A Cerbo, Joel T Andrade, Jessica Nargiso, Joseph Bonner, Shannon Wiltsey-Stirman
OBJECTIVE: This study tested the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for major depressive disorder (MDD) among prisoners. It is the first fully powered randomized trial of any treatment (pharmacological or psychosocial) targeting MDD among incarcerated individuals. METHOD: One hundred eighty-one male (n = 117) and female (n = 64) prisoners from prison facilities in 2 states were randomized to group IPT (delivered by master's-level and nonspecialist prison counselors) for MDD plus prison treatment as usual (TAU) or to TAU alone...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711789/bayes-time-perception-and-relativity-the-central-role-of-hopelessness
#7
Lachlan Kent, George van Doorn, Jakob Hohwy, Britt Klein
Time judgement and time experience are distinct elements of time perception. It is known that time experience tends to be slow, or dilated, when depressed, but there is less certainty or clarity concerning how depression affects time judgement. Here, we use a Bayesian Prediction Error Minimisation (PEM) framework called 'distrusting the present' as an explanatory and predictive model of both aspects of time perception. An interval production task was designed to probe and modulate the relationship between time perception and depression...
January 31, 2019: Consciousness and Cognition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30696583/prisoner-exposure-to-nature-benefits-for-wellbeing-and-citizenship
#8
John R Reddon, Salvatore B Durante
The direct or indirect experience of crime can cause individuals to feel vengeful against the perpetrator(s). The prison system reflects this sentiment by creating austere environments that are dehumanizing, punitive, and hopeless. Prisons are, therefore, environments in which retribution and punishment take priority over rehabilitation. Frequently, prisoners are believed to be untreatable because of their antisocial orientation. However, several factors influence an antisocial orientation such as socioeconomic status, family of origin, and mental health...
February 2019: Medical Hypotheses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30691167/lower-depression-scores-among-walnut-consumers-in-nhanes
#9
Lenore Arab, Rong Guo, David Elashoff
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have shown a Mediterranean diet, characterized by their olive oil and nut consumption, to be correlated with lower depression risk. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether part of this reduced risk in the United States is attributable to walnut consumption, we analyzed data on walnut consumption and depression scores from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). METHODS: NHANES survey data for 2005 through 2014 was pooled for adults with 24 h recall dietary data...
January 26, 2019: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30683164/an-open-trial-of-meaning-centered-grief-therapy-rationale-and-preliminary-evaluation
#10
Wendy G Lichtenthal, Corinne Catarozoli, Melissa Masterson, Elizabeth Slivjak, Elizabeth Schofield, Kailey E Roberts, Robert A Neimeyer, Lori Wiener, Holly G Prigerson, David W Kissane, Yuelin Li, William Breitbart
OBJECTIVE: To determine the preliminary feasibility, acceptability, and effects of Meaning-Centered Grief Therapy (MCGT) for parents who lost a child to cancer. METHOD: Parents who lost a child to cancer and who were between six months and six years after loss and reporting elevated levels of prolonged grief were enrolled in open trials of MCGT, a manualized, one-on-one cognitive-behavioral-existential intervention that used psychoeducation, experiential exercises, and structured discussion to explore themes related to meaning, identity, purpose, and legacy...
January 26, 2019: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30669989/human-trafficking-among-ethiopian-returnees-its-magnitude-and-risk-factors
#11
Lemma Derseh Gezie, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Yigzaw Kebede Gete
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking was affecting a number of individuals in Ethiopia that resulted in various health problems and human right violations. Though the pushing and pulling factors of human trafficking were identified qualitatively, their effect on trafficking status were not measured quantitatively; the magnitude of human trafficking among returnees was not also quantified. METHODS: Primary data were collected from 1342 Ethiopian returning migrants from abroad via Metemma-Yohannes, Moyale, and Galafi border towns from May to October 2016 consecutively...
January 22, 2019: BMC Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30667258/happy-fish-in-little-ponds-testing-a-reference-group-model-of-achievement-and-emotion
#12
Reinhard Pekrun, Kou Murayama, Herbert W Marsh, Thomas Goetz, Anne C Frenzel
A theoretical model linking achievement and emotions is proposed. The model posits that individual achievement promotes positive achievement emotions and reduces negative achievement emotions. In contrast, group-level achievement is thought to reduce individuals' positive emotions and increase their negative emotions. The model was tested using one cross-sectional and two longitudinal datasets on 5th to 10th grade students' achievement emotions in mathematics (Studies 1-3: Ns = 1,610, 1,759, and 4,353, respectively)...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30664304/association-between-demographic-features-and-perceived-social-support-in-the-mental-adjustment-to-breast-cancer
#13
Veena Shukla Mishra, Dhananjaya Saranath
OBJECTIVE: The mental adjustment to a breast cancer diagnosis is traumatic and stressful, with wide-ranging differences in the responses observed in Indian women. We investigated the association between demographic features and perceived social support during the adjustment of patients to breast cancer. METHODS: A total of 393 patients with breast cancer were included in the study. The patients were evaluated for mental adjustment to cancer and perceived social support on the Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale and Multidimensional Scale of perceived social support...
January 21, 2019: Psycho-oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663625/ethnic-minority-members-may-be-at-risk-for-state-hopelessness-following-hospitalization-for-ischemic-heart-disease
#14
Susan L Dunn, Holli A DeVon, Lucas Vander Berg, Nathan L Tintle
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in state and trait hopelessness between ethnic minority and White patients hospitalized with ischemic heart disease (IHD). METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used to enroll 517 patients at one Midwestern U.S. hospital. The State-Trait Hopelessness Scale measured hopelessness. RESULTS: State hopelessness was higher in ethnic minority patients compared to Whites. Ethnic minority patients who had never been married had higher state hopelessness than those who were married or separated/divorced...
February 2019: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663622/the-level-of-hopelessness-and-psychological-distress-among-abused-women-in-a-women-s-shelter-in-turkey
#15
Sezer Kısa, Simge Zeyneloğlu, Esra Sergek Verim
Hopelessness prevents abused women from participating in social life and increases the risk of suicide. The aim of this study was to determine the level of hopelessness and psychological distress among abused women admitted to shelter in a conservative country. The sample included 40 abused women. A questionnaire, Beck Hopelessness Scale and the General Health Questionnaire were used to collect data. Chi-square, the Pearson correlation analysis test, and variance analysis were performed. Half of the women experienced moderate and severe hopelessness...
February 2019: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663525/meaning-in-life-is-associated-with-the-psychopathology-of-eating-disorders-differences-depending-on-the-diagnosis
#16
José H Marco, Montserrat Cañabate, Sandra Pérez
Previous studies indicated that meaning in life was inversely associated with eating behaviors and a negative attitude toward food, body satisfaction, and borderline symptoms. However, research on the association between meaning in life and eating disorder psychopathology is scarce, and there are no studies on the association between meaning in life and the eating disorder psychopathology depending on the diagnosis. The aim of the present study is to verify whether meaning in life is differentially associated with a broad range of psychopathology symptoms commonly observed in people with ED, depending on the diagnosis, in a sample of 240 ED patients...
January 20, 2019: Eating Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657226/gratitude-diary-for-the-management-of-suicidal-inpatients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Déborah Ducasse, Déborah Dassa, Philippe Courtet, Véronique Brand-Arpon, Audrey Walter, Sébastien Guillaume, Isabelle Jaussent, Emilie Olié
BACKGROUND: The management of suicidal crisis remains a major issue for clinicians, driving the development of new strategies. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial based on a 7-day add-on positive psychology program: gratitude diary (intervention) versus food diary (control) in adults hospitalized for current suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt. The primary effectiveness outcome was between-group differences for mean change of current psychological pain, between the beginning and the end of the 7-day intervention...
January 18, 2019: Depression and Anxiety
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30652901/a-model-of-cumulative-racial-ethnic-trauma-among-americans-of-middle-eastern-and-north-african-mena-descent
#18
Germine H Awad, Maryam Kia-Keating, Mona M Amer
Americans of Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) descent in the United States have been historically understudied, in part due to limitations of racial classification systems that typically include MENA under the broad umbrella of White. As a result, enormous gaps in knowledge about health and mental health disparities exist, with broad public health significance. In particular, there is an urgent need to attend more specifically to MENA Americans' experiences of cumulative racial-ethnic trauma, which occurs at every level of their social ecologies...
January 2019: American Psychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646094/perceptions-of-factors-associated-with-inclusive-work-and-learning-environments-in-health-care-organizations-a-qualitative-narrative-analysis
#19
Jaya Aysola, Frances K Barg, Ana Bonilla Martinez, Matthew Kearney, Kareha Agesa, Carlos Carmona, Eve Higginbotham
Importance: Diversifying the health care workforce remains a critical goal for health care organizations focused on reducing disparities in care. However, it remains unknown what factors create inclusive health system environments and help organizations retain a diverse workforce. Objective: To understand from members of the health care workforce what factors contribute to inclusive work and learning environments and what can be done to improve inclusion within health care organizations...
August 3, 2018: JAMA network open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30635683/gender-differences-in-suicidal-behavior-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#20
REVIEW
Andrea Miranda-Mendizabal, Pere Castellví, Oleguer Parés-Badell, Itxaso Alayo, José Almenara, Iciar Alonso, Maria Jesús Blasco, Annabel Cebrià, Andrea Gabilondo, Margalida Gili, Carolina Lagares, José Antonio Piqueras, Tiscar Rodríguez-Jiménez, Jesús Rodríguez-Marín, Miquel Roca, Victoria Soto-Sanz, Gemma Vilagut, Jordi Alonso
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between gender and suicide attempt/death and identify gender-specific risk/protective factors in adolescents/young adults. METHODS: Systematic review (5 databases until January 2017). Population-based longitudinal studies considering non-clinical populations, aged 12-26 years, assessing associations between gender and suicide attempts/death, or evaluating their gender risk/protective factors, were included. Random effect meta-analyses were performed...
January 12, 2019: International Journal of Public Health
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