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community health promotion

Hanna M Rempe, Gudrun Sproesser, Anne Gingrich, Alexandra Spiegel, Thomas Skurk, Beate Brandl, Hans Hauner, Britta Renner, Dorothee Volkert, Cornel C Sieber, Ellen Freiberger, Eva Kiesswetter
Gaining a better understanding which motives play a role in daily eating is crucial in order to develop personalized interventions promoting adequate diet. The Eating Motivation Survey (TEMS) is a comprehensive tool to assess manifold reasons for eating but has not been specifically applied in an older sample including very old persons and persons differing in functional status. Therefore, the first step of the study was to investigate whether the basic motives of TEMS are consistent in an older sample and comparable across older adults with and without functional impairments...
February 15, 2019: Appetite
Kathleen M Antony, Judy Levison, Melissa A Suter, Susan Raine, Grace Chiudzu, Henry Phiri, Joseph Sclafani, Michael Belfort, Peter Kazembe, Kjersti M Aagaard
Background: In 2012, we performed a needs assessment and gap analysis to qualitatively assess providers' and patients' knowledge and perceptions regarding preterm birth (PTB). During the study, we identified knowledge gaps surrounding methods to reduce the risk of occurrence of PTB and management options if preterm labor/birth occur. We targeted health messages toward these gaps. The objective of the present study was to assess the impact of our community health worker-based patient education program 3 years after it was implemented...
2019: International Journal of Women's Health
Soonyoung Park, Hee Yeon Yeom, Sohyune R Sok
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the effects of health promoting education program on self-efficacy, health promoting behavior, and quality of life of Korean middle-aged women. [Participants and Methods] Participants were total 60 women (experimental: n=30, control: n=30) in the age group of 40-59, who visit community center located at G gu in Seoul. Health promoting education program was performed for 6 weeks, once a week, one hour with 20 minute group discussion. A study questionnaire was designed to measure the general characteristics, self-efficacy, health promoting behavior, and quality of life...
January 2019: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Patricia Maritim, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Choolwe Jacobs, Mumbi Chola, Gershom Chongwe, Jessy Zyambo, Hikabasa Halwindi, Charles Michelo
BACKGROUND: The SAFE strategy (surgery for trichiasis, antibiotics for active infection, facial cleanliness and environmental improvement) is the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended guideline for the elimination of blindness by trachoma by the year 2020. OBJECTIVE: While evaluations on the implementation of the SAFE strategy have been done, systematic reviews on the factors that have shaped implementation are lacking. This review sought to identify these factors...
2019: Global Health Action
Hyunsook Shin, Suk Jeong Lee, Yu-Nah Lee, Soonyoung Shon
Despite over 10 years of support from government health programs and health organizations, children in migrant villages in Kyrgyzstan remain a public concern owing to high incidence rates of preventable diseases such as anemia. An effective community health promotion program is needed but there is a lack of knowledge of community barriers and health factors affecting children's health in these migrant villages. The purpose of this study was to conduct a community health needs assessment to develop strategies for a child health promotion program in these migrant villages...
February 11, 2019: Evaluation and Program Planning
Esther García-Esquinas, Rosario Ortolá, Matthew Prina, Denes Stefler, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso
OBJECTIVES: To analyze sex- and education-specific trajectories of health deficits accumulation (DA) throughout old age and to examine whether these trajectories differ according to health domains. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: and participants: In Spain, 3228 community-dwelling individuals aged 60 years or older were followed up for 10 years. MEASURES: At baseline and 3 follow-up visits, a DA index (0 to 100% deficit) was calculated based on the number and severity of 52 health deficits across the domains of physical and cognitive function, self-rated health and vitality, mental health, and morbidity...
February 13, 2019: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Hannah G Lawman, Xavier Lofton, Sara Grossman, Mica Root, Meka Perez, Gregory Tasian, Anisha Patel
INTRODUCTION: Improving children's tap water intake and reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is beneficial for health and health equity, particularly in low-income communities and communities of color. Existing community level interventions to improve the intake of tap water have predominantly occurred in schools and have focused on promoting water consumption in cafeterias during lunch or snack periods. METHODS: The "Hydrate Philly" intervention was developed to target multiple environmental and social factors to improve tap water consumption in community recreation centers in low-income communities: replacing old and unappealing water fountains with appealing water-bottle-filling "hydration stations", conducting water safety testing and publicizing results, disseminating reusable water bottles, promoting tap water, and discouraging SSB consumption...
February 13, 2019: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Kaymarlin Govender, Sean Beckett, Wilfred Masebo, Carla Braga, Pemberai Zambezi, Marcia Manhique, Gavin George, Dick Durevall
Short Message Service (SMS) offers an innovative method of promoting sexual health to key and vulnerable populations who are users of mobile phones and are at high risk of HIV infection. This cluster randomised control trial tests the effectiveness of a SMS intervention in reducing HIV risk behaviours and improving HIV testing behaviours among truck drivers, sex workers and community residents located near Roadside Wellness Clinics (RWCs) in three southern African countries. The SMS arm received 35 HIV risk reduction and HIV testing SMSs over a 6-month period...
February 15, 2019: AIDS and Behavior
Tina L Rochelle
OBJECTIVES: Examine masculinity as a predictor of engagement in health behaviour, and explore the mediating effect of age and social support on the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and health behaviour among a sample of Hong Kong Chinese, mainland Chinese, Caucasian, and South Asian men living in Hong Kong. METHODS: A cross-cultural community sample of 495 men aged 18-81 years (Mage  = 39.87 years) were recruited to the study. Participants completed self-report measures of conformity to masculine norms (CMNI), social support (MSPSS), and health behaviour (HBI)...
February 15, 2019: Ethnicity & Health
Jingyue Zhang, Nan Lu
The present study investigated individual-level determinants of community social capital among older adults in urban China, with a particular emphasis on health and family social capital. A quota sampling method was used to select 456 adults aged 60 or older from 16 local communities in the city of Suzhou in 2015. Multiple indicators and multiple courses in structural equation modeling were used to examine the proposed model. Latent constructs of community social capital (i.e., cognitive social capital and structural social capital) were established...
February 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ariena H C van Bruggen, Erica M Goss, Arie Havelaar, Anne D van Diepeningen, Maria R Finckh, J Glenn Morris
The One Health concept proposes that there is a connection between human, animal and environmental health. Plants and their health are not explicitly included. In this review, we broaden the One Health concept to include soil, plant, animal and ecosystem health. We argue that the health conditions of all organisms in an ecosystem are interconnected through the cycling of subsets of microbial communities from the environment (in particular the soil) to plants, animals and humans, and back into the environment...
February 6, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Connie Kim Yen Nguyen-Truong, Janessa M Graves, Electra Enslow, Wendy Williams-Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Open educational resources (OERs) increase access to high-quality academic learning materials and promote affordable education in nursing. PROBLEM: Integrating OERs into existing nursing courses can be arduous for faculty. APPROACH: An academic and community-engaged approach involved faculty, university librarians, and community stakeholders. Community leaders and population health experts helped identify OERs for a population health theory course...
February 11, 2019: Nurse Educator
Trina L Gipson-Jones, LaToya J OʼNeal, Jylana L Sheats, Roland J Thorpe, Bettina M Beech, Marino A Bruce
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between food security, parental health behaviors, and overweight/obesity among 2- to 5-year-old children in West Tennessee (N = 264). Results from logistic regression models indicate that the association between parental characteristics and child weight status varies by child sex and household food security. These findings highlight the need for more nuanced analysis that can produce results that inform and shape the development of precise health promotion and intervention strategies designed for diverse low-resource populations...
April 2019: Family & Community Health
Nomi C Levy-Carrick, Annie Lewis-OʼConnor, Eve Rittenberg, Kiara Manosalvas, Hanni M Stoklosa, David A Silbersweig
Trauma-informed care has emerged as an important model to address the pervasiveness of traumatic experiences across the life cycle and their association with significant adverse medical and psychiatric consequences. To achieve health equity, in which all people have the opportunity for health, it is crucial for physicians to become comfortable with a neurobiopsychosocial understanding of trauma and how to provide optimal trauma-informed care. Given the pervasiveness of trauma exposure, and its impact on individual and community health, this paradigm shift in adult health care delivery systems requires physician engagement at every stage of development and implementation...
April 2019: Family & Community Health
William M Jackson, Jerri Chen, Robert H Dworkin
An important aspect of any research endeavor is engaging various stakeholders to work toward the common goal of pushing knowledge forward about the question at hand. Research into pediatric anesthetic neurotoxicity could benefit greatly from interventions designed to improve the efforts and dedication of government agencies, pharmaceutical companies, research communities, and most importantly, patients. The Pediatric Anesthesia Neurodevelopment Assessment (PANDA) symposium is a biennial meeting where updates in research in the field are presented, and issues relevant to the community are discussed in round table discussions...
January 2019: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
E M Friedman, C Ruini, C R Foy, L Jaros, G Love, C D Ryff
OBJECTIVES: Eudaimonic well-being (EWB), increasingly recognized as a critical component of health, typically declines in later life, and there are no existing programs to sustain or increase EWB in older adults. Lighten UP! is an 8-week program to promote EWB through facilitated group sessions in community settings and at-home practice. Building on earlier pilot research, the current study assessed the effect of the Lighten UP! Program using a longitudinal, multi-site design. METHODS: Men and women (N = 169) aged 60 and over were recruited from three Wisconsin communities...
February 15, 2019: Clinical Gerontologist
Emmanuelle Faure, Stéphane Rican
Social inequalities in health and access to care remain significant in France. Cultural and socioeconomic dimensions of health inequalities are often studied, but gender-specific behaviors and local dynamics are rarely investigated. This article aims to examine the role of municipal representatives, public health policies and local communities in unequal access to prevention for men and women. We analyze the relationship between gender, space and health through the case study of health promotion in the town of Gennevilliers (Paris region)...
September 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Mabrouk Nekaa, Dominique Berger
School nurses in France's Éducation nationale are a specific community within the education sector, entrusted with the mission of education and health promotion, thus requiring an adaptation of their role, their status, and their professional practices. The literature emphasizes the link between knowledge, systems of social representation, and standards of practices that revolve around individual conceptions. Based on a mixed methodology, the study focuses on the analysis of the results of a qualitative study through interviews with a sample of the population, followed by a national survey using questionnaires...
January 18, 2019: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
Azita Amiri, Shuang Zhao
Environmental justice (EJ) means socially and economically disadvantaged communities and citizens are entitled to an equally clean environment and resources to enjoy. EJ communities are mostly located close to polluters such as Superfund sites, coal-fired power plants and landfills and are more likely to be exposed to higher levels of environmental hazards than the U.S. population on average. It is often a difficult task to identify EJ communities and the environmental hazards in the communities without using specific EJ screening tools...
February 14, 2019: Public Health Nursing
David Musoke, George Karani, Keith Morris, Rawlance Ndejjo, Edwinah Atusingwize, David Guwatudde, Miph Boses Musoke
Background: The integrated approach to malaria prevention, which advocates for the use of several malaria prevention methods at households, is being explored to complement other existing strategies. We implemented a pilot project that promoted the integrated approach to malaria prevention in two rural communities in Wakiso district, Uganda. Objectives: This paper presents the impact evaluation findings of the project carried out 2 years after implementation with a focus on changes in knowledge and practices on malaria prevention...
December 2018: African Health Sciences
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