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aortic arch,branching variation

Yumin Qiu, Xiaoxin Wu, Zhuokai Zhuang, Xiaozhi Li, Lei Zhu, Cijun Huang, Hongjie Zhuang, Mingjian Ma, Feng Ye, Jing Chen, Zhiying Wu, Xiaopei Yu, Mingjie An, Rui Chen, Junyu Chen, Lizhi Guan, Hanyi Sang, Yuyang Ye, Yueyin Han, Zhuokai Chen, Han Qin, Haoshuai Zhu, Yingying Zhou, Prince L M Zilundu, Dazheng Xu, Lihua Zhou
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine the incidence and explore the types of aortic arch branch variations found in our cadavers. METHODS: The types and incidence of aortic branch variations in 120 cadavers were analysed after careful dissection. RESULTS: One hundred and six of 120 cadavers had normal aortic arch branches and gave rise to usual branches, namely the brachiocephalic trunk, the left common carotid artery and the left subclavian artery...
November 15, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Ahmed M Tawfik, Donia M Sobh, Germeen A Ashamallah, Nihal M Batouty
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Aortic arch (AA) variants and anomalies are important to recognize in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) before surgery or intervention. The aim was to study the prevalence of AA anomalies and variants in patients with CHD compared to a control group. The secondary outcome was to report the associations between common variations of AA and specific types of CHD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After institutional review board approval, computed tomography studies of 352 CHD patients and control group of 400 consecutive computed tomography scans of the thorax were evaluated...
September 25, 2018: Academic Radiology
Yuki Ikeno, Yutaka Koide, Takashi Matsueda, Katsuhiro Yamanaka, Takeshi Inoue, Satoshi Ishihara, Shinichi Nakayama, Hiroshi Tanaka, Koji Sugimoto, Yutaka Okita
OBJECTIVES: The present study analyzed the prevalence of variations of the aortic arch branching in Japanese population, comparing patients with aortic arch disease with healthy controls. METHODS: Between from October 1999 and December 2015, 815 Japanese patients with aortic arch disease defined as aortic arch aneurysm (diameter ≥ 45 mm) and aortic dissection (group A) underwent aortic arch surgery in our institution. As a control group, 1506 traumatic screened patients were enrolled (group C)...
September 3, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Se Hwan Kwon, So Youn Shin
Polysplenia syndrome is a rare condition (about 2.5:100,000 live births) wherein a person has two or more spleens with accompanying various thoracic and abdominal organ abnormalities. Polysplenia is usually associated with situs ambiguous, while polysplenia with situs inversus is very rare. Herein, we report a rare case of incidentally found polysplenia syndrome combined with situs inversus in a 59-year-old female who also had an interrupted inferior vena cava (IVC) with azygos continuation, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), and variations in the aortic arch branches...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Nikolaos Lazaridis, Maria Piagkou, Marios Loukas, Evangelia-Theophano Piperaki, Trifon Totlis, Georgios Noussios, Konstantinos Natsis
Several congenital anomalies regarding the right (RVA) and left (LVA) vertebral artery have been described. The current paper aims to perform a systematic literature review of the variable vertebral artery (VA) origin from the aortic arch (AOA) and its branches. The incidence of these variants and the ensuing AOA branching pattern are highlighted. Atypical origin cases were found more commonly unilaterally, while LVA presented the majority of the aberrancies. The LVA emersion from the AOA (3.6%) and the RVA from the right common carotid artery (RCCA) (0...
July 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Geum Hee Hwang, Kyung Hee Lee, Soon Gu Cho, Yong Sun Jeon, Yeo Ju Kim, Ha Young Lee, Jun Ho Kim
A double left brachiocephalic vein is an uncommon anatomic variation. Among these, a accessory branch with preaortic course is extremely rare. In this case, both branches of the left brachiocephalic vein were anterior to the aortic arch. We describe the computed tomography findings with volume-rendering imaging of this rare anatomic variation.
March 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Aisling M O'Malley, Walid H El Kininy, Helina Debebe, Azreena B Burukan, Shane W Davy
AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate the incidence of variation in the branching pattern of aortic arch (AA) vessels in an Irish population. METHOD: A cadaveric study of 24 subjects was conducted. The vessels of the AA were identified, their branching patterns were noted and photographed and the following measurements were recorded: the angle of the AA to the coronal plane, the distance from the midline to the brachiocephalic trunk (BCT); the left common carotid artery (LCC) ; the left subclavian artery (LSC), the distance between the BCT and the right subclavian artery (RSC); the RSC and the right vertebral artery (RVA), and between the LSC and left vertebral artery (LVA)...
August 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Zeliang Ma, Jing Han, Haozhong Li, Kaihua Guo
Here, we present a unique case with 5 branches of the aortic arch (AA), namely the right common carotid artery, left common carotid artery, left thyrocervical trunk, left subclavian artery and right subclavian artery (RSA), from right to left. We found that the left thyrocervical trunk originated directly from the AA rather than the left subclavian artery. In addition, the RSA arose dorsally as the last branch of the AA and passed posteriorly to the oesophagus to supply the right upper limb. In addition, the right vertebral artery originated from the right common carotid artery instead of the RSA...
January 1, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Patrick Popieluszko, Brandon Michael Henry, Beatrice Sanna, Wan Chin Hsieh, Karolina Saganiak, Przemysław A Pękala, Jerzy A Walocha, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
OBJECTIVE: The aortic arch (AA) is the main conduit of the left side of the heart, providing a blood supply to the head, neck, and upper limbs. As it travels through the thorax, the pattern in which it gives off the branches to supply these structures can vary. Variations of these branching patterns have been studied; however, a study providing a comprehensive incidence of these variations has not yet been conducted. The objective of this study was to perform a meta-analysis of all the studies that report prevalence data on AA variants and to provide incidence data on the most common variants...
July 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Graziano Clerici, Eleonora Giulietti, Giulia Babucci, Rabih Chaoui
OBJECTIVE: The most common aortic arch branching variation described in literature is the common origin of the brachiocephalic trunk and left common carotid artery ("bovine arch" / type II aortic arch), with an incidence of 7.2-21.1%. The first aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of bovine arch in the fetuses. The second aim was the hemodynamic evaluation of the epiaortic vessels. METHODS: In two years we examined 742 pregnant women and it was possible to obtain a good hemodynamic evaluation in 39 patients...
September 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Suresh Narayanan, Senthil Murugan
Variations in the origins and the branching pattern of the carotid system of arteries are not uncommon. Here we report a rare case of higher bifurcation of the common carotid artery (CCA) (at the level of the greater cornu of the hyoid bone), thyrolinguofacial trunk (TLFT) originating from the CCA, superior laryngeal artery (SLA) arising from the external carotid artery (ECA) on the left side, and linguofacial trunk arising from the ECA on the right side. In the present case, the CCA and carotid bifurcation may have arisen from the second aortic arch...
March 2018: Anatomical Science International
G Akbari, B Asadiahranjani, N Goodarzi, S Shokrollahi
Donkeys are a member of the horse family (Equidae) and share a common ancestor. However, in morphological terms, donkeys and horses are regarded as two separate subgenus. Given variations in the branching pattern of the brachiocephalic trunk (BCT) in different species of animals and the use of donkeys in anatomy courses at colleges of veterinary medicine, we conducted this study in order to investigate the branching patterns of BCT and to describe detailed morphological information regarding donkeys. Seventeen mature donkeys were examined following euthanasia by exsanguination from the common carotid artery under general anaesthesia...
August 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
Jinbao Qin, Zhen Zhao, Ruihua Wang, Kaichuang Ye, Weimin Li, Xiaobing Liu, Guang Liu, Chaoyi Cui, Huihua Shi, Zhiyou Peng, Fukang Yuan, Xinrui Yang, Min Lu, Xintian Huang, Mier Jiang, Xin Wang, Minyi Yin, Xinwu Lu
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the aortic major branches during thoracic endovascular aortic repair is complicated because of the complex anatomic configuration and variation of the aortic arch. In situ laser fenestration has shown great potential for the revascularization of aortic branches. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of in situ laser fenestration on the three branches of the aortic arch during thoracic endovascular aortic repair. METHODS AND RESULTS: Before clinical application, the polytetrafluoroethylene and Dacron grafts were fenestrated by an 810-nm laser system ex vivo, which did not damage the bare metal portion of the endografts and created a clean fenestration while maintaining the integrity of the endografts...
April 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Shuhua Li, Yunyun Li, Min Bai, Chuanchen Zhang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate duplication of the vertebral artery (VA) using three-dimensional time-of-flight (3D TOF) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in a large study population to further our understanding of vascular variations. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective analysis of 3D TOF-MRA data in 12 826 cases was performed. The occurrence rate of VA duplication was calculated and accompanied vascular anomalies were recoded. RESULTS Twenty-one VA duplication patients were found, with an occurrence rate of 0...
October 17, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Heike Huempfner-Hierl, Thomas Hierl, Dirk Halama
Tracheostomy is a common procedure in head and neck surgery and emergency medicine to secure a patent airway. Surgeons should always be aware of anatomical variants of the branches of the aortic arch, which could lead to life-threatening complications. Open tracheostomy is the safest emergency procedure.
April 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Fang Huang, Qiang Chen, Qing-Quan Lai, Wen-Han Huang, Hong Wu, Wei-Cheng Li
The purpose of this study was to preoperatively evaluate the value of aortic arch lesions by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography in type A aortic dissection (AD).From January 2013 to December 2015, we enrolled 42 patients with type A AD who underwent MDCT angiography in our hospital. The institutional database of patients was retrospectively reviewed to identify MDCT angiography examinations for type A AD. Surgical corrections were conducted in all patients to confirm diagnostic accuracy.In this study, the diagnostic accuracy of MDCT angiography was 100% in all 42 patients...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Lei Wang, Jian Zhang, Shijie Xin
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of various aortic arch branching patterns has not been established in Chinese people. Little is known regarding the underlying associations among age, sex, aortic arch type, branching variants, and even vertebral artery (VA) dominance (VAD) or VA hypoplasia (VAH). Thus, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of variations in aortic arch branching and types of arches in a Chinese population and to evaluate the associations among age, sex, aortic arch type, branching variants, and asymmetric VAs...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Ayman G Mustafa, Mohammed Z Allouh, Jamaledin H Abu Ghaida, Ma'moon H Al-Omari, Wafa' A Mahmoud
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the anatomical variations in direct branches of the aortic arch in Jordanians using the contrast Computed Tomography (CT) imaging techniques and to determine their prevalence according to sex. METHODS: This analytical, retrospective study included 500 patients (209 females, 291 males), who were referred to the Radio-Diagnostic Department at King Abdullah University Hospital for CT angiography of the aortic arch from 2010 to 2014...
March 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Benedict Raj, Minnie Pillay
Internal thoracic and inferior thyroid arteries mainly supply the thymus. However, very few studies have been reported on the arterial variations of the thymus. The first author, a cardiac surgeon, happened upon a thymic artery arising from either proximal aortic arch or distal ascending aorta in a few cases during routine cardiac surgery in infants and neonates. Hence a study on the prevalence of the variant thymic artery during open heart surgery was contemplated, as knowledge of its presence could avoid its injury during surgical and diagnostic procedures of the region...
2015: Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, Archivio Italiano di Anatomia Ed Embriologia
Anna Babińska, Wojciech Wawrzynek, Karolina Kukawska-Sysio, Jarosław Skupiński, Patrycja Nowak
BACKGROUND: The right aortic arch with mirror-image of branching arteries without coexisting congenital heart disease is a very rare anomaly. CASE REPORT: We report a case of the right-sided aortic arch with aplasia of the left brachiocephalic trunk in a 64-year-old women, presenting difference in systolic blood pressure between upper extremities. The history of the patient and angio-CT findings were described and visualized with images. CONCLUSIONS: The knowledge of vascular variations is important for the clinical and therapeutic aspects...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
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