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Jason F Wang, Margo H Lederhandler, Vikash S Oza
We report a case of Escherichia coli infection of a cephalohematoma in an infant delivered by vacuum extraction. After excluding potential complications, the patient was treated with intravenous ceftriaxone while hospitalized followed by oral cephalexin after discharge. Infection is a rare but serious complication of cephalohematomas in the newborn period. Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen responsible for infected cephalohematomas. Clinicians should be aware that infected cephalohematomas may be complicated by sepsis, meningitis, or osteomyelitis...
November 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
Kyoung Mo Kim, Sung Min Cho, Soo Han Yoon, Yong Cheol Lim, Moon Sung Park, Mi Ran Kim
Objective: The objective of this study was to reinterpret the neurodevelopmental prognostic factors that are associated with birth head injury by performing a long-term follow-up. Methods: Seventy-three neonates with head injuries were retrospectively analyzed after a duration of 10.0±7.3 years to determine the correlations between perinatal factors, including gender, head circumference, gestational age, body weight, and mode of delivery, and head injury factors from radiologic imaging with social, fine motor, language, and motor developmental quotients...
October 2018: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Sun Jin Lee, Jin Kyu Kim, Sun Jun Kim
PURPOSE: Subgaleal hemorrhage (SGH) is a rare but potentially fatal condition in newborns; however, few studies have reported on this condition. We aimed to identify the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of SGH. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 20 neonates diagnosed with SGH between January 2000 and June 2017. Enrolled neonates were clinically diagnosed when they had tender fluctuant scalp swelling that crossed the suture lines...
December 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Saeko Tsujimae, Katsuhiko Yoshii, Keiji Yamana, Kazumichi Fujioka, Kazumoto Iijima, Ichiro Morioka
BACKGROUND: Hyperbilirubinemia in term newborns needing phototherapy within 48 hours after birth, early-onset hyperbilirubinemia, has not been evaluated in recent Japanese healthy birth centers. In this study, we sought to determine the cause of early-onset hyperbilirubinemia in a Japanese healthy birth center and to evaluate the 1992 Kobe University phototherapy treatment criterion requiring total serum bilirubin (TSB) and unbound bilirubin (UB). METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, we collected data on newborns diagnosed with early-onset hyperbilirubinemia between 2009 and 2016 at the Chibune General Hospital...
September 11, 2018: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
Suzan Gunduz, Semra Kara, Ayşe Aktas, Abdulkadir Eren, Vedat Bakan
Macrosomia is a risk factor for birth injuries and is associated with neonatal morbidity and mortality. Cephalohematoma and clavicular fracture are the most frequent birth injuries. Intraabdominal injuries are uncommon birth injuries. Rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) is an accumulation of blood in the sheath of rectus abdominis muscle. It is associated with trauma, operations and anticoagulant therapy, especially in adults and elders. We present a macrosomic male neonate with difficult vaginal delivery, who had in the physical examination periumblical ecchymose of 1x1 cm and a parietal cephalohametoma of 1x1 cm...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Anuj Malik, Daniel Crowder, Greg Barretto, Linda S Nield, Autumn Kiefer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
Scott Safir, Jonathan Rasouli, Jeremy Steinberger, Branko Skovrlj, Amish Doshi, Konstantinos Margetis, Saadi Ghatan
BACKGROUND: Cervical spinal injury encompasses up to 1.5% of all pediatric injuries. Children, and more specifically infants, are a difficult subset of patients to obtain neurological exam in the setting of trauma, thus necessitating the use of cervical X-rays, CT scans, and MRI imaging. CASE DESCRIPTION: A healthy, 15-month-old boy had an unwitnessed fall down a flight of stairs and received a CT scan of the head and cervical spine in the emergency department due to cephalohematoma and mechanism of injury...
September 2017: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management
Cecilia Ekéus, Karin Wrangsell, Sandra Penttinen, Katarina Åberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between complicated vacuum extraction (VE) deliveries and neonatal complications. METHODS: Observational study including data on the management of 596 consecutive VE-deliveries at 6 different birth clinics in Sweden in 2013. We used logistic regression to examine the association between a complicated VE and: extracranial bleeding, severe neonatal complication (intracranial hemorrhage and/or asphyxia/low Apgar score and/or convulsions, and/or encephalopathy), and brachial plexus injury...
September 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Carolyn V Isaac, Jered B Cornelison, Rudolph J Castellani, Joyce L deJong
Pediatric abusive head trauma is a challenging subject across many disciplines. Of particular importance is the identification of mimics of abuse, so cause and manner of death can be properly assigned. We present the case of suspected child abuse involving an infant who presented unresponsive to the hospital with hypoglycemia, hypothermia, and bilateral parietal fractures. An autopsy revealed fractures associated with organizing scalp hemorrhage and gross leptomeningeal congestion and hemorrhage. The fractures were circular with external displacement, rounded margins, and subperiosteal new bone formation indicative of healing...
March 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Lina Salman, Amir Aviram, Eyal Krispin, Arnon Wiznitzer, Rony Chen, Rinat Gabbay-Benziv
PURPOSE: To estimate the impact of indication for vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery on neonatal and maternal adverse outcome. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of women carrying singleton-term pregnancies undergoing vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery in a tertiary hospital (2007-2014). Cohort was stratified by indication: non-reassuring fetal heart rate or prolonged second stage. Primary outcome was adverse neonatal outcome and secondary outcome was maternal morbidity...
May 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Lucy Y Liu, Richard J Antaya
Neonatal subgaleal hematomas (SGHs) are rare but potentially life-threatening complications of vacuum extraction deliveries. We report a rare case of four enlarging SGHs in an 11-day-old boy born without use of instruments during delivery. It is likely that trauma from the provider's fingers caused these SGHs during a normal vaginal delivery. Ultrasound findings confirmed the diagnosis of SGH, distinct from other birth trauma such as cephalohematoma or caput succedaneum.
January 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
Vera Vigo, Domenica Immacolata Battaglia, Paolo Frassanito, Gianpiero Tamburrini, Massimo Caldarelli, Luca Massimi
Cephalohematoma, one of the most common neonatal head injuries, generally undergoes spontaneous resorption. When calcified, it may cause cranial vault distortion and depression of the inner skull layer, although it remains asymptomatic. Surgery, indeed, is usually performed for cosmetic purposes. For these reasons, the long-term effects of calcified cephalohematoma (CC) are widely unknown. The authors report the case of an 11-year-old girl with a persistent calcified CC causing skull deformity and delayed electroencephalography (EEG) anomalies...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Alessandro Ghidini, Daniel Stewart, John C Pezzullo, Anna Locatelli
PURPOSE: To explore whether the characteristics of vacuum delivery are associated with the occurrence of head injury and neonatal complications. METHODS: Retrospectively cohort study of vacuum-assisted attempted vaginal deliveries of singletons. We studied the association of total duration of vacuum application and number of pulls and cup dislodgement with (1) primary outcome: the occurrence of major (subgaleal hemorrhage, skull fracture, and intracranial hemorrhage) or minor (cephalohematoma, scalp laceration more extensive than simple abrasions) neonatal head injuries and (2) secondary outcome: the occurrence of neonatal complications, including 5-min Apgar score <7, umbilical artery pH < 7...
January 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Michael D Staudt, Daniel Etarsky, Adrianna Ranger
BACKGROUND: Cephalohematomas are relatively common sub-periosteal collections of blood that tend to resolve spontaneously without treatment. Rarely, they become infected and can be associated with underlying osteomyelitis, meningitis, or sepsis. Common pathogens include Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus species. ILLUSTRATIVE CASE: This report describes the first case of a neonate developing an infected right parietal cephalohematoma and underlying osteomyelitis caused by Morganella morganii, which was cultured in blood and cephalohematoma aspirate...
August 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Chikezie I Eseonu, Amanda N Sacino, Edward S Ahn
Cephalohematomas in newborns are often managed nonsurgically and resolve within the first month of life. In cases of large hematomas (>7 cm) with delayed resorption and persistence over 4 weeks, these masses can often lead to complications of calcification, infection, or hyperbilirubinemia. We report a case of a 14-day-old child with a persistent, large, noncalcified cephalohematoma. After observation alone showed that the cephalohematoma increased in size, 100 ml of old blood was surgically evacuated on day 15 of life...
2016: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Yvonne V Sanders, Karin Fijnvandraat, Johan Boender, Evelien P Mauser-Bunschoten, Johanna G van der Bom, Joke de Meris, Frans J Smiers, Bernd Granzen, Paul Brons, Rienk Y J Tamminga, Marjon H Cnossen, Frank W G Leebeek
The bleeding phenotype of children with von Willebrand disease (VWD) needs to be characterized in detail to facilitate diagnosis during childhood and aid in the planning and assessment of treatment strategies. The objective was to evaluate the occurrence, type, and severity of bleeding in a large cohort of children with moderate and severe VWD. We included 113 children (aged 0-16 years) with Type 1 (n = 60), 2 (n = 44), and 3 (n = 9) VWD with von Willebrand factor (VWF) antigen and/or VWF ristocetin cofactor levels ≤ 30 U/dL from a nation-wide cross-sectional study ("Willebrand in the Netherlands" study)...
December 2015: American Journal of Hematology
Anne M Siegel, Alan Tita, Joseph R Biggio, Lorie M Harper
OBJECTIVE: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) does not provide recommendations for gestational weight gain (GWG) specific to women with pregestational diabetes. We aimed to assess the impact of GWG outside the IOM recommendations on perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all singletons with pregestational diabetes from 2008 through 2013. Women were classified as GWG within, less than, or greater than IOM recommendations for body mass index per week of pregnancy...
October 2015: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jordan Swanson, Adam Oppenheimer, Faisal Al-Mufarrej, Mitchell Pet, Chris Arakawa, Michael Cunningham, Joseph Gruss, Richard Hopper, Craig Birgfeld
BACKGROUND: Premature cranial suture fusion may prevent neonatal skull malleability during birth, increasing the risk of unplanned cesarean delivery and neonatal birth trauma caused by cephalopelvic disproportion. We sought to determine the incidence of perinatal maternofetal complications in cases of craniosynostosis. METHODS: Records of children presenting with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis to a tertiary pediatric hospital from 1996 to 2012 were reviewed retrospectively with focus on birth history and birth-related complications...
August 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Hirokazu Nakatogawa, Tokutaro Tanaka, Chikanori Inenaga, Ayataka Fujimoto, Takamichi Yamamoto
We present a rare case of an acute epidural hematoma extending through a skull fracture into a cephalohematoma in a neonate. The epidural hematoma was caused by a fall after delivery. The neonate remained neurologically asymptomatic. A computed tomography scan 12 days after delivery showed the large-volume epidural hematoma with midline shift. We performed a strip-bending osteoplastic craniotomy and removed the epidural hematoma and external cephalohematoma under neuroendoscopic control. This is the first reported case of an acute epidural hematoma in a neonate treated successfully neuroendoscopically via a strip-bending craniotomy...
November 2015: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
Masoumeh Abedzadeh-Kalahroudi, Ahmad Talebian, Mohammad Jahangiri, Elaheh Mesdaghinia, Mahdi Mohammadzadeh
BACKGROUND: Birth injuries are defined as the impairment of neonatal body function due to adverse events that occur at birth and can be avoidable or inevitable. Despite exact prenatal care, birth trauma usually occurs, particularly in long and difficult labor or fetal malpresentations. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the incidence of birth injuries and their related factors in Kashan, Iran, during 2012-2013. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all live-born neonates in the hospitals of Kashan City were assessed prospectively by a checklist included demographic variables (maternal age, weight, and nationality), reproductive and labor variables (prenatal care, parity, gestational age, premature rupture of membrane (PROM), fetal heart rate (FHR) pattern, duration of PROM, induction of labor, fundal pressure, shoulder dystocia, fetal presentation, duration of second stage, type of delivery, and delivery attendance), and neonatal variables (sex, birth weight, height, head circumference, Apgar score, and neonatal trauma)...
March 2015: Archives of Trauma Research
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