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Salih Metin, Hakan Demirci, Aybuke Tugce Metin
AIM: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of health literacy of the patient caregiver on the care results of palliative care patients. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-two patients who were hospitalised in palliative care units of seven hospitals in the city in January 2018 were involved in the study. Mortality of the patients was checked 3 months later. A survey interrogating the sociodemographic characteristics of the patients and Turkish translation of Health Literacy Survey - European Union to measure the health literacy level of the caregivers were used...
February 8, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Qiao-Ying Ji, Maofeng Wang, Weimin Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Critical Care Medicine
Sahar Dalvand, Abbas Ebadi, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh
Introduction: Inadequate knowledge on pressure injury (PI) can have a detrimental effect on preventive care strategies. The aim of this study was to assess the overall knowledge of nurses on PI prevention based on their scores on the Pressure Ulcer Knowledge Assessment Tool (PUKAT) and its subscales in different settings. Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, databases including Web of Science, Science Direct, Google Scholar, PubMed, and Scopus were searched, using the following keywords: Pressure Ulcer, Pressure injury, Bedsore, Pressure Sore, Decubitus Ulcer, knowledge, and their possible combinations...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
Naim Kittana, Mohyeddin Assali, Hanood Abu-Rass, Susanne Lutz, Rama Hindawi, Lina Ghannam, Marah Zakarneh, Ahmad Mousa
Background: Impaired wound healing is commonly associated with many health problems, including diabetes, bedsores and extensive burns. In such cases, healing often takes a long time, which subjects patients to various complications. This study aims to investigate whether single-wall or multi-wall carbon nanotubes complexed with chitosan hydrogel can improve wound healing. Materials and methods: Initially, the effects of the complexes on the viability and functionality of fibroblasts were investigated in engineered connective tissues...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Diana Garrisi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
Devdip Sen, John McNeill, Yitzhak Mendelson, Raymond Dunn, Kelli Hickle
With an aging population, the incidence and prevalence of wound problems is on the rise. Bedsores (also known as pressure ulcers or decubitus ulcers) are painful, take months to heal, and, for many patients, never do, leading to other health problems. The condition has become so acute that treating bedsores is now a significant burden on the healthcare system. An estimated 2.5 million pressure ulcers are treated in U.S. hospitals each year, adding US$11 billion annually to health care costs.
November 2018: IEEE Pulse
Kyoung Wan Kim, Soong-Nang Jang
PURPOSE: Healthcare-associated infections increase disease prevalence and mortality and are the main reason for the hospitalization of the elderly. However, the management of underlying infections in patients hospitalized in long-term care hospitals (LTCHs) is insufficient, and the transfer of these poorly managed patients to the emergency room (ER) of an acute-care hospital can lead to rapid spread of infection. This study investigated the risk factors associated with an ER visit due to infections that developed in LTCHs...
November 15, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
Limin Lu, Chunhui Zhao, Shengwei Luo, Yongji Fu
Bedridden patients always need more attention in order to prevent unexpected falling, bedsores and other dangerous situations in daily care. This work proposes a data-driven classification method to recognize different bed-related human activities including exiting the bed, turning over, stretching out for something on the bedside table, sitting up and lying down by analyzing the real-time signals that are acquired from four load cells installed around the hospital bed. Considering the dynamic characteristics of the signals, dynamic principal component analysis (DPCA), here serving as a pre-processing step, is firstly utilized to extract both static and dynamic relations from the variables...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Shiyang Yuan, Zhongju Shi, Fujiang Cao, Jiahe Li, Shiqing Feng
Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a severe condition that disrupts patients' physiological, mental, and social well-being state and exerts great financial burden on patients, their families and social healthcare system. This review intends to compile studies regarding epidemiological features of SCI in China. Methods: Searches were conducted on PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for relevant studies published through January, 2018. Studies reported methodological and epidemiological data were collected by two authors independently...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Francesca Cecchi, Silvia Pancani, Desiderio Antonioli, Lucia Avila, Manuele Barilli, Massimo Gambini, Lucilla Landucci Pellegrini, Emanuela Romano, Chiara Sarti, Margherita Zingoni, Maria Assunta Gabrielli, Federica Vannetti, Guido Pasquini, Claudio Macchi
BACKGROUND: Despite progress in surgery and care, hip fracture (HF) remains a catastrophic event, burdened with high risk of mortality and disability. This study aims at identifying predictors of recovering ambulation after intensive inpatient rehabilitation within the Tuscany Region HF rehabilitation pathway. METHODS: All HF patients referred from acute care to the two Massa-Carrara Rehabilitation facilities January 2015-June 2017 were enrolled. Comorbidity Total Score (CIRS) defined high- or low-care setting referral...
August 31, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Antoine Gros, Claire Dupuis, Stéphane Ruckly, Alexandre Lautrette, Maité Garrouste-Orgeas, Marc Gainnier, Jean-Marie Forel, Guillaume Marcotte, Elie Azoulay, Yves Cohen, Carole Schwebel, Laurent Argaud, Etienne de Montmollin, Shidasp Siami, Dany Goldgran-Toledano, Michael Darmon, Jean-Francois Timsit
OBJECTIVES: This study in critically ill patients with shock assessed the prognostic value of body weight variations occurring each day from day 3 to day 7 on the 30-day outcome in terms of mortality, occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia and of bedsore, and occurrence of length of stay. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data. Multivariate subdistribution survival models were used at each day, from day 3 to day 7. The impact of body weight variations on length of stay was estimated through a multivariate negative binomial regression model...
October 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Toshihiko Takada, Shingo Fukuma, Yosuke Yamamoto, Yukio Tsugihashi, Hiroyuki Nagano, Michio Hayashi, Jun Miyashita, Teruhisa Azuma, Shunichi Fukuhara
OBJECTIVE: To prevent functional decline in older inpatients, identification of high-risk patients is crucial. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a prediction model to assess the risk of functional decline in older medical inpatients. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, patients ≥65 years admitted acutely to medical wards were included. The healthcare database of 246 acute care hospitals (n = 229,913) was used for derivation, and two acute care hospitals (n = 1767 and 5443, respectively) were used for validation...
July 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Seied Hadi Saghaleini, Kasra Dehghan, Kamran Shadvar, Sarvin Sanaie, Ata Mahmoodpoor, Zohreh Ostadi
Pressure ulcers can diminish global life quality, contribute to rapid mortality in some patients and pose a significant cost to health-care organizations. Accordingly, their prevention and management are highly important. Nutritional deprivation and insufficient dietary intake are the key risk factors for the development of pressure ulcers and impaired wound healing. Unplanned weight loss is a major risk factor for malnutrition and pressure ulcer development. Suboptimal nutrition interferes with the function of the immune system, collagen synthesis, and tensile strength...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Fatma Ben Mbarka, Khouloud Ben Jeddou, Mehdi Khalfallah, Dorra Jarraya, Hichem Jarraya, Zeineb Ouahchi, Ramzi Nouira, Chadli Dziri
BACKGROUND: the aim of thisstudywas to investigate the prevalence of pressure ulcers in hospitalized patients at the Charles Nicolle Hospital in Tunis, measure the risk of their occurrence, analyzepreventive and curative measuresundertaken and evaluatefactorspredisposing to pressure ulcers. METHODS: A one-day survey was performed in all hospitalized patients. Emergency services, neonatology and pediatrics were excluded. The Braden scale was used to measure the patient's risk for the development of pressure ulcers...
July 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Mostafa Shahrezaee, Mohammad Ali Okhovatpour, Mohammad Banasiri, Seyyed Reza Sharifzadeh
Various therapeutic methods are available to treat patients with intertrochantric fracture, which is usually caused by falling down. This complication is usually observed among the elderly, particularly old women. The choice of the proper therapeutic method depends on many factors including patient's condition, type of fracture, and the amount of movement. Hip arthroplasty is one of these therapeutic methods, which have certain advantages and disadvantages. Immediate resumption of walking with the ability of weight toleration and absence of complications such as aseptic necrosis are some advantages of this method...
January 8, 2018: Clinics and Practice
Sukhpal Kaur, Amarjeet Singh, Manoj K Tewari, Tejinder Kaur
Background: More than 80% of bedridden patients develop bedsores in home care settings. Training of informal caregivers can significantly affect the quality of care to these patients. Objective: The objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of two caregiver training strategies on prevention of bedsores among bedridden patients. Methods: The study was carried out in Chandigarh. The study center was at PGIMER, Chandigarh. Seventy-eight bedridden patients being taken care in their homes were identified...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Jeffrey M Levine
Just over 100 years ago, an article was published describing a plan to treat decubitus ulcers that can shed light upon medical progress and current practices. Key prevention and treatment elements included a dedicated ward, staff continuity, frequent position changes and special surfaces, cleanliness, disinfectants, and dressing changes. The necessity of resource allocation and interdisciplinary collaboration was acknowledged. This article sheds light on not only how much we have learned, but also how far we have to go...
March 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
(no author information available yet)
Background: Pressure injuries (bedsores) are common and reduce quality of life. They are also costly and difficult to treat. This health technology assessment evaluates the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, budget impact, and lived experience of adding electrical stimulation to standard wound care for pressure injuries. Methods: We conducted a systematic search for studies published to December 7, 2016, limited to randomized and non-randomized controlled trials examining the effectiveness of electrical stimulation plus standard wound care versus standard wound care alone for patients with pressure injuries...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
Louis Z G Touyz, Kelvin I Afrashtehfar
Osteoporosis (OP) is a global bone disease prevalent in aging in humans, especially in older women. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are commonly used as therapy for OP as it influences hard and soft tissues calcium metabolism. Mucosal and dermal ulceration with exposure of underlying bone arises from incomplete epithelial recovery due to reduced desmosome formation deriving from lack of available calcium. Pathological situations such as bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw have been described. This hypothesis states other situations which demand intact functional desmosomes such as healing skin over chronic pressure points leading to pressure ulcers (as well-known as bedsores, pressure sores, pressure injuries, decubitus ulcers), and hemidesmosomes such as epithelial seals in contact with titanium surfaces will have a higher prevalence of breakdown among patients being treated with BPs...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
Nicolás Raimondi, Jorge J Del Vecchio, Mauricio Ghioldi, Emanuel Uzair
Calciphylaxis is vasculopathy characterized by ischemia and painful skin necrosis due to calcification and intimal fibroplasia of thrombosis of the panicular arterioles. It most frequently compromises patients with terminal chronic renal failure and has a high mortality rate. Biopsy of skin lesions is used as a diagnostic method. No specific laboratory findings have been recorded. Skin lesions usually begin in the extremities like a painful purplish mottling similar to "livedo reticularis". The natural evolution is to ulcers and bedsores...
2017: Medicina
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