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Prophylactic corticosteriodes

Glenn T Clark, Mariela Padilla, Raymond Dionne
Chronic pain in the orofacial region has always been a vexing problem for dentists to diagnose and treat effectively. For trigeminal neuropathic pain, there are 3 medications (gabapentinoids, tricyclic antidepressants, and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors) to use plus topical anesthetics that have therapeutic efficacy. For chronic daily headaches (often migraine in origin), 3 prophylactic medications have reasonable therapeutic efficacy (β-blockers, tricyclic antidepressants, and antiepileptic drugs)...
August 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
G D De Palma, C Catanzano
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective controlled study was to determine whether prophylactic corticosteroids decrease the incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis. METHODS: A double-blind comparison of hydrocortisone (100 mg by i.v. infusion immediately before endoscopy) with placebo (sodium chloride administered in the same fashion). A total of 535 patients (286 women and 249 men, with an average age of 58.6 yr) who were scheduled to undergo diagnostic or operative ERCP underwent randomization...
April 1999: American Journal of Gastroenterology
M J Rosen
Pulmonary diseases continue to be important causes of illness and death in patients with HIV infection, but changes in therapy and demographics of HIV-infected populations are changing their manifestations. The risk of developing specific disorders is related to the area of residence, degree of immunosuppressions, HIV risk group, and use of prophylactic therapies. Bronchitis and sinusitis occur commonly in the general population but more frequently in HIV-infected persons. The increasing population of HIV-infected drug users is reflected in the increasing incidence of bacterial pneumonia and tuberculosis...
December 1996: Clinics in Chest Medicine
M Zierhut, H J Thiel, U Pleyer, R Waetjen, E G Weidle
In animal studies, bromocriptine (Pravidel) has demonstrated immunosuppression because of inhibition of prolactin. After publication of positive results in the treatment of uveitis in a few case reports and in an uncontrolled study we conducted a double-blind placebo-controlled study in 13 patients with chronic recurrent anterior uveitis who had experienced three or more recurrences during the previous year. Therapy was started gradually during the symptom-free interval and continued for 1 year with 2.5 mg twice daily...
1991: Fortschritte der Ophthalmologie: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
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