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Cpap in newborn

Jing Li, Xiaoxia Li, Xianmei Huang, Zhiqun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (nHFOV), a relatively new modality, is gaining popularity despite scarce evidence. This meta-analysis was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of nHFOV as respiratory support in premature infants. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL from inception of the database to January 2019. All published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effect of nHFOV therapy with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) or biphasic nCPAP (BP-CPAP) in newborns for respiratory support were included...
March 15, 2019: Respiratory Research
Masoomeh Mirzamoradi, Zahra Joshaghani, Fatemeh Hasani Nejhad, Mahya Vafaeenia, Zahra Heidar
BACKGROUND: Compared with vaginal delivery, early-term cesarean section (CS) is associated with an increased risk of neonatal respiratory morbidity. Given the role of steroids in lung maturation in preterm labor, few studies have investigated their effects on early-term delivery. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of antenatal betamethasone on neonatal respiratory morbidity in early-term elective cesarean (37-38 weeks and 6 d). METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted in Mahdieh Hospital in Tehran in 2017...
March 5, 2019: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Stephen Sze Shing Teo, Archana Priyadarshi, Kathryn Browning Carmo
BACKGROUND: Pneumomediastinum is an uncommon cause of neonatal respiratory distress. Clinical history and examination of the neonate may be uninformative in determining the aetiology of the respiratory distress. Chest x-ray can be diagnostic of pneumomediastinum however is often difficult to interpret. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36 week gestation newborn was delivered by emergency caesarean section, intubated and given intermittent positive pressure ventilation via Neopuff™ for apnoea before being extubated to CPAP...
January 31, 2019: BMC Pediatrics
Tanveer Bashir, Srinivas Murki, Sai Kiran, Venkat Kallem Reddy, Tejo Pratap Oleti
BACKGROUND: With increasing use of nCPAP, the safety and comfort associated with nCPAP have come into the forefront. The reported incidence of nasal injuries associated with the use of nCPAP is 20% to 60%. A recent meta-analysis concluded that the use of nasal masks significantly decreases CPAP failure and the incidence of moderate to severe nasal injury and stress the need for a well powered RCT to confirm their findings. METHODS: In this Open label, 3 arms, sequential, stratified randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the incidence and severity of nasal injury at removal of nCPAP when using two different nasal interfaces and in three groups (i...
2019: PloS One
Manar Al-Lawama, Haitham Alkhatib, Zaid Wakileh, Randa Elqaisi, Ghada AlMassad, Eman Badran, Tyler Hartman
Purpose: Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP), a noninvasive respiratory support modality used to manage newborns with respiratory distress, provides continuous pressure that helps prevent derecruitment of alveoli, increasing the lungs' functional residual capacity, and thus decreasing the work of breathing. bCPAP can be used to manage various respiratory conditions in the newborn. In this prospective study, we describe our experience using bCPAP therapy as the primary respiratory support in a level III neonatal unit in Amman, Jordan...
2019: International Journal of General Medicine
Osama Anwaar, Mudassar Hussain, Maria Shakeel, Mirza Muhammad Ahsan Baig
BACKGROUND: Nasal continuous positive pressure has been used for management of respiratory distress in neonates in various conditions as a primary modality. Objective of the study is to evaluate the frequency of improved outcome and complications of use of nasal CPAP through infant flow drivers in neonates with respiratory distress. The study was conducted from 2nd April 2017 to 2nd October 2017 in neonatal intensive care unit of Allama Iqbal Memorial Teaching Hospital Sialkot. METHODS: All neonates with respiratory distress fulfilling the clinical criteria (Neonates with gestational age 28 weeks to 40 weeks having clinical signs of respiratory distress classified according to down score (tachypnea, grunting, decreased air entry, cyanosis, recessions), neonates having pc02 <60 mmhg, neonates having x-ray findings consistent with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), Transient tachypnea of newborn (TTN) and pneumonia) were included in the study...
October 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
(no author information available yet)
Objective: To analyze clinical characteristics and risk factors of very low birth weight and extremely low birth weight infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Methods: A retrospective epidemiological study was performed in 768 neonates (376 males) with birth weights<1 500 g and gestational age ≤ 34 weeks who survived ≥28 days. Clinical data were obtained from the multi-center clinical database of neonatal intensive care units (NICU) in 19 hospitals of Jiangsu Province between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2017...
January 2, 2019: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Ioannis N Mammas, Demetrios A Spandidos
Dr Prakash Thiagarajan, consultant neonatologist and clinical director at Women's and Children's Division at Noble's Hospital on the Isle of Man, is one of the most talented neonatologists in the UK with a great experience in newer modes of infant ventilation and the application of technology in neonatal medicine and paediatrics. Under his leadership, the new neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Noble's Hospital is a state-of-the-art neonatal unit offering the very highest standards of care for critically ill babies on the island...
September 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Arash Malakian, Masoud Dehdashtian, Mohammad Raza Aramesh, Mohammad Hassan Aletayeb, Solmaz Heidari
BACKGROUND: Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a self-limiting disease that results from a reduction in the rate of lung fluid clearance in neonates. A delay in lung fluid absorption in neonates disrupts the transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life. Use of beta-adrenergic antagonists, such as salbutamol, accelerates lung fluid clearance. The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of inhaled salbutamol on the clinical progression of TTN treatment. METHODS: In the current triple-blind clinical trial, a total of 148 inpatients diagnosed with TTN were randomly divided into 2 groups...
November 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Tessa Martherus, André Oberthuer, Janneke Dekker, Stuart B Hooper, Erin V McGillick, Angela Kribs, Arjan B Te Pas
Most very preterm infants have difficulty aerating their lungs and require respiratory support at birth. Currently in clinical practice, non-invasive ventilation in the form of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and positive pressure ventilation (PPV) is applied via facemask. As most very preterm infants breathe weakly and unnoticed at birth, PPV is often administered. PPV is, however, frequently ineffective due to pressure settings, mask leak and airway obstruction. Meanwhile, high positive inspiratory pressures and spontaneous breathing coinciding with inflations can generate high tidal volumes...
January 2019: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Alessandro Perri, Riccardo Riccardi, Rossella Iannotta, Domenico V Di Molfetta, Roberta Arena, Giovanni Vento, Enrico Zecca
OBJECTIVES: We aim to verify the diagnostic accuracy of a lung ultrasonography (LUS) score to early predict the need for surfactant therapy in newborns with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and to compare it with a chest X-ray score. METHODS: In this prospective diagnostic accuracy study we included all newborns admitted for respiratory distress and initially treated with nasal CPAP. LUS was performed within 2 h from nasal CPAP positioning and in any case before surfactant administration...
September 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Alan T N Tita, Kathleen A Jablonski, Jennifer L Bailit, William A Grobman, Ronald J Wapner, Uma M Reddy, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Kenneth J Leveno, Steve N Caritis, Jay D Iams, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
BACKGROUND: Studies of early-term birth after demonstrated fetal lung maturity show that respiratory and other outcomes are worse with early-term birth (370 -386 weeks) even after demonstrated fetal lung maturity when compared with full-term birth (390 -406 weeks). However, these studies included medically indicated births and are therefore potentially limited by confounding by the indication for delivery. Thus, the increase in adverse outcomes might be due to the indication for early-term birth rather than the early-term birth itself...
September 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Markus Falk, Snorri Donaldsson, Thomas Drevhammar
INTRODUCTION: Access to inexpensive respiratory support to newborn infants improves survival in low-income countries. Standard bubble continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been extensively used worldwide for more than 30 years. One project aimed at providing affordable CPAP is the Pumani system developed by Rice 360°. Compared to standard bubble CPAP the system has an unconventional design. The aim was to compare the Pumani system with two traditional bubble CPAP systems, focusing on in-vitro performance and safety...
2018: PloS One
Samantha Alessi
BACKGROUND: Gentle ventilation with optimal oxygenation is integral to prevention of chronic lung disease in the extremely low birth-weight (ELBW) infant. Various types of noninvasive ventilation are used in neonatal intensive care units worldwide. Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (BCPAP) has been in use in newborn intensive care since 1975. PURPOSE: To synthesize the current evidence on the use of BCPAP in the ELBW infant and its relationship to outcomes, particularly morbidity and mortality...
June 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Murray Hinder, Alistair McEwan, Thomas Drevhammer, Snorri Donaldson, Mark Brian Tracy
BACKGROUND: The T-piece resuscitator (TPR) has seen increased use as a primary resuscitation device with newborns. Traditional TPR design uses a high resistance expiratory valve to produce positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) at resuscitation. A new TPR device that uses a dual flow ratio valve (fluidic flip) to produce PEEP/CPAP is now available (rPAP). We aimed to compare the measured ventilation performance of different TPR devices in a controlled bench test study...
May 4, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Birgitte J Schmidt, Pauline S Reim, Andreas K Jensen, Per Albertsen, Gorm Greisen, Inger M Jørgensen
AIM: Exhaled Nitric oxide (eNO) is an inflammatory marker. In 2002 Hall et al. [J Appl Physiol. 92:59-66] established an infant eNO measurement method, fulfilling four criteria of feasibility: simple, non-invasive, without impact on the natural breathing pattern, and accounting for flow by NO output (V'NO). Although tidal breathing is accepted as an eNO measurement method in uncooperative patients, it is seldom used outside research labs. The variability and lack of validated methods have restrained from exploring the area in preterm and term neonates the last years...
June 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Caroline Crehan, Tim Colbourn, Michelle Heys, Elizabeth Molyneux
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive respiratory support using bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) is useful in treating babies with respiratory distress syndrome. Despite its proven clinical and cost-effectiveness, implementation is hampered by the inappropriate administration of bCPAP in low-resource settings. A clinical algorithm-'TRY' (based on Tone: good; Respiratory distress; Yes, heart rate above 100 beats/min)-has been developed to correctly identify which newborns would benefit most from bCPAP in a teaching hospital in Malawi...
August 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Srinivas Murki, Jayesh Singh, Chiragkumar Khant, Swarup Kumar Dash, Tejo Pratap Oleti, Percy Joy, Nandkishor S Kabra
BACKGROUND: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) is the standard noninvasive respiratory support for newborns with respiratory distress. Evidence for high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) as an alternative mode of respiratory support is inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to evaluate whether HFNC is not inferior to nCPAP in reducing the need for higher respiratory support in the first 72 h of life when applied as a noninvasive respiratory support mode for preterm neonates with respiratory distress...
2018: Neonatology
Vera Lucia Barros Abelenda, Tania Cristina Oliveira Valente, Cirlene Lima Marinho, Agnaldo José Lopes
The development of less invasive ventilatory strategies in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm newborns has been a growing concern in recent decades. This study aimed to measure differences in the clinical progression of preterm newborns using two distinct periods in a university hospital: before and after using underwater bubble continuous positive airway pressure (ubCPAP). This is a retrospective study of VLBW preterm newborns with gestational ages less than or equal to 32 weeks admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit...
June 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
Amani Mahmoud Osman, Rania Ali El-Farrash, Enas Hussein Mohammed
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of early continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), delivered using a T-piece-based infant resuscitator (Neopuff) via a face mask, in reducing the severity and duration of transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) as well as testing a hypothesis suggesting that rapid clearance of fetal lung fluid to the circulation via CPAP would increase plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (NCT01859533) was conducted on 64 late preterm/term neonates, delivered by cesarean section and presented by respiratory distress shortly after birth...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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