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Hong Fan, Kun Zhang, Lequn Shan, Fang Kuang, Kun Chen, Keqing Zhu, Heng Ma, Gong Ju, Ya-Zhou Wang
BACKGROUND: A unique feature of the pathological change after spinal cord injury (SCI) is the progressive enlargement of lesion area, which usually results in cavity formation and is accompanied by reactive astrogliosis and chronic inflammation. Reactive astrocytes line the spinal cavity, walling off the lesion core from the normal spinal tissue, and are thought to play multiple important roles in SCI. The contribution of cell death, particularly the apoptosis of neurons and oligodendrocytes during the process of cavitation has been extensively studied...
February 3, 2016: Molecular Neurodegeneration
T Tamura, A Sakaguchi, C Kai, K Fujiwara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1980: Microbiology and Immunology
C F Nathan, R K Root
Using a specific and sensitive fluorometric assay, the H2O2 release from as few as 2 X 10(5) mouse peritoneal macrophages could be detected continuously and quantitated. It is emphasized that the assay measured H2O2 release, not production. Induction of H2O2 release required sequential application of two stimuli: the administration of an activating agent to the mice from 4 days to 10 wk before all harvest, and the exposure of the cells in vitro to a triggering agent. BCG was most effective as an activating agent, resulting in peritoneal macrophages which could be triggered to release H2O2 almost as copiously (8 nmol/10(6) macrophages per 5 min) as mouse peritoneal PMN (9 NMOL/10(6) PMN per 5 min)...
December 1, 1977: Journal of Experimental Medicine
G M Lespinats, J P Kolb, M F Poupon
Spleen cells of mice receiving an i.p. injection of a sublethal dose of cyclophosphamide (CY) have the ability to inhibit tumor growth in vitro. This effect is dose dependent and is maximal at the peak of the spleen regeneration which follows the phase of atrophy due to CY toxicity. This cytostasis is neither tumor-specific nor strain-restricted and the cells responsible for this inhibition of tumor cell multiplication have the characteristics of macrophages: they lack the Thy 1-2 antigenic marker, appear in CY treated nude mice, stick on plastic vessels, and are retained by adherence columns (nylon wool or Sephadex G10); their activity is greatly reduced when a specific macrohpage toxic reagent such as carrageenan is added to the cultures...
1979: Journal of Immunopharmacology
J D Sipe, S N Vogel, J L Ryan, K P McAdam, D L Rosenstreich
The mechanism by which LPS stimulates an acute phase serum amyloid A (SAA) response in C3H mice has been studied. A factor (SAA inducer) appears in the blood of C3H/HeN (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]-sensitive) mice approximately 1 h after administration of LPS, which, when passively administered, can induce C3H/HeJ mice to produce SAA although they are resistant to the LPS itself. SAA inducer has been detected in the culture medium of LPS treated C3H/HeN macrophages but not spleen cells. Thus, two stages in the induction of the acute phase SAA response are now recognized: a latent period of 2-3 h during which the SAA concentration remains at baseline values and in which SAA inducer appears, and the period of synthesis of SAA which lasts for approoximately 24 h past induction...
September 19, 1979: Journal of Experimental Medicine
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