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"Therapeutic exercise"

Ho-Jin Shin, Sung-Hyeon Kim, Eun-Tae Jeon, Min-Goo Lee, Sung Jae Lee, Hwi-Young Cho
BACKGROUND: Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a common disease following ankle sprain and appears balance and gait problems, pain, and fatigue. This study aimed to examine the effect of therapeutic exercise performed on sea sand on pain, fatigue, and balance ability in patients with CAI. METHODS: This study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Subjects with a Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT) score of less than 27 were selected. 22 subjects were randomly assigned to the sea sand (SS) group (n=11) or the self-management (SM) group (n=11)...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Amee L Seitz, Lisa A Podlecki, Emily R Melton, Tim L Uhl
Background: The goal of therapeutic exercise is to facilitate a neuromuscular response by increasing or decreasing muscular activity in order to reduce pain and improve function. It is not clear what dosage of exercise will create a neuromuscular response. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects following a three-week home program of a daily single exercise, the prone horizontal abduction exercise (PHA), on neuromuscular impairments of motor control as measured by scapular muscle EMG amplitudes, strength, and secondarily outcomes of self-reported pain and function between individuals with and without subacromial pain syndrome...
February 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Wei-Chun Hsu, Chao-Chin Chang, Yi-Jia Lin, Fu-Chi Yang, Li-Fong Lin, Kuan-Nien Chou
Electromyography (EMG) sensors have been used to study the sequence of muscle contractions during sit-to-stand (STS) in post-stroke patients. However, the majority of the studies used wired sensors with a limited number of placements. Using the latest improved wearable technology with 16 sensors, the current study was a thorough investigation to evaluate the contraction sequences of eight key muscles on the trunk and bilateral limbs during STS in post-stroke patients, as it became feasible. Multiple wearable sensors for the detection of muscle contraction sequences showed that the post-stroke patients performed STS with abnormal firing sequences, not only in the primary mover on the sagittal plane during raising, but also in the tibialis anterior, which may affect anticipatory postural adjustment in the gluteus medius, which may affect balance control...
February 6, 2019: Sensors
Manuel Albornoz-Cabello, Jose Antonio Sanchez-Santos, Rocio Melero-Suarez, Alberto Marcos Heredia-Rizo, Luis Espejo-Antunez
Subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS) is a prevalent condition that results in loss of function. Surgery is indicated when pain and functional limitations persist after conservative measures, with scarce evidence about the most-appropriate post-operative approach. Interferential therapy (IFT), as a supplement to other interventions, has shown to relieve musculoskeletal pain. The study aim was to investigate the effects of adding IFT electro-massage to usual care after surgery in adults with SAPS. A randomized, single-blinded, controlled trial was carried out...
February 2, 2019: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Joe Girard, Ava Girard
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neck pain is a common musculoskeletal condition that affects a large portion of the population. It is not known if qigong affects neck pain. The purpose of this review is to systematically review the effects of qigong in subjects with neck pain. METHODS: A systematic review of literature indexed in the following databases: PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and SportsDiscus, was conducted and methodologically graded using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database Scale (PEDro)...
February 2019: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Sean P Riley, Brian T Swanson, Elizabeth Dyer
Objectives : The purpose of this systematic review was to determine if movement-based classification (MBC) systems are more effective than therapeutic exercise or guideline-based care (GBC) in improving outcomes in patients with low back pain (LBP) based upon randomized clinical trials (RCT) with moderate to high methodological quality and low to moderate risk of bias. Methods : The search strategy was developed by a librarian experienced in systematic review methodology and peer reviewed by a second research librarian...
February 2019: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Joaquín Calatayud, Sofía Pérez-Alenda, Juan J Carrasco, Adrián Escriche, Carlos Cruz-Montecinos, Lars L Andersen, Santiago Bonanad, Felipe Querol, José Casaña
Background: Conventional nonresisted therapeutic exercises for people with hemophilia involve a careful, low-intensity approach to avoid injuries. Externally resisted exercise is known to be highly efficient for increasing muscle strength in healthy adults, but its feasibility for people with hemophilia remains unknown. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate muscle activity during upper-body rehabilitation exercises with 2 types of external resistance and without external resistance (conventional) and to examine tolerability, kinesiophobia, and possible adverse effects derived from the session...
January 23, 2019: Physical Therapy
Giovanni Morone, Grazia Fernanda Spitoni, Daniela de Bartolo, Sheida Ghanbari Ghooshchy, Fulvia Di Iulio, Stefano Paolucci, Pierluigi Zoccolotti, Marco Iosa
In recent years, neurorehabilitation has moved from a "bottom-up" to a "top down" approach. This change has also involved the technological devices developed for motor and cognitive rehabilitation. It implies that during a task or during therapeutic exercises, new "top-down" approaches are being used to stimulate the brain in a more direct way to elicit plasticity-mediated motor re-learning. This is opposed to "Bottom up" approaches, which act at the physical level and attempt to bring about changes at the level of the central neural system...
January 24, 2019: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Hong-Wen Wu, Chang-Feng Tsai, Kai-Han Liang, Yi-Wen Chang
CONTEXT: Squats and lunges are common exercises frequently applied in muscle strengthening and therapeutic exercises. The loading devices are often used to increase the training intensity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of loading devices on muscle activation in squat and lunge, and to compare the differences in muscle activation between squat and lunge. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen healthy, male, recreationally active individuals without a history of lower limb injury...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Juchul Cho, Eunsang Lee, Seungwon Lee
BACKGROUND: Although commonly used in clinical settings, evidence regarding the beneficial effectiveness of joint mobilization and therapeutic exercise in patients with stroke is still lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of mid-thoracic spine mobilization and therapeutic exercise on dynamic balance and inspiratory function in patients with subacute stroke. METHODS: The participants included 33 patients with subacute stroke...
January 8, 2019: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Raildo da Silva Coqueiro, Telma de Jesus Soares, Rafael Pereira, Thiago Macêdo Lopes Correia, Danila Souza Oliveira Coqueiro, Márcio Vasconcelos Oliveira, Lucas Miranda Marques, Cloud Kennedy Couto de Sá, Amélia Cristina Mendes de Magalhães
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Aging, obesity and sedentarism are among the most important predictors of cardiometabolic diseases. Aiming to reduce the impact of the combination of these three factors, we tested the therapeutic and preventive effects of exercise in aging and obese rats on the following cardiometabolic disease risk parameters: body fat, blood pressure, blood lipids, and glycemic homeostasis. METHODS: Eighteen male Wistar rats (initial age = 4 months, and final age = 14 months) were randomly distributed into three aging and obese groups: sedentary, therapeutic exercise and preventive exercise...
February 2019: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Byung-Ki Lee
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of therapeutic exercise for a woman with temporomandibular joint disorder. She was 31 year old and had limitation in the opening of mouth. When opening the mouth, she complained pain in the temporomandibular joint and noise. The health status of the patient was classified based on International Classification Functioning, Disability, and Health regarding the activity of the patient. The activity limitation was determined by the ability of opening the mouth, while the impairments in the body structure and body function were determined by the forward-headed posture due to the hypertension and shortening of upper cervical extensors...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Luca Longoni, Roberto Brunati, Patrizio Sale, Roberto Casale, Gianpaolo Ronconi, Giorgio Ferriero
Mobile health apps are growing constantly in number and popularity. Some mobile apps are used for clinical assessment, and consequently need to be verified and validated appropriately, along with the mobile platform, to ensure their safe and effective operation. We review the current literature on available smartphone goniometric apps validated for joint angle measurement and their main psychometric characteristics. A literature search of Medline and Scopus databases was performed to select papers on smartphone commercial apps validated for joint angle measurement and relevant to Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation...
January 10, 2019: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
Cristina Silva, António Amaro, António Pinho, Rui S Gonçalves, Mário Rodrigues, Fernando Ribeiro
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of a four-week home-based therapeutic exercise program for individuals with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Patients and methods: Feasibility outcomes, namely the recruitment rate, retention rate, exercise adherence and adverse events, as well as pain, knee muscle strength, range of motion, functional mobility, physical function, and postural sway were assessed on 15 individuals (4 males, 11 females; mean age 62...
September 2018: Archives of rheumatology
N A Zinchuk, N V Yermolina, A V Dorontsev, A A Svetlichinkina
The article presents the results of a complex research of the impact of therapeutic exercise training on physical fitness indicators of elderly women with structural, metabolic and functional changes. 12 women aged 61-66 participated in the research, all of them underwent physical examination, risk factor assessment, electrocardiography, duplex scanning of extracranial vessels; glycemic level dynamics in the fasted state and PPG as well as fats indices, functional tests and hemodynamics parameters were assessed...
2018: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
Kazuhiro Nagata, Satol Hori, Ryo Mizuhashi, Tomoko Yokoe, Yojiro Atsumi, Wataru Nagai, Motoatu Goto
PURPOSE: Manual therapy has been used for the treatment of patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) with mouth-opening limitations. However, the curative effect of manipulation differs among researchers, and its necessity remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to confirm the efficacy of manipulation using a randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: A total of 61 TMD patients who had mouth-opening limitation (upper and lower middle incisor distance ≤35mm) were selected...
December 15, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Gitta Anne Jacob, Andrea Hauer, Sandra Köhne, Nele Assmann, Anja Schaich, Ulrich Schweiger, Eva Fassbinder
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) programs have been found to be effective in treating many psychological conditions. However, regarding borderline personality disorder (BPD), only a few eHealth programs have been tested, involving small interventions based on the dialectical behavior therapy treatment approach. We investigated priovi, a program based on the schema therapy (ST) approach. priovi is considerably more comprehensive than prior programs, offering broad psychoeducation content and many therapeutic exercises...
December 17, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Timothy J Reynolds, Joseph Paul Coviello, Michael Costello
Background and Purpose: There have been few published studies regarding the treatment of patients with non-ossifying fibromas (NOFs), either conservatively or operatively. The purpose of this case report is to discuss the clinical presentation and conservative management of a teenage athlete diagnosed with a proximal humerus NOF. Case Description: The subject was a 13-year-old male middle school student with a diagnosis of left shoulder pain over the prior year preventing him from participating in sports activities...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Sumaira Imran Farooqui, Pirzada Qasim Raza Siddiqui, Basit Ansari, Ali Farhad
Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of diverse exercise regimes used in multiple Randomized Control Trials as the only conservative management strategy for increased Cobb angle among Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Methods: Database such as Google Scholar, Medline, and BioMed Central was reconnoitered for the purpose of research articles of interest. Studies in which the effects of conservative management of scoliosis on the magnitude of Cobb angle were calculated were scrutinized procedurally, studies fulfilling the inclusion criteria were retrieved and encompassed in the present study...
November 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
B Rodríguez-Romero, O Bello, J Vivas Costa, Lidia Carballo-Costa
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an exercise therapy program on pain and physical dimension of health-related quality of life for young adults with musculoskeletal pain. DESIGN: Randomized controlled single-blind trial. Fifty-seven subjects (58% women) were randomly assigned to experimental (n=28; 21.4±2.9 yrs) and control (n=29; 21.0±4.2 yrs) groups. The experimental group participated in a 9-week stabilization exercise therapy program, 60 minutes/once a week, while the control group did not exercise, with a pre- and post-intervention assessment...
December 6, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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