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Clarisse Brígido, Sakshi Singh, Esther Menéndez, Maria J Tavares, Bernard R Glick, Maria do Rosário Félix, Solange Oliveira, Mário Carvalho
The aims of this study were to isolate, identify and characterize culturable endophytic bacteria from chickpea ( Cicer arietinum L.) roots grown in different soils. In addition, the effects of rhizobial inoculation, soil and stress on the functionality of those culturable endophytic bacterial communities were also investigated. Phylogenetic analysis based on partial 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the endophytic bacteria isolated in this work belong to the phyla Proteobacteria, Firmicutes and Actinobacteria, with Enterobacter and Pseudomonas being the most frequently observed genera...
February 14, 2019: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
Asha Kiran, Sanjeev Kumar, Harsh Nayyar, Kamal Dev Sharma
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is susceptible to low temperature (LT) at reproductive stage. LT causes flower abortion and delays pod set in chickpea until terminal drought becomes an issue, thereby decreasing yield potential. In chickpea, flower and anther/pollen development as well as LT induced abnormalities on anther and pollen development are described inadequately. In the present manuscript, we report flower development stages, anther development stages and aberrations in male gamete formation in chickpea under LT...
February 15, 2019: Plant, Cell & Environment
Naeem Khan, Asghari Bano, M Atikur Rahman, Jia Guo, Zhiyu Kang, Md Ali Babar
The plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and plant growth regulators (PGRs) can be applied to improve the growth and productivity of plants, with potential to be used for genetic improvement of drought tolerance. However, for genetic improvement to be achieved, a solid understanding of the physiological and biochemical changes in plants induced by PGPR and PGR is required. The present study was carried out to investigate the role of PGPR and PGRs on the physiology and biochemical changes in chickpea grown under drought stress conditions and their association with drought tolerance...
February 14, 2019: Scientific Reports
Laxmi Narnoliya, Udita Basu, Deepak Bajaj, Naveen Malik, Virevol Thakro, Anurag Daware, Akash Sharma, Shailesh Tripathi, V S Hegde, Hari D Upadhyaya, Ashok K Singh, Akhilesh K Tyagi, Swarup K Parida
Plant height (PH) and plant width (PW), two of the major plant architectural traits determining the yield and productivity of a crop, are defined by diverse morphometric characteristics of the shoot apical meristem (SAM). The identification of potential molecular tags from a single gene that simultaneously modulates these plant/SAM architectural traits is thus prerequisite to achieve enhanced yield and productivity in crop plants, including chickpea. Large-scale multi-environment phenotyping of the association panel and mapping population have ascertained the efficacy of three vital SAM morphometric trait parameters, SAM width, SAM height and SAM area, as key indicators to unravel the genetic basis of the wide PW and PH trait variations observed in desi chickpea...
February 13, 2019: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Rey David Vargas Sanchez, Félix Joel Ibarra-Arias, Brisa Del Mar Torres-Martínez, Armida Sánchez-Escalante, Gastón Ramón Torrescano-Urrutia
The present paper reviews the findings of different research studies on the effect of natural ingredients in the Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) diet on carcass characteristics and meat quality. The results show a relationship between the type and concentration of ingredients used in diets and carcass characteristics and meat quality. The inclusion of medicinal herbs (thyme, black seed, and mint), plants (canola), seeds (chickpea), spices (cinnamon and coriander), worms (earthworms), bee products (propolis), phytochemicals (lycopene), and edible fungi (common mushrooms) in the Japanese quail diet improved carcass quality characteristics compared to the control diets (basal diets)...
February 9, 2019: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Udita Basu, Hari Deo Upadhyaya, Rishi Srivastava, Anurag Daware, Naveen Malik, Akash Sharma, Deepak Bajaj, Laxmi Narnoliya, Virevol Thakro, Alice Kujur, Shailesh Tripathi, Chellapilla Bharadwaj, V S Hegde, Ajay K Pandey, Ashok K Singh, Akhilesh Kumar Tyagi, Swarup Kumar Parida
The identification of functionally relevant molecular tags is vital for genomics-assisted crop improvement and enhancement of seed yield, quality and productivity in chickpea. The simultaneous improvement of yield/productivity as well as quality traits often requires pyramiding of multiple genes, which remains a major hurdle given various associated epistatic and pleotropic effects. Unfortunately, no single gene that can improve yield/productivity along with quality and other desirable agromorphological traits is known, hampering the genetic enhancement of chickpea...
February 8, 2019: Plant Physiology
Peter Kaloki, Qunying Luo, Richard Trethowan, Daniel K Y Tan
Terminal drought is a major problem in many areas where chickpea is grown on stored soil moisture. This is exacerbated by the lack of a targeted breeding approach focusing on key traits contributing to yield formation under water-limited conditions. There is no study to develop a chickpea ideotype and test it against commercial varieties under various management systems across the Australian grain belt. This study proposed a chickpea ideotype that can be grown in water deficit areas and compared its performance with commercial chickpea genotypes across the Australian grain belt...
January 28, 2019: International Journal of Biometeorology
Anuradha Deorukhkar, Laxmi Ananthanarayan
Sample urban population was assessed for consumption of legumes. Genistein and daidzein content of commonly consumed legumes was evaluated to estimate the isoflavone intake through the consumption of these legumes by selected population. Total genistein content of all legumes considered for analysis was found to be in the range of 0.60 to 8.65 mg per 100 g whereas total daidzein content was found to be in the range of 1.10 to 30.37 mg per 100 g in selected legumes. Chickpea, kabuli, whole (Cicer arietinum), pigeon pea, split, decorticated (Cajanus cajan), chickpea, split, decorticated (Cicer arietinum) showed a high amount of genistein and daidzein among selected legumes...
January 26, 2019: Nutrition and Cancer
Arjina Shrestha, Thomas N Buckley, Erin L Lockhart, Margaret M Barbour
. Mesophyll conductance ( g m ) has been shown to vary between genotypes of a number of species and with growth environments, including nitrogen availability, but understanding of g m variability in legumes is limited. We might expect g m in legumes to respond differently to limited nitrogen availability, due to their ability to fix atmospheric N2 . Using online stable carbon isotope discrimination method, we quantified genetic variability in g m under ideal conditions, investigated g m response to N source (N2 -fixation or inorganic N) and determined the effects of N source and water availability on the rapid response of g m to photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) and radiation wavelength in three genotypes of chickpea ( Cicer arietinum )...
February 2019: AoB Plants
Ali M Al-Subhi, Saskia A Hogenhout, Rashid A Al-Yahyai, Abdullah M Al-Sadi
Typical symptoms of phytoplasma infection were observed on 11 important crops in Oman that included alfalfa, sesame, chickpea, eggplant, tomato, spinach, rocket, carrot, squash, field pea, and faba bean. To identify the phytoplasmas in these crops, samples from infected and asymptomatic plants were collected, followed by amplifying and sequencing of the 16S ribosomal RNA, secA, tuf, imp, and SAP11 genes. We found that these sequences share >99% similarity with the peanut witches' broom subgroup (16SrII-D)...
March 2018: Plant Disease
Runfeng Wang, Manu P Gangola, Craig Irvine, Pooran M Gaur, Monica Båga, Ravindra N Chibbar
Major QTL on LG 1 and 3 control seed filling and seed coat development, thereby affecting seed shape, size, color, composition and weight, key determinants of crop yield and quality. A chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) population consisting of 189 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a cross between medium-protein ICC 995 and high-protein ICC 5912 genotypes of the desi market class was analyzed for seed properties. Seed from the parental lines and RILs was produced in four different environments for determination of seed shape (SS), 100-seed weight (100-SW), protein (PRO) and starch (STA) concentration...
January 19, 2019: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Minwei Xu, Zhao Jin, Yang Lan, Jiajia Rao, Bingcan Chen
In this study, volatile component changes of germinated chickpea, lentil, and yellow pea flours over the course of 6 days germination were characterized by HS-SPME-GC-MS/O. In total, 124 volatile components were identified involving 19 odor active components being recorded by GC-O exclusively. Principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) revealed that lentil and yellow pea flours had the similar aromatic attributes, while the decrease of beany flavor compounds along with the occurrence of unpleasant flavors was detected in chickpea flours upon germination...
May 15, 2019: Food Chemistry
Roberta Targino Hoskin, Jia Xiong, Debora Araújo Esposito, Mary Ann Lila
Wild blueberry pomace extract complexed with wheat or chickpea flour or soy protein isolate produced spray dried and freeze-dried polyphenol-protein particles. To evaluate the impact of spray drying on the biological activity of these food ingredients in vitro antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, regulation of glucose metabolism and ability to stimulate fibroblast migration were tested. Extracts from polyphenol-protein particles significantly decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and down-regulated the gene expression of inflammation markers (COX-2 and IL-1β)...
May 15, 2019: Food Chemistry
Muhammad Waqas, Muhammad Tehseen Azhar, Iqrar Ahmad Rana, Farrukh Azeem, Muhammad Amjad Ali, Muhammad Amjad Nawaz, Gyuhwa Chung, Rana Muhammad Atif
BACKGROUND: WRKY proteins play a vital role in the regulation of several imperative plant metabolic processes and pathways, especially under biotic and abiotic stresses. Although WRKY genes have been characterized in various major crop plants, their identification and characterization in pulse legumes is still in its infancy. Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is the most important pulse legume grown in arid and semi-arid tropics. OBJECTIVE: In silico identification and characterization of WRKY transcription factor-encoding genes in chickpea genome...
January 12, 2019: Genes & Genomics
D M Mannur, Anita Babbar, Mahendar Thudi, Murali Mohan Sabbavarapu, Manish Roorkiwal, Sharanabasappa B Yeri, Vijay Prakash Bansal, S K Jayalakshmi, Shailendra Singh Yadav, Abhishek Rathore, Siva K Chamarthi, Bingi P Mallikarjuna, Pooran M Gaur, Rajeev K Varshney
Annigeri 1 and JG 74 are elite high yielding desi cultivars of chickpea with medium maturity duration and extensively cultivated in Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh, respectively. Both cultivars, in recent years, have become susceptible to race 4 of Fusarium wilt (FW). To improve Annigeri 1 and JG 74, we introgressed a genomic region conferring resistance against FW race 4 ( foc4 ) through marker-assisted backcrossing using WR 315 as the donor parent. For foreground selection, TA59, TA96, TR19 and TA27 markers were used at Agricultural Research Station, Kalaburagi, while GA16 and TA96 markers were used at Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur...
2019: Molecular Breeding: New Strategies in Plant Improvement
Todd M Gilligan, Paul Z Goldstein, Alicia E Timm, Roxanne Farris, Lisa Ledezma, Alexander P Cunningham
Heliothine larvae, especially early instars, are difficult to identify, and determinations sometimes rely on indirect information such as origin and host data. The introduction of Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) into the New World has undermined the reliability of host and origin data to identify intercepted Helicoverpa larvae, and suspect Heliothinae/Helicoverpa larvae intercepted at U.S. ports of entry are now screened for H. armigera and Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) using molecular methods. Here, we analyze heliothine larvae intercepted during 2014-2106 to identify nontargets and evaluate morphological characters traditionally used to separate taxa...
January 5, 2019: Journal of Economic Entomology
Sondos Njoumi, Marie Josephe Amiot, Isabelle Rochette, Sihem Bellagha, Claire Mouquet-Rivier
The effects of soaking and cooking on soluble sugars, alpha-galacto-oligosaccharides (α-GOS) and soluble dietary fibres (SDF) and insoluble dietary fibres (IDF) were assessed in five legumes (lentil, chickpea, fenugreek, faba bean and Egyptian faba bean). In raw seeds, total α-GOS content ranged from 2500 mg/100 g (chickpea) to over 4000 mg/100 g (fenugreek). Stachyose was predominant in fenugreek, lentil and chickpea, whereas verbascose was the main α-GOS in faba bean and Egyptian faba bean. IDF represented 69-87% of the total dietary fibres in all studied legumes, while SDF content varied noticeably...
January 7, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Arvind Kumar Dubey, Navin Kumar, Anil Kumar, Mohd Akram Ansari, Ruma Ranjan, Ambedkar Gautam, Meenakshi, Nayan Sahu, Vivek Pandey, Soumit Kumar Behera, Shekhar Mallick, Veena Pande, Indraneel Sanyal
Drought is one of the major abiotic stresses which negatively affect plant growth and crop yield. Metallothionein (MTs) is a low molecular weight protein, mainly involved in metal homeostasis, while, its role in drought stress is still to be largely explored. The present study was aimed to investigate the role of MT gene against drought stress. The chickpea MT based on its up-regulation under drought stress was overexpressed in Arabidopsis thaliana to explore its role in mitigation of drought stress. The total transcript of MT gene was up to 30 fold higher in transgenic lines...
December 28, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Esin Ozkuru, Duygu Ates, Seda Nemli, Semih Erdogmus, Nur Karaca, Hasan Yilmaz, Bulent Yagmur, Canan Kartal, Muzaffer Tosun, Ozgul Ozdestan, Semih Otles, Abdullah Kahriman, Bahattin Tanyolac
Due to its high nutritional value, chickpea is one of the most important and cost-effective legumes for human diet. Nutrient elements, such as Cu, P, K have numerous essential functions for the human metabolism. In this study, association mapping of loci linked to the seed Cu, P and K concentrations were performed on a population consisting of 107 Cicer reticulatum and 73 Cicer arietinum individuals in four environments (two locations x two years). A total of 121,840 SNPs were genotyped across 180 individuals by GBS analysis...
December 27, 2018: Genomics
L V Antipova, N P Oboturova, L Ya Klimov, M V Stoyan, V V Masalova
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the possibility and effectiveness of inclusion of specialized semi-finished meat products in the gluten-free diet of children and adolescents with celiac disease. In the article the authors present the recipe for a new type of specialized meat semi-finished products - gluten-free dumplings. As ingredients of semi-finished products rice flour, amaranth flour, flax flour, chickpea flour, corn starch, curd whey, beef, poultry, goose fat and other auxiliary ingredients were used...
2018: Voprosy Pitaniia
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