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Psychological bioscience

Kashi Raj Bhattarai, Hyung-Ryong Kim, Han-Jung Chae
Salivary bioscience technologies such as electrophoresis are widely applied for diagnosing systemic health status. Diagnosis using a saliva sample has emerged as a preferred technique since the sample is easy to collect and the method is inexpensive and non-invasive. Salivary diagnostics have even been identified as potential substitutes for serum protein biomarkers. However, the optimal protocol for collecting saliva has not yet been established. In many scientific settings, such as randomized controlled trials, sampling and statistical errors often occur when handling samples from healthy volunteers...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Merhunisa Talovic, Aziz Sheikh, Nicola McCleary, Maijaliisa Erkkola, Minna Kaila, Suvi M Virtanen, Bright I Nwaru
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is associated with several hormonal changes which influence the developing fetus. Variations in maternal endogenous hormones and prepregnancy use of hormonal preparations have been linked to asthma and allergy in the offspring, but findings are inconsistent. We plan to undertake a systematic review to synthesise the evidence on the association between endogenous and exogenous maternal sex hormones and the risk of asthma and allergy in the offspring. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Institute of Scientific Information Web of Science, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health, Scopus, Google Scholar, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Global Health, Psychological Information (PsycINFO), Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience (CAB) International and WHO Global Health Library from inception until 2016 to identify relevant studies on the topic...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
Annette M O'Connor, Brent W Auvermann, Rungano S Dzikamunhenga, Julie M Glanville, Julian P T Higgins, Shelley P Kirychuk, Jan M Sargeant, Sarah C Totton, Hannah Wood, Susanna G Von Essen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to update a systematic review of associations between living near an animal feeding operation (AFO) and human health. METHODS: The MEDLINE® and MEDLINE® In-Process, Centre for Agricultural Biosciences Abstracts, and Science Citation Index databases were searched. Reference lists of included articles were hand-searched. Eligible studies reported exposure to an AFO and an individual-level human health outcome. Two reviewers performed study selection and data extraction...
April 18, 2017: Systematic Reviews
Marcia Day Childress
Stories have always been central to medicine, but during the twentieth century bioscience all but eclipsed narrative's presence in medical practice. In Doctors' Stories, published in 1991, Kathryn Montgomery excavated medicine's narrative foundations and functions to reveal new possibilities for how to conceive and characterize medicine. Physicians' engagement with stories has since flourished, especially through the narrative medicine movement, although in the twenty-first century this has been challenged by the health care industry's business-minded and data-driven clinical systems...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
Kris A Descovich, Jennifer Wathan, Matthew C Leach, Hannah M Buchanan-Smith, Paul Flecknell, David Farningham, Sarah-Jane Vick
Animal welfare is a key issue for industries that use or impact upon animals. The accurate identification of welfare states is particularly relevant to the field of bioscience, where the 3Rs framework encourages refinement of experimental procedures involving animal models. The assessment and improvement of welfare states in animals depends on reliable and valid measurement tools. Behavioral measures (activity, attention, posture and vocalization) are frequently used because they are immediate and non-invasive, however no single indicator can yield a complete picture of the internal state of an animal...
2017: ALTEX
Philipp Schmid, Dorothee Rauber, Cornelia Betsch, Gianni Lidolt, Marie-Luisa Denker
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccine hesitancy is a significant threat to global efforts to reduce the burden of seasonal and pandemic influenza. Potential barriers of influenza vaccination need to be identified to inform interventions to raise awareness, influenza vaccine acceptance and uptake. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to (1) identify relevant studies and extract individual barriers of seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccination for risk groups and the general public; and (2) map knowledge gaps in understanding influenza vaccine hesitancy to derive directions for further research and inform interventions in this area...
2017: PloS One
Ayelet Kuper, Paula Veinot, Jennifer Leavitt, Sarah Levitt, Amanda Li, Jeannette Goguen, Martin Schreiber, Lisa Richardson, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: While medical curricula were traditionally almost entirely comprised of bioscientific knowledge, widely accepted competency frameworks now make clear that physicians must be competent in far more than biomedical knowledge and technical skills. For example, of the influential CanMEDS roles, six are conceptually based in the social sciences and humanities (SSH). Educators frequently express uncertainty about what to teach in this area. This study concretely identifies the knowledge beyond bioscience needed to support the training of physicians competent in the six non-Medical Expert CanMEDS roles...
February 2017: Medical Education
Jessica W Tsai, Fanuel Muindi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Nature Biotechnology
Kevin J Doody, E Jason Broome, Kathleen M Doody
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to to compare the efficacy of intravaginal culture (IVC) of embryos in INVOcell™ (INVO Bioscience, MA, USA) to traditional in vitro fertilization (IVF) incubators in a laboratory setting using a mild pre-determined stimulation regimen based solely on anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) and body weight with minimal ultrasound monitoring. The primary endpoint examined was total quality blastocysts expressed as a percentage of total oocytes placed in incubation...
April 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Yenna Salamonson, Lucie M Ramjan, Simon van den Nieuwenhuizen, Lauren Metcalfe, Sungwon Chang, Bronwyn Everett
This paper examines the relationship between nursing students' sense of coherence, self-regulated learning and academic performance in bioscience. While there is increasing recognition of a need to foster students' self-regulated learning, little is known about the relationship of psychological strengths, particularly sense of coherence and academic performance. Using a prospective, correlational design, 563 first year nursing students completed the three dimensions of sense of coherence scale - comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness, and five components of self-regulated learning strategy - elaboration, organisation, rehearsal, self-efficacy and task value...
March 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Sheila Mortimer-Jones, Peter Wall, Susan Russell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Australian Nursing & Midwifery Journal
Carmel Davies, Catherine Redmond, Sinead O Toole, Barbara Coughlan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this discursive paper is to explore the question 'has biological science reconciled mind and body?'. BACKGROUND: This paper has been inspired by the recognition that bioscience has a historical reputation for privileging the body over the mind. The disregard for the mind (emotions and behaviour) cast bioscience within a 'mind-body problem' paradigm. It has also led to inherent limitations in its capacity to contribute to understanding the complex nature of health...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Judith M Harackiewicz, Elizabeth A Canning, Yoi Tibbetts, Cynthia J Giffen, Seth S Blair, Douglas I Rouse, Janet S Hyde
Many students start college intending to pursue a career in the biosciences, but too many abandon this goal because they struggle in introductory biology. Interventions have been developed to close achievement gaps for underrepresented minority students and women, but no prior research has attempted to close the gap for first-generation students, a population that accounts for nearly a fifth of college students. We report a values affirmation intervention conducted with 798 U.S. students (154 first-generation) in an introductory biology course for majors...
May 1, 2014: Journal of Educational Psychology
Magda Rocha, Maria Isabel Guimarães
The adaptation of the student career construction inventory was carried out with a Portuguese sample of 356 first-year economics, management, psychology, nursing, nutrition sciences, bio-engineering, and biosciences students (244 women, 112 men; M age = 19.4, SD = 4.4) in the Catholic University of Portugal, Porto. Confirmatory factorial analysis supported the prior structure of the reflective models, with acceptable fit indexes. Internal consistency coefficients for the scales were poor to acceptable (.51 to ...
December 2012: Psychological Reports
Judy Craft, Peter Hudson, Mark Plenderleith, Lisa Wirihana, Christopher Gordon
It is known that bioscience is perceived to be difficult and causes anxiety within undergraduate nursing students; yet, commencing students' perceptions of bioscience is not known. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ascertain incoming students' perceptions, knowledge and approaches to learning bioscience. Incoming students to the Bachelor of Nursing completed a questionnaire prior to undertaking bioscience. Two hundred and seventy three students completed the questionnaire that explored their expectations, preconceptions of bioscience content, approaches to learning bioscience, and relationship to clinical practice in the context of biosciences...
November 2013: Nurse Education Today
Douglas A Granger, Christine K Fortunato, Emilie K Beltzer, Marta Virag, Melissa A Bright, Dorothée Out
The characterization of the salivary proteome and advances in biotechnology create an opportunity for developmental scientists to measure multi-level components of biological systems in oral fluids and identify relationships with developmental processes and behavioral and social forces. The implications for developmental science are profound because from a single oral fluid specimen, information can be obtained about a broad array of biological systems and the genetic polymorphisms related to their function...
August 2012: Journal of Adolescence
Andy Stirling
Public engagement is not in tension with science, but actually a way to be more rigorous - as well as more democratic - about social choice of biotechnology.
January 2012: PLoS Biology
Brian David Hodges, Ayelet Kuper
Medical education practice is more often the result of tradition, ritual, culture, and history than of any easily expressed theoretical or conceptual framework. The authors explain the importance and nature of the role of theory in the design and conduct of graduate medical education. They outline three groups of theories relevant to graduate medical education: bioscience theories, learning theories, and sociocultural theories. Bioscience theories are familiar to many medical educators but are often misperceived as truths rather than theories...
January 2012: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
M Taki, A Shirahata
We conducted a questionnaire survey of haemophilia treaters participating in the Fourth Seminar on Regular Replacement Therapy (sponsored by Baxter Bioscience, 4 March 2006) to clarify the current status (up to January 2006) of replacement therapy for haemophilia. The haemophilia treaters including medical doctor, nurse belonged to 48 institutions located in the 23 prefectures of Japan. Topics included age at the initiation of regular replacement therapy (prophylaxis), and expected future situation of patients who are currently receiving prophylaxis...
January 2009: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Trevor J Howe, Guy Mahieu, Patrick Marichal, Tom Tabruyn, Pieter Vugts
Pre-clinical drug discovery relies increasingly on huge volumes of inter-related multivariate data. To make sense of these data and enable quality decision-making based on this plethora of information they must be presented in an interpretable form. Reducing the dimensionality of the data often leaves a data set that is too complex to interpret readily, so intuitive visualization methods are needed. Bioinformatics has provided much of the impetus for visualizing complex data, the cheminformatics community has been aggressive with the data-reduction problem...
January 2007: Drug Discovery Today
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