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Physical Education Teens

Pamela H Kulinna, Charles B Corbin, Hyeonho Yu
BACKGROUND: Previous research findings from Project Active Teen demonstrated the effectiveness of high school conceptual physical education (CPE) in promoting active lifestyles. METHOD: This study followed Project Active Teen participants 20 years after graduation from high school and 24 years after taking a CPE class. Physical activity behaviors were assessed using the same procedures as previous Project Active Teen studies. Activity patterns were compared with patterns while in high school and shortly after high school graduation...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Susan Achora, Gloria Thupayagale-Tshweneagae, Oluwaseyi A Akpor, Yohana J S Mashalla
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based sexuality education programmes are a cornerstone in reducing adolescent sexual risk behaviours and promoting sexual health. Several initiatives aimed at reducing sexual and reproductive problems among adolescents have been done. These initiatives include life skill education and abstinence program. Despite these initiatives teen pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases and abortion are still common among school going adolescents. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences and perceptions of adolescents and teachers regarding school-based sexuality education in rural primary schools...
October 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Dorothy L Espelage, Jordan P Davis, Kathleen C Basile, Whitney L Rostad, Ruth W Leemis
PURPOSE: Sexual violence (SV), teen dating violence (TDV), and substance use are significant public health concerns among U.S. adolescents. This study examined whether latent classes of baseline alcohol and prescription drug misuse longitudinally predict SV and TDV victimization and perpetration (i.e., verbal,relational, physical/threatening, and sexual) 1 year later. METHODS: Students from six Midwestern high schools (n = 1,875; grades 9-11) completed surveys across two consecutive spring semesters...
November 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Michael E Bodner, Pauline Lyna, Truls Østbye, Terrill Bravender, Stewart C Alexander, James A Tulsky, Pao-Hwa Lin, Kathryn I Pollak
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the accuracy and congruence of recall of weight topics during clinical encounters between adolescent patients with overweight/obesity and physicians (randomized to Motivational Interviewing education vs. control arm). METHODS: We audio recorded 357 clinic encounters and coded topics of weight, physical activity (PA), breakfast, and fast food. We assessed recall accuracy/congruence. Generalized estimation equation modeling assessed associations between selected factors and recall accuracy...
July 26, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
Lorena Jung, Elizabeth Courts, Pam Webber, Qiuping Pearl Zhou
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Serum and physical risk factors for the development of heart disease and diabetes are detectable long before adulthood. The purpose of this two-part study was to assess the prevalence and associations of these risk factors in teens and determine the effectiveness of a customizable two-part electronic education program on minimizing identified risks. METHODS: Data were collected from teens (n = 168) from two high schools (one urban and one rural) in the mid-Atlantic region...
August 6, 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Marta Torres-Ferrus, Carme Vila-Sala, Manuel Quintana, Sara Ajanovic, Victor José Gallardo, Juan Bernardo Gomez, José Alvarez-Sabin, Alfons Macaya, Patricia Pozo-Rosich
Objective To evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of headache and its relationship with comorbidities and lifestyle in a teenage population. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. Data was collected from students aged 12-18 years from six different schools in Catalonia, Spain. They completed an anonymous questionnaire with demographic, lifestyle, medical data, presence of recurrent headaches and its features, and completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. We defined probable migraine if headache presented ≥ 3 ICHD-3 beta criteria for migraine...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Laureen H Smith, Rick L Petosa, Abigail Shoben
BACKGROUND: Rural Appalachian populations have poorer health and fewer positive health-related behaviors compared to other United States populations. Appalachians are the most sedentary U.S. population and teens are particularly sedentary. Obesity prevention through improving physical activity is a top priority in Rural Healthy People 2020. Obesity prevalence among Appalachian teens exceeds the national rates of 13.9% and has consistently been greater than 26%. Organized sports has not been effective at improving daily physical activity or health outcomes for Appalachian teens...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
Rachel S Dawson
Adolescence is a stressful time with a considerable amount of change, not only physically, with all the changes expected throughout puberty, but also emotionally, spiritually, and psychosocially. Teens are learning how to build and sustain relationships, learning boundaries in all areas of their lives, experimenting, as well as setting values that will sustain them throughout their lives. Home, school, various social settings, and places of worship all contribute to where adolescents learn what their values are, what they want their values to be, and how they start to make choices about their personal beliefs, which may not always align with their family values...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Megan R Winkler, Jerica M Berge, Nicole Larson, Katie A Loth, Melanie Wall, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of health-focused (healthy eating, physical activity) and weight-focused (weight, dieting) parent-child conversations, and to understand who is talking and who is listening, by exploring the associations these conversations have with parent and child characteristics. The study population included 546 parents (age 27-36 years) who participated in Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults)-IV (2015-2016) and had a child aged 2-17 years. Cross-sectional prevalence ratios were calculated to identify associations between parent and child characteristics and the parent-child conversations...
July 1, 2018: Appetite
Mary J Christoph, Nicole Larson, Melissa N Laska, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Nutrition labels are a low-cost tool with the potential to encourage healthy eating habits. OBJECTIVE: To investigate correlates of frequent Nutrition Facts label use, describe the types of label information most often used, and measure how label use relates to dietary intake in young adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study of young adults participating in Project Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults-IV...
February 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Janet B Lee, Grisselle DeFrank, John Gaipa, Martha Arden
BACKGROUND: Since the 1960s, school-based health centers (SBHC) in the United States have emerged and grown with the mission of providing primary medical, reproductive, and mental health services, as well as comprehensive health education, to all students who are enrolled in the participating school. SBHCs have demonstrated a unique ability to reduce barriers to medical care for underserved populations in New York City, including undocumented immigrants and those who are of lower income status...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
Ashley Bakke
Chronicaly ill pre-teens and adolescents often spend months as inpatients while undergoing treatment. This population includes but is not limited to oncology, transplant, physically disabled, and medically fragile pediatric patients. Sexual health education is often considered less important than the complex disease states and medical issues faced by pediatric inpatients. Many clinicians fail to realize the value of providing this guidance as a necessary part of the physical and psychosocial health of these young patients...
November 2016: Urologic Nursing
Jason H Wasfy, Charles Stewart, Vijeta Bhambhani
IMPORTANCE: In the U.S. presidential election of 2016, substantial shift in voting patterns occurred relative to previous elections. Although this shift has been associated with both education and race, the extent to which this shift was related to public health status is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which county community health was associated with changes in voting between the presidential elections of 2016 and 2012. DESIGN: Ecological study with principal component analysis (PCA) using principal axis method to extract the components, then generalized linear regression...
2017: PloS One
Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Lobo Hung Tak Louie, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Ko Ling Chan, Agnes Tiwari, Chun Bong Chow, Walter Ho, William Wong, Meanne Chan, Eric Yu Hai Chen, Yiu Fai Cheung, Patrick Ip
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a positive youth development (PYD)-based sports mentorship program on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents recruited in a community setting. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial in which we recruited students from 12 secondary schools in Hong Kong, China. Participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to an intervention or a control arm after stratification for school from October 2013 to June 2014...
October 2017: Pediatrics
Lisa Kakinami, Erin K O'Loughlin, Jennifer Brunet, Erika N Dugas, Evelyn Constantin, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer O'Loughlin
OBJECTIVES: Intensity and duration of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior are individually associated with sleep, but their independent associations are poorly characterized. The objectives of this study were to determine if PA and/or sedentary behavior are/is associated with sleep quality and/or quantity in a young adult sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Montreal, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n=658) from the Nicotine Dependence in Teens Study...
February 2017: Sleep Health
Arturo Loredo-Abdalá, Edgar Vargas-Campuzano, Abigail Casas-Muñoz, Jessica González-Corona, César Jesús Gutiérrez-Leyva
Teen pregnancy (TP) is a global public health problem that affects the physical and emotional health, educational and economic status of prospective parents and often also affects the product of gestation. In most cases, the TP is an unplanned event, and often difficult to accept by the couple. But it is more complicated for the future mother who suddenly finds herself without the protection of the couple, her family and her school companions. The risks to which the young mothers are exposed are diverse, but include: submitting to a clandestine abortion, falling into drug addiction, prostitution and crime; Also, it should be noted that with so many adversities, she can develop child maltreatment and frequently, she may be attacked at home, at school or in society giving rise to the twin phenomena of child abuse...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Flora Antwi, Natalya Fazylova, Marie-Carmel Garcon, Liliana Lopez, Rosagna Rubiano, Jason T Slyer
REVIEW OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to synthesise the best available evidence on the effectiveness of web-based programs on the reduction of childhood obesity in school age children. BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. The problem is global and is steadily affecting many low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings.[1] The prevalence has increased at an alarming rate globally...
2012: JBI Library of Systematic Reviews
Hye Jeong Choi, Rebecca Weston, Jeff R Temple
Although multiple forms (i.e., physical, threatening, psychological, sexual, and relational abuse) and patterns (i.e., perpetration and victimization) of violence can co-occur, most existing research examines these experiences individually. Thus, the purpose of this study is to investigate: (1) homogenous subgroups based on victimization and perpetration of multiple forms of teen dating violence; (2) predictors of membership in these subgroups; and (3) mental health consequences associated with membership in each subgroup...
April 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
C Liné, M R Moro, H Lefèvre, J Thievenaz, J Lachal
Social representations generally associate obesity, especially in adolescent girls, with sedentariness, lack of self-control and laziness. These girls thus have substantial problems of self-esteem. Dietary, lifestyle and behavioural approaches alone cannot address this issue, for they do not apprehend all of the complexity of obesity. This qualitative study is based on a dual observation: that the work performed by adolescents is unrecognized and that the body is not considered as a subject of analysis. It raises the question of the corporality of these teens through an original perspective: that of the perspective of their organization of actions on, to and by the body, in specific situations...
October 2016: Clinical Obesity
Ninive Sanchez, Hillary Jones
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a major public health problem that affects women's physical and mental health. According to the US National Institutes of Health Office of Disease Prevention, there is a need to improve public awareness of the syndrome among health care providers and the public. Women's magazines are a type of "edutainment" that publish health content in addition to beauty, fashion, and entertainment content. These media have the potential to expose primarily female readers to content on PCOS and influence readers' beliefs and attitudes about women with PCOS...
June 2, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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