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Digital psychiatry

Chul-Hyun Cho, Heon-Jeong Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Psychiatry Investigation
Helen Y Xu, Jacob Stroud, Renee K Jozanovic, Jon Clucas, Jake Jungwoo Son, Bonhwang Koo, Juliet Schwarz, Arno Klein, Rachel Busman, Michael P Milham
Selective Mutism (SM) is an anxiety disorder often diagnosed in early childhood and characterized by persistent failure to speak in certain social situations but not others. Diagnosing SM and monitoring treatment response can be quite complex, due in part to changing definitions of and scarcity of research about the disorder. Subjective self-reports and parent/teacher interviews can complicate SM diagnosis and therapy, given that similar speech problems of etiologically heterogeneous origin can be attributed to SM...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Thomas R Insel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
Martyn Pickersgill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
Narayana Manjunatha, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Suresh Bada Math, Jagadisha Thirthalli
Background: Primary Care Doctors (PCDs) are the first contact for majority of patients with psychiatric disorders across the world including India. They often provide symptomatic treatment which is naturally inadequate. Absence or inadequate exposure to psychiatric training during undergraduate medical education is one of the prime reasons. Classroom training (CRT), a standard practice to train PCDs is driven by specialist based psychiatric curriculum and inherently lacks clinical translational value...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Justin T Baker, Laura T Germine, Kerry J Ressler, Scott L Rauch, William A Carlezon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Nathaniel P Morris
Millions of Americans rely on Internet access to fulfill everyday needs, yet psychiatric units frequently restrict patients from going online. This article reviews the evolution of legal rights for hospitalized psychiatric patients in the United States over the past 50 years and argues that legal oversight of psychiatric hospitalization has not kept pace with the rise of digital technology. As a result of this discrepancy, Internet access on inpatient psychiatry remains controversial and often varies by institution...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
John Torous, Joseph Firth, Kit Huckvale, Mark E Larsen, Theodore D Cosco, Rebekah Carney, Steven Chan, Abhishek Pratap, Peter Yellowlees, Til Wykes, Matcheri Keshavan, Helen Christensen
With over 10,000 mental health- and psychiatry-related smartphone apps available today and expanding, there is a need for reliable and valid evaluation of these digital tools. However, the updating and nonstatic nature of smartphone apps, expanding privacy concerns, varying degrees of usability, and evolving interoperability standards, among other factors, present serious challenges for app evaluation. In this article, we provide a narrative review of various schemes toward app evaluations, including commercial app store metrics, government initiatives, patient-centric approaches, point-based scoring, academic platforms, and expert review systems...
August 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Senem Sezikli, Tuğba Argün Pulat, Betül Tekin, Pelin Doğan Ak, Cahit Keskinkılıç, Dilek Ataklı
PURPOSE: The study aimed to examine the relationship between frontal lobe functions and interictal electroencephalography (EEG) discharge characteristics of patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). METHOD: Thirty patients with JME who had EEG with asymmetrical generalized discharge (aEEG), 15 patients with JME who had EEG with symmetrical generalized discharge (sEEG), and 15 healthy controls were included in the study. To evaluate attention, the digit span and Corsi block tests were used; to evaluate memory, we applied verbal and visual memory tests; to evaluate frontal lobe functions, we used clock drawing, verbal fluency, the Stroop test, trail making, mental control, and antisaccadic eye movement tests as well as the continuous performance (CPT) tests...
September 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
S M P van Veen, M Mostert, L de Witte, M Somers
BACKGROUND: Dutch patients will be granted the right to digitally access their own medical records, an option already available to the patients at the University Medical Center Utrecht since 2015. AIM: To start a conversation about the development of readily accessible online patient records. METHODS Describe the experiences of a University department of psychiatry with an online patient portal, obtained through discussions and questionnaires. RESULTS: During the next few years three legal developments will enable patients to acquire direct, remote, digital access to their medical files...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Biju Viswanath, Naren P Rao, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Palanimuthu T Sivakumar, Arun Kandasamy, Muralidharan Kesavan, Urvakhsh Meherwan Mehta, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, John P John, Odity Mukherjee, Meera Purushottam, Ramakrishnan Kannan, Bhupesh Mehta, Thennarasu Kandavel, B Binukumar, Jitender Saini, Deepak Jayarajan, A Shyamsundar, Sydney Moirangthem, K G Vijay Kumar, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Prabha S Chandra, Bangalore N Gangadhar, Pratima Murthy, Mitradas M Panicker, Upinder S Bhalla, Sumantra Chattarji, Vivek Benegal, Mathew Varghese, Janardhan Y C Reddy, Padinjat Raghu, Mahendra Rao, Sanjeev Jain
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence that there are shared genetic, environmental and developmental risk factors in psychiatry, that cut across traditional diagnostic boundaries. With this background, the Discovery biology of neuropsychiatric syndromes (DBNS) proposes to recruit patients from five different syndromes (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, Alzheimer's dementia and substance use disorders), identify those with multiple affected relatives, and invite these families to participate in this study...
April 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Michelle Colder Carras, Ramin Mojtabai, Bernadette Cullen
OBJECTIVE: Popular media applications have been shown to benefit people with severe mental illness by facilitating communication and social support, helping patients cope with or manage symptoms, and providing a way to monitor or predict mental health states. Although many studies of technology use by individuals with severe mental illness have focused primarily on use of social media, this study provides additional information about use of Internet applications such as blogs, wikis (websites that allow collaborative editing of content and structure by users), video games, and Skype by a community psychiatry population...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Timothy Peters-Strickland, Ainslie Hatch, Anke Adenwala, Katie Atkinson, Benjamin Bartfeld
Background: The digital medicine system (DMS), a drug-device combination developed for patients with serious mental illness, integrates adherence measurement with pharmacologic treatment by embedding an ingestible sensor in a pill, allowing for information sharing among patients, health care providers (HCPs), and caregivers via a mobile interface. Studies conducted during the DMS development process aimed to minimize cognitive burden and use-related risks and demonstrated effective use of the technology...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Jung Won Kim, John Torous, Steven Chan, Shih Yee-Marie Tan Gipson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Academic Psychiatry
Peter Byrne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
David Shumway Jones, Gerald M Oppenheimer
Most historians, epidemiologists, and physicians credit the Framing-ham Heart Study for introducing the term "risk factor" to public health and medicine. Many add that the term came from life insurance companies. This familiar history is incorrect. Taking advantage of the expanding availability of digitized and full-text searchable journals, textbooks, newspapers, and other sources, we have uncovered a deeper and broader history. Antecedent concepts (such as risk, factor, predisposition) have ancient roots...
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
Paul J Harrison, John R Geddes, Elizabeth M Tunbridge
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a leading cause of global disability. Its biological basis is unknown, and its treatment unsatisfactory. Here, we review two recent areas of progress. First, the discovery of risk genes and their implications, with a focus on voltage-gated calcium channels as part of the disease process and as a drug target. Second, facilitated by new technologies, it is increasingly apparent that the bipolar phenotype is more complex and nuanced than simply one of recurring manic and depressive episodes...
January 2018: Trends in Neurosciences
A Bourla, F Ferreri, L Ogorzelec, C Guinchard, S Mouchabac
OBJECTIVES: The search for objective clinical signs is a constant practitioners' and researchers' concern in psychiatry. New technologies (embedded sensors, artificial intelligence) give an easier access to untapped information such as passive data (i.e. that do not require patient intervention). The concept of "digital phenotype" is emerging in psychiatry: a psychomotor alteration translated by accelerometer's modifications contrasting with the usual functioning of the subject, or the graphorrhea of patients presenting a manic episode which is replaced by an increase of SMS sent...
April 2018: L'Encéphale
Roberta Murphy, Elliot Clissold, Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: WHO's mental health gap action programme intervention guide (mhGAP-IG) is an evidence-based tool aimed at front-line health workers in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). Its potential to improve global mental health education, especially through digital technologies, has been little studied. Problem-based learning (PBL) is usually conducted face-to-face, but its remote application could facilitate cross-cultural education. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate PBL, applied to peer-to-peer global mental health e-learning (Aqoon), using mhGAP-IG...
November 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
Thomas R Insel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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