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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772830/impact-of-instructor-professional-background-and-interim-retesting-on-knowledge-and-self-confidence-of-schoolchildren-after-basic-life-support-training-a-cluster-randomised-longitudinal-study
#1
Rainer Haseneder, Matthias Skrzypczak, Bernhard Haller, Stefan K Beckers, Julia Holch, Christina Wank, Eberhard Kochs, Christian M Schulz
INTRODUCTION: To increase the rate of bystander resuscitation, basic life support (BLS) training for schoolchildren is now recommended on a broad level. However, debate continues about the optimal teaching methods. In this study, we investigated the effects of a 90 min BLS training on female pupils' BLS knowledge and self-confidence and whether learning outcomes were influenced by the instructors' professional backgrounds or test-enhanced learning. METHODS: We conducted a cluster randomised, longitudinal trial in a girls' grammar school in Germany from 2013 to 2014...
February 16, 2019: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772529/changing-the-way-we-train-surgeons-in-the-21th-century-a-narrative-comparative-review-focused-on-box-trainers-and-virtual-reality-simulators
#2
REVIEW
I G Papanikolaou, D Haidopoulos, M Paschopoulos, I Chatzipapas, D Loutradis, N F Vlahos
The traditional method of acquiring surgical skills by observing and assisting in surgical procedures involving human beings has been challenged during the past several years. Lessons obtained from aviation suggested that the use of simulators is related to reduced costs, increased efficiency in performing certain tasks and above all safety. A shift in paradigm is also required in modern surgical training. The development of endoscopic surgery allowed for the incorporation of medical simulators into training programmes...
January 22, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771131/a-comparison-of-video-prompting-to-least-to-most-prompting-among-children-with-autism-and-intellectual-disability
#3
Mashal Salman Aljehany, Kyle D Bennett
Students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID) may experience challenges when learning tasks that are complex and require numerous steps. This difficulty can lead to employment issues for this population of learners. Therefore, researchers have explored methods to teach employment-related tasks to students with ASD and ID. Two such procedures are video prompting (VP) and least-to-most prompting. These procedures are frequently combined as an intervention package to boost student responding...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771121/preparedness-to-prescribe-antibiotics-responsibly-a-comparison-between-final-year-medical-students-in-france-and-sweden
#4
Oliver James Dyar, Maria Lund, Cecilia Lindsjö, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Céline Pulcini
Students should graduate from medical school feeling prepared to prescribe antibiotics responsibly. We assessed self-reported preparedness among students at medical schools in Europe, and we focus here on the results from students in Sweden and France, countries with wide differences in the intensity of antibiotic consumption and burden of antibiotic resistance. We conducted a cross-sectional web-based survey in 2015, based on a comprehensive set of topics related to prudent antibiotic use. All final year students at a medical school in France or Sweden were eligible to participate...
February 15, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767668/using-stereoscopic-visualizations-as-templates-to-construct-a-spatial-hands-on-representation-is-there-a-novelty-effect
#5
Martin Remmele, Andreas Martens
Sculpting representations of human organs out of modeling clay is an acknowledged method of teaching anatomical structures. Because of its potential to provide detailed spatial information, stereoscopic imagery can be understood to function as a suitable template for such sculpting tasks. Currently, it is unknown whether the advantages of stereoscopic images for modeling structures result from enhanced depth impression alone, or whether task performance is impacted by factors such as situational intrinsic motivation and perceived competence while sculpting a human organ using stereoscopic imagery as template...
March 1, 2019: Advances in Physiology Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767190/animated-stories-of-medical-error-as-a-means-of-teaching-undergraduates-patient-safety-an-evaluation-study
#6
Kerri Cooper, Emma Hatfield, James Yeomans
BACKGROUND: Storytelling is a powerful form of communication which can improve attention and lead to lasting behavioural changes. Addressing the need to incorporate patient safety teaching into undergraduate medical curricula, it was hypothesized that medical students could benefit from hearing clinician stories of medical error. The medium of animation was considered to be a potentially engaging means of presenting stories of error to a large audience. METHODS: Three animated videos were developed to accompany audio recordings of junior doctors describing their experiences of a serious incident or near-miss event...
February 14, 2019: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763266/behcet-s-disease-and-pregnancy-obstetrical-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-12-million-births
#7
Seohyuk Lee, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Haim Arie Abenhaim
Background Behcet's disease (BD) is a rare, multi-systemic inflammatory disorder for which only limited and contradictory data exists in the context of pregnancy. Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of BD in pregnancy and to evaluate maternal and fetal outcomes associated with pregnant women living with BD. Methods Using the 1999-2013 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample from the United States, we performed a population-based retrospective cohort study consisting of pregnancies that occurred during this time period...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762751/the-efficacy-of-the-new-medical-internship-management-network-system
#8
Oudong Xia, Jiaqi Ye, Anqi Lin, Yating Chen, Wenjie Guo, Tszhei Fong, Ruolan Qian, Peng Luo, Zhirong Zeng
With the increasing number of medical students and scattered host hospitals, the traditional clinical internship management system has been falling behind. Thus, we have independently developed a new clinical practice management system based on the browser/server structure.We aim to evaluate the efficacy of the new medical management system on the quality of the internship and survey the users' satisfaction.This study was conducted on the students of Second Clinical Medical College of Southern Medical University, including 672 interns (non-user group) who had not used the system and 315 users (user group)...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761707/is-it-possible-to-teach-geriatric-medicine-in-a-stimulating-way-measuring-the-effect-of-active-learning-activities-in-brazilian-medical-students
#9
Alessandra L G Lucchetti, Bruna S V F Duarte, Thaís V de Assis, Bruna O Laurindo, Giancarlo Lucchetti
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of a Brazilian medical school in implementing different active methods to teach Geriatric Medicine, reporting the students' opinions and satisfaction with the classes and comparing pre- and postcourse measurements of knowledge, attitudes and skills. METHODS: A total of 166 third-year medical students received different active theoretical-practical activities for teaching Geriatric Medicine and their knowledge, attitudes, clinical skills and satisfaction were investigated...
February 14, 2019: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758399/assessing-how-emergency-and-trauma-ultrasonography-is-taught-to-medical-students
#10
José Cruvinel Neto, Vinicius Rinaldi Vieira Marcondes, Marcelo Augusto Fontenelle Ribeiro Junior
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a method aimed at teaching ultrasound techniques to medical students in emergency settings. METHODS: A prospective study conducted with 66 sixth-year undergraduate medical students. Students participated in theory and practicing sessions with a 5-hour load; knowledge acquisition was assessed through pre- and post-course and 90-day tests. A questionnaire were distributed to the students after course completion for theoretical and practical knowledge assessment...
February 7, 2019: Einstein
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758272/understanding-transition-for-youth-with-spinal-cord-injury-youth-and-caregiver-perceptions
#11
Alexander Porto, Lara Anderson, Tyler Kalinich, Kyle C Deane, Lawrence C Vogel, Kathy Zebracki
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to understand facilitators of and barriers to achieving positive transition results among youth with spinal cord injury (SCI), and to identify areas for intervention to improve transition outcomes. DESIGN: This study utilized qualitative methods and analysis was completed using Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included adolescents (n = 9, range = 13-18 years old), young adults (n = 14, range = 22-30 years old) with an SCI, and their respective caregivers (n = 17)...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758112/counselling-training-for-speech-language-therapists-working-with-people-affected-by-post-stroke-aphasia-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Jasvinder K Sekhon, Jennifer Oates, Ian Kneebone, Miranda Rose
BACKGROUND: Speech-language therapists use counselling to address the psychological well-being of people affected by post-stroke aphasia. Speech-language therapists report low counselling knowledge, skill and confidence for working in post-stroke aphasia which may be related to a lack of counselling training specific to the needs of this client group. AIMS: To identify current training in counselling for speech-language therapists to address psychological well-being in people affected by post-stroke aphasia...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753907/emergence-of-haemophilus-influenzae-with-low-susceptibility-to-quinolones-and-persistence-in-tosufloxacin-treatment
#13
Emi Tanaka, Naoki Hara, Takeaki Wajima, Shoko Ochiai, Shoji Seyama, Atsuko Shirai, Meiwa Shibata, Hiroyuki Shiro, Yoshiaki Natsume, Norihisa Noguchi
BACKGROUND: In Japan, usage of non-β-lactam agents has increased due to the prevalence of β-lactam resistant pathogens. This study aimed to clarify the recent trend of antimicrobial susceptibility and molecular epidemiological features in Haemophilus influenzae. METHODS: Fifty-seven H. influenzae isolated from a Japanese teaching hospital in 2017 were characterized, and the data were compared with those of a previous study. The MICs were determined using the broth dilution methods Genetic backgrounds were compared by Multilocus sequence typing...
February 9, 2019: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747637/evaluating-surgery-resident-technical-skills-intestinal-anastomosis-in-a-porcine-model
#14
G Alan Hyde, Brent L Soder, J Daniel Stanley, Benjamin W Dart, Jenny M Holcombe, Richard G Cook, R Phillip Burns, Eric C Nelson
Because work hour restrictions and technological developments such as staplers change the surgical landscape, efficient resident training methods are necessary to ensure surgical quality. This study evaluates efficacy of a porcine skills laboratory for teaching surgery residents to perform handsewn intestinal anastomoses based on a validated subjective tool and novel objective measurements. We hypothesized that resident performance would improve postintervention; junior residents would improve more than the seniors would...
November 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747452/a-comparison-of-methods-to-teach-foreign-language-targets-to-young-children
#15
Ashley L Matter, Katie M Wiskow, Jeanne M Donaldson
Using instructional strategies based on derived relational responding (DRR) to teach foreign-language targets may result in emergent, untrained foreign-language relations. One benefit of using DRR instructional strategies is the efficiency with which an individual acquires additional stimulus relations as a result of emergent responding following acquisition of one or a small number of relations. In the current study, we compared the efficiency of tact training alone to a traditional foreign-language teaching strategy (i...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746854/how-can-training-in-care-of-the-dying-be-improved
#16
Sareena Gajebasia, Jessica Pearce, Melody Redman, Miriam Johnson, Gabrielle Finn
BACKGROUND: Care of the dying patient is an intrinsic part of the role of Foundation Year doctors (FYs). This study aimed to explore FYs' experiences of training and their perceived training needs for their role in care of the dying. Care of the dying patient is an intrinsic part of the role of Foundation Year doctors METHODS: All FYs in one Foundation school were invited to take part in semi-structured group or individual interviews. A total of 8 group interviews and 21 individual interviews were conducted with 47 participants...
February 12, 2019: Clinical Teacher
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746673/comparative-study-of-post-graduate-training-programs-in-public-health-in-the-great-maghreb-countries
#17
Abdelkrim Soulimane, Ahmed Ben Abdelaziz, Zineb Serhier, Sid Ahmed Dahdi, Mohamed Amine Merbouh
BACKGROUND: Training in public health, an essential lever for the success of health programs, mobilizes several disciplines, from the description of health situations to the study of their determinants, and to health management. OBJECTIVE: To compare postgraduate training programs in Public Health, provided in the countries of the Greater Maghreb. METHODS: Through a documentary study, various components of post-graduate training in Public Health in the Maghreb have been identified: offers and methods of training, learning objectives, program content and reference skills...
October 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30745352/blended-module-based-teaching-in-biostatistics-and-research-methodology-a-retrospective-study-with-postgraduate-dental-students
#18
Sheeja Saji Varghese, Asha Ramesh, Deepak Nallaswamy Veeraiyan
Information technology has stimulated efforts to reform teaching methods in dental education. Most of these efforts involve a shift from conventional mode to the more technology-savvy and student-centered approach. The aim of this study was to compare postgraduate dental students' academic performance using two teaching methodologies (video-based learning and blended module-based learning) in a biostatistics and research methodology course in a master's program at a dental college in India. This retrospective study involved two groups of students enrolled in the master's program with different years of admission: Group I in 2013-14 (n=80) and Group II in 2015-16 (n=80)...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30745346/effectiveness-of-augmented-reality-mobile-simulator-in-teaching-local-anesthesia-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block
#19
Rasa Mladenovic, L A P Pereira, Kristina Mladenovic, Nebojsa Videnovic, Zoran Bukumiric, Jovan Mladenovic
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a mobile augmented reality simulator for local anesthesia training with dental students who are administering inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) for the first time. Participants in this prospective study conducted in 2016 were 41 fourth- and fifth-year students randomly divided into two groups: a control group with 19 students and an experimental group with 22 students. In addition to theoretical instruction and exercises, students in the experimental group used the mobile augmented reality simulator in a dental office 2h weekly for four weeks...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30745343/assessing-effectiveness-of-an-audiovisual-educational-tool-for-improving-dental-students-probing-depth-consistency
#20
Srividya Prabhu, Vanchit John, Steven Blanchard, George J Eckert, Yusuke Hamada
Dental students often underestimate their probing depth (PD) measurements, which emphasizes the need for effective and novel methods for teaching proper probing technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of audiovisual learning aids, recorded from the point of view of examiners, for improvement in PD agreement in dental students. In 2017-18, 22 third-year dental students were randomized into test and control groups. Each student and a single blinded faculty examiner performed PD measurements on a minimum of three patients...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
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