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curriculum planning

Katherine D M Lee, Katie M Edwards, Victoria L Banyard, Robert P Eckstein, Stephanie N Sessarego
Research on bystander behavior in situations of dating violence (DV) and sexual violence (SV) in youth populations is growing; yet, there is a distinct lack of qualitative studies to identify nuances in specifically how and when youth are taking action to help to inform theory, measurement, and programming. The current study examined bystander action plans of high school youth after their participation in a classroom-based, bystander-focused prevention program, to inform bystander behavior measurement and programming within the context of DV and SV research and practice...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Luke Witherspoon, Shreya Jalali, Matthew T Roberts
INTRODUCTION: In a competency-based approach to resident education, a component of training should focus on skills needed for the transition from residency to independent practice. The ability to run an outpatient clinic represents one such skill. Resident-run clinics (RRC) have been implemented in family medicine programs to allow residents to practice this skill, and have enhanced learning while providing excellent patient satisfaction. To date, there has been little experience with RRCs in surgical residency programs...
January 21, 2019: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Ivy Benjenk, Portia Buchongo, Aitalohi Amaize, G Sofia Martinez, Jie Chen
OBJECTIVE: Registered nurses are uniquely positioned to fill shortages in the geropsychiatric healthcare workforce. With training, nurses can coordinate both mental and physical healthcare and deliver mental health interventions. Our objective was to determine how nursing educators are preparing students to care for the mental health needs of older adults and to explore the challenges they face in this effort. METHODS: This was a qualitative study using semi-structured, in-depth interviews...
December 27, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Juri Bassuner, David Duncan, Chris Malloy, Mina Makary, Brycen Bodell, Dylan Assael, Riz Ahmed, Geogy Vatakancherry
OBJECTIVE: Interventional radiology/diagnostic radiology (IR/DR) is the newest primary specialties offered to trainees, one that medical students can now apply to directly out of medical school. However, medical students are disadvantaged in that the integrated IR/DR pathway requires early decision when often radiology rotations are not part of the core clerkship curriculum. Based upon results from a survey to Integrated IR/DR Program Directors, we report strategies being used by programs to introduce and attract medical students to IR...
February 4, 2019: Academic Radiology
Shane L Rogers, Lynn E Priddis, Nicole Michels, Michael Tieman, Lon J Van Winkle
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine whether the Reflective Practice Questionnaire (RPQ) is a reliable measure of reflective capacity and related characteristics in medical students. We also planned to learn how the RPQ could be used in medical education. METHODS: The RPQ is a 40 item self-report questionnaire that includes a multi-faceted approach to measuring reflective capacity. It also includes sub-scales on several other theoretically relevant constructs such as desire for improvement, confidence, stress, and job satisfaction...
February 7, 2019: BMC Medical Education
Charles Christian Adarkwah, Annette Schwaffertz, Joachim Labenz, Annette Becker, Oliver Hirsch
Background: The establishment of a medical education program in the rural area of Siegen is planned to be the first step against a shortage of physicians in this region. General practitioners (GPs) will be extensively involved in this program as Family Medicine (Allgemeinmedizin) will become a core subject in the curriculum nationwide. Based on this situation we aim to figure out GPs motivation to participate in medical education. For this purpose, we had to construct and test a new questionnaire...
2019: PeerJ
Ryan Zimmerman, Richard Alweis, Alexandra Short, Tom Wasser, Anthony Donato
Introduction: Competency-based educational models recommend trainee exposure to research, but the best methods for Graduate Medical Education (GME) programs to accomplish this have not been clarified. The objective of this study was to quantify published interventions to generate resident research and compare effectiveness among those interventions. Material and methods: A systematic review of English-language articles of studies of GME programs was performed, describing resident research interventions and quantifying the number of publications as an outcome...
January 2019: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Brittany L Hott, Beth Ashby Jones, Jacqueline Rodriguez, Frederick J Brigham, Amelia Martin, Minerva Mirafuentes
Students who are eligible to receive special education and related services are entitled to a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) including the necessary emotional, behavioral, and social supports to access the general curriculum. This study explores Individualized Education Program (IEP) plans of students with disabilities who have social, emotional, or behavioral needs served in five rural independent school districts. Specifically, the study sought to investigate (a) whether the present level of academic and functional performance (PLAAFP) and annual goals demonstrated congruence and (b) whether the degree to which the IEP documents conform to both procedural and substantive requirements for development...
January 29, 2019: Behavior Modification
Rebecca Meiksin, Elizabeth Allen, Joanna Crichton, Gemma S Morgan, Christine Barter, Diana Elbourne, Kate Hunt, G J Melendez-Torres, Steve Morris, H Luz Mc Naughton Reyes, Joanna Sturgess, Bruce Taylor, Honor Young, Rona Campbell, Chris Bonell
Background: Dating and relationship violence (DRV)-intimate partner violence during adolescence-encompasses physical, sexual and emotional abuse. DRV is associated with a range of adverse health outcomes including injuries, sexually transmitted infections, adolescent pregnancy and mental health issues. Experiencing DRV also predicts both victimisation and perpetration of partner violence in adulthood.Prevention targeting early adolescence is important because this is when dating behaviours begin, behavioural norms become established and DRV starts to manifest...
2019: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
A Cebulla, C Bolenz, D M Carrion, L Bellut
BACKGROUND: The training of residents in urology is challenged by global trends in surgical education, increasing technological developments, subspecialization of the field and working hour regulations for physicians. Currently, there is no standardized curriculum in Europe and significant international differences exist in the education of residents. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to comprehensively map the state of urological training in an international comparison. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A selective literature review was conducted using the following keywords: "urology, training, residents"...
January 25, 2019: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Mari Ryan, Lisa Erck, Leslee McGovern, Kathleen McCabe, Kevin Myers, Suzanne Nobrega, Wenjun Li, Wen-Chieh Lin, Laura Punnett
BACKGROUND: In the United States, worksite wellness programs are more often offered by larger employers. The Massachusetts Working on Wellness (WoW) program is an innovative, statewide capacity-building model designed to increase the number of smaller employers (200 or fewer workers) adopting health promotion initiatives. This article describes the WoW program design and approaches to recruitment, implementation, and evaluation. METHODS/DESIGN: WoW provides employer training, technical assistance and seed funding, utilizing a Wellness Program Development framework based on recognized good practices...
January 25, 2019: BMC Public Health
Amanda R Budzowski, Michael D Parkinson, Valerie J Silfee
PURPOSE: Describe health plan member-level participation, completion, and 6-month outcomes for 5 lifestyle health coaching programs offered by an integrated delivery and financing system (IDFS) over 6 years. DESIGN: Case series study of 5 lifestyle programs with 180-day follow-up. SETTING: Large Western PA integrated delivery and financing system (IDFS) deployed multiple coaching modalities for diverse insurance-member enrolled population...
January 22, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Sandra Barteit, Florian Neuhann, Till Bärnighausen, Sigrid Lüders, Gregory Malunga, Geoffrey Chileshe, Clemence Marimo, Albrecht Jahn
BACKGROUND: Zambia is faced with a severe shortage of health workers and challenges in national health financing. This burdens the medical licentiate practitioner (MLP) program for training nonphysician clinical students in Zambia because of the shortage of qualified medical lecturers and learning resources at training sites. To address this shortage and strengthen the MLP program, a self-directed electronic health (eHealth) platform was introduced, comprising technology-supported learning (e-learning) for medical education and support for health care practice...
January 15, 2019: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Douglas McHugh, Julianne Hall, Katherine M McLeod, Carl J Kovelowski, Anthony M Payne
Many health professional schools may be investing time and resources on dedicated educational spaces intended to promote collaborative learning. Alone, innovative physical space or technologies are not sufficient to ensure success in this. Lesson plans informed by collaborative praxis, individual motivation, faculty development, learner feedback, and team interactions also play a necessary and substantial role. We have used faculty observations, quantitative and qualitative student evaluation data, and the existing educational literature to provide twelve tips on leveraging curricular content, activity setup, physical space, learner behavior, and faculty facilitation to make the most of collaborative learning spaces...
January 20, 2019: Medical Teacher
Josephine S Chow, Yeoungjee Cho, Keri-Lu Equinox, Ana E Figueiredo, Serena Frasca, Carmel M Hawley, Kirsten Howard, David W Johnson, Matthew D Jose, Anna Lee, Moira A Maley, Jo-Anne Moodie, Peta-Anne P Brent, Elaine M Pascoe, Donna Reidinger, Genevieve Z Steiner, Melinda Tomlins, David Voss, Paula Woodward, Neil C Boudville
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a home-based therapy where nurses train patients in its use. There has been no published randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluating any specific protocol for nurses delivering PD training. A standardized education package based upon the best available evidence and utilizing modern educational practices may lead to improved patient outcomes. The aim is to develop a standardized, evidence-based curriculum for PD trainers and patients aligned with guidelines from the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis (ISPD), using best practice pedagogy...
January 18, 2019: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Fred Yao Gbagbo, Jacqueline Nkrumah
BACKGROUND: Globally, the rate of unplanned pregnancies among students at institutions of higher education, continue to increase annually despite the universal awareness and availability of contraceptives to the general population. This study examined family planning among undergraduate university students focusing on their knowledge, use and attitudes towards contraception in the University of Education Winneba. METHODS: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey using a structured self-administered questionnaire...
January 17, 2019: BMC Women's Health
Mahsa Shakour, Kobra Salehi, Nikoo Yamany
Objective: To assess reproductive health needs in men and women as the first and basic step in educational planning. Materials and methods: The study was qualitative. Participants were Postmenopausal women and men over 60 years. Data gathering was done by semi structured interviews. Analysis of the qualitative data was conducted during a multi-step process according to the assessment method of Altschuld et al needs analysis. Results: Two general themes were considered in categorizing codes extracted from interviews: 1) Problems, 2) Demands...
March 2018: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Christine Jacobs, Adam Seehaver, Sarah Skiold-Hanlin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postgraduate education in cultural competence and community health is a key strategy for eliminating health disparities in underserved populations. Evidence suggests that an experiential, rather than knowledge-based approach equips physicians with practical and effective communication tools that generalize to a greater diversity of patients and cultures. However, there is limited data about the efficacy of a longitudinal, experiential residency curriculum. This study details the results of a longitudinal underserved community curriculum for family medicine residents training in a federally qualified health center...
January 2019: Family Medicine
Jennifer H Tang, Nenani Kamtuwanje, Prisca Masepuka, Jane Zgambo, Phillimon Kashanga, Caitlin Goggin, Nicky Matthews, Olive Mtema, Ndidza Chisanu, Mary Phiri, Modesta Kasawala, Fannie Kachale
Background: Malawi has a high maternal mortality and unmet need for family planning, which could be reduced by improving access to postpartum intrauterine device (PPIUD) insertion. Our objective is to describe the implementation of PPIUD services by 4 local organizations at 14 government health services across 10 districts in Malawi. Methods: This program was a collaborative effort between the Malawi Ministry of Health's Reproductive Health Directorate and 4 supporting organizations...
September 2018: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
Sofiya Alhassan, Christine W St Laurent, Sarah Burkart, Cory J Greever, Matthew N Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: For a health behavior intervention to be sustainable within preschool centers, the intervention should be implemented by classroom teachers. Unfortunately, teachers are constrained by demands such as meeting early childhood education standards. Therefore, the purpose of this pilot study was to examine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of integrating a health behavior intervention into early education learning standards on physical activity (PA), diet, and sleep (PADS) behavior of preschoolers...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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