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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762674/characterizing-sociostructural-associations-with-new-hiv-diagnoses-among-female-sex-workers-in-cameroon
#1
Anna L Bowring, Sosthenes Ketende, Serge C Billong, Iliassou Mfochive Njindam, Amrita Rao, Michele R Decker, Carrie Lyons, Gnilane Turpin, Guy Fako, Oluwasolape Olawore, Flavien Ndonko, Daniel Levitt, Ghislaine Fouda, Ubald Tamoufe, Oudou Njoya, Anne-Cecile Zoung-Kanyi Bissek, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSW) are disproportionately affected by HIV in Cameroon, with an estimated 23.6% HIV prevalence. Given the unavailability of HIV incidence data, to better understand associations with acquiring HIV we assessed the prevalence and associations with new HIV diagnoses among FSW in Cameroon. METHODS: In 2016, FSW were recruited through respondent-driven sampling from 5 cities for a biobehavioral survey. Participants self-reporting living with HIV or with an indeterminate test status were excluded from analysis...
March 1, 2019: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762491/gender-role-conflict-and-sexual-health-and-relationship-practices-amongst-young-men-living-in-urban-informal-settlements-in-south-africa
#2
Kalysha Closson, Abigail Hatcher, Yandisa Sikweyiya, Laura Washington, Smanga Mkhwanazi, Rachel Jewkes, Kristin Dunkle, Andrew Gibbs
Qualitative research suggests that men's inability to achieve dominant forms of masculinity may be related to HIV-risk behaviours and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration. Using clustered cross-sectional data, we assessed how young men's gender role conflict was associated with HIV-risk behaviours in urban informal settlements in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Gender Role Conflict and Stress (GRC/S) was measured using a South African adaptation of the GRC/S scale comprising three sub-scales: subordination to women; restrictive emotionality; and success, power and competition...
February 14, 2019: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762243/factory-and-construction-work-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-severe-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-on-mri-a-case-control-analysis-within-the-wakayama-spine-study
#3
Yuyu Ishimoto, Cyrus Cooper, Georgia Ntani, Hiroshi Yamada, Hiroshi Hashizume, Keiji Nagata, Shigeyuki Muraki, Sakae Tanaka, Noriko Yoshimura, Munehito Yoshida, Karen Walker-Bone
BACKGROUND: To explore the association of MRI-diagnosed severe lumbar spinal stenosis with occupation. METHODS: Occupational data were collected by questionnaire and all participants underwent spine MRI scans using the same protocol. Central lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) was graded qualitatively. Those with severe LSS (>two-thirds narrowing) were compared with the controls with lesser degrees of stenosis or no stenosis. RESULTS: Data were available for 722 subjects, mean age 70...
February 14, 2019: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30746385/biological-validation-of-self-reported-unprotected-sex-and-comparison-of-underreporting-over-two-different-recall-periods-among-female-sex-workers-in-benin
#4
Katia Giguère, Luc Béhanzin, Fernand A Guédou, François A Leblond, Ella Goma-Matsétsé, Djimon M Zannou, Dissou Affolabi, René K Kêkê, Flore Gangbo, Moussa Bachabi, Michel Alary
Background: Self-reported unprotected sex validity is questionable and is thought to decline with longer recall periods. We used biomarkers of semen to validate self-reported unprotected sex and to compare underreporting of unprotected sex between 2 recall periods among female sex workers (FSW). Methods: At baseline of an early antiretroviral therapy and pre-exposure prophylaxis demonstration study conducted among FSW in Cotonou, Benin, unprotected sex was assessed with retrospective questionnaires, and with vaginal detection of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and Y-chromosomal deoxyribonucleic acid (Yc-DNA)...
February 2019: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739642/chronic-rhinosinusitis-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-osa-in-world-trade-center-responders
#5
Jag Sunderram, Michael Weintraub, Kathleen Black, Shahnaz Alimokhtari, Akosua Twumasi, Haley Sanders, Iris Udasin, Denise Harrison, Nishay Chitkara, Rafael E de la Hoz, Shou-En Lu, David M Rapoport, Indu Ayappa
BACKGROUND: Many respiratory conditions have been attributed to toxic dust and fume exposure in World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery workers, who frequently report symptoms of OSA. We examined the prevalence of new-onset OSA and tested if the prevalence and severity of OSA are related to the presence of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). METHODS: A total of 601 subjects (83% men; age, 33-87 years; BMI, 29.9 ± 5.5 kg/m2 ) enrolled in the WTC Health Program, excluding those with significant pre-September 11, 2001, snoring or prior CRS, underwent two nights of home sleep testing...
February 2019: Chest
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737040/who-ilo-work-related-burden-of-disease-and-injury-protocol-for-systematic-reviews-of-exposure-to-long-working-hours-and-of-the-effect-of-exposure-to-long-working-hours-on-depression
#6
REVIEW
Reiner Rugulies, Emiko Ando, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Michela Bonafede, Maria Cabello, Cristina Di Tecco, Nico Dragano, Quentin Durand-Moreau, Hisashi Eguchi, Junling Gao, Anne H Garde, Sergio Iavicoli, Ivan D Ivanov, Nancy Leppink, Ida E H Madsen, Frank Pega, Annette M Prüss-Üstün, Bruna M Rondinone, Kathrine Sørensen, Kanami Tsuno, Yuka Ujita, Amy Zadow
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing a joint methodology for estimating the national and global work-related burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO joint methodology), with contributions from a large network of experts. In this paper, we present the protocol for two systematic reviews of parameters for estimating the number of deaths and disability-adjusted life years from depression attributable to exposure to long working hours, to inform the development of the WHO/ILO joint methodology...
February 5, 2019: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737039/who-ilo-work-related-burden-of-disease-and-injury-protocol-for-systematic-reviews-of-occupational-exposure-to-solar-ultraviolet-radiation-and-of-the-effect-of-occupational-exposure-to-solar-ultraviolet-radiation-on-cataract
#7
REVIEW
Thomas Tenkate, Balazs Adam, Rami H Al-Rifai, B Ralph Chou, Fabriziomaria Gobba, Ivan D Ivanov, Nancy Leppink, Tom Loney, Frank Pega, Cheryl E Peters, Annette M Prüss-Üstün, Marilia Silva Paulo, Yuka Ujita, Marc Wittlich, Alberto Modenese
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing a joint methodology for estimating the national and global work-related burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO joint methodology), with contributions from a large network of experts. Here, we present the protocol for two systematic reviews of parameters for estimating the number of disability-adjusted life years of cataracts from occupational exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation, to inform the development of the WHO/ILO joint methodology...
February 5, 2019: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30732137/insufficient-education-is-a-key-factor-of-incorrect-interpretation-of-hiv-self-test-results-by-female-sex-workers-in-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#8
Serge Tonen-Wolyec, Salomon Batina-Agasa, Jean De Dieu Longo, Ralph-Sydney Mboumba Bouassa, Laurent Bélec
We report on field interpretation of HIV self-testing among female sex workers (FSWs) and non-FSWs living in Democratic Republic of the Congo.Two hundred and eight participants [76 (36.5%) FSWs; 132 (63.5%) non-FSWs] were enrolled in Kisangani and Bunia to evaluate their ability to read and interpret the results of a prototype HIV self-test (Exacto Test HIV, Biosynex, Strasbourg, France), according to WHO recommendations. Thirteen standardized tests (6 positive, 5 negative, 2 invalid) were proposed after successive random selection...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30722780/high-level-of-treatment-failure-and-drug-resistance-to-first-line-antiretroviral-therapies-among-hiv-infected-children-receiving-decentralized-care-in-senegal
#9
Abdoul-Magib Cissé, Gabrièle Laborde-Balen, Khady Kébé-Fall, Aboubacry Dramé, Halimatou Diop, Karim Diop, FatouNiasse-Traoré, Mohamed Coulibaly, Ndeye-Ngone Have, Nicole Vidal, Safiatou Thiam, Abdoulaye S Wade, Martine Peeters, Bernard Taverne, Philippe Msellati, Coumba Touré-Kane
BACKGROUND: In Senegal in 2015, an estimated 4800 children were living with HIV, with 1200 receiving ARV treatment, of whom half had follow-up care in decentralized sites outside Dakar. However, until now no studies have determined the efficacy of pediatric treatment in decentralized settings, even though the emergence of viral resistance, particularly among children in Africa, is a well-known phenomenon. This study aimed to assess the virological status of HIV-infected children in all decentralized facilities to help improve access to quality care...
February 5, 2019: BMC Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30721169/extended-mortality-follow-up-of-a-cohort-of-dry-cleaners
#10
Catherine L Callahan, Patricia A Stewart, Aaron Blair, Mark P Purdue
BACKGROUND: Dry cleaning workers are commonly exposed to tetrachloroethylene, a suspected bladder carcinogen, and other organic solvents. The health risks associated with solvent exposures in this industry are unclear. METHODS: We extended mortality follow-up of 5,369 dry cleaning union members in St. Louis to further investigate solvent-related risks. We added 22 years of follow-up, from 1993 through 2014, via linkage to the National Death Index. Using Cox proportional hazards modeling, we computed hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) relating cause-specific mortality with levels of a solvent exposure index previously developed by an industrial hygienist based on workers' job titles from union records...
March 2019: Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720438/step-counts-of-middle-aged-and-elderly-adults-for-10-months-before-and-after-the-release-of-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-in-yokohama-japan
#11
Kimihiro Hino, Yasushi Asami, Jung Su Lee
BACKGROUND: Smartphones have been integrated into our society and are expected to serve as tools to improve health outcomes. In the summer of 2016, Pokémon GO, a location-based augmented reality game for smartphones was released; it attracted attention from the perspective of health, especially with its potential to increase physical activity (PA). A few studies have compared objectively measured step counts before and after the release of the game; however, they were conducted over a short study period and evaluated only young people...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30717042/promis-physical-function-for-prediction-of-postoperative-pain-narcotics-consumption-and-patient-reported-outcomes-following-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#12
Dil V Patel, Mundeep S Bawa, Brittany E Haws, Benjamin Khechen, Andrew M Block, Sailee S Karmarkar, Eric H Lamoutte, Kern Singh
OBJECTIVEThis study aimed to determine if the preoperative Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System, Physical Function (PROMIS PF) score is predictive of immediate postoperative patient pain and narcotics consumption or long-term patient-reported outcomes (PROs) following minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF).METHODSA prospectively maintained database was retrospectively reviewed. Patients who underwent primary, single-level MIS TLIF for degenerative pathology were identified and grouped by their preoperative PROMIS PF scores: mild disability (score 40-50), moderate disability (score 30-39...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715716/a-new-method-to-estimate-the-temperature-cvd-mortality-relationship
#13
Qian Yin, Jinfeng Wang, Jianting Su, Zaihua Wei
Few detailed, individual-focused studies have researched the added effect of temperature on cardiovascular disease (CVD), particularly in China. Moreover, no prior studies have explored the exposure-response relationship among all populations and different sub-sociodemographic groups. A distributed lag nonlinear model (DLNM) was applied to evaluate the adverse health effects of temperature on CVD mortality for all populations and different sub-sociodemographic groups (by age, sex, educational level, living arrangement, and occupation) in Beijing...
February 4, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713060/establishing-minimal-clinically-important-difference-substantial-clinical-benefit-and-patient-acceptable-symptomatic-state-after-biceps-tenodesis
#14
Richard N Puzzitiello, Anirudh Gowd, Joseph N Liu, Avinesh Agarwalla, Nikhil N Verma, Brian Forsythe
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to establish thresholds for improvement in patient-reported outcome scores that signify the minimal clinically important difference (MCID), substantial clinical benefit (SCB), and patient acceptable symptomatic state (PASS) after biceps tenodesis (BT) and to assess patient variables that are associated with these clinically important outcomes. METHODS: A prospectively maintained institutional shoulder registry was queried for patients undergoing isolated BT between 2014 and 2017...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30705811/evaluation-and-mechanism-analysis-of-hiv-prevention-programme-using-resilience-framework-among-female-sex-workers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
William Chi-Wai Wong, Winnie Wing-Yan Yuen, Catherine So-Kum Tang, Eleanor Holroyd, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong
Background: Evidence shows traditional sexual harm reduction for female sex workers (FSW) based on health behaviour theories is effective but short-lived. This study aimed to evaluate and understand the effectiveness of a resilience-promoting programme in improving psychological health and, ultimately, safe sex practice. Methods: A randomised controlled trial was conducted at three Hong Kong-based non-governmental organisations. 127 sex workers were recruited and randomly assigned to the intervention or control groups...
March 2019: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30705806/the-influence-of-depression-status-on-weekly-exercise-in-children-ages-6-to-17-years
#16
Sara Long, Michelle L Rogers, Annie Gjelsvik
Exercise has been found to be an effective treatment for mild to moderate depression. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between depression status and weekly exercise in children ages 6 to 17 years stratifying by age and sex using a large nationally representative sample. The study data ( n  = 65,059) came from the 2011-12 National Survey of Children's Health. Depression categories were current, former, and no history of diagnosed depression. Exercise categories were exercising ≤6 days a week and 7 days a week...
March 2019: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30705236/demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-hospitalised-unintentional-poisoning-in-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-preschool-children-in-new-south-wales-australia-a-population-data-linkage-study
#17
Caroline Lee, Mark Hanly, Natasha Larter, Karen Zwi, Susan Woolfenden, Louisa Jorm
OBJECTIVES: To investigate differences in demographic and clinical characteristics of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children aged 0-4 years hospitalised for unintentional poisoning in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective whole-of-population cohort analysis of linked hospital and mortality data for 2000-2014. PARTICIPANTS: All children (Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal) under the age of 5 years who were born in a hospital in NSW from 2000 to 2009...
January 30, 2019: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30704363/the-paradox-for-chem-fun-and-gay-men-a-neoliberal-analysis-of-drugs-and-hiv-aids-policies-in-hong-kong
#18
Travis S K Kong, Karen Joe Laidler
Globally, there has been increasing public health and scholarly interest in chemsex, where the consumption of drugs is related to enhancing sexual pleasure, often in a group context, particularly among gay men or men who have sex with other men (MSM). Since the early 2000s, Hong Kong has witnessed the growth of a chemsex scene. In recent years, HIV/AIDs surveillance reports indicate that chemsex goers have contributed to the rise of HIV infections among MSM, and with increasing pressure from frontline workers, the government has recently acknowledged that this is an emerging issue...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30700671/working-time-society-consensus-statements-individual-differences-in-shift-work-tolerance-and-recommendations-for-research-and-practice
#19
Jennifer Ritonja, Kristan J Aronson, Raymond W Matthews, Diane B Boivin, Thomas Kantermann
There is no standard definition of shift work universally, and no validated reports of complete biological adjustment to shift work in workers. Similarly, the evidence for shift work tolerance is limited due to a small number of studies and a narrow range of outcome measures This paper discusses evidence to date regarding individual differences in shift work tolerance and highlights areas for future research and recommendations for workplace practice. The few factors that are consistently associated with perceived or actual tolerance of shift work tolerance are young age, low scores of morningness or being a late chronotype, low scores of languidity and neuroticism, high scores on extraversion, internal locus of control and flexibility and male sex...
January 31, 2019: Industrial Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30700143/-in-zimbabwe-there-is-nothing-for-us-sex-work-and-vulnerability-of-hiv-infection-among-male-sex-workers-in-zimbabwe
#20
Shan Qiao, Eileen Yuk-Ha Tsang, Jeffrey S Wilkinson, Freddy Lipeleke, Xiaoming Li
Male sex workers (MSWs) in Zimbabwe are a vulnerable sub-group at risk of violence, abuse, and HIV infection. This qualitative study examines the practices of male sex workers and vulnerabilities to HIV infection based on interviews among 15 MSWs in Bulawayo. All the interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed with the guidance of grounded theory. The transcripts were translated by the interviewer into English using NVivo 11.0 software for coding and analysis. The MSWs interviewed reported diverse backgrounds in sexual orientation and life situations, plus a variety of work settings, income levels and access to clients...
January 30, 2019: AIDS Care
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