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Super bug

Shibdas Roy
Quantum multiparameter estimation involves estimating multiple parameters simultaneously and can be more precise than estimating them individually. Our interest here is to determine fundamental quantum limits to the achievable multiparameter estimation precision in the presence of noise. We first present a lower bound to the estimation error covariance for a noisy initial probe state evolving through a noiseless quantum channel. We then present a lower bound to the estimation error covariance in the most general form for a noisy initial probe state evolving through a noisy quantum channel...
January 31, 2019: Scientific Reports
S L Bouchoucha, E Whatman, M-J Johnstone
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance and the rise of 'super bugs' has become a major threat to public health worldwide, with authorities warning of an 'apocalyptic future' unless addressed as a matter of urgency. Mass circulation media has traditionally taken an active role in informing the public of important public health issues and the measures needed to address these. The key objective of the larger project informing this article was to describe Australian media representations of the AMR crisis and its role in informing the public about the AMR crisis...
October 20, 2018: Infection, disease & health
Brenda Allan, Colette Wheler, Wolfgang Köster, Mishal Sarfraz, Andy Potter, Volker Gerdts, Arshud Dar
Omphalitis or yolk sac infection (YSI) and colibacillosis are the most common infectious diseases that lead to high rates of early chick mortalities (ECMs) in young chicks. Out of numerous microbial causes, avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) or extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli infections are considered the most common cause of these conditions. YSI causes deterioration and decomposition of yolk, leading to deficiency of necessary nutrients and maternal antibodies, retarded growth, poor carcass quality, and increased susceptibility to other infections, including omphalitis, colibacillosis, and respiratory tract infection...
September 2018: Avian Diseases
Vinothkannan Ravichandran, Lin Zhong, Hailong Wang, Guangle Yu, Youming Zhang, Aiying Li
The rise of bacterial multi drug resistance becomes a global threat to the mankind. Therefore it is essential to find out alternate strategies to fight against these "super bugs." Quorum sensing (QS) is a cell-to-cell communication mechanism by which many bacteria regulate their biofilm and virulence factors expression to execute their pathogenesis. Hence, interfering the quorum sensing is an effective alternate strategy against various pathogens. In this study, we aimed to find out potential CviR-mediated quorum sensing inhibitors (QSIs) against Chromobacterium violaceum ...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Eden M Esguerra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Missouri Medicine
Leah R Vincent, Ann E Jerse
There is a growing public health interest in controlling sexually transmitted infections (STIs) through vaccination due to increasing recognition of the global disease burden of STIs and the role of STIs in women's reproductive health, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and the health and well-being of neonates. Neisseria gonorrhoeae has historically challenged vaccine development through the expression of phase and antigenically variable surface molecules and its capacity to cause repeated infections without inducing protective immunity...
April 18, 2018: Vaccine
Daniel C Bailey, Evan Alexander, Matthew R Rice, Eric J Drake, Lisa S Mydy, Courtney C Aldrich, Andrew M Gulick
Aerobactin, a citryl-hydroxamate siderophore, is produced by a number of pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria to aid in iron assimilation. Interest in this well-known siderophore was reignited by recent investigations suggesting that it plays a key role in mediating the enhanced virulence of a hypervirulent pathotype of Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKP). In contrast to classical opportunistic strains of K. pneumoniae , hvKP causes serious life-threatening infections in previously healthy individuals in the community...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Shakeel Shahzad, Muhammad Adnan Ashraf, Muhammad Sajid, Aqeel Shahzad, Azhar Rafique, Muhammad Shahid Mahmood
OBJECTIVES: Multidrug-resistant (MDR) superbugs, including Acinetobacter baumannii and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), are a challenge for healthcare professionals. In this study, the synergistic activity of vitamins with antibiotics against resistant bacterial strains was evaluated. METHODS: Synergistic effects between antibiotics and stock solutions of vitamins were evaluated by the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion assay. Distilled water and propylene glycol were used as solvent for water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins, respectively...
June 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Yukui Zhong, Huamin Zhong, Qiulian Deng, Zhenwen Zhou, Yongqiang Xie, Muxia Yan, Tingting Hu, Mingyong Luo
BACKGROUND: Recognized as a resistance mechanism responsible for the emergence and prevalence of antimicrobial resistance, integron is widely distributed and spread among clinical microorganisms and play a key role in the dissemination of such antimicrobial resistance, which may eventually contribute to the unleashing of "Super Bugs" In this study, detection assays based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) methodologies targeting on class 1 to class 3 integrase genes was developed and evaluated...
January 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Yanmei Li, Ling Yang, Jie Fu, Muxia Yan, Dingqiang Chen, Li Zhang
Gram-positive microorganisms are one of leading pathogenic microorganisms in public health, including several typical "Super Bugs" as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase and vancomycin-resistant enterococci, which caused a increasement of infections, clinical failures and expenses. Regarded as a common genetic element responsible for horizontal gene transfer, integrons are widely distributed in various pathogens considered as a determinant in the acquisition and evolution of antibiotic resistance...
October 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
Hosam I Salaheldin, Meshal H K Almalki, Abd Elhameed M Hezma, Gamal E H Osman
The current time increase in the prevalence of antibiotic resistant 'super-bugs' and the risks associated with food safety have become global issues. Therefore, further research is warranted to identify new and effective antimicrobial substances. Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) were synthesized by autoclaving technique using, different concentrations of Ag salt (AgNO3) solution (1, 5, 10, and 25 mM). Their presence was confirmed by a surface plasmon resonance band at ∼435 nm using UV-Vis absorption spectra...
June 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
Neil S Greenspan
Many bacterial pathogens are exhibiting resistance to increasing numbers of antibiotics making it much more challenging to treat the infections caused by these microbes. In many reports in the media and perhaps even in discussions among physicians and biomedical scientists, these bacteria are frequently referred to as "bugs" with the prefix "super" appended. This terminology has a high potential to elicit unjustified inferences and fails to highlight the broader evolutionary context. Understanding the full range of biological and evolutionary factors that influence the spread and outcomes of infections is critical to formulating effective individual therapies and public health interventions...
October 2016: Pathogens & Immunity
Axelle Marchant, Florence Mougel, Emmanuelle Jacquin-Joly, Jane Costa, Carlos Eduardo Almeida, Myriam Harry
BACKGROUND: In Latin America, the bloodsucking bugs Triatominae are vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, the parasite that causes Chagas disease. Chemical elimination programs have been launched to control Chagas disease vectors. However, the disease persists because native vectors from sylvatic habitats are able to (re)colonize houses-a process called domiciliation. Triatoma brasiliensis is one example. Because the chemosensory system allows insects to interact with their environment and plays a key role in insect adaption, we conducted a descriptive and comparative study of the chemosensory transcriptome of T...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Huimin Zhang, Christopher H Seward, Zuowei Wu, Huiyan Ye, Youjun Feng
Polymyxin acts as an ultimate line of refuge against the severe infections by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative pathogens. This conventional idea is challenged dramatically by the recent discovery of mobile colistin resistance gene (mcr-1) is prevalent in food animals and human beings worldwide. More importantly, the mcr-1 gene was found to be co-localized with other antibiotic resistance genes, raising the possibility that super-bugs with pan-drug resistance are emerging. However, little is reported on the genomes of the mcr-1-positive bacterial host reservoirs...
2016: Science Bulletin
Yang Deng, Xuerui Bao, Lili Ji, Lei Chen, Junyan Liu, Jian Miao, Dingqiang Chen, Huawei Bian, Yanmei Li, Guangchao Yu
As recently indiscriminate abuse of existing antibiotics in both clinical and veterinary treatment leads to proliferation of antibiotic resistance in microbes and poses a dilemma for the future treatment of such bacterial infection, antimicrobial resistance has been considered to be one of the currently leading concerns in global public health, and reported to widely spread and extended to a large variety of microorganisms. In China, as one of the currently worst areas for antibiotics abuse, the annual prescription of antibiotics, including both clinical and veterinary treatment, has approaching 140 gram per person and been roughly estimated to be 10 times higher than that in the United Kingdom, which is considered to be a potential area for the emergence of "Super Bugs"...
2015: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
S Qureshi, C Agrawal, M Madan, A Pandey, H Chauhan
The rise in super bugs causing Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity despite recent advances in management owing to the looming 'antibiotic apocalypse'. The aetiology and susceptibility pattern of the VAP isolates varies with patient population, type of intensive care unit (ICU) and is an urgent diagnostic challenge. The present study carried out for a period of one year in a tertiary care hospital, enrolled patients on mechanical ventilation (MV) for ≥48 hrs. Endotracheal aspirates (ETA) from suspected VAP patients were processed by semi quantitative method...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Haibo Mu, Fan Guo, Hong Niu, Qianjin Liu, Shunchun Wang, Jinyou Duan
Antibiotic overuse is one of the major drivers in the generation of antibiotic resistant "super bugs" that can potentially cause serious effects on health. In this study, we reported that the polycationic polysaccharide, chitosan could improve the efficacy of a given antibiotic (gentamicin) to combat bacterial biofilms, the universal lifestyle of microbes in the world. Short- or long-term treatment with the mixture of chitosan and gentamicin resulted in the dispersal of Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) biofilms...
2014: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Qi Tony Zhou, Sharon Shui Yee Leung, Patricia Tang, Thaigarajan Parumasivam, Zhi Hui Loh, Hak-Kim Chan
Respiratory infections represent a major global health problem. They are often treated by parenteral administrations of antimicrobials. Unfortunately, systemic therapies of high-dose antimicrobials can lead to severe adverse effects and this calls for a need to develop inhaled formulations that enable targeted drug delivery to the airways with minimal systemic drug exposure. Recent technological advances facilitate the development of inhaled anti-microbial therapies. The newer mesh nebulisers have achieved minimal drug residue, higher aerosolisation efficiencies and rapid administration compared to traditional jet nebulisers...
May 2015: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Ram Hari Pokhrel, Badri Thapa, Rajesh Kafle, Pradeep Kumar Shah, Chanwit Tribuddharat
BACKGROUND: The trend of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) is increasing in Nepal. Limited studies have been reported investigating ESBL types and carbapenemases in E. coli. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted between June 2012 to January 2013 in Kathmandu Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal. Non-repetitive clinical samples from out-patient department (OPD) and Intensive Care Units (ICU) were processed for bacteriological culture and identification of E...
2014: BMC Research Notes
Jyoti Tanwar, Shrayanee Das, Zeeshan Fatima, Saif Hameed
The resistance among various microbial species (infectious agents) to different antimicrobial drugs has emerged as a cause of public health threat all over the world at a terrifying rate. Due to the pacing advent of new resistance mechanisms and decrease in efficiency of treating common infectious diseases, it results in failure of microbial response to standard treatment, leading to prolonged illness, higher expenditures for health care, and an immense risk of death. Almost all the capable infecting agents (e...
2014: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases
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