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Partha Basu, Richard Muwonge, Neerja Bhatla, Bhagwan M Nene, Smita Joshi, Pulikottil O Esmy, Usha Rani Reddy Poli, Geeta Joshi, Yogesh Verma, Eric Zomawia, Surendra S Shastri, Sharmila Pimple, Devasena Anantharaman, Priya R Prabhu, Sanjay Hingmire, Catherine Sauvaget, Eric Lucas, Michael Pawlita, Tarik Gheit, Kasturi Jayant, Sylla G Malvi, Maqsood Siddiqi, Angelika Michel, Julia Butt, Subha Sankaran, Thiraviam Pillai Rameshwari Ammal Kannan, Rintu Varghese, Uma Divate, Martina Willhauck-Fleckenstein, Tim Waterboer, Martin Müller, Peter Sehr, Shachi Vashist, Gauravi Mishra, Radhika Jadhav, Ranjit Thorat, Massimo Tommasino, M Radhakrishna Pillai, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan
Earlier publication from the ongoing multi-centric study of the International Agency for Research on Cancer to evaluate less than three doses of the quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in India amongst unmarried girls demonstrated non-inferior total antibody titres, neutralizing antibody titres and antibody avidity in 2-dose recipients compared to 3-dose recipients at 15-18 years of age [Bhatla et al., 2018]. The number of participants recruited at 15-18 years of age was 1,515 and 1,795 in the 3-dose and the 2-dose groups respectively...
January 31, 2019: Papillomavirus Research
Stella X Chen, Philip R Cohen
Ginseng is a popular herbal remedy derived from the plant roots of the Panax genus and has been used in traditional Asian medicine for thousands of years. In the United States, it has become increasingly popular and is taken for many conditions, including as an immune enhancer. Cutaneous adverse effects have been reported to occur following ginseng consumption, although detailed clinical descriptions are limited. A 60-year-old woman who repeatedly developed inflammatory papules following ginseng consumption is described and the characteristics of ginseng use in healthcare are reviewed...
September 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
Pratik Pimple, Muhammad Hammadah, Kobina Wilmot, Ronnie Ramadan, Ibhar Al Mheid, Oleksiy Levantsevych, Samaah Sullivan, Bruno B Lima, Jeong Hwan Kim, Ernest V Garcia, Jonathon Nye, Amit J Shah, Laura Ward, Paolo Raggi, J Douglas Bremner, John Hanfelt, Tené T Lewis, Arshed A Quyyumi, Viola Vaccarino
OBJECTIVES: Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) is a frequent phenomenon in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The link between an integrated measure of chronic psychosocial distress and MSIMI, and whether it differs by sex, has not been examined before. METHODS: We used latent class analysis (LCA) to derive a composite measure of psychosocial distress integrating scales of depression, posttraumatic stress, anxiety, anger, hostility, and perceived-stress in 665 individuals with stable CAD...
January 23, 2019: Psychosomatic Medicine
Hanine Almubayedh, Rizwan Ahmad
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Debregeasia salicifolia Rendle (DS) is used traditionally for the treatment of several diseases including; urinary system diseases, bone fractures, boils, diarrhea accompanied with blood, carbuncles, pimples, dermatitis, skin rash, eczema, and tumors. Additionally, it is used as an antiseptic and antifungal agent. AIM OF THE STUDY: To document up to date information regarding D. salicifolia and link the traditional uses with its reported pharmacological evidences...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Manoj K Singh, Sandra Richter, Hauke Beckmann, Marika Kientz, York-Dieter Stierhof, Nadine Anders, Florian Fäßler, Michael Nielsen, Christian Knöll, Alexis Thomann, Mirita Franz-Wachtel, Boris Macek, Karen Skriver, Peter Pimpl, Gerd Jürgens
In eukaryotes, GTP-bound ARF GTPases promote intracellular membrane traffic by mediating the recruitment of coat proteins, which in turn sort cargo proteins into the forming membrane vesicles. Mammals employ several classes of ARF GTPases which are activated by different ARF guanine-nucleotide exchange factors (ARF-GEFs). In contrast, flowering plants only encode evolutionarily conserved ARF1 GTPases (class I) but not the other classes II and III known from mammals, as suggested by phylogenetic analysis of ARF family members across the five major clades of eukaryotes...
November 2018: PLoS Genetics
Muhammad Hammadah, Jeong Hwan Kim, Ayman Samman Tahhan, Bryan Kindya, Chang Liu, Yi-An Ko, Ibhar Al Mheid, Kobina Wilmot, Ronnie Ramadan, Ayman Alkhoder, Fahad Choudhary, Mohamad Mazen Gafeer, Naser Abdelhadi, Pratik Pimple, Pratik Sandesara, Bruno B Lima, Amit J Shah, Laura Ward, Michael Kutner, J Douglas Bremner, David S Sheps, Paolo Raggi, Laurence S Sperling, Viola Vaccarino, Arshed A Quyyumi
Background: Many patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are routinely referred for surveillance stress testing despite recommendations against it. Objective: To determine whether low levels of resting high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) can identify persons without inducible myocardial ischemia. Design: Observational study. Setting: A university-affiliated hospital network. Patients: Persons with stable CAD: 589 in the derivation group and 118 in the validation cohort...
December 4, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Anna Kołodziejczak, Angelika Wieczorek, Helena Rotsztejn
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess objectively the effects of the combination of corundum microdermabrasion and cavitation peeling in the therapy of seborrheic skin with visible symptoms of acne punctata. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved a group of nine women. A series of six treatments with the combination of microdermabrasion and cavitation peeling were performed within facial skin at 10-14 days intervals. Corneometric measurements examining skin hydration level and sebumetric measurements analyzing skin sebum level were made before the series of treatments and after second, fourth and sixth procedure in five facial areas...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Amit Shah, Chuqing Chen, Carolina Campanella, Nicole Kasher, Sarah Evans, Collin Reiff, Sanskriti Mishra, Muhammad Hammadah, Bruno B Lima, Kobina Wilmot, Ibhar Al Mheid, Ayman Alkhoder, Nino Isakadze, Oleksiy Levantsevych, Pratik M Pimple, Ernest V Garcia, Matthew Wittbrodt, Jonathon Nye, Laura Ward, Tené T Lewis, Michael Kutner, Paolo Raggi, Arshed Quyyumi, Viola Vaccarino, J Douglas Bremner
The influence of acute psychological stress on cardiovascular disease is an emerging public health concern. Identification of brain mechanisms underlying this may aid in the discovery of possible treatments. Acute psychological stress may induce arteriolar vasoconstriction and reduce blood flow to vital organs. We hypothesized that functional changes in brain regions involved with memory and autonomic/emotional regulation are implicated in the vasoconstrictive stress response, including the medial prefrontal cortex (anterior cingulate), insula, and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex...
October 1, 2018: Psychophysiology
Sinyoung Jeong, Maiko Hermsmeier, Sam Osseiran, Akira Yamamoto, Usha Nagavarapu, Kin F Chan, Conor L Evans
Acne vulgaris is a common chronic skin disease in young adults caused by infection of the pilosebaceous unit, resulting in pimples and possibly permanent scarring on the skin. Minocycline, a common antibiotic, has been widely utilized as a systemic antimicrobial treatment for acne via oral administration. Recently, a topical minocycline gel (BPX-01) was developed to directly deliver minocycline through the epidermis and into the pilosebaceous unit to achieve localized treatment with lower doses of drug. As the effectiveness of the drug is directly related to its successful delivery, there is a need to evaluate the pharmacokinetics at the cellular level within tissue...
July 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Minxuan Huang, Amit Shah, Shaoyong Su, Jack Goldberg, Rachel J Lampert, Oleksiy M Levantsevych, Lucy Shallenberger, Pratik Pimple, J Douglas Bremner, Viola Vaccarino
Importance: Depressive symptoms are associated with lower heart rate variability (HRV), an index of autonomic dysregulation, but the direction of the association remains unclear. Objective: To investigate the temporal association between depression and HRV. Design, Settings, and Participants: A longitudinal, cross-lagged twin difference study, with baseline assessments from March 2002 to March 2006 (visit 1) and a 7-year follow-up (visit 2) at an academic research center with participants recruited from a national twin registry...
July 1, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
Junghee Lim, Juyoung Kim, Bora Moon, Gaeun Kim
AIM: This study aimed to examine the effect of tepid massage in febrile children comparing with other fever management. METHODS: Experimental studies published in English were included; quasi-experimental research studies were also included in consideration of rare experimental studies in Korean. The search strategy sought to identify published research reports in the English language and covered all major databases up to 2016. The methodological quality of each study was assessed by 2 independent reviewers using a Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network's Methodology Checklist...
October 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Ritesh Mistry, Mangesh S Pednekar, William J McCarthy, Ken Resnicow, Sharmila A Pimple, Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Gauravi A Mishra, Prakash C Gupta
BACKGROUND: We measured how student tobacco use and psychological risk factors (intention to use and perceived ease of access to tobacco products) were associated with tobacco vendor compliance with India's Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act provisions regulating the point-of-sale (POS) environment. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional survey of high school students (n=1373) and tobacco vendors (n=436) in school-adjacent communities (n=26) in Mumbai, India...
May 9, 2018: Tobacco Control
Neerja Bhatla, Bhagwan M Nene, Smita Joshi, Pulikottil O Esmy, Usha Rani Reddy Poli, Geeta Joshi, Yogesh Verma, Eric Zomawia, Sharmila Pimple, Priya R Prabhu, Partha Basu, Richard Muwonge, Sanjay Hingmire, Catherine Sauvaget, Eric Lucas, Michael Pawlita, Tarik Gheit, Kasturi Jayant, Sylla G Malvi, Maqsood Siddiqi, Angelika Michel, Julia Butt, Subha Sankaran, Thiraviam Pillai Rameshwari Ammal Kannan, Rintu Varghese, Uma Divate, Martina Willhauck-Fleckenstein, Tim Waterboer, Martin Müller, Peter Sehr, Alka Kriplani, Gauravi Mishra, Radhika Jadhav, Ranjit Thorat, Massimo Tommasino, M Radhakrishna Pillai, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan
Extending two-dose recommendations of HPV vaccine to girls between 15 and 18 years will reduce program cost and improve compliance. Immunogenicity and vaccine targeted HPV infection outcomes were compared between 1795 girls aged 15-18 years receiving two (1-180 days) and 1515 girls of same age receiving three (1-60-180 days) doses. Immunogenicity outcomes in 15-18 year old two-dose recipients were also compared with the 10-14 year old three-dose (N = 2833) and two-dose (N = 3184) recipients. The 15-18 year old two-dose recipients had non-inferior L1-binding antibody titres at seven months against vaccine-targeted HPV types compared to three-dose recipients at 15-18 years and three-dose recipients at 10-14 years of age...
June 2018: Papillomavirus Research
Jianyun Lu, Miaomiao Li, Jian Huang, Lihua Gao, Yizhi Pan, Zhibing Fu, Jianhua Dou, Jinhua Huang, Yaping Xiang
To verify the effect of ozone on Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) colonization in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and its correlation with the patient's status.
 Methods: A total of 12 patients with moderate or severe AD, aged from 6 to 65 years, were recruited from outpatient of the Third Xiangya Hospital. The treatment sides were showered with ozonated water and smeared with ozonated oil for 7 days (twice a day), while the control sides were washed with warm running water and smeared with base oil...
February 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Joshua A Zeichner, Lawrence F Eichenfield, Steven R Feldman, J Scott Kasteler, Ilia L Ferrusi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of rosacea on self-perception, emotional, social, and overall well-being and quality of life in individuals with erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR) and papulopustular rosacea (PPR). DESIGN: We distributed a cross-sectional email invitation for participants in the United States to fill out a web-based survey. PARTICIPANTS: We included adults who reported having previously received a diagnosis of erythematotelangiectatic rosacea or papulopustular rosacea...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Smita Joshi, Richard Muwonge, Pulikottil Okkuru Esmy, Partha Basu, Priya Prabhu, Neerja Bhatla, Bhagwan M Nene, Janmesh Shaw, Usha Rani Reddy Poli, Yogesh Verma, Eric Zomawia, Sharmila Pimple, Massimo Tommasino, Michael Pawlita, Tarik Gheit, Tim Waterboer, Peter Sehr, Madhavan Radhakrishna Pillai
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is a major strategy for preventing cervical and other ano-genital cancers. Worldwide HPV vaccination introduction and coverage will be facilitated if a single dose of vaccine is as effective as two or three doses or demonstrates significant protective effect compared to 'no vaccination'. METHODS: In a multi-centre cluster randomized trial of two vs three doses of quadrivalent HPV vaccination (Gardasil™) in India, suspension of the vaccination due to events unrelated to the study led to per protocol and partial vaccination of unmarried 10-18 year old girls leading to four study groups, two by design and two by default...
August 6, 2018: Vaccine
Viola Vaccarino, Samaah Sullivan, Muhammad Hammadah, Kobina Wilmot, Ibhar Al Mheid, Ronnie Ramadan, Lisa Elon, Pratik M Pimple, Ernest V Garcia, Jonathon Nye, Amit J Shah, Ayman Alkhoder, Oleksiy Levantsevych, Hawkins Gay, Malik Obideen, Minxuan Huang, Tené T Lewis, J Douglas Bremner, Arshed A Quyyumi, Paolo Raggi
BACKGROUND: Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) is frequent in patients with coronary artery disease and is associated with worse prognosis. Young women with a previous myocardial infarction (MI), a group with unexplained higher mortality than men of comparable age, have shown elevated rates of MSIMI, but the mechanisms are unknown. METHODS: We studied 306 patients (150 women and 156 men) ≤61 years of age who were hospitalized for MI in the previous 8 months and 112 community controls (58 women and 54 men) frequency matched for sex and age to the patients with MI...
February 20, 2018: Circulation
Superna Tiwari, Abhilash Neelakanti, Sunil Sathyanarayana
Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a nonneoplastic, tumor-like growth commonly seen in the oral mucosa or skin. Although nonpathological, its existence might lead to complications such as secondary infections or diastema formation. Hence, surgical removal of the growth seems mandatory. Histopathologic and radiographic evaluation is essential for accurate diagnosis and to rule out malignancy. A 28-year-old systemically healthy female patient reported with a swelling which involved the interdental space of maxillary left central and lateral incisors...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Simone Früholz, Florian Fäßler, Üner Kolukisaoglu, Peter Pimpl
Protein degradation in lytic compartments is crucial for eukaryotic cells. At the heart of this process, vacuolar sorting receptors (VSRs) bind soluble hydrolases in the secretory pathway and release them into the vacuolar route. Sorting efficiency is suggested to result from receptor recycling. However, how and to where plant VSRs recycle remains controversial. Here we present a nanobody-epitope interaction-based protein labeling and tracking approach to dissect their anterograde and retrograde transport routes in vivo...
February 13, 2018: Nature Communications
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