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eating disorder and nurse

Jelle Sjoerd Vogel, Marte Swart, Mike Slade, Jojanneke Bruins, Mark van der Gaag, Stynke Castelein
OBJECTIVE: The HospitalitY (HY) intervention is a novel recovery oriented intervention for people with psychotic disorders in which peer support and home-based skill training are combined in an eating club. A feasibility study was conducted to inform a subsequent randomised trial. METHODS: This study evaluated three eating clubs consisting of nine participants and three nurses. Semi-structured interviews and pre- and post-intervention measures (18 weeks) of personal recovery, quality of life and functioning were used to evaluate the intervention...
February 28, 2019: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Ahmed Rashid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Mohsen Hojat, Mahdi Karimyar Jahromi, Saiede Rahmanian Koshkaki, Mojdeh Rahmanian
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease is one of the most important causes of mortality in the world; identifying and correcting the modifiable risk factors reduce the prevalence of coronary artery disorders. Nurses, with regard to their employment conditions, can be prone to cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to compare the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in male and female nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 263 nurses from Jahrom University of Medical Sciences hospitals were enrolled in the study by convenience sampling...
2019: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Kathryn E Phillips, Jenna A LoGiudice
Disordered eating (DE) behaviors are associated with obesity and eating disorders. This study describes practices and attitudes of nursing students toward patients exhibiting DE and how personal DE behaviors affect practices and attitudes. Most respondents had a mental health rotation (74.7 percent) and DE education (68 percent); however, only 34.7 percent felt prepared to screen for DE, and only 44 percent were taught to screen. Those scoring high for DE behaviors (n = 7) indicated greater rates of feeling prepared to screen...
January 21, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Constance E McIntosh, Jayanthi Kandiah, Naomi Rachel Boucher
Children with autism spectrum disorder may exhibit issues with food selectivity and/or picky eating habits. Symptoms of autism such as sensory sensitivity contribute to why these children refuse to eat food, but medications, food intolerance, and even financial status can cause this issue to become concerning to a student's overall health. School nurses are imperative in the health care of children with autism spectrum disorder and must understand why food selectivity occurs in order to maintain or improve the nutrition status of their students...
January 22, 2019: NASN School Nurse
V Gianfredi, D Nucci, A Tonzani, R Amodeo, A L Benvenuti, M Villarini, M Moretti
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Sleep disorders, the International Classification of Diseases and the Diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental Disorders defines insomnia as an experience of insufficient or poor sleep quality, characterized by at least one of the following symptoms: difficulty in initiating or maintaining sleep, early awakenings and poor restorative sleep. In Italy, the Morfeo 1 study detects a prevalence of 20% of insomnia and a 40% of cases with day-time symptoms...
November 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Erla Kolbrun Svavarsdottir, Margret Gisladottir
PURPOSE: Family nursing interventions, focusing on therapeutic conversations, have been found to benefit primary caregivers dealing with chronic and acute illnesses. Less is known, however, about the benefit of these interventions for partner caregivers. The aims of this study were to develop and test the Family Strengths-Oriented Therapeutic Conversation (FAM-SOTC) intervention for partner caregivers of young individuals with eating disorders (EDs). METHODS: Eighteen partner caregivers of adolescents and young adults with ED participated in this quasi-experimental study...
March 2019: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
C M McHugh, M Harron, A Kilcullen, P O’Connor, N Burns, A Toolan, E O’Mahony
Anorexia nervosa affects 0.5% of the population (90% female) with the highest mortality of any psychiatric illness, usually suicide, or cardiovascular or neurological sequelae of either malnutrition or refeeding syndrome. The latter two conditions occur in the inpatient setting, carry a high mortality and are thoroughly avoidable with careful informed clinical management. This paper provides an overview of the service and care of these patients in a general hospital setting in Ireland. In response to a number of acute presentations a cross discipline Pop-up Eating Disorder Unit (psychiatrist, physician, dietician, nurse) was established in Sligo University Hospital in 2014 and has experience of 20 people treated according to the MARSIPAN guideline (Management of Really Sick Inpatients with Anorexia Nervosa)...
September 10, 2018: Irish Medical Journal
Debra Haas Stavarski, Robbi K Alexander, Shelby N Ortiz, Thomas Wasser
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with eating disorders (EDs) experience suicidal thoughts and behaviors at elevated rates compared to the general population. Hope-engendering nursing actions may increase patients' levels of hope for the future, improve coping self-efficacy, and possibly reduce suicidality. Although nursing staff are integral ED treatment team members, little is known about nursing actions targeting hopefulness. AIM: Explore differences between patients' and nurses' perceptions of hope-engendering nurse actions and the relationship actions have with patients' perception of hope...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Mohammad Heidari, Mansureh Ghodusi Borujeni, Malihe Khosravizad
Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are a significant concern for public health, leading to temporary and permanent disability. Health care workers, including nurses, are at high risk for these disorders. This study aimed to assess the health-promoting lifestyles of nurses and their association with musculoskeletal disorders and symptoms. Methods: This study explored health-promoting lifestyles and their association with musculoskeletal symptoms in nurses...
July 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Belén Leyva-Vela, Francisco Jesús Llorente-Cantarero, Silvia Henarejos-Alarcón, Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: Many jobs are associated with psychological or social risk factors. Knowledge of occupational diseases is essential for adopting rational control measures. The aim was to study and describe frequent social, psychological and physiological risk factors for nurses. METHODS: Psychological and social risks were evaluated in nurses with regular or irregular shifts. In addition, differences between nurses or nursing assistants were studied. The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, Eating Attitudes Test, Profile of Mood State, Athens Insomnia Scale, Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Minnesota Leisure Time were administered...
September 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Kaitlyn Rechenberg, Margaret Grey, Lois Sadler
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is one of the most common chronic health conditions in youth in the United States, and its incidence is rising worldwide. Youth with T1D are at a high risk of psychological comorbidity, for example, anxiety, depression, and eating disorders. Psychological comorbidities, especially anxiety symptoms, have been correlated with poorer diabetes outcomes, but anxiety symptoms have not been well studied in these youth. The primary aim of this study was to describe the experience of anxiety symptoms in youth with T1D, especially as those symptoms relate to diabetes self-management tasks...
October 30, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Teresa Madeira, Catarina Peixoto-Plácido, Nuno Sousa-Santos, Osvaldo Santos, Violeta Alarcão, Beatriz Goulão, Nuno Mendonça, Paulo Jorge Nicola, Agneta Yngve, Asta Bye, Astrid Bergland, Teresa F Amaral, Carla Lopes, João Gorjão Clara
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the nutritional status and to identify malnutrition-associated variables of older adults living in Portuguese nursing homes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Data on demographic and socio-economic characteristics, self-reported morbidity, eating-related problems, nutritional status, cognitive function, depression symptoms, loneliness feelings and functional status were collected by trained nutritionists through a computer-assisted face-to-face structured interview followed by standardised anthropometric measurements...
October 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Sonya Chelvanayagam, Janet James
Diabulimia has become a common term used to describe a condition when a person with type 1 diabetes has an eating disorder. The individual may omit or restrict their insulin dose to lose/control weight. Evidence suggests that as many as 20% of women with type 1 diabetes may have this condition. The serious acute and long-term complications of hyperglycaemia are well documented. Detection of this condition is challenging and health professionals need to be vigilant in assessing reasons for variable glycaemic control and weight changes...
September 20, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, Rohini Thimmaiah, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Suresh BadaMath
This was a cross sectional descriptive study carried out among Medical and Nursing students to assess the presence of eating disorders. Data was collected using self administered 'Sick, Control, One, Fat, Food' (SCOFF) and 'Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26)' questionnaires. It was found that 34.1% and 10.4% of the participants were at high risk to suffer from eating disorders on SCOFF and EAT-26 scales. Further, age, gender and education found to have significant association on SCOFF and EAT-26 scores (p < 0...
November 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Anne Mette Skovgaard, Lisbeth Wilms, Anette Johansen, Janni Ammitzbøll, Bjørn E Holstein, Else Marie Olsen
Standardised measures are needed in the general child health surveillance. A standardised record with manualised guidelines have been created for use in the existing services of community health nurses, to collect epidemiological data and improve the quality of regional child health surveillance. The record has been used since 2000, and currently one third of the Danish child population is included. Research findings suggest targets of intervention towards risk trajectories of overweight, weight faltering, eating problems and neuro-developmental disorders...
August 20, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
C María Pérez-Sánchez, D Nicolás Torres, J J Hernández Morante
BACKGROUND: although eating disorders are usually linked to young adolescents, these mental disorders can also appear in the elderly, especially in those living in nursing homes, which might be associated or not with the cognitive decline; however, there are few data regarding elderly subjects. OBJECTIVES: the objective of the present work was to evaluate the presence of abnormal eating attitudes in nursing home residents and its relation with several cognitive, nutritional and psychological factors that could be influencing their nutritional state...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Jee Hee Han, Sun Ah Kim, Sue Kim, Jin Young Park
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to identify factors influencing disordered eating behaviors in female college students based on the theory of triadic influence. DESIGN AND METHOD: The participants in this study were 307 college females in Korea. Data were analyzed using t-tests, correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analyses. FINDINGS: Multiple regression analysis revealed that objectified body consciousness, social physique anxiety, and sociocultural attitudes toward appearance influenced disordered eating behavior (R2  = 0...
July 3, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, Rohini Thimmaiah, S Sai Nikhil Reddy, Kathyayani B V, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Suresh BadaMath
OBJECTIVES: To assess gender disparity in body weight perception, Body Mass Index (BMI), weight satisfaction and role of depression among undergraduate Medical and Nursing students. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in conveniently selected medical (n=241) and nursing (n=213) students of Bangalore, South India. Data was collected using self-administered SCOFF questionnaires. RESULTS: Our findings revealed that men had a significantly higher BMI than women (t=5...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
Audrey Purcell, Mary Clarke, Ian Maidment
Background Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an important and potentially preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalised patients. It is a significant, international patient safety issue affecting medical, surgical and mental health in-patients. There is a paucity of published evidence on the incidence of VTE, and the role of VTE risk-assessment and prophylaxis, in mental healthcare settings. Epidemiological evidence indicates that antipsychotic medications are an independent risk factor for VTE...
June 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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