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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762810/effects-of-traditional-chinese-exercise-on-cognitive-and-psychological-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Qi Zhang, Jianan Hu, Lijiao Wei, Ri Cao, Ruishu Ma, Huimin Song, Yi Jin
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) can be a stage of pre-dementia. Although the traditional Chinese exercise (TCE) has benefits associated with cognitive functions, the effects of the TCE on cognitive functions of older patients with MCI remain controversial. This study performs a meta-analysis to quantify the efficiency of TCE for older individuals on cognitive and psychological outcomes. METHODS: A comprehensive database search was conducted on PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), CINAHL (EBSCO), Web of Science, and four Chinese medical databases...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762808/acupuncture-for-perimenopausal-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#2
Jialei Feng, Wei Wang, Yuan Zhong, Chonghui Xing, Taipin Guo
BACKGROUND: Perimenopausal depressive disorder (PDD) is a disease that plagues many perimenopausal women. There is an urgent need for a safe way to treat the disease. With few side effects, acupuncture treatment for PDD has been gradually accepted. However, at present, the evidence is insufficient and relevant studies are not in-depth enough. The purpose of this study is to explore the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for PDD. METHODS: All randomized controlled trials articles on acupuncture treatment of PDD will be searched in databases such as MEDLINE, EBASE, Cochrane Library, Springer, World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan Fang, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese Scientific Journal Database and so on...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30760112/psychological-and-pharmacological-treatments-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-gad-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
Emily Carl, Sara M Witcraft, Brooke Y Kauffman, Eilis M Gillespie, Eni S Becker, Pim Cuijpers, Michael Van Ameringen, Jasper A J Smits, Mark B Powers
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to provide updated pooled effect sizes of evidence-based psychotherapies and medications for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and to investigate potential moderators of outcomes. Seventy-nine randomized controlled trials (RCT) including 11,002 participants with a diagnosis of GAD were included in a meta-analysis that tested the efficacy of psychotherapies or medications for GAD. Psychotherapy showed a medium to large effect size (g = 0.76) and medication showed a small effect size (g = 0...
February 14, 2019: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758486/association-of-cannabis-use-in-adolescence-and-risk-of-depression-anxiety-and-suicidality-in-young-adulthood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Gabriella Gobbi, Tobias Atkin, Tomasz Zytynski, Shouao Wang, Sorayya Askari, Jill Boruff, Mark Ware, Naomi Marmorstein, Andrea Cipriani, Nandini Dendukuri, Nancy Mayo
Importance: Cannabis is the most commonly used drug of abuse by adolescents in the world. While the impact of adolescent cannabis use on the development of psychosis has been investigated in depth, little is known about the impact of cannabis use on mood and suicidality in young adulthood. Objective: To provide a summary estimate of the extent to which cannabis use during adolescence is associated with the risk of developing subsequent major depression, anxiety, and suicidal behavior...
February 13, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30756119/factors-associated-with-alzheimer-s-disease-an-overview-of-reviews
#5
M Rochoy, V Rivas, E Chazard, E Decarpentry, G Saudemont, P-A Hazard, F Puisieux, S Gautier, R Bordet
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a frequent pathology, with a poor prognosis, for which no curative treatment is available in 2018. AD prevention is an important issue, and is an important research topic. In this manuscript, we have synthesized the literature reviews and meta-analyses relating to modifiable risk factors associated with AD. Smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, physical inactivity, depression, head trauma, heart failure, bleeding and ischemic strokes, sleep apnea syndrome appeared to be associated with an increased risk of AD...
2019: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753954/longitudinal-course-of-cognitive-function-across-treatment-in-patients-with-mdd-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Maren Bernhardt, Selina Klauke, Annette Schröder
BACKGROUND: The longitudinal change of cognitive function across psychological treatment remains unclear. The aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize results from longitudinal studies of cognitive deficits in MDD patients across treatment to examine change and determine domains that are most sensitive to change. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PsycINFO, MEDLINE, Science direct, and Google scholar databases. The main analysis included 16 studies and examined the change of cognitive function in 859 patients with MDD by calculating overall test-retest effect sizes (Hedges' g) and using a random effects model...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753762/antidepressants-mood-stabilizers-antipsychotics-and-the-risk-of-cataract
#7
Chittaranjan Andrade
Cataract is a common disease of the eye, and depression is common in patients with cataract. This raises the possibility that depression and the drugs used to treat depression may be risk factors for cataract. In a recent systematic review and meta-analysis of 7 case-control studies with a pooled sample of 447,672 cases and 1,510,391 controls, antidepressant drugs were associated with a very small but statistically significant increase in the risk of cataract; the odds ratios for different classes of antidepressants were in the 1...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753474/understanding-the-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-services-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-chinese-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#8
Anao Zhang, Dexia Kong, Lin Jiang, Fei Sun, Ruth E Dunkle, Chun Liu
Background and Objectives: There exists an imperative need to comprehensively evaluate the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for Chinese geriatric populations' mental wellbeing. This study conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of psychosocial services for Chinese older adults' depression and anxiety. Research Design and Methods: A search of nine electronic databases, five geriatric mental health journals, and reference lists was conducted for studies published between 1980 and April...
February 7, 2019: Gerontologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747970/interventions-to-prevent-perinatal-depression-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#9
Elizabeth O'Connor, Caitlyn A Senger, Michelle L Henninger, Erin Coppola, Bradley N Gaynes
Importance: Depression during pregnancy and the postpartum period is relatively common and can have adverse effects on both mother and child. Objective: To systematically review benefits and harms of primary care-relevant interventions to prevent perinatal depression, a major or minor depressive episode during pregnancy or up to 1 year after childbirth, to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMED (for publisher-supplied records only), PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials; surveillance through December 5, 2018...
February 12, 2019: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744997/interventions-to-reduce-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-and-suicidal-ideation-in-physicians-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Katherine Petrie, Joanna Crawford, Simon T E Baker, Kimberlie Dean, Jo Robinson, Benjamin G Veness, Janette Randall, Patrick McGorry, Helen Christensen, Samuel B Harvey
BACKGROUND: An increased prevalence of common mental disorders and suicide has been reported among physicians worldwide. We aimed to assess which, if any, interventions are effective at reducing or preventing symptoms of common mental health disorders or suicidality in physicians. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Cochrane CENTRAL (database inception to March 26, 2018), reference lists of included studies, and additional sources were systematically searched and screened by two independent reviewers...
February 7, 2019: Lancet Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30741752/the-impact-of-communication-surrounding-intrauterine-congenital-anomaly-diagnoses-an-integrative-review
#11
Shandeigh N Berry, Karen Colorafi
Congenital anomalies are the leading cause of infant death in the United States, accounting for 20% of the annual infant mortality. Advancements in ultrasound diagnostic technology allow practitioners to diagnose fetal anomalies as early as 11 weeks' gestational age, 75% of which are detected in low-risk pregnancies. Communicating a fetal anomaly diagnosis to parents and initiating perinatal end-of-life discussions are difficult for healthcare providers and parents alike. Furthermore, poorly communicated diagnoses have had long-term negative impacts on perinatal grief intensity, which manifested into lifelong symptoms of adverse psychosocial outcomes such as anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and suicidal ideation...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30741617/hemoglobin-targets-for-the-anemia-in-patients-with-dialysis-dependent-chronic-kidney-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Yuqiu Ye, Hongyong Liu, Yanbing Chen, Yunqiang Zhang, Shaomin Li, Wentao Hu, Rongqian Yang, Zhesi Zhang, Linsheng Lv, Xun Liu
BACKGROUND: Anemia is extremely common among dialysis patients and underlies some of the symptoms associated with reduced kidney function, including fatigue, depression, reduced exercise tolerance, and dyspnea. OBJECTIVES: A clearer cognition of the prognosistic impact of hemoglobin (Hb) or hematocrit (Hct) target for the outcomes of dialysis patients is urgent. This article aims to establish the suitable hemoglobin in order to provide clinical guidance. METHODS: MEDLINE, EmBase, the Cochrane Library and other databases were searched with both MeSH terms and keywords to gather randomized controlled trials that assessed all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, fistula thrombosis, infectious diseases and transfusion among dialysis-dependent patients using erythropoiesis-stimulating agents...
November 2018: Renal Failure
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30741408/exercise-training-for-advanced-lung-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Carolyn J Peddle-McIntyre, Favil Singh, Rajesh Thomas, Robert U Newton, Daniel A Galvão, Vinicius Cavalheri
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced lung cancer have a high symptom burden, which is often complicated by coexisting conditions. These issues, combined with the indirect effects of cancer treatment, can cumulatively lead patients to continued deconditioning and low exercise capacity. This is a concern as exercise capacity is considered a measure of whole body health, and is critical in a patient's ability to participate in life activities and tolerate difficult treatments. There is evidence that exercise training improves exercise capacity and other outcomes, such as muscle force and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), in cancer survivors...
February 11, 2019: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30741085/tamoxifen-for-bipolar-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Jorge Palacios, Ayşegül Yildiz, Allan H Young, Matthew J Taylor
BACKGROUND: Tamoxifen is an oral medication that has been proposed as a potential treatment for bipolar disorder. Tamoxifen acts to inhibit the intracellular action of protein kinase C, which is also an action of well-established treatments such as lithium and valproate. Here we aimed to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of tamoxifen in the treatment of bipolar disorder and synthesise their results using meta-analysis. METHODS: RCTs were identified by searching of electronic databases and from discussion with experts in the field...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739625/efficacy-and-acceptability-of-psychosocial-interventions-in-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
G Turrini, M Purgato, C Acarturk, M Anttila, T Au, F Ballette, M Bird, K Carswell, R Churchill, P Cuijpers, J Hall, L J Hansen, M Kösters, T Lantta, M Nosè, G Ostuzzi, M Sijbrandij, F Tedeschi, M Valimaki, J Wancata, R White, M van Ommeren, C Barbui
AimsIn the past few years, there has been an unprecedented increase in the number of forcibly displaced migrants worldwide, of which a substantial proportion is refugees and asylum seekers. Refugees and asylum seekers may experience high levels of psychological distress, and show high rates of mental health conditions. It is therefore timely and particularly relevant to assess whether current evidence supports the provision of psychosocial interventions for this population. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy and acceptability of psychosocial interventions compared with control conditions (treatment as usual/no treatment, waiting list, psychological placebo) aimed at reducing mental health problems in distressed refugees and asylum seekers...
February 11, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739049/risk-of-autistic-spectrum-disorder-in-offspring-with-parental-mood-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Getinet Ayano, Joemer Calderon Maravilla, Rosa Alati
BACKGROUND: The association between mood disorders in parents and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk in offspring has been investigated in several studies, but the evidence is inconclusive. This systematic review and meta-analysis will explore whether an association exists between parental mood disorders and ASD risk in offspring. METHODS: A literature search was performed using the electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Scopus. We also reviewed reference lists from retrieved articles...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30738544/meta-review-network-meta-analyses-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#17
REVIEW
Samuele Cortese, Anneka Tomlinson, Andrea Cipriani
OBJECTIVE: Network meta-analyses (NMAs) are gaining traction as the preferred method for evidence synthesis of intervention studies. This review aimed to summarize the basics of NMAs and conduct a meta-review of available NMAs on the treatment of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders by appraising their quality. METHOD: PubMed (Medline), PsycInfo, Embase, Ovid Medline, and Web of Knowledge were systematically searched (last update January 9, 2018). The quality of each included NMA was appraised using the AMSTAR-2 tool and the PRISMA-NMA checklist, which includes specific items for NMAs...
February 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737040/who-ilo-work-related-burden-of-disease-and-injury-protocol-for-systematic-reviews-of-exposure-to-long-working-hours-and-of-the-effect-of-exposure-to-long-working-hours-on-depression
#18
REVIEW
Reiner Rugulies, Emiko Ando, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Michela Bonafede, Maria Cabello, Cristina Di Tecco, Nico Dragano, Quentin Durand-Moreau, Hisashi Eguchi, Junling Gao, Anne H Garde, Sergio Iavicoli, Ivan D Ivanov, Nancy Leppink, Ida E H Madsen, Frank Pega, Annette M Prüss-Üstün, Bruna M Rondinone, Kathrine Sørensen, Kanami Tsuno, Yuka Ujita, Amy Zadow
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) are developing a joint methodology for estimating the national and global work-related burden of disease and injury (WHO/ILO joint methodology), with contributions from a large network of experts. In this paper, we present the protocol for two systematic reviews of parameters for estimating the number of deaths and disability-adjusted life years from depression attributable to exposure to long working hours, to inform the development of the WHO/ILO joint methodology...
February 5, 2019: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30735772/the-association-between-gestational-diabetes-and-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Milad Azami, Gholamreza Badfar, Ali Solemani, Shoboo Rahmati
AIMS: Postpartum period is a critical period for mothers, which is often accompanied by increased risk of depression. Many studies have evaluated the relationship between gestational diabetes (GDM) and postpartum depression (PPD), but contradictory results have been reported. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between gestational diabetes and Postpartum Depression. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted based on PRISMA Guideline...
February 5, 2019: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30732534/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-current-depressive-symptoms-a-meta-analysis
#20
Simon B Goldberg, Raymond P Tucker, Preston A Greene, Richard J Davidson, David J Kearney, Tracy L Simpson
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) appears to be a promising intervention for the prevention of relapse in major depressive disorder, but its efficacy in patients with current depressive symptoms is less clear. Randomized clinical trials of MBCT for adult patients with current depressive symptoms were included (k = 13, N = 1046). Comparison conditions were coded based on whether they were intended to be therapeutic (specific active controls) or not (non-specific controls). MBCT was superior to non-specific controls at post-treatment (k = 10, d = 0...
February 8, 2019: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
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