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Weight lose

Ali Johnson, Matt Maiberger, Siobhan Donegan, Nancy C Kaplan, Patrick Kinner
INTRODUCTION: Low-income women are disproportionately overweight or obese. The Vermont WISEWOMAN (Well Integrated Screening and Evaluation for Women Across the Nation) program, which serves Vermont women whose annual income is less than 250% of the federal poverty level, pays for members to attend 1 of 2 different evidence-based weight loss programs, Weight Watchers or Curves Complete. PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated cost effectiveness of the weight-loss programs, conducted from April 2014 through March 2016, to determine which represented the best investment of WISEWOMAN program funds...
March 21, 2019: Preventing Chronic Disease
Tao Ma, Fan Wan, Dong Yang, Kaidong Deng, Kailun Yang, Qiyu Diao
This study compared the growth performance, nutrient utilization, and slaughter traits of Dorper crossbred male lambs fed as per the established nutrition recommendations for sheep, with an aim to verify the efficacy of different feeding standards. A total of 576 lambs (4 months of age, 28.3 ± 0.86 kg BW) were randomly allotted to 3 treatments with 12 replicates per treatment (16 lambs per replicate). The lambs were fed diets formulated according to the following 3 nutritional systems: the nutrient requirements of Dorper crossbred lambs established by Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), NRC (National Research Council), (2007), and AFRC (Agricultural and Food Research Council) (1993)...
March 2019: Animal Nutrition
Na Wang, Jin-Ping Zhang, Xiao-Yan Xing, Zhao-Jun Yang, Bo Zhang, Xin Wang, Wen-Ying Yang
Introduction: In this secondary analysis of the Metformin and AcaRbose in Chinese as the initial Hypoglycaemic treatment (MARCH) trial, we evaluated what demographic and clinical factors were associated with reduction in weight. We also assessed the effects of acarbose and metformin treatment on weight reduction. Material and methods: We analyzed the demographic and clinical laboratory values from the 784 patients with type 2 diabetes of the MARCH study who were treated for 48 weeks with acarbose or metformin...
March 2019: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Taylor Banh, Deena Snoke, Rachel M Cole, Austin Angelotti, Patrick M Schnell, Martha A Belury
Cachexia is responsible for nearly 20% of all cancer‑related deaths, yet effective therapies to prevent or treat the disease are lacking. Clinical studies have shown that male patients lose weight at a faster rate than females. Additionally, an 'obesity paradox' may exist where excess adiposity may confer survival to patients with cancer cachexia. To further explore these phenomena, the aim of this study was to evaluate the role of changes of adipose tissue mass, sex status, and tumor mass on outcomes of male, female and ovariectomized (OVX) mice with C‑26 adenocarcinoma‑induced cachexia...
March 20, 2019: Oncology Reports
Andrea L Deierlein, Alomi Malkan, Jaqueline Litvak, Niyati Parekh
BACKGROUND: To examine associations of adolescents' weight status perception and weight control intentions with dietary intakes. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from adolescents aged 10⁻15 in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 2005⁻2014 (n = 4940). Adolescents responded to questions regarding weight perception and if they were trying to change their weight. Intakes of calories, protein, carbohydrate, fat, saturated fat, sugar, and fiber were assessed using 24-h dietary recalls...
March 19, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Yevheniia Kyriachenko, Tetyana Falalyeyeva, Oleksandr Korotkyi, Nataliia Molochek, Nazarii Kobyliak
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a disorder characterized by chronic inflated blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia), at first due to insulin resistance and unregulated insulin secretion but with tendency towards global spreading. The gut microbiota is recognized to have an influence on T2D, although surveys have not formed a clear overview to date. Because of the interactions between gut microbiota and host homeostasis, intestinal bacteria are believed to play a large role in various diseases, including metabolic syndrome, obesity and associated disease...
March 15, 2019: World Journal of Diabetes
Joe A Vinson, Xi Chen, Deanne Dulik Garver
Obesity and type II diabetes are serious health problems and are among the leading causes of death. There are a few prescription weight loss drugs, but they have a high cost and their adverse effects have limited their widespread use. For the consumer, the use of dietary supplements represents a natural and presumably safer means of losing weight. A high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed to provide a simple, inexpensive method for analysis of 54 commercially available extracts of green coffee beans...
March 2019: Journal of Medicinal Food
Matthew Bisset, Nicole Rinehart, Emma Sciberras
Although attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with eating disorders (EDs), it is unclear when ED risk emerges in children with ADHD. We compared differences in body dissatisfaction and weight control behaviour in children with/without ADHD aged 12-13 years concurrently, and when aged 8-9 and 10-11 years, to determine when risk emerges. We also examined differences by ADHD medication status at each age. This study uses waves 1-5 from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (n = 2323-2972)...
March 19, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
David M Biko, Christopher L Smith, Hansel J Otero, David Saul, Ammie M White, Aaron DeWitt, Andrew C Glatz, David A Piccoli, Petar Mamula, Jonathan J Rome, Yoav Dori
OBJECTIVES: To describe the technique and report on our initial experience with the use of intrahepatic dynamic contrast magnetic resonance lymphangiography (IH-DCMRL) for evaluation of the lymphatics in patients with hepatic lymphatic flow disorders. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the imaging and clinical findings in six consecutive patients undergoing IH-DCMRL. The technique involves injection of a gadolinium contrast agent into the intrahepatic lymphatic ducts followed by imaging of the abdomen and chest with both heavily T2-weighted imaging and dynamic time-resolved imaging...
March 18, 2019: European Radiology
Iryna Liauchonak, Bessi Qorri, Fady Dawoud, Yatin Riat, Myron R Szewczuk
Individuals widely use non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) in attempts to lower their overall daily caloric intake, lose weight, and sustain a healthy diet. There are insufficient scientific data that support the safety of consuming NNS. However, recent studies have suggested that NNS consumption can induce gut microbiota dysbiosis and promote glucose intolerance in healthy individuals that may result in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This sequence of events may result in changes in the gut microbiota composition through microRNA (miRNA)-mediated changes...
March 16, 2019: Nutrients
Mary L Greaney, Steven A Cohen, Christie L Ward-Ritacco, Deborah Riebe
Purpose : Weight loss is advantageous for individuals with obesity and arthritis. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine if there are differences by rural-urban status among older adults with these conditions who reported being advised by a health care provider to lose weight for arthritis or to ameliorate arthritis symptoms. Methods : A cross-sectional analysis of 2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data. Respondents reported if they had been diagnosed with arthritis and if they received a provider weight loss recommendation (WLR)...
March 16, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Denise C Hunter, Veronika S Jones, Duncan I Hedderley, Sara R Jaeger
Functional foods which enhance satiety and hence offer appetite control can support weight loss efforts, but consumers' perceptions of such products are not fully understood. Urban-dwelling Australian consumers (n = 1629) trying to lose or to maintain weight rated written product concepts offering appetite control benefits for purchase intent and believability. In general, all product concepts were rated moderately for purchase intent, although products that were more likely to be commonly consumed, and that were a solid format received significantly higher ratings...
May 2019: Food Research International
Kateir Mariel Contreras Villamizar, Diana Carolina Afanador Rubio, Camilo Alberto González González, Paola Karina García Padilla, Martha Patricia Rodríguez Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: Morbid obesity in chronic kidney disease patients on hemodialysis limits access to renal transplantation. We report here a case of a surgical procedure for weight reduction in a hemodialysis patient and adjustment of dry weight through bioelectrical impedance. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44-year-old male with CKD on hemodialysis for 26 years. After 3 years on dialysis, he underwent a cadaveric kidney transplant. However, after 8 years of transplant, he loses the kidney graft and returns to dialysis treatment...
March 5, 2019: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Hung Nguyen Ngoc, Wantanee Kriengsinyos, Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Wichai Aekplakorn
Obesity in terms of excess fat mass is associated with increased morbidity, disability and mortality due to obesity-related disorders, including hypertension. Many hypertensive individuals are overweight and often receive their advice to lose weight related to body-fat, in order to lower their blood pressure. However, it is still unclear whether there is a strong association of adipose tissue measured by adiposity indicators with hypertension in the Thai population. Various adiposity indices have been published to distinguish the distribution of body fat with disparate properties...
March 13, 2019: Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
S Viesy, J Abdi, K Haghani, R Valizadeh
Giardia lamblia has proved to be the most common intestinal protozoan parasite in humans that causes giardiasis. Given the high mutations in the genome of this parasite, the present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Giardia lamblia subtypes and their relationship with clinical symptoms in patients who appear to have giardiasis. In 69 stool specimens with an appropriate number of giardia cysts, the DNA was first purified, and the genotype was then determined based on the glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) gene sequence using PCR-RFLP...
March 13, 2019: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
Hongyan Fang, Yaning Yang, Ling Chen
BACKGROUND: Family-based design is one of the most popular designs in genetic studies. Transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) for family trio design is optimal only under the additive trait model and may lose power under the other trait models. The TDT-type tests are powerful only when the underlying trait model is correctly specified. Usually, the true trait model is unknown, and the selection of the TDT-type test is problematic. Several methods, which are robust against the mis-specification of the trait model, have been proposed...
March 13, 2019: Human Heredity
Magali Palau-Rodriguez, Mar Garcia-Aloy, Antonio Miñarro, M Rosa Bernal-Lopez, Carl Brunius, Ricardo Gómez-Huelgas, Rikard Landberg, Francisco J Tinahones, Cristina Andres-Lacueva
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The benefits of weight loss in subjects with metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) are still a matter of controversy. We aimed to identify metabolic fingerprints and their associated pathways that discriminate women with MHO with high or low weight loss response after a lifestyle intervention, based on a hypocaloric Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and physical activity. METHODS: A UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS metabolomics workflow was applied to plasma samples from 27 women with MHO before and after 12 months of a hypocaloric weight loss intervention with a MedDiet and increased physical activity...
February 16, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
N Wah Cheung, Caron Blumenthal, Ben J Smith, Roslyn Hogan, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Julie Redfern, Tony Barry, Nancy Cinnadaio, Clara K Chow
Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a highly prevalent disorder of pregnancy which portends a high risk for future type 2 diabetes. Limited evidence indicates lifestyle intervention prevents the development of diabetes, but most previously studied interventions are resource-intensive. Intervention programs that utilise newer technologies may be scalable at lower cost. This 6-month pilot randomized controlled trial tested the delivery of text messages linked to an activity monitor, adaptive physical activity goal setting, and limited face-to-face counseling, as an intervention to improve rates of post-partum glucose tolerance testing and lifestyle behaviours amongst women following a GDM pregnancy...
March 11, 2019: Nutrients
Aya A Mitani, Elizabeth K Kaye, Kerrie P Nelson
The issue of informative cluster size (ICS) often arises in the analysis of dental data. ICS describes a situation where the outcome of interest is related to cluster size. Much of the work on modeling marginal inference in longitudinal studies with potential ICS has focused on continuous outcomes. However, periodontal disease outcomes, including clinical attachment loss, are often assessed using ordinal scoring systems. In addition, participants may lose teeth over the course of the study due to advancing disease status...
March 11, 2019: Biometrics
Nigel S Cook, Pradhumna Tripathi, Olivia Weiss, Susann Walda, Aneesh T George, Andrew Bushell
INTRODUCTION: To gain insights into the needs, attitudes, perceptions, and preferences of people living with obesity using an online bulletin board (OBB) study. METHODS: The OBB is a moderated asynchronous online qualitative market research method that allows interactive discussion among participants. Participants were recruited via physician referral followed by screening questions to ensure eligibility and willingness to participate. The discussions in the OBB were moderated and allowed anonymized open answers and responses...
March 11, 2019: Advances in Therapy
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