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Carolyn Sufrin
The over-reliance on incarceration in the USA is a racialized phenomenon which has affected millions of families - disproportionately people of colour - reconfiguring kinship around the criminal legal system. Mass incarceration, then, disrupts conventional modes of reproduction and threatens reproductive justice, separates families and funnels children into foster care, diverts funds from social services into prisons, restricts women's access to abortion and adequate pregnancy care, shackles women in childbirth, and incarcerates people during their prime reproductive years...
November 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
Graham S Danzer, Elizabeth M A Wheeler, Apryl A Alexander, Tobias D Wasser
The optimization of trial competency restoration is a topic of growing interest and controversy in the fields of forensics, psychology, criminal law, and public policy. Research has established that adult defendants who have severe psychotic disorders and cognitive impairments are more likely than defendants without these conditions to be found incompetent to stand trial and are less likely to be restored to competency thereafter. Research has also identified some of the benefits of attempting restoration in hospitals, jails, or outpatient settings for defendants with different diagnoses or levels of cognitive functioning...
February 8, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Eric Richardson, Kelli A Komro, Esaa Samarah, Stephanie A S Staras
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the feasibility of conducting a 9-week long sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention intervention, Angels in Action, within an alternative disciplinary school for adolescent girls. METHODS: All girls who were 16-18 years old, enrolled in the school and did not have plans to transfer from the school were eligible to participate. We measured process feasibility with recruitment, retention and participant enjoyment. Using a pretest-post-test design with a double post-test, we used χ² tests to estimate the intervention effect on participants' sexual partner risk knowledge, intentions to reduce partner risk and sexual activities in the past 60 days with three behavioural surveys: prior to, immediately following and 3 months after the intervention...
February 7, 2019: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Hiroyuki Omori, Yoshiaki Kawase, Masahiko Hara, Toru Tanigaki, Shuuichi Okamoto, Tetsuo Hirata, Jun Kikuchi, Hideaki Ota, Yoshihiro Sobue, Taiji Miyake, Itta Kawamura, Munenori Okubo, Hiroki Kamiya, Kunihiko Tsuchiya, Takahiko Suzuki, Nico H J Pijls, Hitoshi Matsuo
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and accuracy of the jailed-pressure wire technique using a durable optical fiber-based pressure wire with high-pressure dilatation using a non-compliant balloon after main vessel stenting. BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) information can help interventionists determine whether they should treat a jailed-side branch (SB). However, re-crossing a pressure wire into a jailed-SB is sometimes technically difficult...
February 5, 2019: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Janelle Taveras, Mary Jo Trepka, Purnima Madhivanan, Erica L Gollub, Jessy G Dévieux, Boubakari Ibrahimou
The numbers of perinatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in the United States have continued to decline, but the prevalence of female adults and adolescents living with diagnosed HIV infection continues to rise. Opportunities still exist to prevent mother-to child HIV transmission. The objective of this study was to identify demographics, HIV risk, and testing behaviors among pregnant women and to compare these characteristics by HIV testing site type. Multivariable analyses were conducted to examine demographics, HIV risk, and testing behaviors among 24,836 records of pregnant women publicly tested for HIV in the state of Florida in 2012...
February 4, 2019: Women & Health
Evan M Lowder, Bradley R Ray, Jeffrey A Gruenewald
Despite the high prevalence of behavioral health disorders in justice settings and prior research on the importance of attitudes in successful treatment outcomes for behavioral health populations, few studies have examined criminal justice professionals' attitudes toward mental illness and substance use. We conducted a state-wide survey of 610 criminal justice professionals using items adapted from the Drug and Drug Problems Perceptions Questionnaire (Albery et al. 2003) to examine attitudes toward mental illness and substance use as a function of criminal justice position and personal contact...
January 31, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Yuichi Ozaki, Hector M Garcia-Garcia, Alexandre Hideo-Kajita, Kayode O Kuku, Michael Haude, Hüseyin Ince, Alexandre Abizaid, Ralph Tölg, Pedro Alves Lemos, Clemens von Birgelen, Evald Høj Christiansen, William Wijns, Javier Escaned, Ron Waksman
Second-generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold (DREAMS 2G) is used for treating coronary lesions. However, the natural history of the jailed side-branch (SB) after DREAMS 2G implantation remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of scaffold struts on jailed SBs as assessed by 3-dimensional (3D) optical coherence tomography (OCT) after implantation of DREAMS 2G. We enrolled the patients who received a DREAMS 2G implantation and where OCT was performed at postprocedure and 12-month follow-up in the BIOSOLVE-II trial...
January 4, 2019: American Journal of Cardiology
Karoline Mortensen, Michael T French, Andrew R Timming
BACKGROUND: Tattoos have reached broadening mainstream acceptance. Medical professional societies have noted that tattoos may co-occur with high risk behaviors. METHODS: Using a variety of statistical models applied to a sample of 2,008 adults residing in the United States via Amazon's Mechanical Turk, we estimate the associations between tattoo characteristics, three health-related outcomes (overall health status, ever diagnosed with a mental health issue, sleep problems), and three risky behaviors (current smoking, ever spent time in jail or prison, and number of sex partners)...
January 24, 2019: International Journal of Dermatology
Rie Ohta, Clara Long
More people, including children and pregnant women, are being detained for longer periods in a patchwork of over 200 detention centers around the country, most of which are private facilities or county jails. Human Rights Watch has documented systemic medical care failures at these facilities, including incompetent treatment, which is linked to patient deaths. Clinicians working in these facilities face formidable obstacles to providing adequate care, two of which are the Department of Homeland Security's lack of reasonable alternatives to detention and insufficient staffing...
January 1, 2019: AMA Journal of Ethics
Jocelyn Guyer, Kinda Serafi, Deborah Bachrach, Alixandra Gould
Issue: With many states expanding Medicaid eligibility, individuals leaving jail or prison are now often able to enroll in health coverage upon release. It is increasingly clear, however, that coverage alone is insufficient to address the often complex health and social needs of people who cycle between costly hospital and jail stays. Goals: To identify emerging trends in the care delivery models that state Medicaid programs use for former inmates. Methods: Literature review and interviews with state officials, plans, and providers...
January 1, 2019: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
Annette Opitz-Welke, Marc Lehmann, Peter Seidel, Norbert Konrad
BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases, substance dependencies, and dental diseases are the most important health problems affecting incarcerated persons. In Germany, for example, prisoners are 48 to 69 times more likely to be infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) than the general population, and 7 to 12 times more likely to be infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The prevalence of mental illnesses is also markedly higher in the incarcerated than in the general population...
November 30, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Wenduo Zhang, Fusui Ji, Xue Yu, Xinyue Wang
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) of bifurcation lesions is technically challenging and associated with lower success rates and higher frequency of adverse outcomes. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the immediate and long-term treatment effect and adverse events of a new modified jailed-balloon technique on side branch (SB) during PCI on coronary bifurcation lesions. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 60 patients (49 males, 11 females, mean age 66 ± 10 years) with coronary bifurcation lesions treated at the Beijing Hospital between September 2014 and October 2015...
January 10, 2019: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Irene Kuo, Tao Liu, Rudy Patrick, Claudia Trezza, Lauri Bazerman, Breana J Uhrig Castonguay, James Peterson, Ann Kurth, Curt G Beckwith
We examined the preliminary effectiveness of a computerized counseling session plus post-incarceration text messaging intervention (CARE + Corrections) to support ART adherence and linkage/engagement in community care among recently incarcerated persons with HIV in Washington, D.C. Recently incarcerated persons with HIV ≥ 18 years old were recruited from the D.C. jail or community outreach and randomized to CARE + Corrections or control arm. Participants completed assessments at baseline, 3-months and 6-months...
January 9, 2019: AIDS and Behavior
Angela M Collins, Leana A Bouffard, Nicole Wilkes
Specialized domestic violence courts are presumed to be more effective than general case processing in understanding and addressing the unique issues associated with this crime type, which should lead to reduced recidivism among offenders. Research, however, is less clear about whether and how domestic violence courts reduce recidivism. This study analyzes data from a misdemeanor, expedited domestic violence court in southeast Texas to assess whether defendant characteristics and court processing characteristics influence recidivism among offenders processed through the specialty docket...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Wai Kin Chi, Bryan P Yan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
Enrico Capuzzi, Elena Pini, Maria Rosaria Malerba, Francesca Cova, Annamaria Lax, Sara Mauri, Alessandra Ornaghi, Milena Provenzi, Paola Rubelli, Maria Ripalta Sergio, Emanuele Truisi, Massimo Clerici
BACKGROUND: Prison mental health care is a significant topic which has been already studied and described in literature, particularly because of important implications both in the prison and in the health care system. It's not uncommon that inmates suffering from mental disorders are referred to high security forensic services (HSFS) but, to date, studies assessing factors associated with relevant referrals to these services are missing. So, the aim of our study is to investigate socio-demographic, criminological, psychopathological and toxicological variables among those who were referred to HSFS as compared to their non-referred counterpart...
January 2019: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Susan Starr Sered, Maureen Norton-Hawk
Using a mixed-method approach of interviews and ethnographic observations, the authors followed a cohort of women postincarceration in Massachusetts for a period of 9 years. The women repeatedly cycled through health care and other institutions, yet very few moved into stable housing, jobs, and family situations. Nearly all continue to suffer multiple physical and mental health challenges despite high levels of access to health care. This article is intended to provide those who work in correctional institutions a broader view of the lives of justice-involved women outside of those institutions...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Lance Johns, Sailesh Maharjan, Gloria Magana, Laura Kamptner, Michael Lewin
The present study examined interpersonal sensitivity and hostility as separate and sequential mediators in the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and the conflict tactic of negotiation (e.g., a strategy utilized to resolve conflict with a romantic partner) among female inmates. Participants were 258 female inmates recruited from three Southern California jails. After statistically controlling for partner-negotiation, results from a sequential mediation model revealed that the association between ACE and negotiation was mediated through three separate pathways...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Jiahui Cao, Hans Schnittler
Junction dynamics of endothelial cells are based on the integration of signal transduction, cytoskeletal remodeling and contraction, which are necessary for the formation and maintenance of monolayer integrity, but also enable repair and regeneration. The VE-cadherin-catenin complex forms the molecular basis of the adherence junctions and cooperates closely with actin filaments. Several groups have recently described small actin-driven protrusions at the cell junctions that are controlled by the Arp2/3 complex, contributing to cell junction regulation...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Cell Science
Kathleen H Reilly, Eileen Johns, Nebahat Noyan, Maryanne Schretzman, Tsu-Yu Tsao
This study assessed neighborhood-level association between jail incarceration and premature mortality and estimated the number of potentially avertable premature deaths associated with jail incarceration in NYC. The study outcome was premature mortality rate and the main predictor of interest was jail incarceration rate. Variables associated with premature mortality in bivariate analysis were considered for inclusion in the multivariable ordinary least squares model and in the multivariable linear mixed effects model accounting for spatial correlation...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Community Health
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