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Reinfection of tuberculosis in bronchiectasis

Maria das Graças Motta E Bona, Maria José Soares Leal, Liline Maria Soares Martins, Raimundo Nonato da Silva, José Adail Fonseca de Castro, Semiramis Jamil Hadad do Monte
OBJECTIVE: To identify mycobacterial species in the sputum of patients suspected of having pulmonary tuberculosis and to determine the impact that the acquisition of this knowledge has on the therapeutic approach. METHODS: We evaluated 106 patients suspected of having pulmonary tuberculosis and referred to the pulmonology department of a public hospital in the city of Teresina, Brazil. Morning sputum specimens were evaluated for the presence of mycobacteria by sputum smear microscopy and culture...
September 2011: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Those physicians who deal with children have much to contribute toward case finding in tuberculosis among these patients as well as adults. The tuberculin test is the most accurate weapon at hand. Contacts other than the parents should be looked for. Symptoms, beside fever, to be noted are eye and skin complaints. In the physical examination the chest is relatively unimportant as compared to the eye, the skin, the lymphatic and skeletal systems. In the roentgenographic examination, epituberculosis and atelectasis should be differentiated...
March 1949: California Medicine
Stephen K Field, Dina Fisher, Robert L Cowie
Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is ubiquitous. It is found in various freshwater and saltwater sources around the world, including hot water pipes. Although the organism was identified in the 1890s, its potential to cause human disease was only recognized 50 years later. Only a minority of people exposed to the organism will acquire MAC lung disease, usually those with underlying lung disease or immunosuppression. MAC may, however, cause progressive parenchymal lung disease and bronchiectasis in patients without underlying lung disease, particularly in middle-aged and elderly women...
August 2004: Chest
E Comino, G Ragni, P Trapani, T Camarrota
During the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, the radiologist is often asked the following questions: 1) is it really TB?; 2) is there any improvement?; 3) when is the X-ray check-up required?. In our opinion, the radiologist is in a position: 1) to confirm the diagnosis of TB; 2) to give a radiological diagnosis of "abnormality" but without a prognostic opinion; 3) to suggest, case by case, when the X-ray check-up is required. After some month or years, when radiological-clinical sequelae are present, the radiologist is often asked equally difficult questions: 1) is it still TB?; 2) is it still active?; 3) could it have caused the hemoptysis?...
May 12, 1985: Minerva Medica
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