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Depression in geriatri c

F Puisieux, C D'Andrea, P Baconnier, D Bui-Dinh, S Castaings-Pelet, B Crestani, B Desrues, C Ferron, A Franco, J Gaillat, H Guenard, B Housset, C Jeandel, G Jebrak, A Leymarie-Saddles, E Orvoen-Frija, F Piette, G Pinganaud, J-Y Salle, D Strubel, J-M Vernejoux, B de Wazières, S Weil-Engerer
Swallowing disorders (or dysphagia) are common in the elderly and their prevalence is often underestimated. They may result in serious complications including dehydration, malnutrition, airway obstruction, aspiration pneumonia (infectious process) or pneumonitis (chemical injury caused by the inhalation of sterile gastric contents). Moreover the repercussions of dysphagia are not only physical but also emotional and social, leading to depression, altered quality of life, and social isolation. While some changes in swallowing may be a natural result of aging, dysphagia in the elderly is mainly due to central nervous system diseases such as stroke, parkinsonism, dementia, medications, local oral and oesophageal factors...
October 2011: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
L M Donini, L J Dominguez, M Barbagallo, C Savina, E Castellaneta, D Cucinotta, A Fiorito, E M Inelmen, G Sergi, G Enzi, C Cannella
OBJECTIVES: Anorexia is the most frequent modification of eating habits in old age, which may lead to malnutrition and consequent morbidity and mortality in older adults. We aimed to estimate the prevalence and factors associated to anorexia in a sample of Italian older persons living in different settings. Our secondary aim was to evaluate the impact of senile anorexia on nutritional status and on eating habits, as well as on functional status. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational study in nursing homes, in rehabilitation and acute geriatric wards, and in the community in four Italian regions (Lazio, Sicily, Emilia-Romagna, and Veneto)...
November 2011: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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