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Morphine milligram equivalents

Lindsay C Turner, Halina M Zyczynski, Jonathan P Shepherd
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of preoperative intravenous (IV) acetaminophen compared with placebo on pain scores after pelvic organ prolapse surgery. METHODS: This double-blind placebo-controlled multicenter trial randomized women undergoing prolapse surgery to IV acetaminophen (1,000 mg) or preoperative saline stratified by surgical route (laparoscopic or vaginal). The primary outcome was the change from baseline in patient-reported visual analog scale pain scores at 24 hours after surgery...
February 4, 2019: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Lane Bailey, Joshua Griffin, Mark Elliott, Jennifer Wu, Thanos Papavasiliou, Christopher Harner, Walter Lowe
PURPOSE: To compare femoral nerve blockade (FNB) versus adductor canal nerve blockade (ACB) for postoperative pain control and quadriceps muscle function in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with patellar tendon autograft. METHODS: A randomized therapeutic trial of 90 patients undergoing ACL reconstruction with patellar tendon autograft was conducted comparing ACB versus FNB at 24 hours, 2 and 4 weeks, and 6 months postsurgery...
February 4, 2019: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Monica A Solis-Velasco, Ana S Ore Carranza, Kathryn A Stackhouse, Koen Verkoulen, Ammara A Watkins, Vimal Akhouri, Mark P Callery, Tara S Kent, A James Moser
BACKGROUND: Minimizing pain and disability are key postoperative objectives of robot-assisted distal pancreatectomy (RADP). This study tested effects of bupivacaine transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block on opioid consumption and pain after RADP. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study (June 2012 -Oct 2017) evaluating bilateral intraoperative bupivacaine TAP block as an interrupted time series. Linear regression evaluated opioid consumption in terms of intravenous (IV) morphine milligram equivalents (MME) and controlled for preoperative morbidity...
February 2, 2019: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Elsie Rizk, Joshua T Swan, Ohbet Cheon, A Carmine Colavecchia, Lan N Bui, Bita A Kash, Sagar P Chokshi, Hua Chen, Michael L Johnson, Michael G Liebl, Ezekiel Fink
Purpose: The purpose of this project was to develop a set of valid and feasible quality indicators used to track opioid stewardship efforts in hospital and emergency department settings. Methods: Candidate quality indicators were extracted from published literature. Feasibility screening excluded quality indicators that cannot be reliably extracted from the electronic health record or that are irrelevant to pain management in the hospital and emergency department settings...
February 1, 2019: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Kelechi R Okoroha, Ravi B Patel, Toufic R Jildeh, Nathaniel Sanchez, Matthew C Sweet, Brian K Rill, Patricia A Kolowich, Stephanie J Muh
As anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) become increasingly common, differences between the 2 procedures are of importance. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in acute pain levels between patients undergoing aTSA and rTSA. Sixty patients undergoing aTSA or rTSA were assessed for participation. The primary outcome was postoperative daily visual analog scale scores, which were initially collected for 4 days postoperatively. Secondary outcomes included opioid consumption, length of stay, and complications...
January 30, 2019: Orthopedics
Jamie Falk, Kevin J Friesen, Cody Magnusson, Robert J Schroth, Shawn Bugden
BACKGROUND: Overuse of opioids has become a health crisis in the United States and Canada. Opioid prescribing practices have subsequently come under scrutiny, with limited study regarding prescribing patterns of dentists. METHODS: A longitudinal analysis was conducted on all adult patients to whom an opioid was dispensed from 2014 through 2017 in Manitoba, Canada. Rates of dental opioid prescribing, milligram morphine equivalents (MMEs) per prescription, and guideline adherence were determined...
February 2019: Journal of the American Dental Association
Stacey Trzcinski, Rebecca E Rosenberg, Dennis Vasquez Montes, Akhila Sure, Peter Zhou, Jared Tishelman, Robert Mansky, Lisa McLeod, Joanna Tracy, Aaron J Buckland, Thomas J Errico
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine associations of gabapentin use with inpatient postoperative daily pain scores and opioid use in children undergoing PSF for AIS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Gabapentin use in posterior spinal fusion (PSF) postoperative pain management for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is increasingly common in order to decrease opioid use and improve pain control, though there is conflicting data on dosing and effectiveness to support this practice in real world settings...
January 25, 2019: Clinical Spine Surgery
Troy Quast, Melissa A Bright, Chris Delcher
An important effect of the current opioid epidemic is on children whose parents are unable to provide appropriate care. We employ quarterly, county-level data for California for 2009-2016 to study the relationship between foster care entries and opioid misuse by their parents. Our linear regression analysis includes both county and time fixed effects and controls related to child removal risk. We improve on the limited existing research in the area by analyzing higher frequency data, examining a proximal measure of opioid abuse, and allowing for differential associations by urbanicity...
January 18, 2019: Addictive Behaviors
Noah B Rindos, Suketu M Mansuria, Amanda M Ecker, Mallory A Stuparich, Cara R King
BACKGROUND: Opioids are effective for the treatment of postoperative pain, but can cause nausea and are associated with dependency with long term use. Non-opioid medications such as acetaminophen offer the promise of decreasing these non desirable effects while still providing patient comfort. OBJECTIVE: To compare intravenous (IV) acetaminophen with placebo and evaluate postoperative pain control and opioid usage after laparoscopic hysterectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Tertiary-care, academic hospitals...
January 22, 2019: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Dena Moskowitz, Katherine Amin, Alvaro Lucioni, Kathleen Kobashi, Una Lee
PURPOSE: The opioid problem has reached epidemic proportions and the prescription of opioids after surgery can lead to chronic use. We explored prescribing patterns and opioid use after 3 pelvic floor surgeries (sacral neuromodulation, prolapse repair and mid urethral sling) before and after an educational intervention to reduce opioid prescriptions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the amount of opioid medication prescribed to patients who underwent these 3 types of surgeries at our institution from June 2016 to May 2017...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Urology
Eric Sun, Jasmin Moshfegh, Chris A Rishel, Chad E Cook, Adam P Goode, Steven Z George
Importance: Nonpharmacologic methods of reducing the risk of new chronic opioid use among patients with musculoskeletal pain are important given the burden of the opioid epidemic in the United States. Objective: To determine the association between early physical therapy and subsequent opioid use in patients with new musculoskeletal pain diagnosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional analysis of health care insurance claims data between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2015, included privately insured patients who presented with musculoskeletal pain to an outpatient physician office or an emergency department at various US facilities from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2014...
December 7, 2018: JAMA network open
Dana L Clarke, Kenneth J Drobatz, Chloe Korzekwa, Lewis S Nelson, Jeanmarie Perrone
Importance: Veterinarians are a subset of opioid prescribers. Objective: To assess the quantity and trends in prescribing and dispensing of several different opioids in the past 11 years in a large veterinary hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study inventoried all opioid tablets and/or patches dispensed or prescribed by veterinarians practicing in a multispecialty academic veterinary teaching hospital in Philadelphia for small animals and species, such as rabbits, birds, and reptiles, from January 1, 2007, through December 31, 2017...
January 4, 2019: JAMA network open
Barry R Meisenberg, Jennifer Grover, Colson Campbell, Daniel Korpon
Importance: Overprescribing of opioids has generated and sustains the opioid overdose epidemic. Health systems have a responsibility to lead the effort to reduce overprescribing. Objective: To measure the effects of multilevel interventions on opioid prescribing within a health system. Design, Setting, and Participants: Quality improvement study comparing a 6-month preintervention baseline with a 16-month postintervention period ending in April 2018...
September 7, 2018: JAMA network open
Kristin Salottolo, Laura Peck, Matthew Carrick, Allen Tanner, Robert Madayag, Emmett McGuire, David Bar-Or
INTRODUCTION: Substance use and abuse may have the significant, but unanticipated, consequence of lessening the efficacy of opioid analgesics for acute pain management. We hypothesized that pre-injury substance use increases opioid analgesic consumption following traumatic injury. METHODS: This retrospective multi-institutional pilot study included admitted patients to four level 1 trauma centers with vehicular trauma over four months (n = 176). We examined the effect of positive urine drug screen (UDS; 7-drug panel, examined individually and combined, yes/no) and positive blood alcohol content (BAC, ≥80 mg/dL) on pain management with opioid analgesics over the hospital stay...
January 8, 2019: Injury
Abhiram R Bhashyam, Jason Young, Rameez A Qudsi, Robert L Parisien, George S M Dyer
PURPOSE: In many academic medical centers, resident physicians typically write initial opioid prescriptions, but little is known about their prescribing practices. We hypothesized that lower resident postgraduate year, residency-training program, and noncompletion of an opioid prescribing training would be factors associated with increased opioid prescribing by orthopedic residents after open reduction and internal fixation of distal radius fractures. METHODS: A survey was administered to all 135 residents from 4 orthopedic residency programs in a state located in the northeastern United States between August 2017 and November 2017...
January 8, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Malavika Prabhu, Sarah Dolisca, Rachel Wood, Kaitlyn James, Brian T Bateman, William H Barth, Blair J Wylie
OBJECTIVE: To identify characteristics associated with high inpatient daily opioid consumption after cesarean delivery. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all cesarean deliveries performed under neuraxial anesthesia with neuraxial morphine, at a single institution from January 1, 2015, to December 31, 2015. Women with preoperative opioid use disorder or chronic opioid use were excluded. Sociodemographic data, medical comorbidities, use of anxiolytics or antidepressants, smoking history, nonopioid substance use, intrapartum and cesarean delivery characteristics, and opioid consumption data (converted to morphine milligram equivalents) were abstracted...
February 2019: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jeremy A Warren, Alfredo M Carbonell, Lauren K Jones, Aaron Mcguire, William R Hand, Vito A Cancellaro, Joseph A Ewing, William S Cobb
BACKGROUND: Major abdominal surgery often requires postoperative opioid analgesia. However, there is growing recognition of the potential for abuse. We previously reported a significant reduction in opioid consumption after implementation of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol following ventral hernia repair (VHR) focusing on opioid reduction. Epidural use was routine for post-operative pain control in this protocol. Recently we have transitioned to transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block instead of epidural analgesia...
January 7, 2019: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Emily R Oleisky, Jacquelyn S Pennings, Jeffrey Hills, Ahilan Sivaganesan, Inamullah Khan, Richard Call, Clinton J Devin, Kristin R Archer
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: No consensus exists for defining chronic preoperative opioid use. Most spine studies rely solely on opioid duration to stratify patients into preoperative risk categories. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare established opioid definitions that contain both duration and dosage to opioid models that rely solely on duration, including the CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain, in patients undergoing spine surgery. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study that used opioid data from the Tennessee Controlled Substance Monitoring Database and prospective clinical data from a single-center academic spine registry...
January 3, 2019: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Ali B Abbasi, Elizabeth Salisbury-Afshar, Dejan Jovanov, Craig Berberet, Ponni Arunkumar, Steven E Aks, Jennifer E Layden, Mai T Pho
Opioid overprescribing is a major driver of the current opioid overdose epidemic. However, annual opioid prescribing in the USA dropped from 782 to 640 morphine milligram equivalents per capita between 2010 and 2015, while opioid overdose deaths increased by 63%. To better understand the role of prescription opioids and health care utilization prior to opioid-related overdose, we analyzed the death records of decedents who died of an opioid overdose in Illinois in 2016 and linked to any existing controlled substance monitoring program (CSMP) and emergency department (ED) or hospital discharge records...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Joseph A Boscarino, Carrie A Withey, Ryan J Dugan, Thomas Alfieri
Background: Existing patient-reported outcome (PRO) assessments that measure the human abuse potential for opioid analgesics have been tested exclusively in experienced recreational opioid users, as required by US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidance. Methods: The goals of the current studies were to modify items from FDA-recommended abuse potential PRO assessments to specify the analgesic benefits versus the euphoric effects of opioids and to ascertain the clarity, understandability, appropriateness, and validity of the modified questions...
2019: Journal of Pain Research
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