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Physical effects of sexual abuse

Grainne McAnee, Mark Shevlin, Jamie Murphy, James Houston
BACKGROUND: Methodological issues have been identified when quantifying exposure to adversity and abuse. To address a single type may obscure covarying effects. To sum multiple exposures gives equal weight to each. Latent class analysis (LCA) addresses this by identifying homogenous subpopulations. Most studies using LCA have pooled gender data in spite of evidence that the nature and frequency of exposure differs by gender. Males report more interpersonal abuse, females report more of other exposures, particularly sexual...
February 16, 2019: Child Abuse & Neglect
Mark Assink, Claudia E van der Put, Mandy W C M Meeuwsen, Nynke M de Jong, Frans J Oort, Geert Jan J M Stams, Machteld Hoeve
Experiencing child sexual abuse (CSA) is a major public health problem with serious consequences for CSA victims. For effective assessment and (preventive) intervention, knowledge on risk factors and their effects is crucial. Here, the aim was to synthesize research on associations between (putative) risk factors and CSA victimization. In total, 765 (putative) risk factors were extracted from 72 studies, which were classified into 35 risk domains. A series of three-level meta-analyses produced a significant mean effect for 23 of the 35 risk domains ranging from r = ...
February 18, 2019: Psychological Bulletin
Iria Mendez, David Axelson, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, Danella Hafeman, Tina R Goldstein, Benjamin I Goldstein, Rasim Diler, Roger Borras, John Merranko, Kelly Monk, Mary Beth Hickey, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence and risk factors associated with Psychotic-Like-Experiences (PLE) in offspring of parents with bipolar disorder (BP) and offspring of community control parents. METHOD: Delusional and hallucinatory subclinical psychotic experiences were evaluated at intake and longitudinally in a cohort study of 390 offspring of BP parents and 247 offspring of control parents aged 6-18 years old. The sample was followed up every 2.5 years on average for 8...
November 2, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Carolien Christ, Marleen M de Waal, Jack J M Dekker, Iris van Kuijk, Digna J F van Schaik, Martijn J Kikkert, Anna E Goudriaan, Aartjan T F Beekman, Terri L Messman-Moore
Childhood abuse is a major public health problem that has been linked to depression in adulthood. Although different types of childhood abuse often co-occur, few studies have examined their unique impact on negative mental health outcomes. Most studies have focused solely on the consequences of childhood physical or sexual abuse; however, it has been suggested that childhood emotional abuse is more strongly related to depression. It remains unclear which underlying psychological processes mediate the effect of childhood emotional abuse on depressive symptoms...
2019: PloS One
Sheri Madigan, Chantal Cyr, Rachel Eirich, R M Pasco Fearon, Anh Ly, Christina Rash, Julia C Poole, Lenneke R A Alink
It has long been claimed that "maltreatment begets maltreatment," that is, a parent's history of maltreatment increases the risk that his or her child will also suffer maltreatment. However, significant methodological concerns have been raised regarding evidence supporting this assertion, with some arguing that the association weakens in samples with higher methodological rigor. In the current study, the intergenerational transmission of maltreatment hypothesis is examined in 142 studies (149 samples; 227,918 dyads) that underwent a methodological quality review, as well as data extraction on a number of potential moderator variables...
February 2019: Development and Psychopathology
Aditi Wahi, Kristen L Zaleski, Jacob Lampe, Patricia Bevan-Hively, Alissa Koski
Despite international and domestic calls to end child marriage, 48 U.S. states permit the marriage of minors younger than age 18 as of August 2018. In developing nations, child marriage is associated with a wide range of adverse economic, health, and mental health outcomes, yet little research has been done to understand its effects on developed nations such as the United States. This study is the first to interview adults who were married as children in the United States, to investigate the reasons why the marriages occurred, and qualitatively understand the experiences of married American children...
February 12, 2019: Social Work in Public Health
Lidia Z Meshesha, Ana M Abrantes, Bradley J Anderson, Claire E Blevins, Celeste M Caviness, Michael D Stein
INTRODUCTION: Experiences of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and childhood physical abuse (CPA) are associated with poor mental health outcomes including substance use in subsequent years. Marijuana use motives (i.e., coping with negative affect, enhancing positive affect, or improving social interactions) may influence problematic substance use among young adults. Specifically, motives may be associated with severity of marijuana use outcomes among individuals who have experienced CSA or CPA...
January 28, 2019: Addictive Behaviors
Jaakko Maatta, Antti Martikainen, Maarit Pakarinen, Tiina-Mari Ikaheimo, Mette Nissen, Mikael von Und Zu Fraunberg, Heimo Viinamaki, Jukka Huttunen
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) relieves pain by delivering doses of electric current to the dorsal column of the spinal cord and has been found to be most effective in the treatment of neuropathic pain. Psychological distress is a significant risk factor for the development of chronic pain and has been found to affect the outcome of SCS. Childhood trauma is a risk factor for chronic pain, but has not previously been studied in SCS patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this prospective registry-based study was to investigate the prevalence of 5 domains of childhood trauma (emotional neglect, emotional abuse, physical neglect, physical abuse, and sexual abuse) and their relationship with the outcome of spinal cord stimulation on patients suffering from treatment-resistant chronic pain...
January 2019: Pain Physician
Elizabeth Novack Wright, Alexandra Hanlon, Alicia Lozano, Anne M Teitelman
Intimate partner violence (IPV), the physical, sexual, psychological abuse or control by a former or current intimate partner, affects almost one-third of women in the United States. IPV exposure can result in many negative outcomes including physical injury, increased stress, and depression. Currently, there is a small, but, growing body of literature examining the link between IPV victimization and increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among young adult women. To better prevent this negative outcome, it is imperative to understand what factors associated with IPV victimization may be increasing this risk...
January 26, 2019: Preventive Medicine
Rebecca Meiksin, Elizabeth Allen, Joanna Crichton, Gemma S Morgan, Christine Barter, Diana Elbourne, Kate Hunt, G J Melendez-Torres, Steve Morris, H Luz Mc Naughton Reyes, Joanna Sturgess, Bruce Taylor, Honor Young, Rona Campbell, Chris Bonell
Background: Dating and relationship violence (DRV)-intimate partner violence during adolescence-encompasses physical, sexual and emotional abuse. DRV is associated with a range of adverse health outcomes including injuries, sexually transmitted infections, adolescent pregnancy and mental health issues. Experiencing DRV also predicts both victimisation and perpetration of partner violence in adulthood.Prevention targeting early adolescence is important because this is when dating behaviours begin, behavioural norms become established and DRV starts to manifest...
2019: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Dafna Tener, Michal Silberstein
BACKGROUND: Sibling sexual abuse (SSA) is a continuum of childhood sexual behaviors that do not fit age-appropriate curiosity. SSA may be the most prevalent, longest lasting form of intrafamilial sexual abuse - and the least reported, studied and treated. OBJECTIVE: This exploratory qualitative study examined the experience of intervention with SSA survivors from the perspective of mental health professionals, and explored their major therapeutic challenges. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The sample consisted of 20 Jewish Israeli mental health professionals working in private clinics or public social welfare services who had experience with SSA...
January 24, 2019: Child Abuse & Neglect
Jordan P Davis, Emily R Dworkin, Jesse Helton, John Prindle, Sadiq Patel, Tara M Dumas, Sara Miller
BACKGROUND: Although victimization is a known contributor to the development of substance use disorders, no research has simultaneously examined how characteristics of victimization experienced over time, such as the type of abuse, the presence of poly-victimization, closeness to perpetrator(s), life threat or fear, and negative social reactions to disclosing victimization, cluster into profiles that predict substance use disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study is to assess how profiles of victimization and trauma characteristics are associated with substance use disorders and assess potential gender differences...
March 2019: Child Abuse & Neglect
Kayla A Chase, Jennifer K Melbourne, Cherise Rosen, Simon McCarthy-Jones, Nev Jones, Benjamin M Feiner, Rajiv P Sharma
Early childhood trauma, including physical, sexual or emotional abuse, neglect, harm or threat of harm, is associated with adulthood dysregulation of the immune system. Trauma can induce chronic immune system activation. Associations between a chronic pro-inflammatory state and schizophrenia are an enduring finding of psychiatry, with elevated cytokine concentrations correlated with psychotic symptom severity. Most importantly, persons with schizophrenia and a history of childhood trauma demonstrate increased cytokine levels...
December 19, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Tracie O Afifi, Janique Fortier, Jitender Sareen, Tamara Taillieu
Importance: Inquiry into what childhood experiences are associated with antisocial behaviors in adulthood is necessary for prioritizing and informing efforts for effective prevention. Objective: To examine whether harsh physical punishment in the absence of child maltreatment and child maltreatment with and without harsh physical punishment are associated with antisocial behaviors in adulthood. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional study using data on the general US population obtained from the National Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Wave 3 from April 2012 to June 2013...
January 4, 2019: JAMA network open
Claire Bodkin, Lucie Pivnick, Susan J Bondy, Carolyn Ziegler, Ruth Elwood Martin, Carey Jernigan, Fiona Kouyoumdjian
BACKGROUND: A history of childhood abuse may affect people's health and criminal justice system involvement. Understanding the prevalence of childhood abuse among individuals in prison is important to inform effective and appropriate correctional services. OBJECTIVES: To review and summarize data on the prevalence of childhood abuse among people experiencing imprisonment in Canada. SEARCH METHODS: We searched for studies in bibliographic indexes, reference lists, and gray literature, and we consulted experts...
January 24, 2019: American Journal of Public Health
Fadwa Cazala, Isabelle E Bauer, Thomas D Meyer, Danielle E Spiker, Iram F Kazimi, Cristian P Zeni, Giovanna B Zunta-Soares, Jair C Soares
OBJECTIVE: Histories of childhood trauma (CT) are risk factors for affect dysregulation and poor clinical outcomes in women with bipolar disorder (BD). While much is known about the link between BD and CT in adult patients, there is limited data on this research topic in pediatric BD (PBD). The present study aims to investigate the impact of CT on irritability, aggressive and suicidal behaviors in PBD patients across gender types. METHODS: From 2013 to 2015, 59 PBD patients Aged 6-17 (30 female) were administered the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) along with scales assessing irritability (Affective Reactivity Index), aggression (Modified Overt Aggression Scale) and suicidal thoughts and behaviors (Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale)...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Lorna Myers, Robert Trobliger, Kirsty Bortnik, Ruifan Zeng, Ethan Saal, Marcelo Lancman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare patients with intractable epilepsy with patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) on the presence of psychological traumas, clinical factors, and psychological measures of somatization and dissociation. BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported a high prevalence of psychological trauma in patients with PNES, while less have examined the prevalence of psychological trauma in patients with epilepsy and compared both groups...
January 14, 2019: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Carla Nasca, Kathleen Watson, Betty Bigio, Thalia Robakis, Alison Myoraku, Tonita Wroolie, Bruce S McEwen, Natalie Rasgon
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance (IR) is a metabolic dysfunction often co-morbid with major depressive disorder (MDD). The paths to development of MDD remain largely unspecified, highlighting a need for identification of risk factors. Here, we tested whether specific subscales of childhood trauma as well as family history of type-2 diabetes (Fam-Hx-Dm2) contribute to the development of metabolic dysfunction and severity of depressive symptoms. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used a sample of 45 adults suffering from MDD that was well-characterized for insulin resistance and sensitivity as assessed by measures of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) plasma insulin (FPI) levels, body mass index (BMI), weight, homeostasis model assessment of insulin sensitivity (HOMA), Matsuda index as well as both glucose and insulin responses to oral glucose challenges...
January 10, 2019: Experimental Neurology
Kurt Albermann, Silke Wiegand-Grefe, Sibylle Winter
Child Protection in Families with Parental Mental Illness Children and adolescents from families with parental mental illness face an increased risk to experience abuse, neglect and maltreatment. The effects of imminent, intermittent or chronic distress on the development of the child and to differentiate these from neglect or maltreatment are not easily assignable in such families. Questionnaires and diagnostic instruments can be supportive tools for professionals in hospitals and private practices to identify and differentiate between burdens of children and families and potential endangerment...
January 2019: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Kathryn A Davis, Raymond A Knight
Psychological abuse and sexual abuse, either alone or in combination, have been implicated as developmental antecedents of problematic sexual thoughts and behaviors in studies of sexually aggressive males (Jesperson, Lalumière, & Seto, 2009; Knight & Sims-Knight, 2011; Levenson & Grady, 2016; Seto & Lalumière, 2010). Recently, psychological abuse perpetrated by a male caregiver has emerged as strongly associated with subsequent hypersexuality in adult males who had sexually offended. In a study of 529 adult male sexual offenders, Kingston, Graham, and Knight (2017) found that male caregiver psychological abuse was the most prominent correlate of hypersexual thoughts and behaviors in adulthood, above and beyond the effects of other abuse types, such as physical abuse and sexual abuse...
January 9, 2019: Archives of Sexual Behavior
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