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Religious Emotion

Hannah Spierson, Susan Kamupira, Claire Storey, Alexander E P Heazell
BACKGROUND: In the UK, rates of neonatal postmortem (PM) are low. Consent for PM is required, and all parents should have the opportunity to discuss whether to have a post-mortem examination of their baby. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore neonatal healthcare professionals' experiences, knowledge, and views regarding the consent process for post-mortem examination after neonatal death. METHOD: An online survey of neonatal healthcare providers in the UK was conducted...
March 15, 2019: Neonatology
Elizabeth Palmer Kelly, Alexa Meara, Madison Hyer, Nicolette Payne, Timothy M Pawlik
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize patterns of social support types (i.e. emotional, informational, appraisal and instrumental) within the caregiver/spouse, family and spiritual/religious contexts for patients diagnosed with cancer. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted with mixed-groups of cancer patients, and caregiver/family members at a Midwestern comprehensive cancer center. Participants completed brief demographic questionnaires. Focus groups were moderated using semi-structured interviews...
March 13, 2019: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Stephanie Winkeljohn Black, Gabrielle Kaminsky, Amy Hudson, Jesse Owen, Frank Fincham
Majority of college students hook up at least once during their time in school. The literature on casual sex encounters among college students is growing, though most studies are cross-sectional and individual studies focus on few outcomes at a time, leaving piecemeal and mixed results. The current longitudinal study clarifies prior work by analyzing how post-event process (PEP), an understudied construct within the hookup literature, and emotional (i.e., positive or negative) hookup reactions interact to predict a breadth of outcomes, representing holistic student well-being...
March 13, 2019: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Joseph M Currier, Joshua D Foster, Steven L Isaak
War-related traumas can lead to emotional, relational, and spiritual suffering. Drawing on two community samples of war zone veterans from diverse military eras (Study 1, N = 616 and Study 2, N = 300), the purpose of this study was to examine patterns of constellations between outcomes related to moral injury (MI) and common ways in which veterans may struggle with religion or spirituality, defined as divine, morality, meaning, interpersonal, and doubt. Results from latent profile analyses revealed three distinct classes across the samples, based on psychometrically validated instruments: (a) no MI-related outcomes or spiritual struggles (nondistressed group; Study 1 = 72...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Andrew C Mills, Jidapa Poogpan, Choochart Wong-Anuchit, Darunee Rujkorakarn
The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the meaning of acceptance (Thum-jai) as a culturally embedded coping strategy in the lives of Thai people who have experienced adversity that caused suffering. Thematic analysis was used to examine the responses of 47 participants to written, open-ended questions or face-to-face interviews. The EQUATOR's COREQ checklist for qualitative research was followed. Participants came from diverse religious' traditions and geographic regions throughout Thailand. Findings revealed seven themes: circumstance and emotion; thought and action; time, experience, and effort; social and moral support; religious and spiritual ethos; acceptance and hope; and survive and thrive...
March 7, 2019: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Samantha Hurn, Alexander Badman-King
Palliative care is routinely offered to humans in the United Kingdom, while euthanasia remains illegal. The converse is true for nonhuman animals (henceforth animals). Indeed, euthanasia is widely accepted as the appropriate course of action for "suffering" animals, and for those whose behaviors or suspected ill health are thought to pose a threat to others. This article details examples of nonhuman death at a multi-faith ashram whose members vehemently oppose all forms of killing on religious grounds...
February 27, 2019: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
Ayten Zara
This study investigates the association of psychological health with grief intensity and coping style among family members and friends of terror victims. The data was collected from 164 bereaved individuals, on average, 18 months after the bombings occurred. The results demonstrated the significant role of problem-focused social support, and religious coping in dealing with grief intensity and contributing to the psychological health. The findings may be of considerable importance in therapeutic situations by providing direction for coping with both the effects of traumatic event and a traumatic loss, and for maintaining emotional stability through reworking relationships with the deceased...
February 27, 2019: Death Studies
Ann W Nguyen, Robert Joseph Taylor, Linda M Chatters, Meredith O Hope
We examined the sociodemographic and religious involvement correlates of church support networks in a nationally representative sample of African Americans across the adult life span. Data from the National Survey of American Life was used for analysis. Ordinary least squares regression was conducted to identify correlates of frequency of contact, subjective closeness, provision and receipt of overall support, receipt of emotional support, and negative interactions with church members. We also investigated differences in church support networks separately for men and women...
February 27, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Chih-Yu Chen, Tsung-Ren Huang
Are different religions associated with different social, cognitive, and emotional tendencies? Although major world religions are known to encourage social interactions and help regulate emotions, it is less clear to what extent adherents of various religions differ in these dimensions in daily life. We thus carried out a large-scale sociolinguistic analysis of social media messages of Christians and Buddhists living in the United States. After controlling for age and gender effects on linguistic patterns, we found that Christians used more social words and fewer cognitive words than Buddhists...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Blair Wendlandt, Agathe Ceppe, Summer Choudhury, Christopher E Cox, Laura C Hanson, Marion Danis, James A Tulsky, Judith E Nelson, Shannon S Carson
PURPOSE: To identify specific components of ICU clinician supportive care and communication that are associated with increased post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms for surrogate decision makers of patients with chronic critical illness (CCI). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial of palliative care-led meetings to provide information and support for CCI surrogates. The primary outcome for this secondary analysis was PTSD symptoms at 90 days, measured by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R)...
February 21, 2019: Intensive Care Medicine
Malik Muhammad Sohail, Saeed Ahmad, Fauzia Maqsood
Coping has emerged as a vital indicator among patients in the chronic conditions. The current study examined the role of demographic characteristics (such as age, education, gender, marital status, residential background, family type and number of children) in adoption of coping (emotion-focused, problem-solving, religious-spiritual) strategies for nursing among hepatitis patients. A sample of 500 patients (of hepatitis C) was drawn from five most populous districts (Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala and Multan) of Punjab, Pakistan, by using Epi Info software with an alpha level of 0...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Ying Chen, Eric S Kim, Howard K Koh, A Lindsay Frazier, Tyler J VanderWeele
Purpose in life is potentially a modifiable "health asset" that enhances health and well-being. However, the association between purpose and health in younger populations remains understudied. This study prospectively examined an aspect of purpose in life, specifically having a sense of mission, and a wide range of psychosocial well-being, mental health, health behaviors and physical health outcomes in young adults. Longitudinal data from the Growing Up Today Study (2007 to either 2010 or 2013 questionnaire wave; mean baseline age was 22...
January 12, 2019: American Journal of Epidemiology
David R Hodge, Conroy Reynolds
This study examined the relationship between eight dimensions of spirituality (and religion) and people with four different types of disability status: hearing, vision, physical mobility, and emotional or mental disabilities. The overarching aim was to identify specific spiritual-religious profiles within each disability population relative to the general population. To conduct this cross-sectional examination, the authors used nationally representative data from the General Social Survey in the United States...
December 15, 2018: Health & Social Work
Heather Krieger, Chelsie M Young, Amber M Anthenien, Clayton Neighbors
Rates of alcohol consumption continue to be a concern, particularly for individuals who are college age. Drinking patterns have changed over time, with the frequency of binge drinking (consuming four/five or more drinks for women/men) remaining high (30% to 40%). Young adults in the college age range are developmentally and socially at higher risk for drinking at binge levels. Changes in autonomy, parental control, norms, and attitudes affect binge drinking behaviors. This article reviews those changes, as well as the individual and environmental factors that increase or decrease the risk of participating in binge drinking behaviors...
2018: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
Gülçin Bozkurt, Sevil İnal, Leman Yantiri, Özgür Alparslan
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between coping strategies, religious attitude, and optimism of mothers of children with cancer. METHOD: The sample was 97 mothers of children with cancer. To collect data, the Coping Strategy Questionnaire, Religious Attitude Scale, and Life Orientation were used. RESULTS: There were positive correlations between the total score of Coping Strategy Questionnaire and emotional scores of Religious Attitude Scale ( r = 0...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
S Shahawy, H Amanuel, N M Nour
This study documents the perceptions and experiences of immigrant women and men in the US related to female genital cutting (FGC). This paper examines the effects of migration on these perceptions, with the goal of optimizing health services and informing public policy to support women who have undergone FGC. This qualitative study consisted of individual interviews conducted from 2014 to 2015 with 42 women and men living in Boston, Massachusetts, who immigrated from a variety of communities where FGC has been practiced...
November 22, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Lise Lesaffre, Gustav Kuhn, Ahmad Abu-Akel, Déborah Rochat, Christine Mohr
Paranormal beliefs (PBs), such as the belief in the soul, or in extrasensory perception, are common in the general population. While there is information regarding what these beliefs correlate with (e.g., cognitive biases, personality styles), there is little information regarding the causal direction between these beliefs and their correlates. To investigate the formation of beliefs, we use an experimental design, in which PBs and belief-associated cognitive biases are assessed before and after a central event: a magic performance (see also Mohr et al...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Saneta M Maiko, Steven Ivy, Beth Newton Watson, Kianna Montz, Alexia M Torke
BACKGROUND: Critically ill adult patients who face medical decisions often delegate others to make important decisions. Those who are authorized to make such decisions are typically family members, friends, or legally authorized representatives, often referred to as surrogates. Making medical decisions on behalf of others produces emotional distress. Spirituality and/or religion provide significant assistance to cope with this distress. We designed this study to assess the role of surrogates' spirituality and religion (S/R) coping resources during and after making medical decisions on behalf of critically ill patients...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Kay Choong See, Ming Yan Zhao, Emiko Nakataki, Kaweesak Chittawatanarat, Wen-Feng Fang, Mohammad Omar Faruq, Bambang Wahjuprajitno, Yaseen M Arabi, Wai Tat Wong, Jigeeshu V Divatia, Jose Emmanuel Palo, Babu Raja Shrestha, Khalid M K Nafees, Nguyen Gia Binh, Hussain Nasser Al Rahma, Khamsay Detleuxay, Venetia Ong, Jason Phua
PURPOSE: Professional burnout is a multidimensional syndrome comprising emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and diminished sense of personal accomplishment, and is associated with poor staff health and decreased quality of medical care. We investigated burnout prevalence and its associated risk factors among Asian intensive care unit (ICU) physicians and nurses. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 159 ICUs in 16 Asian countries and regions. The main outcome measure was burnout as assessed by the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey...
December 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
Hani Nouman, Yael Benyamini
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a source of stress, particularly in pronatalist societies in which a lifestyle without children is viewed as an unacceptable option. The present study examined the relationship between the use of culturally adapted religious coping strategies and emotional adjustment among women coping with fertility problems. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional correlational study. One hundred and eighty-six religious Israeli women undergoing fertility treatment filled out questionnaires assessing their use of culturally adapted religious coping strategies and emotional adjustment (distress/well-being)...
November 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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