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Fish allergy

Kei Hamazaki, Akiko Tsuchida, Ayako Takamori, Tomomi Tanaka, Mika Ito, Hidekuni Inadera
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence from epidemiologic studies and clinical trials indicates that ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may have a preventive or therapeutic effect on allergy, although the results remain controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between intake of fish and ω-3 PUFAs with risk for lifetime prevalence of physician-diagnosed allergy in a Japanese population. METHODS: Study participants were 78 621 pregnant women and 42 831 male partners from The Japan Environment and Children's Study...
November 25, 2018: Nutrition
Thu T K Le, Duy H Nguyen, An T L Vu, Thimo Ruethers, Aya C Taki, Andreas L Lopata
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the prevalence of food allergy (FA) in Vietnam. A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted to evaluate the current prevalence of FA among 2- to 6-year-old children in two different regions in Vietnam. METHOD: A structured, anonymous questionnaire, modified from published FA epidemiologic studies and based on EAACI guidelines, was distributed to parents/guardians of participating children in Hue City (urban area) and Tien Giang Province (rural area)...
February 21, 2019: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Thimo Ruethers, Aya C Taki, Roni Nugraha, Trúc T Cao, Martina Koeberl, Sandip D Kamath, Nicholas A Williamson, Sean O'Callaghan, Shuai Nie, Sam S Mehr, Dianne E Campbell, Andreas L Lopata
BACKGROUND: Commercial allergen extracts for allergy skin prick testing (SPT) are widely used for diagnosing fish allergy. However, there is currently no regulatory requirement for standardisation of protein and allergen content, potentially impacting the diagnostic reliability of SPTs. We therefore sought to analyse commercial fish extracts for the presence and concentration of fish proteins and in vitro IgE reactivity using serum from fish-allergic patients. METHODS: Twenty-six commercial fish extracts from 5 different manufacturers were examined...
February 14, 2019: Allergy
Rebecca T Emeny, Susan A Korrick, Zhigang Li, Kari Nadeau, Juliette Madan, Brian Jackson, Emily Baker, Margaret R Karagas
BACKGROUND: Mechanistic studies support the potential for mercury (Hg) to alter immunity, including via in utero exposure. As yet, there are few prospective studies of in utero Hg exposure and subsequent immune-related outcomes, especially in infancy. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association of biomarkers of prenatal Hg exposure and maternal silver-mercury dental amalgams with the occurrence of infant allergy, respiratory infection, and respiratory symptoms in the first year of life...
January 11, 2019: Environmental Research
E Kourani, F Corazza, O Michel, V Doyen
Fish allergy is one of the most common food allergies. It is usually considered to be immunoglobulin (Ig) E-mediated and correlated well with diagnostic tests such as prick tests and/or specific IgE. Recommended treatment is avoidance, generally extended to all fishes. However, new clinical presentations have been described, including non-IgE-mediated disease, mono-sensitization, and new syndromes that are sometimes associated with surprising cross-reactivity. Advances in molecular allergy have provided insights into new allergens and have increased our understanding of cross-reactivity...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
Amanda Agyemang, Anna Nowak-Wegrzyn
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-mediated food allergy that has been well-characterized clinically, yet it is still poorly understood. Acute FPIES is characterized by vomiting 1-4 h and/or diarrhea within 24 h after ingestion of a culprit food. Chronic FPIES is the result of chronic exposure to an offending food that can result in chronic watery diarrhea, intermittent vomiting, and failure to thrive. FPIES typically presents in infancy and self-resolves by school age in most patients...
February 8, 2019: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Ruchi S Gupta, Christopher M Warren, Bridget M Smith, Jialing Jiang, Jesse A Blumenstock, Matthew M Davis, Robert P Schleimer, Kari C Nadeau
Importance: Food allergy is a costly, potentially life-threatening condition. Although studies have examined the prevalence of childhood food allergy, little is known about prevalence, severity, or health care utilization related to food allergies among US adults. Objective: To provide nationally representative estimates of the distribution, severity, and factors associated with adult food allergies. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional survey study of US adults, surveys were administered via the internet and telephone from October 9, 2015, to September 18, 2016...
January 4, 2019: JAMA Network Open
Tooba Momen, Hossein Saneian, Nilufar Amini
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune-mediated disease isolated to the esophagus Food allergy is thought to play an important role in the pathophysiology of EOE. The aim of this study is to evaluate demographic features and sensitivity of patients with reference to common food allergens. Children with documented EoE were enlisted for this study. Skin prick test and patch test were done for all participants. Each test contained common food allergens. Other tests, such as evaluation of total IgE and eosinophil count, were also done...
December 3, 2018: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Meetha Medhora, Feng Gao, Tracy Gasperetti, Jayashree Narayanan, Abdul Hye Khan, Elizabeth R Jacobs, Brian L Fish
Our goal is to develop lisinopril as a mitigator of delayed effects of acute radiation exposure in the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases program for radiation countermeasures. Published studies demonstrated mitigation of delayed effects of acute radiation exposure by lisinopril in adult rats. However, juvenile or old rats beyond their reproductive lifespans have never been tested. Since no preclinical models of delayed effects of acute radiation exposure were available in these special populations, appropriate rat models were developed to test lisinopril after irradiation...
January 7, 2019: Health Physics
Teo Feuerhake, Raquel Aguilera-Insunza, Pamela S Morales, Eduardo Talesnik, Katherina Linn, Natalie Thone, Arturo Borzutzky
BACKGROUND: Food allergy (FA) is an entity of high and growing prevalence, which can be mediated by IgE or cellular immunity. It can have a wide range of symptoms and be triggered by multiple food antigens, which vary in different geographical areas. OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical characteristics of Chilean patients with IgE-mediated FA. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Retrospective review of patients with IgE-mediated FA treated at a tertiary healthcare center in Santiago, Chile, between 2006 and 2016...
August 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Karol Cervantes-De La Torre, Francisco Guillen-Grima, Inés Aguinaga-Ontoso, Adel Mendoza-Mendoza
OBJECTIVE : To determine the prevalence of symptoms associated with asthma, rhinitis and eczema with food intake in children under six years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS : Descriptive study on the prevalence of asthma, rhinitis and eczema and their correlation with food consumption. Information was obtained from 1 520 schoolchildren of the District of Barranquilla and its metropolitan area. The ISSAC method was used to process the information, which was provided by the child's guardian, using the software SPSS version 24...
March 2018: Revista de Salud Pública
Joyce A M Emons, Roy Gerth van Wijk
Purpose of review: To describe and understand the links and interactions between food allergy and asthma. Recent findings: Food allergy and asthma are characterized by an increasing prevalence. Moreover, food allergy and asthma often coexist. Both conditions are associated with each other in different ways. It has been shown that food allergy is a risk factor of developing asthma. Atopic dermatitis appears to be the common denominator in this interaction. Loss-of-function variants of the filaggrin mutation result in an impaired epidermal barrier function and have been shown to be a risk factor for the development of atopic dermatitis, allergies, and asthma...
2018: Current Treatment Options in Allergy
Claudia Fsadni, Peter Fsadni, Stephen Montefort, Stephen Fava
Background: The prevalence of allergic conditions is increasing in most countries. One possible explanation may be childhood nutrition. Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between consumption of pre-specified types of food in school-aged children and presence of respiratory and allergic symptoms. Methods: A total of 191 students aged 9-11 years were recruited from 5 schools to geographically cover all of Malta...
October 2018: Asia Pacific Allergy
Wai Sze Tong, Agatha Wt Yuen, Christine Yy Wai, Nicki Yh Leung, Ka Hou Chu, Patrick Sc Leung
Seafood allergy is a hypersensitive disorder with increasing prevalence worldwide. Effective and accurate diagnostic workup for seafood allergy is essential for clinicians and patients. Parvalbumin and tropomyosin are the most common fish and shellfish allergens, respectively. The diagnosis of seafood allergies is complicated by cross-reactivity among fish allergens and between shellfish allergens and other arthropods. Current clinical diagnosis of seafood allergy is a complex algorithm that includes clinical assessment, skin prick test, specific IgE measurement, and oral food challenges...
2018: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
Juan J Díaz, Beatriz Espín, Oscar Segarra, Gloria Domínguez-Ortega, Javier Blasco-Alonso, Beatriz Cano, Ana Rayo, Ana Moreno
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical, epidemiological and management characteristics of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) cases in Spain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Multicenter observational retrospective study. FPIES cases diagnosed in specialized units in Spain over 12 months in 2017 (January to December) according to the recently published international diagnostic criteria were included. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty patients (53...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Guillaume Pouessel, Paul J Turner, Margitta Worm, Victòria Cardona, Antoine Deschildre, Etienne Beaudouin, Jean-Marie Renaudin, Pascal Demoly, Luciana K Tanno
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis hospitalizations are increasing in many countries, in particular for medication and food triggers in young children. Food-related anaphylaxis remains an uncommon cause of death, but a significant proportion of these are preventable. AIM: To review published epidemiological data relating to food-induced anaphylaxis and potential risk factors of fatal and/or near-fatal anaphylaxis cases, in order to provide strategies to reduce the risk of severe adverse outcomes in food anaphylaxis...
December 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Zhila Arshad, Soheila Rezapour-Firouzi, Mahshid Mohammadian, Ebrahimifar
Background: Disturbance in essential fatty acids (EFA) metabolism plays a key role in autoimmune diseases, but EFA supplementation with sources of borage, evening primrose, hemp seed and fish oils was not effective in atopic and cancer diseases, as that seen in the case of multiple sclerosis. It seems that two complexes of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling, mTORC1 and mTORC2, are congruent with the two bases of the Traditional Iranian Medicine (TIM) therapy, Cold and Hot nature, which are essential for the efficacy of functional oils for controlling immune responses in autoimmune diseases...
September 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Walter Mazzucco, Daniele Domenico Raia, Claudia Marotta, Antonella Costa, Vincenzo Ferrantelli, Francesco Vitale, Alessandra Casuccio
Anisakis simplex spp. sensitization rates have increased worldwide, with a significant impact on health-care systems. To date, no clear-cut diagnostic criteria and laboratory algorithm have been established, so anisakiasis still represents an under-reported health problem whose clinical manifestations, when present, mimic the much more common allergic and digestive disorders. Aim of the study was to systematically review the available literature on the prevalence of sensitization against Anisakis in the general population and in specific population groups, taking into account the impact of the different available diagnostic techniques on the epidemiological data...
2018: PloS One
Raj Mehta
Food allergies are immune-mediated allergic adverse reactions that occur after exposure to specific foods. The most commonly recognized food allergies are immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated reactions (eg, urticaria, angioedema, anaphylaxis) that result from exposure to milk, egg, peanut, tree nuts, shellfish, fish, wheat, or soy. However, other foods can cause food allergies. Oral allergy syndrome is a common but underrecognized condition characterized by transient oropharyngeal symptoms that result from ingestion of uncooked fruits or vegetables...
September 2018: FP Essentials
Muhammad Altaf, Muhammad Umair, Abdul Rauf Abbasi, Noor Muhammad, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Different species of animals are being utilized in traditional therapies by various cultures for a long time and such uses still exist in folk medicine. The present study aimed to document animal-based traditional therapies used by the local communities of Jhelum and Lahore districts of the Punjab province, Pakistan. METHODS: Field surveys were conducted in 2015-2016 in six different sites of the study areas. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and face to face conversation with local informants...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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