Read by QxMD icon Read

Nutrition liver

Armando Ganoza, George V Mazariegos, Ajai Khanna
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Over the past decades, visceral transplantation has become the standard of care for patients with irreversible intestinal failure who suffer complications of total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after solid organ transplantation is a rare but often fatal complication with high mortality. GVHD after intestinal transplantation, given the large lymphoid content of the graft, is more frequent compared with other solid organs. It is a complex condition that may have varied clinical presentations...
February 11, 2019: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
Joel Lim, Alexandra Oschman, Kayla Curiel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review provides a summary of available lipid products and discusses current literature and the limitations to the use of various lipid products for treatment and prevention of intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) in pediatric patients dependent on parenteral nutrition. RECENT FINDINGS: Improvements in markers of cholestasis and liver function have been seen with minimizing soybean lipid, fish oil lipid, and mixed fish oil-containing lipid emulsions...
February 11, 2019: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
Wataru Miura, Nobuhiko Nagano, Ryota Kato, Aya Okahashi, Kayo Yoshikawa, Kensuke Ohashi, Tsugumichi Koshinaga, Ichiro Morioka
Intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) is a fatal complication of short bowel syndrome managed with parenteral nutrition. A clinical cohort study reported the usefulness of parenteral administration of fish-derived omega-3 fatty acids in improving IFALD; however, no biomarker has been developed as yet. The authors report the case of a preterm infant with IFALD complicated by extensive short bowel syndrome. Intravenous administration of omega-3 fatty acids were introduced using Omegaven®at the age of 4 mo for IFALD...
February 13, 2019: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Anestis C Karkanis, Ângela Fernandes, Josiana Vaz, Spyridon Petropoulos, Eleftheria Georgiou, Ana Ciric, Marina Sokovic, Taofiq Oludemi, Lillian Barros, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Sanguisorba minor Scop. is a perennial plant native to the Mediterranean region which exhibits several medicinal activities. In the present study, plant growth, chemical composition, and antitumor and antimicrobial properties of S. minor plants were evaluated under different growing conditions. In particular, plants were grown on different substrates, namely (A) peat, (B) peat : perlite (1 : 1) and (C) peat : perlite (2 : 1). The dry weight of the aerial parts and roots was higher for the peat treatment (A), whereas plant growth was severely affected in the peat : perlite (1 : 1) treatment (B)...
February 14, 2019: Food & Function
Nian-Xia Sun, Li-Tao Tong, Ting-Ting Liang, Li-Li Wang, Li-Ya Liu, Xian-Rong Zhou, Su-Mei Zhou
The nutritional components in oat and tartary buckwheat had been assessed to have cholesterollowering effects. However, The effect of oat and tartary buckwheat based-food (OF) on cholesterol-lowering and gut microbiota in hypercholesterole hamsters was still limited studied because they are usually consumed in whole gran as well as after being processed. In this study, normal diets, high fat diet (HFD) with/without OF were fed to hamsters for 30 days respectively and growth parameters, metabolic parameters, and gut microbiota were investigated, respectively...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Oleo Science
Monica Drivdal, Kirsten B Holven, Kjetil Retterstøl, Øystein Aagenaes, Bengt Frode Kase
The risks of developing energy or nutrient deficits are of great concern in infants and children with the rare lymphoedema cholestasis syndrome 1 (LCS1)/Aagenaes syndrome. In adolescents and adults, it is not known whether LCS1 patients need specific dietary advice outside periods of cholestasis. The primary objective of the present study was to evaluate the progression of the liver disease and nutritional status in patients with LCS1 over a period of nine years. Dietary and biochemical data were obtained for patients and healthy controls in two cross-sectional studies, a baseline (2000) and a follow-up study (2009)...
November 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
N Beghdadi, A Soprani, A Kraemer, P Bucur, C Barrat, L Genser
BACKGROUND: Severe post-operative malnutrition (SM) is a dreaded complication after gastric bypass often related to the short bowel syndrome consecutive limb length mismeasurement or intestinal resections. Patients with rapid weight loss or malnutrition can experience liver failure with cirrhosis and require liver transplantation (LT). Malnutrition can constitute a contraindication to LT since it negatively impacts on postoperative morbidity. RYGB reversal is an effective option to consider when nutritional support has failed...
February 11, 2019: Obesity Surgery
Rahim Ullah, Naveed Rauf, Ghulam Nabi, Hamid Ullah, Yi Shen, Yu-Dong Zhou, Junfen Fu
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an acquired metabolic disease characterized by triglycerides (TGs) deposition in liver induced by other factors rather than alcohol consumption. NAFLD significantly contributes to liver diseases in children and adults. NAFLD pathogenesis is associated with age, gender, race and ethnicity. Insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, elevated plasma free fatty acids (FFAs), fatty liver, hepatocyte injury, liver inflammation, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, imbalanced pro-inflammatory cytokines, and fibrosis are the characteristics of NAFLD...
2019: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Shibani Kanungo, Jacob Morton, Mekala Neelakantan, Kevin Ching, Jasmine Saeedian, Amy Goldstein
Primary mitochondrial disorders are a group of clinically variable and heterogeneous inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs), resulting from defects in cellular energy, and can affect every organ system of the body. Clinical presentations vary and may include symptoms of fatigue, skeletal muscle weakness, exercise intolerance, short stature, failure to thrive, blindness, ptosis and ophthalmoplegia, nystagmus, hearing loss, hypoglycemia, diabetes mellitus, learning difficulties, intellectual disability, seizures, stroke-like episodes, spasticity, dystonia, hypotonia, pain, neuropsychiatric symptoms, gastrointestinal reflux, dysmotility, gastrointestinal pseudo-obstruction, cardiomyopathy, cardiac conduction defects, and other endocrine, renal, cardiac, and liver problems...
December 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
Heidi Blok Frandsen, Søren Krogh Jensen, Hanne Maribo, Keld Ejdrup Markedal, Flemming Schmidt, Hilmer Sørensen, Susanne Sørensen, Jens Christian Sørensen
The nutritional quality of rapeseed press cakes (RPCs) in piglet feed is closely linked to its digestibility and the content of glucosinolates. This study investigates the significance of intact glucosinolate (glc) levels and degree of glc transformations on piglets performance. Four different RPCs were made from a low glc (11 µmol/g seed DM) containing B. napus L. seed variety Lioness (RPC-LW, RPC-LXW, RPC-LC, RPC-LCD). RPC made from the variety Excalibur containing the upper level of glc (24 µmol/g seed DM) of double rapeseed and produced at higher and prolonged temperature (RPC-UXW) served as negative control, while soya bean protein concentrate served as positive control...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Emer Fitzpatrick
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of paediatric liver disease, affecting 10% of school-aged children and 44-70% of obese children and young people (CYP) in the western world. Encompassing a spectrum from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis and progressive fibrosis, the disease is rapidly becoming the most common indication for liver transplantation. The molecular pathogenesis of NAFLD remains only partially understood. Development and progression of NAFLD is influenced by genetic and nutritional factors, insulin resistance, oxidative stress, gut microbiome, bile acid metabolism and lipid/glucose handling and is closely associated with overweight and obesity...
February 8, 2019: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Danielle Naville, Guillain Gaillard, Benoit Julien, Nathalie Vega, Claudie Pinteur, Stéphanie Chanon, Hubert Vidal, Brigitte Le Magueresse-Battistoni
Excessive consumption of industrialized food and beverages is a major etiologic factor in the epidemics of obesity and associated metabolic diseases because these products are rich in fat and sugar. In addition, they contain food contact materials and environmental pollutants identified as metabolism disrupting chemicals. To evaluate the metabolic impact of these dietary threats (individually or combined), we used a male mouse model of chronic exposure to a mixture of low-dose archetypal food-contaminating chemicals that was added in standard or high-fat, high-sucrose (HFHS) diet...
April 2019: Chemosphere
Caroline Willmann, Martin Heni, Katarzyna Linder, Robert Wagner, Norbert Stefan, Jürgen Machann, Matthias B Schulze, Hans-Georg Joost, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Andreas Fritsche
Background: Epidemiological studies suggest that an increased red meat intake is associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes, whereas an increased fiber intake is associated with a lower risk. Objectives: We conducted an intervention study to investigate the effects of these nutritional factors on glucose and lipid metabolism, body-fat distribution, and liver fat content in subjects at increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Methods: This prospective, randomized, and controlled dietary intervention study was performed over 6 mo...
February 5, 2019: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sanaa Kamal, Sara Abdelhakam, Dalia Ghoraba, Yasmin Massoud, Kareem Abdel Aziz, Huda Hassan, Tamer Hafez, Ahmed Abdel Sallam
BACKGROUND: Gilbert syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder of bilirubin glucuronidation which has not been investigated in Egypt. This longitudinal study investigated the frequency, clinical course, genetic profile and health related quality of life in Egyptian adults. METHODS: An initial cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the frequency of Gilbert syndrome among Egyptian adults. Subjects fulfilling the criteria of GS were enrolled into the study and prospectively followed for the clinical features, risk factors for hyperbilirubinemia, health related quality of life [Short form-36 Health Survey version 2 (SF-36v2) and Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire (CLDQ)], vitamins assessment and UGT1A1 polymorphisms...
February 4, 2019: BMC Gastroenterology
Adrián Macho-González, Alba Garcimartín, María Elvira López-Oliva, Baltasar Ruiz-Roso, Isabel Martín de la Torre, Sara Bastida, Juana Benedí, Francisco José Sánchez-Muniz
Carob fruit extract (CFE) has shown remarkable in vitro antioxidant properties and reduces postprandial hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in healthy animals. Development of functional meat products that contain bioactive components are presented as a great nutritional strategy. Until now, the effect of the consumption of restructured meat enriched with CFE in a murine model of diabetes has not been investigated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect on glycemia, lipemia, lipoprotein profile, Ldlr , arylesterase (AE), and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) and liver oxidation in streptozotocin-nicotinamide (STZ-NAD) growing Wistar diabetic rats fed restructured meat in the frame of a high cholesterol/high saturated-fat diet...
February 3, 2019: Nutrients
Laia Oliva, Marià Alemany, Xavier Remesar, José-Antonio Fernández-López
Nitrogen balance studies have shown that a portion of the N ingested but not excreted is not accounted for. We compared several diets (standard, high-fat, high-protein, and self-selected cafeteria) to determine how diet-dependent energy sources affect nitrogen handling, i.e., the liver urea cycle. Diet components and rat homogenates were used for nitrogen, lipid, and energy analyses. Plasma urea and individual amino acids, as well as liver urea cycle enzyme activities, were determined. Despite ample differences in N intake, circulating amino acids remained practically unchanged in contrast to marked changes in plasma urea...
February 1, 2019: Nutrients
Bihui Liu, Yuan Fang, Ruokun Yi, Xin Zhao
The blueberry is a common fruit that is rich in nutritional value and polyphenol substances. In this study, the blueberry polyphenol content in extract was analysed by spectrophotometry. The results showed that the blueberry polyphenol content in the extract reached 52.7%. A mouse model of liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl₄) was established to study the preventive effect of blueberry extract (BE) on liver injury in mice and the experimental animals were examined using biochemical and molecular biological methods...
February 1, 2019: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Chen Yang, Qianchun Deng, Jiqu Xu, Xu Wang, Chao Hu, Hu Tang, Fenghong Huang
High-fat diet (HFD) consumption induces oxidative stress and microbial dysbiosis, the latter of which plays a vital role in the development of metabolic syndrome. We hypothesized that sinapic acid and resveratrol treatment might be a potential strategy to ameliorate the redox state and gut microbiota composition imbalance. In this study, rats were randomised into five groups and fed a high-fat diet supplemented with resveratrol (400 mg/kg), sinapic acid (200 mg/kg) or a combination of both polyphenols. Administration of resveratrol effectively reduced fasting blood glucose levels (p < 0...
February 2019: Food Research International
Akiko Taira, Emiko Arita, Eriko Matsumoto, Ayano Oohira, Katsuro Iwase, Takaki Hiwasa, Koutaro Yokote, Shigenobu Shibata, Masaki Takiguchi
Gluconeogenesis is de novo glucose synthesis from substrates such as amino acids and is vital when glucose is lacking in the diurnal nutritional fluctuation. Accordingly, genes for hepatic gluconeogenic enzymes exhibit daily expression rhythms, whose detailed regulations under nutritional variations remain elusive. As a first step, we performed general systematic characterization of daily expression profiles of gluconeogenic enzyme genes for phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), cytosolic form (Pck1), glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase), catalytic subunit (G6pc), and tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT) (Tat) in the mouse liver...
February 3, 2019: Chronobiology International
Rafael Diaz-Nieto, Panagis M Lykoudis, Brian R Davidson
BACKGROUND: Nutritional problems are common in patients requiring liver transplantation. Recipient obesity or malnutrition are thought to increase postoperative complications. Body mass index (BMI) is commonly used prior to major surgery but its value specifically in liver transplant assessment has not been established. This is a retrospective study assessing the correlation between the BMI of individuals undergoing liver transplant and the development of postoperative infectious complications...
January 31, 2019: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"