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"salivary cancer"

Paul V Viscuse, Katharine Price
BACKGROUND: There are no proven systemic therapies for metastatic adenocarcinoma of the salivary glands. Pemetrexed use in adenocarcinoma of the salivary glands has not been previously described. METHODS: Retrospective case reports and literature review. RESULTS: Two patients with metastatic salivary gland adenocarcinoma were treated with single-agent pemetrexed with marked response and clinical benefit. Case 1 describes a sustained clinical response for 8 months after failing several lines of chemotherapy...
February 1, 2019: Head & Neck
Kai Qian, Kai Guo, Xiaoke Zheng, Wenyu Sun, Tuanqi Sun, Lili Chen, Ding Ma, Yi Wu, Qinghai Ji, Zhuoying Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether elective neck dissection (END) was beneficial for cN0 patients with salivary gland carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rates of regional failure-free survival and disease-free survival were calculated using Kaplan-Meier methods and Cox models. The risk factors for occult lymph node metastasis (OLNM) in cN0 patients undergoing END was analyzed using logistic regression. A nomogram was formulated to calculate the estimated probability of OLNM...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Chi Yun Yu, Omar Saeed, Alyse S Goldberg, Shafaq Farooq, Rouhi Fazelzad, David P Goldstein, Richard W Tsang, James D Brierley, Shereen Ezzat, Lehana Thabane, Charlie H Goldsmith, Anna M Sawka
BACKGROUND: The potential risk of subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs) after radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment of thyroid cancer (TC) is an important concern. METHODS: A systematic review was updated comparing the risk of SMNs in TC patients treated with RAI to TC patients without RAI. Six electronic databases were searched (up to March, 2018), supplemented with a hand search. Two reviewers independently screened citations, reviewed full-text papers, and critically appraised/abstracted data...
November 27, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Koichiro Wasano, Kouhei Sakurai, Taiji Kawasaki, Kimihide Kusafuka, Masao Kasahara, Naoki Kondo, Ken-Ichi Inada, Kaoru Ogawa
Salivary duct carcinoma is a relatively rare salivary cancer, and most cases are androgen receptor -positive. Salivary duct carcinoma growth is suggested to be androgen dependent, which can reportedly be controlled by androgen deprivation therapy. However, the effectiveness and underlying molecular mechanisms of androgen deprivation therapy for salivary duct carcinoma remain unknown. We report a salivary duct carcinoma case (65-year-old man) arising from the parotid gland with metastasis to the neck lymph nodes and lungs...
2018: Rare Tumors
K Armstrong, J Ward, N M Hughes, A Mihai, A Blayney, C Mascott, R Kileen, J Armstrong
AIMS: Postoperative radiotherapy is the standard of care for resected major salivary cancers that are at risk of locoregional recurrence. Of the various histological subtypes, perineural invasion is most common in adenoidcystic carcinomas of the three major salivary glands - parotid, submandibular and sublingual. The clinical target volume (CTV) for these cases must include the relevant cranial nerve pathways at risk. A contouring atlas was devised for delineation of the CTV of the nerves supplying the major salivary glands...
December 2018: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
Elliot Morse, Rance J T Fujiwara, Zain Husain, Benjamin Judson, Saral Mehra
Objective To characterize the epidemiology of pediatric salivary cancer and associate patient, tumor, and treatment factors with treatment modality and survival. Study Design Cross-sectional analysis. Setting US national database. Subjects and Methods We identified 588 patients 19 years or younger diagnosed with salivary cancer in the National Cancer Database 2004-2013. We characterized patient, tumor, and treatment factors as proportions and associated these factors with treatment modality and overall survival via multivariable logistic regression and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression, respectively...
September 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Anchal Chandraprakash Srivastava, Suresh R Barpande, Jyoti D Bhavthankar, Mandakini S Mandale
Adenoid cystic carcinomas (ADCCs) are uncommon tumors, comprising < 1% of all head-and-neck cancers and 20%-25% of all salivary cancers. The most common presenting symptom of the lesion is a slowly growing mass followed by pain due to the propensity of these tumors for perineural invasion. The tumor is most often clinically deceptive by its small size and slow growth, which actually overlies its extensive subclinical invasion and marked ability for early metastasis making the prognosis questionable, aptly referred as "wolf in sheep's clothing...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Elliot Morse, Rance J T Fujiwara, Benjamin Judson, Saral Mehra
Objective To characterize treatment times in salivary cancer; associate treatment times with patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics; and examine the association of treatment times and overall survival. Study Design Retrospective cohort. Setting Commission-on-Cancer Accredited Hospitals 2004-2013. Subjects and Methods In total, 5953 patients with salivary cancer included in the National Cancer Database were identified. For each treatment interval, patients in the fourth quartile ("prolonged") were compared to patients in the first and second quartiles ("not prolonged")...
August 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Alena Skálová, Douglas R Gnepp, James S Lewis, Jennifer L Hunt, Justin A Bishop, Henrik Hellquist, Alessandra Rinaldo, Vincent Vander Poorten, Alfio Ferlito
Salivary glands may give rise to a wide spectrum of different tumors. This review concentrates on 4 salivary gland tumors that have been accepted in the recent literature as new neoplastic entities: mammary analog secretory carcinoma, cribriform adenocarcinoma of minor salivary glands (CASG), sclerosing polycystic adenosis/adenoma (SPA), and the mucinous/secretory variant of myoepithelioma. Mammary analog secretory carcinoma is a distinctive low-grade malignant salivary cancer that harbors a characteristic chromosomal translocation, t(12;15) (p13;q25), resulting in an ETV6-NTRK3 fusion...
August 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Robert A Ord, Naseem Ghazali
There are no established protocols for the optimum surgical margin required for salivary gland malignancies. Factors including histologic diagnosis and TNM stage have been shown to be important in prognosis and survival outcome and mandate special consideration of margin size. Salivary cancers are treated differently at different anatomic sites, and different histologic types show a propensity for major or minor glands. Low-grade malignancies are treated with soft tissue margins of 1 cm or less. The facial nerve is preserved unless infiltrated and encased...
August 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Alena Skalova, Michal Michal, Roderick Hw Simpson
This review concentrates on three salivary gland tumors that have been accepted in the recent literature as new neoplastic entities: mammary analog secretory carcinoma (MASC), sclerosing polycystic adenoma (SPA) and cribriform adenocarcinoma of tongue and other minor salivary glands (CAMSGs). MASC is a distinctive low-grade malignant salivary cancer that harbors a characteristic chromosomal translocation, t(12;15) (p13;q25) resulting in an ETV6-NTRK3 fusion. SPA is a rare lesion often mistaken histologically for low-grade salivary carcinoma...
January 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Tomoki Sumida, Akiko Ishikawa, Yoshihide Mori
BACKGROUND: Salivary gland cancer is a common type of head and neck cancer characterized by occasional deep invasion and lung metastasis. The precise role of sex steroid hormones in salivary gland cancer is unclear. To address this issue, we investigated whether the estrogen axis modulates salivary adenocarcinoma (SAC) and whether hormone therapy can be an effective treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The estrogen receptor (ER) was overexpressed in HSG human SAC cells that lack endogenous ER and the cells were treated with and without 17β-estradiol (E2)...
July 2016: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
Ryuichi Murase, Tomoki Sumida, Rumi Kawamura, Akiko Onishi-Ishikawa, Hiroyuki Hamakawa, Sean D McAllister, Pierre-Yves Desprez
Salivary gland cancer (SGC) represents the most common malignancy in the head and neck region, and often metastasizes to the lungs. The helix-loop-helix ID1 protein has been shown to control metastatic progression in many types of cancers. Using two different approaches to target the expression of ID1 (genetic knockdown and progesterone receptor introduction combined with progesterone treatment), we previously determined that the aggressiveness of salivary gland tumor ACCM cells in culture was suppressed. Here, using the same approaches to target ID1 expression, we investigated the ability of ACCM cells to generate lung metastatic foci in nude mice...
July 10, 2016: Cancer Letters
Saswat Mishra, Darius Saadat, Ohjin Kwon, Yongkuk Lee, Woon-Seop Choi, Jong-Hoon Kim, Woon-Hong Yeo
There is a high demand for a non-invasive, rapid, and highly accurate tool for disease diagnostics. Recently, saliva based diagnostics for the detection of specific biomarkers has drawn significant attention since the sample extraction is simple, cost-effective, and precise. Compared to blood, saliva contains a similar variety of DNA, RNA, proteins, metabolites, and microbiota that can be compiled into a multiplex of cancer detection markers. The salivary diagnostic method holds great potential for early-stage cancer diagnostics without any complicated and expensive procedures...
July 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Jennifer R Cracchiolo, Ashok R Shaha
Parotidectomy for parotid cancer includes management of primary salivary cancer, metastatic cancer to lymph nodes, and direct extension from surrounding structures or cutaneous malignancies. Preoperative evaluation should provide surgeons with enough information to plan a sound operation and adequately counsel patients. Facial nerve sacrifice is sometimes required; but in preoperative functioning nerves, function should be preserved. Although nerve involvement predicts poor outcome, survival of around 50% has been reported for primary parotid malignancy...
April 2016: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Kevin Y Zhan, Elizabeth A Nicolli, Sobia F Khaja, Terry A Day
INTRODUCTION: Lymphoepithelial carcinoma (LEC) of the salivary glands is extremely rare worldwide, with studies limited to small case reports and case series from endemic areas (Southern China, Arctic Inuits) and strong association to Epstein Barr Virus (EBV). Studies on non-endemic regions are even more limited given the reality of only sporadic cases in these areas. Using the National Cancer Database (NCDB), we present the largest study on salivary LEC from a non-endemic region, the United States...
January 2016: Oral Oncology
Shin-Hyuk Yoo, Jong-Lyel Roh, Seon-Ok Kim, Kyung-Ja Cho, Seung-Ho Choi, Soon Yuhl Nam, Sang Yoon Kim
BACKGROUND: Management of the neck in patients with salivary gland cancer is controversial. This study aimed to identify clinicopathologic characteristics associated with regional metastases and regional recurrence in patients with salivary gland carcinoma. METHODS: Of 363 study patients, 51 underwent therapeutic neck dissection (TND) and 312 underwent either elective neck dissection (END, n = 110) or no neck dissection (NoND, n = 202). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify clinicopathologic characteristics associated with regional metastases and recurrence...
June 2015: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Lijuan Sun, Bodu Liu, Zhaoyu Lin, Yandan Yao, Yanyang Chen, Yang Li, Jianing Chen, Dongsheng Yu, Zhangui Tang, Bosheng Wang, Shuguang Zeng, Song Fan, Youyuan Wang, Yilin Li, Erwei Song, Jinsong Li
BACKGROUND: Salivary Adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) patients with local invasion and lung metastasis are often resistant to conventional therapy such as operation, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. To explore the underling mechanisms, we studied the roles of miRNA in regulating invasiveness of SACC cells. METHODS: MicroRNA profiling was done in SACC cells with microarray. MiRNA mimics or antisense oligonucleotide was transfected and invasiveness of SACC cells was evaluated by adhesion assay and transwell assay...
2015: Molecular Cancer
Jennifer L Marti, Kunal S Jain, Luc G T Morris
INTRODUCTION: The long-term sequelae of radioactive iodine (RAI) for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) in pediatric and young adult patients are not well-defined. Epidemiologic analyses of second primary malignancy (SPM) risk have only been performed in the adult population. Existing data are limited to case series with limited follow-up. The objective of this study was to analyze the elevated risk of SPM attributable to RAI in young patients treated for DTC. METHODS: Population-based analysis of 3850 pediatric and young adult patients (<25 years old) undergoing treatment with surgery with/without RAI for DTC, followed in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results cancer registry (1973-2008), equating to 54,727 person-years at risk (PYR)...
June 2015: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Wei Zhao, Ni Deng, Xie Gao, Tong-Bing Chen, Jun Xie, Qing Li, Zhao-Li Li
Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) of salivary glands is a rare kind tumor. In this study, the authors evaluated 21 patients with LELC of salivary glands who had long-term follow-up. Clinical characteristics, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, immunohistochemical features, oncoprotein expression, treatments, and outcomes were analyzed. All patients were Chinese. Their ages ranged from 20 to 73 years. All tumors showed the typical syncytial growth pattern of undifferentiated epithelial cells with a significant lymphocyte reaction...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
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