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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30870774/children-s-appraisals-of-maternal-depression-and-responses-to-emotional-faces-in-early-adolescence-an-event-related-potential-erp-study
#1
Arin M Connell, Sarah Danzo, Kelsey Magee, Rana Uhlman
BACKGROUND: Parental depression represents a significant risk for depression development in offspring. While cognitive mechanisms represent a central risk pathway, children's appraisals of parental symptoms have been understudied. This study examined associations between children's self-blame, threat, and frequency/duration appraisals for maternal symptoms in relation to cognitive control and emotional response processes. METHODS: Sixty mother-daughter (aged 10-14-years) pairs participated...
March 6, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30862886/language-outcomes-in-adults-with-a-history-of-institutionalization-behavioral-and-neurophysiological-characterization
#2
Sergey A Kornilov, Marina A Zhukova, Irina V Ovchinnikova, Irina V Golovanova, Oxana Yu Naumova, Tatiana I Logvinenko, Aleksandra O Davydova, Maxim V Petrov, Maria A Chumakova, Elena L Grigorenko
Impoverished early care environments are associated with developmental deficits in children raised in institutional settings. Despite the accumulation of evidence regarding deficits in general cognitive functioning in this population, less is known about the impact of institutionalization on language development at the level of brain and behavior. We examined language outcomes in young adults and adolescents raised in institutions (n = 23) as compared to their socioeconomic status and age peers raised in biological families (n = 24) using a behavioral language assessment and linguistic event-related potentials (ERPs)...
March 12, 2019: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30853920/cognitive-reappraisal-in-children-neuropsychological-evidence-of-up-regulating-positive-emotion-from-an-erp-study
#3
Wen Liu, Fang Liu, Liang Chen, Zhongqing Jiang, Junchen Shang
Emotion regulation is a critical mechanism in the socio-emotional development of children. Previous studies revealed that children use cognitive reappraisal to downregulate negative emotions. Moreover, the amplitude of late positive potential (LPP) shows a more obvious reduction following neutral interpretations than following negative interpretations. However, whether children can use cognitive reappraisal to regulate positive emotions remains unclear. In the present study, 46 8- to 12-year-old children were asked to reappraise the meaning of pleasant pictures...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30814533/attentional-processes-in-typically-developing-children-as-revealed-using-brain-event-related-potentials-and-their-source-localization-in-attention-network-test
#4
Praghajieeth Raajhen Santhana Gopalan, Otto Loberg, Jarmo Arvid Hämäläinen, Paavo H T Leppänen
Attention-related processes include three functional sub-components: alerting, orienting, and inhibition. We investigated these components using EEG-based, brain event-related potentials and their neuronal source activations during the Attention Network Test in typically developing school-aged children. Participants were asked to detect the swimming direction of the centre fish in a group of five fish. The target stimulus was either preceded by a cue (centre, double, or spatial) or no cue. An EEG using 128 electrodes was recorded for 83 children aged 12-13 years...
February 27, 2019: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782904/effects-of-maternal-b12-supplementation-on-neurophysiological-outcomes-in-children-a-study-protocol-for-an-extended-follow-up-from-a-placebo-randomised-control-trial-in-bangalore-india
#5
Shilpa Anand, Susan Thomas, Mahesh Jayachandra, Tinku Thomas, Tor Arne Strand, Anura V Kurpad, Christopher P Duggan, Krishnamachari Srinivasan
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin B12 deficiency is highly prevalent in pregnant Indian women. Neuropsychological tests have shown an association between low maternal vitamin B12 status and poorer cognitive performances in the offspring, although findings from these studies have been inconsistent. Vitamin B12 has an important role in the formation of myelin which is important for the transmission speed of neural impulses and myelination in the central nervous system has been linked to cognition. Assessing neurophysiological measures using event-related potentials (ERPs) in children may provide additional information on the effect of maternal vitamin B12 supplementation on offspring brain function...
February 19, 2019: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30745886/a-non-linear-relationship-between-selective-attention-and-associated-erp-markers-across-the-lifespan
#6
Eva-Maria Reuter, Solveig Vieluf, Flora Koutsandreou, Lena Hübner, Henning Budde, Ben Godde, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage
The ability to selectively attend to task-relevant information increases throughout childhood and decreases in older age. Here, we intended to investigate these opposing developmental trajectories, to assess whether gains and losses early and late in life are associated with similar or different electrophysiological changes, and to get a better understanding about the development in middle-adulthood. We (re-)analyzed behavioral and electrophysiological data of 211 participants, who performed a colored Flanker task while their Electroencephalography (EEG) was recorded...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719258/early-posterior-negativity-as-facial-emotion-recognition-index-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#7
Mahdiyeh Sarraf-Razavi, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Farnaz Ghassemi, Mohammad Ali Nazari, Zohreh Ziatabar Ahmadi
Introduction: Studies indicate that children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have deficits in social and emotional functions. It can be hypothesized that these children have some deficits in early stages of facial emotion discrimination. Based on this hypothesis, the present study investigated neural correlates of early visual processing during emotional face recognition in this group compared with typically developing children using the Event-Related Potentials (ERPs)...
November 2018: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706598/electrophysiological-markers-of-poor-versus-superior-math-abilities-in-healthy-individuals
#8
Alice M Proverbio, Manuel Carminati
Interindividual differences in the numerical ability of healthy adults have been previously demonstrated, mainly with tasks involving mental number line or size representation. However, electrophysiological correlates of superior versus poor arithmetic ability (in the healthy population) have been scarcely investigated. We correlated electric potentials with math performance in 13 skilled and 13 poor calculators selected from a sample of 41 graduate students on the basis of their poor or superior math abilities assessed through a timed test...
January 31, 2019: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685577/orienting-and-memory-to-unexpected-and-or-unfamiliar-visual-events-in-children-and-adults
#9
Yael M Cycowicz
For children, new experiences occur very often, and learning to differentiate between old and new events is a fundamental process necessary for appropriate reactions to stimuli. Thus the present study is concerned with maturation of brain responses to repeated novel events. We examined the effect of repetition of familiar (meaningful) and unfamiliar (meaningless) symbols on the event-related-potentials (ERPs) recorded during novelty oddball and recognition memory tasks from children, adolescents and young adults...
January 16, 2019: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685392/p300-amplitude-attenuation-in-high-risk-and-early-onset-psychosis-youth
#10
Kelsey Graber, Michelle Bosquet Enlow, Frank H Duffy, Eugene D'Angelo, Georgios Sideridis, Damon E Hyde, Nicholas Morelli, Sahil Tembulkar, Joseph Gonzalez-Heydrich
Little research has investigated the use of electrophysiological biomarkers in childhood and adolescence to distinguish early onset psychosis and the clinical high risk state. The P300 evoked potential is a robust neurophysiological marker of schizophrenia that is dampened in patients with schizophrenia and, less consistently, in those with affective psychoses and those at clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR). How it may differ between patients with psychotic disorders (PS) and CHR is less studied, especially in youth...
January 23, 2019: Schizophrenia Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30682902/auditory-event-related-potentials-and-function-of-the-medial-olivocochlear-efferent-system-in-children-with-auditory-processing-disorders
#11
Thierry Morlet, Kyoko Nagao, L Ashleigh Greenwood, R Matthew Cardinale, Rebecca G Gaffney, Tammy Riegner
OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to investigate the function of central auditory pathways and of the medial efferent olivocochlear system (MOCS). DESIGN: Event-related potentials (ERP) were recorded following the delivery of the stimulus /da/ in quiet and in ipsilateral, contralateral, and binaural noise conditions and correlated to the results of the auditory processing disorders (APD) diagnostic test battery. MOCS function was investigated by adding ipsilateral, contralateral, and binaural noise to transient evoked otoacoustic emission recordings...
January 25, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30667252/development-of-neural-mechanisms-in-emotional-conflict-adaptation-a-comparison-of-children-adolescents-and-young-adults
#12
Danfeng Li, Tongran Liu, Jiannong Shi
OBJECTIVE: This study explored behavioral and electrophysiological age-related changes in conflict adaptation to emotional stimuli among children, adolescents, and young adults. METHOD: Children (N = 35, Mage = 10.72 years), adolescents (N = 35, Mage = 13.34 years), and young adults (N = 30, Mage = 21.82 years) were administered cognitive control tasks on emotional stimulus-stimulus (S-S) conflict and stimulus-response (S-R) conflict while event-related potential (ERP) signals were recorded...
January 21, 2019: Neuropsychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30664972/children-s-sustained-attention-to-emotional-facial-expressions-and-their-autonomic-nervous-system-reactivity-during-parent-child-interactions
#13
Mary L Woody, Kiera James, Claire E Foster, Max Owens, Cope Feurer, Anastacia Y Kudinova, Brandon E Gibb
The way individuals process socio-affective information is thought to impact their responses to social interactions, but research testing the relation between these processes is scarce, particularly among children. This study examined if children's attention to socio-affective stimuli was associated with their autonomic nervous system (ANS) reactivity during parent-child interactions. Children's sustained attention to facial expressions of emotion (afraid, happy, sad) was indexed using the late positive potential (LPP) event-related potential (ERP) component during a computer-based task...
January 18, 2019: Biological Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657186/caffeine-affects-children-s-erps-and-performance-in-an-equiprobable-go-no-go-task-testing-a-processing-schema
#14
Robert J Barry, Frances M De Blasio, Jack S Fogarty
Caffeine's stimulant properties were used to test a proposed processing schema for children's processing stages in the equiprobable auditory go/no-go task. Active control-related ERP components were hypothesized to be differentially enhanced by caffeine. Caffeine (80 mg) was administered in a counterbalanced, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study of 24 children, aged 8-12 years. Four blocks of an equiprobable auditory go/no-go task were completed on each of two occasions, while on or off caffeine...
January 18, 2019: Psychophysiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657026/event-related-potentials-in-the-odd-ball-paradigm-and-behavioral-scales-for-the-assessment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-disorders-of-consciousness-a-proof-of-concept-study
#15
Anna Duszyk, Marian Dovgialo, Marcin Pietrzak, Magdalena Zieleniewska, Piotr Durka
OBJECTIVE: Quantification of signatures of conscious processing in children with disorders of consciousness (DoC) using odd-ball paradigms in multiple modalities. METHOD: We review the diagnostic approaches available in the field, from clinical scales to neuroimaging methods, and concentrate upon measures derived from electroencephalographic event related potentials. RESULTS: Evoked potentials were recorded in five procedures, encompassing visual, auditory and tactile modalities, from ten pediatric DoC patients-six in a minimally conscious state (MCS), three in unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) and one who emerged from MCS (eMCS)-and the control group of 10 healthy children...
January 18, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30615904/overprotective-authoritarian-maternal-parenting-is-associated-with-an-enhanced-error-related-negativity-ern-in-emerging-adult-females
#16
Iulia Banica, Aislinn Sandre, Anna Weinberg
Error monitoring is crucial for survival and adaptation, and can be indexed by the error-related negativity (ERN), a fronto-centrally located negative deflection in the event-related potential (ERP) waveform that differentiates erroneous from correct responses within 100 ms of a response. The ERN is seen as an early neural signal indicating the need to adjust performance and increase executive control. Previous findings indicate that punishing errors increases ERN magnitude, and that punitive parenting predicts an enhanced ERN in children...
January 4, 2019: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30595398/elevated-physiological-arousal-is-associated-with-larger-but-more-variable-neural-responses-to-small-acoustic-change-in-children-during-a-passive-auditory-attention-task
#17
S V Wass, K Daubney, J Golan, F Logan, E Kushnerenko
Little is known of how autonomic arousal relates to neural responsiveness during auditory attention. We presented N = 21 5-7-year-old children with an oddball auditory mismatch paradigm, whilst concurrently measuring heart rate fluctuations. Children with higher mean autonomic arousal, as indexed by higher heart rate (HR) and decreased high-frequency (0.15-0.8 Hz) variability in HR, showed smaller amplitude N250 responses to frequently presented (70%), 500 Hz standard tones. Follow-up analyses showed that the modal evoked response was in fact similar, but accompanied by more large and small amplitude responses and greater variability in peak latency in the high HR group, causing lower averaged responses...
December 21, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30583852/neural-indicators-of-anhedonia-predictors-and-mechanisms-of-treatment-change-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-in-early-childhood-depression
#18
Deanna M Barch, Diana Whalen, Kirsten Gilbert, Danielle Kelly, Emily S Kappenman, Greg Hajcak, Joan L Luby
BACKGROUND: Early childhood depression is associated with anhedonia and reduced event-related potential (ERP) responses to rewarding or pleasant stimuli. Whether these neural measures are indicators of target engagement or treatment outcome is not yet known. METHODS: We measured ERP responses to win and loss feedback in a guessing task and to pleasant versus neutral pictures in young (4.0-6.9 years of age) depressed children before and after randomization to either 18 weeks of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy-Emotion Development (PCIT-ED) treatment or waitlist (WL) control condition...
December 4, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30579075/computer-assisted-reading-intervention-for-children-with-sensorineural-hearing-loss-using-hearing-aids-effects-on-auditory-event-related-potentials-and-mismatch-negativity
#19
Elisabet Engström, Petter Kallioinen, Cecilia Nakeva von Mentzer, Magnus Lindgren, Marianne Ors, Birgitta Sahlén, Björn Lyxell, Inger Uhlén
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to investigate whether computer-assisted reading intervention somehow can affect event-related potentials (ERP) and mismatch negativity (MMN) in hearing impaired (HI) children with hearing aids (HAs) and normal hearing (NH) children. METHODS: The study included 15 HI children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) using bilateral HAs and 14 NH children as a reference group; all children between the ages of 5 and 8. A multi-feature MMN-paradigm, Optimum-1, with a standard stimulus alternating with 5 different deviants was used...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30572995/-event-related-potentials-of-working-memory-impairment-in-children-with-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#20
Jie Zhu, Xuan Dong, Fang-Qiao Zhao, Xiao-Yan Gu, Yu Dong, Li Ding
OBJECTIVE: To study the cognitive neural mechanism of working memory impairment in children with primary nocturnal enuresis using event-related potential (ERP). METHODS: A total of 14 children with primary nocturnal enuresis were enrolled as enuresis group, and 14 normal children were enrolled as control group. The learning-recognition task test was applied, and the ERP components (P2, N2, and P3) at Fz lead while identifying old pictures (learned) and new ones (unlearned) were measured and compared between the two groups...
December 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
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